Section Six: Clinton Campus Programs

Academic Calendar: Clinton Campus Programs (2013–2014)

FALL SEMESTER: August 18–December 12, 2014

New Student
Registration
Must be completed prior
to the first day of class.
Classes Begin Monday, August 18
Labor Day Holiday Monday, September 1 
Veteran's Day Tuesday, November 11
Thanksgiving Break Wednesday-Friday,
November 26-28
Final Exams Monday-Friday,
December 8-12

SPRING SEMESTER: January 12–May 8, 2015

Student
Registration
Must be completed prior to the first day of class.
Classes Begin Monday, January 12
Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday Monday, January 19
President's Day Holiday Monday, February 16
Spring Break Monday-Friday,
March 9-13
Commencement  Saturday-Sunday,
May 2-3
Final Exams  Monday-Friday, 
May 4-8
 

MAY TERM and SUMMER TERM: 2015

May Term
(3-week session)
May 11-May 29
Memorial Day (observed)    Monday, May 25
Summer Term
(6-week session)
June 1-July 10

 

Admission Policies and Procedures (Clinton Campus Programs)

General Admission Process

Admissions decisions are made on a continuous basis. Priority applications for fall semester admission must be submitted before the February 1 priority deadline, for upcoming fall semester. Applications received before February 1 will receive notification of their admission status within ten days following receipt of all necessary forms, transcripts, and test scores. Applications received after the February 1 priority deadline may potentially be placed on a waitlist. Although students applying after February 1 may be academically prepared to succeed at the college level, Ashford University must make certain that it does not exceed the number of spaces available for new students. Waitlisted students will receive an update on the status of their application within 30 days of their application date. If additional spaces are available in the new student class, the overall strongest applicants will be admitted from the waitlist as space allows. Students on the waitlist may elect to submit additional information or documentation for consideration in their application, or they may elect to withdraw their application from Ashford University and remove their name from the waitlist.

Applicants may apply for fall, spring, or summer admission. Students must contact the Office of Admissions for admission materials. Ashford University reserves the right to deny admission or re-admission to any applicant. Ashford University does not admit students based on an “ability-to-benefit” test. Please write or call the Office of Admissions (563) 242-4023 or 1-800-242-4153 with any questions. All applicants for admission should forward the necessary admissions materials to:

Director of Admissions
Ashford University
400 N. Bluff Blvd.
P.O. Box 2967
Clinton, Iowa 52732-2967

Ashford University may require all Clinton campus students to answer questions regarding criminal and disciplinary histories as a condition of admission. Applicants may also be required to submit to a third party criminal background check prior to admission. All members of the Ashford community are entitled to work and study in an environment safe from foreseeable harm. Identification of histories of violence reduces the possibility of future criminal acts on or around the campus community.

Waitlist Process for Clinton Campus Students

Admission decisions are made on a continuous basis for each fall semester, until the priority application deadline of February 1. After February 1, students will be placed on a waitlist in order to not exceed the number of spaces available for new students. Waitlisted students will receive an update of their status every 30 days after being placed on the waitlist.

Admission to Ashford University is competitive and the competitiveness of admission each year is determined by the number of applications received, the academic qualifications of the applicant pool, and the number of spaces available in each new student class. The overall strongest applications are offered admission.

Admission decisions are primarily based on determination of the admissions criteria met. Secondary determining factors may include any of the following:

  • An exceptionally rigorous academic curriculum (i.e., honors classes, AP, IB, or college level courses completed in high school);
  • Outstanding talent, aptitude, achievement, or aptitude in a particular area;
  • Strong commitment to community service and leadership;
  • Military service;
  • Contribution to the cultural, gender, age, economic, racial, or geographic diversity of the student body; and/or
  • Evidence of having overcome social, economic, or physical barriers to educational achievement

Each applicant placed on a waitlist is considered for admission by members of an Admission Committee. The Admission Committee considers the applicants placed on waitlist, and makes admissions decisions using criteria outlined in the secondary determining factors listed previously. Students on the waitlist may be asked to submit additional documentation to support admission based on secondary determining factors outlined previously. Additional documentation may include, but is not limited to, the following:

  • Personal statement;
  • In-person interview; and/or
  • Letters of recommendation from prior schools, teachers, coaches, or volunteer organizations.

Full Admission Requirements (Clinton Campus Programs)

(Less than 30 college-level transfer credits)

Freshman students who seek to attend the University should meet two of the three following requirements:

  • A grade point average (GPA) of 2.00 or above in college preparatory courses or regular high school courses (GED equivalency is also accepted) or have completed secondary school through home schooling, as defined by state law;
  • A rank in the upper half of the graduating class; and/or,
  • A minimum ACT composite score of 18 or SAT composite score of 860.

If an applicant meets only one of the three criteria for admission, then the Admissions Committee reviews the details of the student’s academic records and determines if additional information is necessary to make a decision on the student’s admission. Additional application requirements may include recommendation letters, an essay, and/or a personal interview with the Director of Student Affairs. Students who are admitted under the committee’s recommendation are placed on academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty Academic Advisors. Regular student meetings with the Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first academic year and students may be restricted to taking only 12 credits their first semester.

If an applicant graduated from high school three (3) or more years prior to admission and does not meet the GPA or class rank criteria, then the Admissions Committee reviews the details of the student’s academic records and determines if additional information is necessary to make a decision on the student’s admission. Additional application requirements may include ACT or SAT scores, recommendation letters, an essay, and/or a personal interview with the Director of Student Affairs. Students who are admitted under the committee’s recommendation are placed on academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty Academic Advisors. Regular student meetings with the Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first academic year.

Documentation Required:

  1. Final official high school transcript indicating an earned regular high school diploma, GED, or documentation that the applicant has completed secondary school through home schooling, as defined by state law, prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University. An earned IEP or Special Education Diploma or Certificate of Completion based upon IEP goals does not meet the regular high school diploma requirement for admission to Ashford University;
  2. Official ACT scores or SAT scores (required if applicant does not meet GPA and class rank criteria and/or applicant completed high school less than three years prior to application date);
  3. Official transcripts from any college-level coursework attempted; and
  4. The ability to study in English proven by one of the following methods:
    • Submission of high school transcripts indicating that English was the primary mode of instruction or that GED was taken in English; or
    • Submission of copies of official scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years. (A minimum score of 500 paper-based or 61 Internet-based is required.)

Conditional Admission Requirements (Clinton Campus Programs)

Student may be enrolled, but cannot attend class. Students normally apply for admission early in the senior year of high school and should provide the Admissions Office with the following documentation:

  1. Completed application for admission;
  2. Transcript of high school credits (complete and official high school transcript must be submitted after graduation);
  3. Official ACT or SAT scores (required if applicant does not meet GPA and/or class rank criteria and applicant completed high school less than three years prior to application date); and
  4. The ability to study in English proven by one of the following methods:
    • Submission of high school transcripts indicating that English was the primary mode of instruction or that GED was taken in English; or
    • Submission of copies of official scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years. (A minimum score of 500 paper-based or 61 Internet-based is required.)

Unofficial documentation must indicate that the student will likely meet two out of three of the following criteria upon graduation from high school:

  • A grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 or above in college preparatory courses or regular high school courses (GED equivalency is also accepted); and
  • A rank in the upper half of the graduating class; and
  • A minimum ACT composite score of 18 or SAT composite score of 860.

Full Admission Requirements for Transfer Students (Clinton Campus Programs)

(30+ transferable college credits into the selected program of study)

Students transferring from another college or university who seek to attend Ashford University should meet the following requirement:

  • A cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 2.00 or above in all college-level coursework attempted.

If a transfer applicant does not meet the GPA criteria, then the Admissions Committee reviews the details of the student’s academic records and determines if additional information is necessary to make a decision on the student’s admission. Additional application requirements may include ACT or SAT scores, recommendation letters, an essay, and/or a personal interview with the Director of Student Affairs. Students who are admitted under the committee’s recommendation are placed on academic watch to be monitored closely by their Faculty Academic Advisors. Regular student meetings with the Faculty Academic Advisor are required during the first academic year.

Documentation Required:

  1. Signed application indicating a high school diploma or GED equivalency, recognized by the Department of Education of the state in which it was earned, or successful completion of at least a two-year program or a minimum of 60 transferable credits that is acceptable for full credit toward a bachelor’s degree, from an appropriately accredited postsecondary institution, as defined by Ashford University transfer credit policies;
  2. Official transcripts from any college-level coursework attempted indicating 30+ transfer credits earned;
  3. The ability to study in English proven by one of the following methods:
    • Graduation from a high school where English was the primary mode of instruction or where GED was taken in English;
    • Submission of copies of official scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years. A minimum score of 500 paper-based or 61 Internet-based is required; or
    • Submission of copies of transcripts designating that a minimum of 30 credits that are transferable into a program of study have been taken at regionally or nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States.

Provisional Admission Requirements (Clinton Campus Programs)

Provisional admission may only be used beginning two weeks prior to semester start. Student may attend class for up to one semester in provisional status. Students who are still provisionally admitted at the end of their first term of attendance may not continue into another term until being fully admitted. International students are not permitted to enter under this status.

Documentation Required:

  • Copies of all required documentation outlined for full admission.

Students who seek to attend the University must meet the requirements for full admission based upon unofficial documentation.

Additional Admission Requirements (Clinton Campus Programs)

Additional Admission Requirements for Applicants Relying on Academic Credentials Earned Outside the United States for Admission

In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined in the admission policy for undergraduate students, applicants must submit an official evaluation from an approved evaluation service indicating that they have met one or more of the following requirements:

  • The equivalent of a two-year program from the United States with 60 or more transferable semester credits; and/or
  • A record of having achieved the equivalency of a United States high school diploma.

All academic records from countries other than the United States must have been evaluated by one of the following evaluation services:

  • Educational Credentials Evaluators, Inc. (ECE) OR
  • World Education Services (WES)

Note: Students who have already had their international credentials evaluated prior to applying to Ashford University may petition the University Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from other credible agencies.

Additional Admission Requirements for Nonimmigrant Students

Ashford University is authorized under federal law to enroll nonimmigrant alien students in approved programs offered in Clinton, Iowa.

Applicants seeking to enroll in valid nonimmigrant status must meet all admissions requirements stipulated for all students and must additionally submit each of the following items:

  1. A completed and signed Statement of Financial Support;
  2. Official financial statements. Financial statements (typically provided by a bank) must verify sufficient funds to cover the cost of the educational program as well as all living expenses;
  3. A photocopy of the student’s passport to provide proof of birth date and citizenship. Students outside the United States who have not yet acquired a passport will need to submit a copy of their birth certificates;
  4. For all nonimmigrant applicants residing in the United States at the time of application: a photocopy of the visa page contained within the student’s passport as well as a photocopy of the student’s I/94 arrival departure record (both sides); and
  5. For all nonimmigrant applicants residing in the United States at the time of application in either F, M, or J nonimmigrant classification: written confirmation of nonimmigrant status at previous school attended before transferring to Ashford University, in the form of a copy of the student’s current I-20 document.

If an applicant seeking to enroll in valid student nonimmigrant status is transferring from a college or university in the United States, the International Student Transfer Clearance form is also required. If the applicant is accepted, he or she will be sent additional information regarding the student visa application process.

Non-Degree Seeking Student General Admission Requirements

It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide Ashford University with all materials required for admission prior to enrolling in coursework as a non-degree seeking student. Applicants under the age of 18 must have all legal documents signed by a parent or a legal guardian. Students who are enrolled at Ashford University under the conditions of an F-1 Student Visa may not register as non-degree seeking. Please see additional policies for non-degree seeking students under Classification of Students in the General Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.

Students seeking to enroll in undergraduate coursework as a non-degree seeking student must meet the following requirements prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University:

  1. Submit final official or unofficial high school transcript indicating an earned regular high school diploma, GED, or documentation that the applicant has completed secondary school through home schooling, as defined by state law, or earned an equivalent to a US high school diploma at an international high school. An earned IEP or Special Education Diploma or Certificate of Completion based upon IEP goals does not meet the regular high school diploma requirement for admission to Ashford University;*
  2. Submit an official or unofficial transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution showing proof of credit awarded for any required prerequisite coursework; and
  3. Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following:
    • Achieved a recognized high school diploma or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English;**
    • Received a GED that was taken in English;**
    • A minimum of 30 credits have been earned from regionally or approved nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English; or
    • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years. A minimum score of 500 paper-based or 61 Internet-based is required. Copies of official or unofficial scores must be submitted prior to enrolling in coursework as a non-degree seeking student.

*Note: Applicants who are enrolled in high school may be exempted from this requirement by submitting with their application materials a letter of recommendation from their high school guidance counselor or equivalent administrator endorsing their ability to perform successfully in college level coursework.

** If satisfying the English Language Requirement through a high school diploma, GED, or equivalent not completed in the United States, additional documentation may be required. Please contact the Registrar’s Office for further information.

Athletics and Admission (Clinton Campus Programs)

The University athletic teams, called The Saints, participate in 17 intercollegiate sports: men’s baseball, basketball, bowling, cross-country, golf, soccer, tennis, and track and field; and women’s basketball, bowling, cross-country, golf, soccer, softball, tennis, track and field, and volleyball. The University is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and the Association of Independent Institutions (AII). NAIA eligibility regulations state that the student wishing to participate in intercollegiate athletics if a first-time entering freshman must meet at least two of three entry-level requirements:

  • Have a score of at least 18 on the ACT or 860 on the SAT;
  • Achieve an overall high school grade point of 2.00 on a 4.00 scale; and/or
  • Graduate in the top half of the senior class in high school.

In addition, to participate in intercollegiate sports, a student must be enrolled in a minimum of 12 institutional credits per semester and earn a specified number of credits each academic year. Details regarding athletic eligibility may be found in the Ashford University Student Athletes’ Handbook.

Technology Requirements

It is our intent to assist students and to prepare them adequately for their coursework at Ashford University and for their work environments after graduation. Therefore, technology competencies and requirements have been established. These requirements are in effect for all Ashford students taking courses on the Clinton campus. All students enrolled in traditional semester courses at Ashford University must have access to a laptop computer in order to meet the following competencies:

  • Ability to access course and program material on the Web;
  • Ability to correspond with University staff, students, and faculty using Ashford University-issued email and the Web; and
  • Ability to use appropriate anti-virus utilities so that transmitted files are virus free.

Ashford University Clinton campus students are required to own a laptop computer. Laptops must meet Ashford University’s minimum system requirements as listed subsequently. Students who do not own a laptop or own a laptop which does not meet the minimum system requirements may be eligible to add the expense of a new laptop computer – up to $1,000.00 – to their financial aid cost of attendance budget. The inclusion of a laptop computer is a one-time allowable add in for a financial aid cost of attendance budget.

In order to qualify to add this expense, students must provide a receipt showing the purchase of a laptop on or after June 1, 2014 and ensure that it meets required laptop specifications provided by Ashford University. An increased cost of attendance budget will not qualify a student for additional grant aid. A student may consider increasing the amounts borrowed under the Federal Direct Loan of Federal PLUS Loan programs. Students may contact the Student Help Desk at (563) 242-4023 ext 7411 with any computer questions.

Minimum System Requirements:

  • Platforms: Mac OS X 10.4 or greater or Windows 7 or greater;
  • Hardware: Minimum of 2 GB of RAM, DVD-ROM, 10 GB minimum of free disk space on the laptop’s hard drive, sound card, speakers, and Wireless Network Interface Card (WNIC) must be compatible with 5 Ghz or 2.4/5Ghz dual band wireless. (Highly recommended: 4GB RAM, USB 2.0, DVD-RW);
  • Productivity Software: Microsoft Office 2010 or greater; Adobe Acrobat/Reader X or latest version; Windows Media Player 11.0 or greater; Internet Explorer 9 or greater; Firefox 29.0.1 or greater;
  • Email: Configuration of Ashford University student email account is mandatory as it is the official communication method for the University.

Email Address Format:

Ashford University Clinton campus student email is provided by the University to utilize when sending and receiving communication. Email addresses will be set up in the format of Firstname.Lastname@students.ashford.edu. Students may stop by the Student Help Desk for more information or assistance with setting up their email account on their laptop or tablet.

Declaration of Major and Minor Course of Study

Declaration of Major: Students who are planning to pursue a Bachelor’s degree at the University are required to complete a Declaration of Academic Major form prior to registration for their first semester of enrollment. The form must be signed by the student’s Faculty Academic Advisor. The student must satisfy the academic eligibility requirements of the involved department(s) at the time the major is declared. After the Declaration of Academic Major form is returned to the Registrar’s Office, an official degree plan is prepared for the student.

To be accepted into the Accounting, Professional Accounting, Business Administration, or Health Care Administration programs, the following conditions must be fulfilled:

  • Completion of a minimum of 60 college credits with a cumulative grade point average of 2.00;
  • Achieve an overall cumulative grade point average of 2.50 in all major and collateral courses completed at the time a declaration of major is filed; and
  • New entering freshmen or transfer students without an Associate’s Degree must complete MAT 332 by the end of their sophomore year (fourth semester). Transfer students with an Associate’s Degree must complete MAT 332 or its equivalent by the end of their second semester at Ashford University. Part-time students should complete MAT 332 or its equivalent by the conclusion of their fourth semester at Ashford University.

The previous requirements apply to both native students and transfer students. The Registrar’s Office will evaluate transfer credit through an official transcript before accepting a transfer student into one of the aforementioned majors.

To be accepted in Practitioner Preparation or to apply for student teaching, students must meet the requirements outlined in the College of Education in this section.

Change of Major: Students changing their majors must satisfy the academic eligibility requirements of the involved department(s) at the time the new major is declared. A change of major is accomplished by submitting a completed Declaration of Academic Major form for the new major, approved by the student’s Faculty Academic Advisor.

Requirements for Minors: Students may minor in a second field to complement their major studies at the University. See Minors in this section of the Catalog for the specific course requirements for these minors. Students may declare a minor on the Declaration of Academic Major form.

Changes in Program Requirements

Major requirements for graduation are those in effect at the time the student declares a major, as long as the student maintains continuous attendance. The School or College Deans have authority to waive or to provide substitute coursework for program requirements. A change of major is accomplished by submitting a completed Declaration of Academic Major form for the new major, approved by the student’s Faculty Academic Advisor.

Transfer Credits

Transfer credits will be evaluated by the Registrar’s Office in terms of curriculum. Courses similar in content and level will be accepted as equivalents to University courses based on the following criteria:

  • Coursework must be completed at a regionally or approved nationally accredited college or university at the time the student attended.
  • Students transferring credits from international institutions will be accepted based on a detailed evaluation from an approved evaluation service.
  • Course must be freshman/sophomore level or higher.
  • Course must not duplicate previously completed coursework. Unless special conditions exist, upper-division courses will not be considered equivalent or duplicative of lower-division courses.
  • Grade of “C-” or better must have been earned.
  • A quarter credit taken in transfer will be equated to two-thirds of a semester credit.
  • Credits earned from a regionally or approved nationally accredited institution as part of an Associate degree where a student earned a 2.00 cumulative GPA or higher are accepted as fulfilling all General Education and competency requirements of a Bachelor’s program, with the exception of the General Education Capstone, if one of the two subsequent conditions is satisfied:
    • The student meets the general education requirements for Bachelor of Arts degrees offered through state universities in which the college granting the Associate degree resides; OR
    • The transfer credits have been evaluated and deemed acceptable by the University Registrar’s Office.
    • This does not constitute a waiver of any course required to earn a particular major.
  • A maximum of 9 credits with a “D” grade are transferrable as long as the student’s cumulative overall GPA is 2.00 or above. “D” credits cannot be applied toward the major or toward General Education competencies.
  • Credits earned in certificate programs will be evaluated on an individual basis for the BA and BS degrees. Courses taken that are similar to those taken in an Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degree program will be accepted in transfer. Exceptions to this policy must be approved in writing by the Dean of the School or College.
  • A maximum of 90 credits may be accepted in transfer. Limitations on the number and type of transfer credits accepted are set by each Ashford University degree program.
  • Due to the rapid advancement of knowledge in the chemistry and biology fields, the acceptance of transfer credits earned more than 10 years prior to the student’s admission to Ashford University will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
  • Additional requirements and limits on transferability of credits may apply to students who pursue the Practitioner Preparation Program in the College of Education. Transfer credits will be evaluated against the most current requirements of the State of Iowa by the Registrar’s Office with final approval of the Dean of the College of Education.

Applicants and/or students who have questions concerning their transfer credit evaluation should contact the Registrar’s Office to discuss their concerns. Students requesting re-evaluation of specific transfer credits may be required to submit course descriptions and/or syllabi for the previous courses to be reviewed by the Registrar’s Office. Transfer credits may increase eligible borrowing amounts available to a student under the Direct Loan Program. A student should ensure that they have borrowed their intended amount from their maximum allowable amount under the program, once all transfer credits have been applied.

Articulation Agreements

Ashford University enters into articulation agreements with other schools in the spirit of cooperation and to mutually recognize each other as quality institutions of higher learning. The purpose of an articulation agreement is to enable students transferring to Ashford University to carry with them the credit they have already earned for as much relevant study as possible. Students who transfer under the term and conditions of a valid articulation agreement are subject to the requirements outlined by the articulation agreement and Ashford University Academic Catalog at the time the student is enrolled into his or her Ashford University program. Only credits that are applicable to a student’s degree program will be transferred. A list of schools with which Ashford University has established articulation agreements, terms of articulation and transfer guides outlining all articulated courses can be found on Ashford University’s website at http://ashford.edu/admissions/community_colleges.htm.

Academic Policies

Credit Opportunities-Nontraditional Learning

Clinton campus students may receive up to 75 nontraditional credits. Credit maximums are specified by degree program. Ashford University provides three methods of awarding university-level credits for nontraditional learning: through national credit recommendations, through national testing programs, and through the prior learning assessment process.

National testing programs include AP: Advanced Placement, Berlitz, CLEP: College Level Examination Program, DSST: Dantes Subject Standardized Tests, Excelsior, IB: International Baccalaureate, TECEP: Thomas Edison College Examination Program, and UExcel. National credit recommendations include ACE: American Council on Education, and National CCRS: National College Credit Recommendation Service. Prior learning assessment includes Sponsored Professional Training and Experiential Essays. National testing programs and national credit recommendations should be transferred in through the Registrar’s Office. All Prior Learning submissions should be processed by the Prior Learning Assessment Department.

National Credit Recommendation Policies

The University will award credits for American Council on Education (ACE) and National College Credit Recommendation Service (National CCRS) transcripts in accordance with the level, number, and content area indicated by the ACE/CCRS transcripts or other authentic documentation of successful course completion, which indicates ACE/CCRS credits earned, to the Registrar’s Office.

National Testing Programs


Advanced Placement (AP)
Students taking AP courses in high school and receiving a score of 3 or higher on a College Entrance Examination Board Advanced Placement test may receive college credit. Details of tests recognized and scores required are available from the Registrar’s Office. Students should submit AP test scores to the Registrar’s Office.

CLEP
Ashford University is a participating university in the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP). CLEP provides students of any age the opportunity to demonstrate college-level achievement through a program of examinations in undergraduate college courses. The University follows the policies for CLEP testing established by the Educational Testing Service. Passing scores change as recommended by CLEP. Ashford University will update passing scores as they change and will continue to grant credit to all passing scores. Students taking a CLEP exam should verify what constitutes a current passing score as of the date on which they are testing. More information can be found under the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) Policy in this section of the Catalog.

International Baccalaureate (IB)
Ashford University recognizes the International Baccalaureate program (IB) as collegiate level credit. IB provides students the opportunity to demonstrate college level in different general education areas. Ashford University grants credit for Higher Level courses only taken during as part of the Diploma Programme (ages 16-19), with a minimum score of 5 on all the examinations except for courses under Experiential Science which Standard level courses may be accepted with a minimum score of 6. IB courses will be evaluated on a course by course basis. No credit given for the Theory of Knowledge (TKO) and for section B (English as a second language). The official International Baccalaureate transcript is required in order to receive credit.

Clinton Campus College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) Policy

CLEP examinations are administered on the Clinton campus, by individual request, throughout the year. Registration procedures and test information are available by contacting the Flavian Center, Ashford University, 400 N. Bluff Blvd., Clinton, IA 52732; (877) 241-9893, ext. 7241.

All available CLEP exams are administered on computer. Each exam is 90 minutes long, except for the English Composition with Essay, and is made up primarily of multiple-choice questions; however, some exams do have fill-in-the-blank questions.

Candidates may not repeat an examination within 180 days (6 months) of the testing date.

Fees: The total cost is $13 plus the cost of the examination. Test fees must be paid by credit card (preferred method of payment) or check/money order made payable to Ashford University CLEP. Payment must be made prior to candidates taking the exam.

Score Reports: If students want their scores sent to a college, employer, or certifying agency, this option must be selected through the exam software on the day of the exam. This service is free of charge only if the score recipient is selected at the time of the test. One institution may be designated for free at the time of the exam. CLEP will charge a fee for each additional institution or for a transcript ordered at a later date. Scores will be kept on file by CLEP for twenty (20) years.

Students will be able to obtain unofficial test results at the time of testing, except for the English Composition with Essay exam.

Special Accommodations: Students who will need special accommodations must contact the CLEP Testing Center two weeks prior to taking the test. Only students with documented hearing, learning, physical, or visual disabilities are eligible to receive testing accommodations.

CLEP Credit: Each institution sets its own policy regarding CLEP exams for which it will grant credit and how many credits it will award. Ashford University adheres to CLEP’s passing score recommendations and credit recommendations, and Ashford University accepts passing scores for all existing CLEP exams.

For Students Planning to Attend Ashford University: At the time of the exam, students should designate Ashford University as a score recipient. The college code number is #6418. Students should select “Iowa/IA” in the dropdown menu of states, and then select Ashford University as the chosen institution from Iowa.

Students with previous CLEP results should request an official transcript be sent to the Registrar’s Office at Ashford University.

For Students Planning to Attend College Elsewhere: Check directly with the college or university you plan to attend to find out which exams are accepted, what scores are required, and how much credit will be granted.

Duplication: It is the student’s responsibility to ensure that transfer credits, nontraditional learning (including CLEP exams), and/or Ashford University coursework do not duplicate previous credit earned. A student may not earn credit by examination, nontraditional learning or transfer credits in an area in which he or she has completed an equivalent course/exam or a course of a similar level. Ashford University currently enrolled students should meet with their advisor to determine if specific nontraditional learning (including CLEP exams) and coursework will fit into their academic plan and not duplicate previous credit awarded.

Regression: It is the student’s responsibility to ensure that transfer credits, nontraditional learning (including CLEP exams), and/or Ashford University coursework is not considered regression from previous credit earned. A student may not earn credit by examination, nontraditional learning, or transfer credits in an area which would be considered regression from previous courses/exams he or she completed. A student may not take Ashford University coursework in an area in which he or she has already a completed course that is more advanced in content level. Ashford University currently enrolled students should meet with their advisor to determine if specific nontraditional learning (including CLEP exams) and coursework will fit into their academic plan and not be considered regression from previous credit awarded.

Tutorial: To help students navigate through the computerized test, a free downloadable tutorial is available on the CLEP Website at www.collegeboard.com/clep. The free CLEP Sampler contains the same tutorials as the actual exams. The CLEP Official Study Guide for all tests (not free) and Individual Subject Guides (not free) are also available for download from the Website and feature test-taking tips and procedures.

Test Invalidation (Clinton Campus): As an official CLEP Testing Center, Ashford University reserves the right to invalidate a test session if a candidate uses a prohibited item during the test administration or engages in misconduct.

Prohibited Items: Use of the following items in the testing room is strictly prohibited unless an approved exception has been specified by CLEP:

  • Food, beverages, or tobacco products;
  • Hats (unless worn as a religious requirement);
  • Hand-held calculators (a calculator function is built into the software for those tests that require calculator use);
  • Calculator watches, digital watches (wrist or pocket), or alarm wristwatches;
  • Wristwatch cameras or digital cameras;
  • Dictionaries, books, pamphlets, or reference materials;
  • Papers of any kind (except for authorized scratch paper provided in the testing room);
  • Slide rules, protractors, compasses, or rulers;
  • Highlighter pens and/or colored pens and pencils;
  • Cellular phones/pagers, beepers, “walkie talkies,” or PDAs;
  • Wireless communication devices of any kind (e.g., BlackBerry);
  • Listening devices, radios with headphones, or recorders;
  • Copying or photographic devices;
  • Transmission or receiving devices;
  • Mechanical pencils or any type of pen;
  • Nonmedical electronic devices (e.g., laptop computers or digital assistants);
  • Candidate-provided keyboards; and
  • Any other unauthorized testing aids.

Misconduct: Candidates involved in any misconduct will be asked to terminate their exams and to leave the testing room. Exam scores will be cancelled. Examples of misconduct are as follows:

  • Giving or receiving assistance of any kind;
  • Using any of the prohibited aids listed;
  • Taking or attempting to take an exam for someone else;
  • Failing to follow test regulations or the test administrator’s instructions;
  • Removing or attempting to remove test questions and/or responses (in any format) from the testing room;
  • Tampering with the operation of the computer or attempting to use it for any function other than for taking the exam;
  • Leaving the testing room without permission; and
  • Causing a disturbance of any kind.

Prior Learning Assessment

The Ashford University Prior Learning Assessment Program allows students pursuing a Bachelor’s degree the opportunity to earn credit for college-level learning that occurs outside a traditional classroom setting. Students may earn credit in two ways:

  • Through faculty evaluation of sponsored professional training; and
  • Through faculty evaluation of experiential learning via the experiential essay process.

Inquiries and evaluations should be referred to the Prior Learning Assessment Department.

Registration

Registration for classes each semester is conducted on dates announced by the Registrar’s Office. Currently enrolled students should contact their Faculty Academic Advisors for assistance during each registration period. The Registrar’s Office assists new students with their assignments to a Faculty Academic Advisor for the initial registration. Registration for classes and changes to the schedule should be made through the Registrar’s Office prior to or on the official registration day for each semester, as indicated in this Catalog. The University reserves the right to cancel any course due to low enrollment or for other reasons.

Changes in Registration: Each student should carefully plan an educational program of study with the assistance of a Faculty Academic Advisor. If a change in registration is desired, permission of the Faculty Academic Advisor and the instructor(s) involved must be obtained. If a full-time student is dropping to part-time status, the student must also have the permission of the Dean of the School or College, the Dean of Student Affairs, the Athletic Director (if a student athlete), and the Residence Life Director (if a resident student). Students receiving financial aid who drop courses should contact the Director of Financial Aid to determine how the change in registration affects their financial aid status. The form used to add or drop a course can be obtained in the Registrar’s Office. The change is not official until the form is received by the Registrar’s Office. The date the form is returned to the Registrar’s Office becomes the official date of change.

Last Day to Add a Class

A course may not be added after the first nine days of classes without the approval of the Dean of the School or College, the Faculty Academic Advisor, and the instructor of the course to be added.

Summer Online Course Registration Policy

Registration during the summer months (between the spring and fall semesters) may occur when the student is fully admitted, and meets the following criteria:

  • Student must be 18 years or older;
  • Student must be meeting Satisfactory Academic Progress requirements;
  • Summer online course registration cannot violate progression or prerequisite requirements;
  • At no time may a student attend courses concurrently in both the online and Clinton campus modalities at Ashford University;
  • Students must have the approval of their Faculty Academic Advisor prior to registering for a summer online course; and
  • Students must be registered for the upcoming fall semester in the same calendar year.

Course Drop

To officially drop from a class or classes without withdrawing permanently from the program, a student must complete and submit a Change of Registration form to the Registrar’s Office. (Forms are available in the Registrar’s Office.) After the official “add/drop” census period in the beginning of the semester, a student completes the course drop process only by getting signatures from the relevant class instructor and his or her academic advisor. If the student participates in an Ashford athletic program, then a signature must also come from the Athletic Director.

Official Withdrawal from the University

A Clinton campus student wishing to officially withdraw from Ashford University must notify the Registrar’s Office, either orally or in writing. Students notifying Ashford University for official withdrawal will be asked to complete a written withdrawal form.

The student must resolve any financial obligations to Ashford University before receiving an official transcript from the Registrar’s Office.

For information regarding the determination of withdrawal date, please see the Withdrawal from the University policy in the General Academic Information and Policies section in this Catalog.

Class Load

A full-time class load is 12–18 credits. A student who plans to register for more than 18 credits must have written permission of the Dean of the School or College. Additional tuition is charged beyond the 18th credit, unless a tuition waiver is approved and turned in to the Registrar’s Office. Students taking 19-21 credits must have the tuition waiver approved by the Dean of the School or College. Tuition waivers for credits beyond 21 credits must be approved by the VP/Clinton Campus Director. A student who has not met Satisfactory Academic Progress is usually limited to 12 credits per semester. Exceptions to credit load for students who have not met Satisfactory Academic Progress must be approved by the Dean of the School or College.

Degree-Seeking Student Classifications

Class Level:

Freshman:

0-30 credits earned

Sophomore:

31-60 credits earned

Junior:

61-90 credits earned

Senior:

91 or more credits earned

 

Enrollment Status:

Less than half-time:

1-5 credits

Half-time:

6-8 credits

Three-quarter time:

9-11 credits

Full-time:

12 or more credits

 

Auditing Courses

Students may register to audit lecture classes on a space-available basis. Students who are auditing a course are expected to attend class regularly. They are not responsible for written assignments or examinations. A student who wishes to change from audit to credit seeking must notify the Registrar’s Office by the end of the first two weeks of classes.

Scholars Institute

The Scholars Institute is the University’s honors program, which offers an enhanced undergraduate experience for able and highly motivated students in any of the Clinton campus program majors. At the heart of the curricular experience is a series of limited-enrollment, interdisciplinary honors courses taught by selected faculty. In addition, Scholars Institute members have opportunities to work closely with senior University faculty in joint research projects, to participate in distinctive co- and extracurricular activities, and to have access to enhanced internships and capstone courses.

Requirements for Admission and Membership

For admission into the Scholars Institute, students must complete the following requirements:

  • Fill out an application for admittance and submit it to the Director of the Scholars Institute;
  • Submit a sample of his or her formal writing, either from a previous class or newly written; and,
  • Possess a cumulative G.P.A. of 3.50 or higher (For incoming freshmen, high school G.P.A. is considered).

To maintain membership in the Scholars Institute, students must meet the following requirements:

  • Maintain a cumulative G.P.A. of 3.50 or higher and a minimum of 3.50 in honors-designated courses.
  • Complete a minimum number of credits of Scholars Institute or honors-designated courses, a percentage of which must be at the 300- or 400-level. It is also strongly recommended that at least half of the courses be the designated Scholars Institute courses offered each semester. Students have three options for fulfilling membership requirements:
    • Take a regularly scheduled Scholars Institute course;
    • Take one of their regular courses with an “honors option,” which would be worked out between the student and the professor; or
    • Complete a “special topics” research-oriented project where the student and professor work collaboratively on the parameters and requirements for the project.

 The following scale indicates minimum standards for each grade level:

 Grade Level

  # of credits

# of upper-level credits  

 # of public presentations*

 Freshman

 18

 9

 3

 Sophomore

 12

 6

 2

 Juniors/Transfers

 9

 6

 2

  • *Participate in an end-of-semester forum of Scholars Institute students where papers, projects or other demonstrations are presented in a public setting and open to the entire Clinton campus community. (This is in addition to students presenting their work in the context of a regular class with honors component requirements.) Presentations should be a minimum of ten minutes in length.
  • Maintain a portfolio of scholarly work completed for each honors course (examples would include papers, research projects, presentations, etc.).

Testing Services

Placement exams are available to Clinton campus students, attending classes in a semester format, who would like to test out of competency areas, or test into a higher level math or English class. Students should consult their Faculty Academic Advisors for testing information.

Veterans

Students who are eligible for educational benefits from the Department of Veterans Affairs should notify the Financial Aid Director of their intention to enroll. Assistance in the certification procedure will be provided. Veteran students are required by the Department of Veterans Affairs to maintain satisfactory progress in their educational program. These regulations are available from the Financial Aid Director and are followed by the University, or students can visit the following website: http://vabenefits.vba.va.gov/.

Grade Reports

At mid-semester, the University will make a reasonable attempt to notify any student who is performing at the level of a “D” or “F” grade in a course. Midterm grade reports may be accessed on the Student Portal. Final grade reports are accessible to all students at the end of each semester on the Student Portal. Only final semester grades are recorded on the official transcript.

Academic Advisement

The University has supportive faculty and staff members who work with each student to help ensure the student’s success at Ashford University. A Faculty Academic Advisor is appointed for each degree-seeking student. The Faculty Academic Advisor assists in the development of a class schedule that is tailored to meet the interests and educational goals of the student. If a student decides to change majors, the Registrar’s Office should be notified immediately. Students may request a change of Faculty Academic Advisor by application to the Registrar’s Office.

Attendance Policy for Semester-Based Courses

The attendance policy at Ashford University is based on the commitment of the faculty and administration to helping students develop the work habits and skills that are essential for achieving academic success.

Students are required to attend the classes and labs for courses in which they are enrolled. Students enrolled in hybrid courses that include an online component and week(s) in which there are no face to face meetings must meet attendance in one of the following ways within the online classroom:

  • posting in a graded discussion forum;
  • submitting a written assignment or journal entry; or
  • submitting an exam.

Postings not related to graded discussion forums, or written assignments or journal entries not related to the actual assignment may be reviewed and disqualified for attendance purposes. All students are expected to arrive on time for each class and to remain for the entire class unless prior arrangements have been made with the instructor. If a student is excused from class due to a University-sponsored activity, that student is expected to arrange with the instructor for all class work and assignments to be made up before the event. Students on academic and financial aid warning or probation must receive prior approval for missing class for a University sponsored event from the course instructor and the Dean of the School or College. If a student must miss a class due to an emergency over which he or she has no control, the student must contact the instructor to determine what preparation is needed before returning to the next class.

Faculty members are required to report student absences from their classes, on a weekly basis, to the Registrar’s Office. Federal regulations require that the University establish a last date of attendance for any student who ceases attending the University and return financial aid funds according to federal guidelines and University policy. Students who do not attend any classes for two consecutive weeks will be administratively withdrawn from the program by the Registrar’s Office. The student’s grades for the semester will be determined according to the Course Drop policy guidelines outlined in the General Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.

Faculty members will include a clearly stated policy on each course syllabus to further explain how absences will affect a student’s grade in that course.

Academic Leave

Although Ashford University encourages continuous enrollment from the time of matriculation through graduation for all students, from time to time circumstances may arise that warrant a short break in enrollment. Should a student experience an extraordinary personal situation that would require a request for an academic leave from the program, he or she is encouraged to discuss the matter with the Director of Student Affairs and/or the Associate University Registrar-Campus Services. The student must complete the Academic Leave Request form, which is available from the Registrar’s Office.

  • Academic Leave Request forms must be signed, dated and submitted on or before the last day of class attendance. The student must provide a reason for the request and the school must make a determination that there is a reasonable expectation that he or she will return to school. Requests submitted after the last day of attendance require an explanation for the late submittal. Requests submitted greater than 14 days after the last date of attendance will not be approved.
  • An academic leave does not meet the conditions to be an approved leave of absence for Title IV financial aid purposes. Ashford University Clinton campus students are not eligible for an approved leave of absence for financial aid purposes. Therefore, an academic leave is treated as an official withdrawal for return of Title IV financial aid and student loan deferment purposes. A financial aid student considering an academic leave should contact the Financial Aid Office to discuss the impact on changes to their financial aid package and on their loan repayment. The loan repayment grace period begins on the first day of the student’s academic leave.
  • Students are allowed one academic leave per 12-month period.
  • The academic leave can be no more than one semester in length.
  • Failure to return to school on or before scheduled/approved re-entry date will result in a termination of the academic leave.

Final Examinations

The academic year is divided into two semesters of approximately sixteen weeks each, beginning in late August and in early January of each year. The last week of each semester is reserved for final exams. Some form of final evaluation (exam, project, report, etc.) is required in every course and should be given at the time designated by the Registrar’s Office on the final exam schedule. Exceptions to this policy must receive the written approval of the Dean of the School or College at least two weeks prior to the scheduled exam week. A student’s absence from a final examination without a serious reason and permission of the instructor may be recorded as a failure in the course. Deciding the nature of final exams as well as the frequency of other exams during the course is the responsibility of the individual instructor.

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Policy (Clinton Campus Programs)

We are dedicated to the academic success of our students. As such, the following policy outlines the academic requirements for Ashford University Clinton campus programs and how they will be measured to ensure that students are making satisfactory academic progress toward successful degree completion. Academic and Financial Aid Warning, Academic and Financial Aid Probation, and Probation-Academic Plan provide an opportunity for students to improve academic performance and meet overall requirements for degree completion. Students in any of the aforementioned statuses should meet with their Faculty Academic Advisors to discuss course scheduling and planning for remediation. Please contact the Ashford University Registrar’s Office with any questions concerning the requirements outlined in this policy. This policy applies to all coursework accepted and applied in transfer as well as attempted at Ashford University, as outlined in this policy, regardless of date attempted.

Undergraduate Semester-Based Program Measures 

  • Fall and Spring Term = 16 weeks each
  • May Term = 3 weeks
  • Summer Term = 6 weeks

Satisfactory Academic Progress Standards

Students must meet the following minimum qualitative and quantitative standards to make satisfactory academic progress:

  • Clinton campus undergraduate students must meet the minimum criteria of a cumulative GPA in Ashford University coursework of 2.00 to make satisfactory academic progress.
  • The following majors require a 2.50 minimum GPA standard:
    • Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education;
    • Bachelor of Arts in English and Communication with Secondary Education Track;
    • Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science;
    • Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education;
    • Bachelor of Arts in Social Science with Secondary Education Track;
    • Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Mathematics with Secondary Education Track; and
    • Bachelor of Science in Natural Science with Secondary Education Track.
  • Cumulative GPA includes all undergraduate-level coursework attempted at Ashford University, excluding grades of Pass, I, or W. Only the later grade is counted in the cumulative GPA when a course is repeated.
  • Grade points earned at another institution are not used in the computation of the grade point average at Ashford University.
  • Successful completion rate = 67% or 2/3 of all attempted undergraduate credits. Attempted undergraduate credits are all Ashford University course attempts recorded on the academic transcript, including repeated courses, withdrawals, and incompletes as well as transfer credits that apply toward the student’s current degree program. Grades that count negatively against successful completion rates include I, W, WF, and F.
  • Successful completion of all program requirements must be accomplished within 150% of the normal length of the program as measured in credits attempted toward the program. Credits accepted in transfer toward the program are included as attempted and earned credits in determining the maximum timeframe.
  • Repeated courses count negatively against successful completion rates.

If at any point during the program, the institution determines that the student will not be able to successfully complete all program requirements at the conclusion of 150% of the normal length of a program as measured in credits, he or she will be dismissed from the University.

Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) is reviewed at the end of each term (including May Term, Summer term and at the end of each Summer Online Course) in traditional semester-based programs. Undergraduate students are evaluated against both qualitative and quantitative standards at the conclusion of Fall, Spring, May Term, Summer terms, and each online course attempted during the summer at Ashford University. After each evaluation, students who do not meet SAP standards will be notified in writing. Students who have an outstanding incomplete grade at the time of SAP review may not be allowed to continue to the next semester until the incomplete grade is successfully completed.

Academic and Financial Aid Warning

Students who do not meet the minimum requirements for making satisfactory academic progress at the time of evaluation are placed on Academic and Financial Aid Warning for the following term. Students are given one term to meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress. Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid are eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on Academic and Financial Aid Warning. Students may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation requirements. These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. Retaking coursework previously passed at Ashford University in term-based programs may impact a student’s enrollment status (e.g., full time, half time, etc.). Courses attempted a third time when the prior two attempts resulted in a passing grade will not be included in the enrollment status calculation for the term. Students on Academic and Financial Aid Warning who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of one term on Academic and Financial Aid Warning will be dismissed from the University. Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. Dismissed students should refer to the Appeal of Academic Dismissal policy in this section of this Catalog.

Academic and Financial Aid Probation

Students who have been granted an appeal for readmission after dismissal following a period of Academic and Financial Aid Warning may complete one additional term of study on Academic and Financial Aid Probation. All coursework attempted after the term during which the student did not meet satisfactory academic progress is counted as part of the Academic and Financial Aid Probation period.

Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid are eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on Academic and Financial Aid Probation. Students on Academic and Financial Aid Probation who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress at the conclusion of the term will be dismissed from the University. Students may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation requirements. These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. Retaking coursework previously passed at Ashford University in term-based programs may impact a student’s enrollment status (e.g., full time, half time, etc.). Courses attempted a third time when the prior two attempts resulted in a passing grade will not be included in the enrollment status calculation for the term.

At the conclusion of the Academic and Financial Aid Probation term, students who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress will be dismissed from the University.

Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. Dismissed students should refer to the Appeal of Academic Dismissal policy in this section of this Catalog.

Academic Plan

Students who are approved by the Associate University Registrar-Campus Services and appropriate Clinton Campus Dean, or Provost for re-admission after dismissal following a period of Academic and Financial Aid Probation, a period on Probation-Academic Plan, or after dismissal due to exceeding the maximum time frame are placed on Probation-Academic Plan. Students on Probation-Academic Plan are required to meet specific academic requirements outlined in writing in an academic plan from the Associate University Registrar-Campus Services. Students are provided with an academic plan to assist the student in meeting regular SAP requirements within a specific period of time. Students may be limited in the number of courses for which they are scheduled while on Probation-Academic Plan. It is the student’s responsibility to adhere to the academic plan.

Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid are eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on Probation-Academic Plan. Students may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation requirements. These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. Retaking coursework previously passed at Ashford University in term-based programs may impact a student’s enrollment status (e.g., full time, half time, etc.). Courses attempted a third time when the prior two attempts resulted in a passing grade will not be included in the enrollment status calculation for the term.

Students will be placed on Probation–Academic Plan for the first payment period/SAP increment while on the Academic Plan. Students on Probation-Academic Plan are reviewed against the progression requirements outlined in the academic plan at the conclusion of each term. Students who are not meeting plan requirements at the conclusion of each term will be dismissed from the University. Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. Dismissed students should refer to the Appeal of Academic Dismissal policy in this section of this Catalog.

Appeal of Academic Dismissal

Students who have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements may appeal to the Associate University Registrar-Campus Services to be re-admitted to the University.

The student’s appeal letter must include:

  • A reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date, which includes mitigating circumstances such as student injury/illness, death of a student’s family member, or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student;
  • Compelling evidence that they have the ability to demonstrate satisfactory academic progress and to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of college level credits during the period of absence; and
  • A plan for completion of the coursework required to meet satisfactory academic progress during the following term.

The passage of time does not substantiate eligibility for readmission or appeal for readmission, however, students who have experienced mitigating circumstances and have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements and have been denied re-admission after an appeal may submit another appeal to be readmitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last appeal. The student must submit an appeal letter as detailed in this policy and present compelling evidence that they have the ability to demonstrate satisfactory academic progress and succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of college level credits since the last appeal was submitted.

Academic Standards for Student Athletes

Eligibility to participate in intercollegiate athletics is governed by the standards adopted by the National Association for Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and supplemented by the University Student Athlete Handbook.

Graduation Requirements for BA and BS Degrees

To be eligible for the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degrees, a student must successfully accomplish the following:

  • Completion of the General Education requirements, including competencies;
  • Completion of a minimum of 120 credits that are 100-level or higher;
  • Completion of all major course requirements;
  • Completion of all collateral course requirements (where applicable);
  • Minimum cumulative grade point of 2.00 in all coursework attempted at the University. Students with more than one major must average 2.00 in each program of study (a cumulative grade point of 2.50 is required for elementary education majors and all majors seeking secondary education endorsements);
  • A minimum of 30 credits in upper-division courses numbered 300-level or above. At least 21 of these credits should be credit for major or collateral courses;
  • No more than 45 credits in a single department; and
  • Completion of 30 credits from the University.

Note: Faculty Academic Advisors assist students with course selection, but it is the student’s responsibility to ensure that he or she fulfills the previous requirements.

Forbes School of Business: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Accounting

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Accounting major at the University develops necessary analytical, conceptual, and technical knowledge and proficiency in accounting. Collateral courses complement the accounting curriculum and enable students to better understand the internal and external business environment through study in business administration, economics, and quantitative methods. Accounting majors may also pursue an optional track in environmental studies. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iaa.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not qualify a student to sit for the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) examination. All prospective students are advised to contact individual state boards of accounting for additional information relating to licensure requirements (e.g., education and work experience and any potential restrictions, such as prior criminal convictions) prior to enrolling. A list of state accounting boards is available here: http://www.nasba.org/stateboards/. Prospective students are also advised to regularly review the state’s policies and procedures relating to licensure as those policies are subject to change.

Additionally. students may wish to seek a Certified Management Accountant designation. Information on the CMA exam can be found at their website (www.imanet.org). Students are advised that a degree program is different from an exam preparation course and they may need more education in addition to work experience in order to successfully pass the examination.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Accounting program will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate fundamental accounting principles and procedures;
  2. Employ technology tools related to the area of accounting;
  3. Analyze alternatives to complex accounting problems;
  4. Utilize and integrate accounting information in business decision making; and
  5. Synthesize accounting information and non-accounting information in order to appropriately assess business opportunities.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Requirements: 42 credits
Electives: 29 credits

Major Course Requirements (42 credits):

  • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
  • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits)
  • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits)
  • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits)
  • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits)
  • ACC 380 Accounting for Not-For-Profit Organizations (3 credits)
  • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits)
  • ACC 410 Auditing (3 credits)

One course from the following:

  • ACC 311 Cost Accounting II (3 credits)
  • ACC 402 Federal Income Taxes II (3 credits)
  • ACC 407 Advanced Accounting (3 credits)

Business Core Requirements (12 credits from the following):

  • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits)
  • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits)
  • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits)
  • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)
  • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
  • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits)

One course in Information Systems (3 credits):

  • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
  • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits)
  • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits)
  • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits)

Elective Specializations

Students may choose from a variety of optional specializations to supplement their major program. Please see Specializations in this section of this Catalog.

Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration

(Clinton Campus Modality)

Business students study the environment of business in a market-based economy and explore the different functional areas of business including finance, human resources, information management, and marketing. Collateral courses complement the business core and assist students in acquiring essential knowledge and competence in accounting, economics, ethics, and mathematics. Elective specializations in finance and marketing build on the core curriculum. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iaba.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Business Administration program will be able to:

  1. Collaborate to achieve team goals;
  2. Develop an awareness of their leadership style;
  3. Evaluate a situation and apply an effective leadership style;
  4. Use technology tools related to their area of emphasis;
  5. Manage change within a dynamic business environment; and
  6. Create a strategic business plan.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Requirements: 45 credits
Electives 26 credits

Major Course Requirements (45 credits):

  • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
  • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits)
  • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits)
  • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
  • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits)
  • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits)
  • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)
  • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits)
  • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits)

One course in Statistics (3 credits):

  • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)

One course in Management (3 credits):

  • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)

One course in Strategic Planning (3 credits):

  • BUS 402 Strategic Management & Business Policy (3 credits)

One course in Ethics (3 credits):

  • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits)

One course in Information Technology (3 credits):

  • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits)
  • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits)
  • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits)

Elective Specializations

Students may choose from a variety of optional specializations to supplement their major program. Please see Specializations in this section of this Catalog.

Financial Certification

Students interested in pursuing the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) qualification should consult the Dean of the Forbes School of Business regarding appropriate coursework.

Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems

(Clinton Campus Modality)

Bachelor of Arts in Business Information Systems graduates are able to understand the interaction and importance of information systems and information sharing within a business or organization. Courses will focus on networking, e-business administration, strategic data utilization, business management, as well as problem solving and leadership in designing, developing and implementing new or existing information systems within the businesses organization. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iabis.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Business Information Systems program will be able to:

  1. Utilize analytical, logical, and critical thinking abilities to analyze user requirements and to design, develop, and deploy effective Information Systems solutions;
  2. Evaluate appropriate enterprise solutions for business success;
  3. Manage relationships with technology providers and customers;
  4. Analyze alternatives to complex business problems and alternatives; and
  5. Evaluate the business as an integrated information system including the relations among the functional areas, and the application of long-range planning, systems implementation, and control processes.

Requirements for the Major:

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Requirements: 45 credits
Electives: 26 credits

Required Courses (45 credits):

  • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
  • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)
  • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
  • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
  • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits)
  • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) OR
    MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
  • COM 340 Technical Writing (3 credits)
  • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits)
  • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits)
  • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits)
  • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits)
  • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits)
  • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits)
  • INF 336 Project Procurement Management (3 credits)
  • MGT 497 Strategic Technology Planning for Organizations (3 credits)

Bachelor of Arts in Computer Graphic Design

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Computer Graphic Design major combines the application of visual art, communication, marketing, music, and computer programming skills that are needed to aid current business and industry. The Graphic Design degree involves the creation of information that people see and read: posters, books, signs, advertisements, commercials, brochures, video production, digital imaging, and Websites. See Business Information Systems description and Computer Science and Mathematics description for other degree options in the computer science field. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iacgd.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Computer Graphic Design program will be able to:

  1. Utilize computer graphics and visual arts tools related to their track focus (Animation, Print Media, or Web Design);
  2. Accurately determine client needs, audience, purpose, and media capabilities in the development and execution of graphic communication projects;
  3. Develop and communicate creative ideas to colleagues and clients through oral, written, and visual communication during the completion of individual and team projects;
  4. Investigate opportunities for professional growth; and
  5. Incorporate professional ethics on projects.

Requirements for the Major:

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Required Courses: 27 credits
Track: 26-28 credits
Electives: 16-18 credits

Required Courses (27 credits):

  • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits)
  • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits)
  • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits)
  • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communication (3 credits)
  • CGD 240 Media Writing & Editing (3 credits)
  • CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging (3 credits)
  • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits)
  • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits) OR
    INF/CGD 392 IS Internship (3 credits)
  • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits)

Tracks (26-28 credits)

Students must choose ONE track from the following:

Animation Track (26-28 credits):

  • ART 110 Figure Drawing Workshop (1 credit)
  • CGD 220 Storytelling & Storyboarding (3 credits)
  • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits)
  • CGD 223 3-D Modeling I (3 credits)
  • CGD 331 Digital Video & Audio (3 credits)
  • CGD 324 3-D Animation I (3 credits)
  • CGD 325 3-D Animation II (3 credits)
  • CGD 360 Digital Texturing & Lighting (3 credits)
  • CGD 497 Advanced 3-D Seminar (3 credits)

Animation Electives (1 course from the following):

  • ART 340 Figure Drawing (3 credits)
  • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)
  • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits)
  • CGD 323 3-D Modeling II (3 credits)
  • CGD 330 Digital Still Imaging (3 credits)
  • CGD 392 IS Internship (3 credits)
  • CGD 432 3-D Animation III (3 credits)

Print Media Track (27 credits):

  • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits)
  • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
  • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations
  • (3 credits)
  • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)
  • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits)
  • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
  • CGD 318 Introduction to Public Relations & Promotional Writing (3 credits)
  • CGD 340 Print Production (3 credits)

Print Media Electives (3 credits from the following):

  • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits)
  • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
  • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits)
  • CGD 220 Storytelling & Storyboarding (3 credits)
  • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits)
  • CGD 223 3-D Modeling I (3 credits)
  • CGD 332 Multimedia Authoring (3 credits)
  • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits)
  • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
  • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits)
  • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits)

Web Design Track (27 credits):

  • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
  • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits) 
  • CGD 221 2-D Computer Animation (3 credits)
  • CGD 305 Communication Design (3 credits)
  • CGD 307 Web Publishing (3 credits)
  • CGD 405 Advanced Web Publishing (3 credits)
  • INF 247 Database Analysis (3 credits)
  • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits)  

Web Electives (3 credits from the following): 

  • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits)
  • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
  • CGD 331 Digital Video & Audio (3 credits)
  • CGD 353 Dynamic Publishing (3 credits)
  • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits)
  • INF 245 Spreadsheet Analysis (3 credits)

Bachelor of Arts in Finance

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Bachelor of Arts in Finance provides students with an understanding of financial analysis, financial management, and financial systems. It prepares students for employment in a variety of business fields including credit manager, trust administrator, financial planning, financial services, banking, real estate, corporate financial management, risk management and insurance, and securities sales and management. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iaf.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. A degree in finance prepares a student for many different career options. Some of these career options will require holding specific certifications such as Certified Financial Planner, Chartered Financial Analyst or FINRA registration. While a degree program provides a wide background in the finance field, Ashford University does not guarantee that any student is prepared for any certification examination at the completion of their degree. You are encouraged to research the requirements of each organization so that you can see how your education and work experience can help prepare you for the designation you will need and to determine what additional education/experience you may need to obtain such certification.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Finance program will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate problem solving skills including the ability to analyze business and financial conditions;
  2. Apply financial theories to conduct financial analysis;
  3. Understand how to measure and achieve the efficiency use of financial resources;
  4. Evaluate the political, social, legal, regulatory, and technological issues in the context of micro- and macro-finance; and
  5. Understand the business as an integrated system including the relations among the functional areas, and the application long-range planning, implementation and control systems.

Program Requirements

Total number of credits required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Course Requirements: 45 credits
Electives: 26 credits

Major Course Requirements (45 credits)

  • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
  • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits)
  • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits)
  • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits)
  • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)
  • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
  • ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II (3 credits)
  • BUS 215 Personal Financial Management (3 credits)
  • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
  • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits)
  • BUS 323 Risk Management & Insurance (3 credits)
  • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits)
  • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits)
  • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits)
  • BUS 402 Strategic Management & Business Policy (3 credits)

Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations and Marketing

(Clinton Campus Modality)

Graduates of the major in Public Relations and Marketing will be able to develop an understanding and mastery of marketing and public relations functions. Emphasis is on creating a repertoire of communication skills in order to become an effective communicator across contexts, as well as to develop competence in using planning skills to create and implement marketing and public relations solutions to meet client’s needs. Graduates will be able to evaluate the effectiveness and appropriateness of marketing and public relations messages and engage in problem analysis, strategic planning, message development, and tactical solutions. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iapr.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Public Relations and Marketing program will be able to:

  1. Develop an understanding and mastery of marketing and public relations functions;
  2. Create a repertoire of communication skills in order to become an effective communicator across contexts;
  3. Develop competencies in using planning skills to create and implement marketing and public relations solutions to meet clients’ needs;
  4. Evaluate the effectiveness and appropriateness of marketing and public relations messages; and
  5. Engage in problem analysis, strategic planning, message development, and tactical solutions.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Core Requirements: 33 credits
Corporate Communications Track or Marketing Track: 15 credits
Electives: 23 credits

Core Requirements (33 credits):

  • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits)
  • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
  • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
  • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits)
  • BUS 420 or CGD/INF 392 Internship (3 credits)
  • CGD 240 Media Writing & Editing (3 credits)
  • CGD 318 Public Relations Practices & Promotional Writing (3 credits)
  • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits)
  • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits)
  • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
  • PHI 402 Business Ethics (3 credits)

Corporate Communications Track (15 credits):

  • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits)
  • BUS 355 Corporate Communication Strategies (3 credits)
  • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits)
  • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)
  • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits)

Electives (3 credits)

  • ART 315 Computer Art II (3 credits)
  • CGD 330 Digital Video & Audio (3 credits)
  • CGD 340 Print Production (3 credits)
  • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits)
  • JRN 211 News Reporting Lab (3 credits)
  • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits)

Marketing Track (15 credits)

  • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits)
  • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits)
  • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits)
  • BUS 336 Marketing Strategy (3 credits)
  • INF 242 Database & Spreadsheet Analysis (3 credits)

Electives (3 credits)

  • BUS 315 Professional Selling & Sales Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 318 Organizational Behavior (3 credits)
  • BUS 357 International Business (3 credits)
  • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits)
  • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (3 credits)
  • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits)

Elective Specializations

Students may choose from a variety of optional specializations to supplement their major program. Please see Specializations in this section of this Catalog.

Bachelor of Arts in Sports and Recreation Management

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Sports and Recreation Management major helps to prepare professionals for managerial positions in the sports and recreation industry including professional, intercollegiate, and interscholastic sports; sport/fitness clubs; sports/athletics equipment merchandising; public, private, and commercial recreation programs; and intramural and recreational sports.

Students complete coursework in the following areas: accounting, business, economics, English, information systems, philosophy, physical education, sociology, speech, and psychology. The curriculum consists of learning experiences that are essential for assuming entry-level business management positions in the sports and recreation profession. Students completing the required coursework will be exposed to various theories of management in the field of business administration, exhibit college-level writing and speaking skills, and acquire a knowledge base in the field of sports and recreation management. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iasrm.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Sports and Recreation Management program will be able to:

  1. Integrate knowledge from sports recreation and business administration fields;
  2. Apply theory to practice;
  3. Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities; and
  4. Apply business procedures to team and facilities management.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Requirements: 45 credits
Electives: 26 credits

Major Course Requirements (45 credits):

  • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting (3 credits)
  • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
  • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques (3 credits)
  • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits)
  • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
  • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports Marketing & Management (3 credits)
  • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics(3 credits) OR
    ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)
  • SRM 320 Organization & Administration of Sports & Recreation Management (3 credits)
  • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits)

Practicum/Case Study (3 credits from the following):

  • SRM 244 Practicum I (1 credit) AND
    SRM 344 Practicum II (2 credits)
  • SRM 325 Case Research in Sports & Recreation Management (3 credits)

One course in Advanced Communication (3 credits from the following):

  • BUS 340 Business Communications (3 credits)
  • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits)

One course in Public Relations/Media (3 credits from the following):

  • CGD 240 Media Writing & Editing (3 credits)
  • CGD 318 Public Relations Practices & Promotional Writing (3 credits)

One course in Internship/Project Management (3 credits from the following):

  • SRM 420 Internship (3 credits)
  • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits)

One course in Information and Technology (3 credits from the following):

  • INF 242 Spreadsheet & Database Analysis (3 credits)
  • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits)

Elective Specializations

Students may choose from a variety of optional specializations to supplement their major program. Please see Specializations in this section of this Catalog.

College of Education: Program Information

Practitioner Preparation Program

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The practitioner preparation program is the licensure track common to all endorsements and majors in the College of Education and prepares students for rewarding careers as professional educators in the state of Iowa. Students desiring to teach Pre-K through grade eight will major in elementary education. Those preparing to teach fifth through twelfth grades will select a major related to the content area they wish to teach, while also taking a substantial number of Education and Education-related courses.

Students who are interested in teacher licensure will be initially enrolled in the Bachelor of Arts in Education program or Secondary Education program of interest. Upon completion of Level One requirements outlined in the Ashford University Practitioner Preparation Handbook, students will be eligible for admission to the Practitioner Preparation Program and transfer to the appropriate program for the endorsement area being pursued. Students who are not interested in a teaching license, or do not meet the requirements for a teaching license may complete the Bachelor of Arts in Education program or a related major without teacher certification.

Professional Behavior and Enrollment in Courses in Teacher Education

Students who successfully complete all required courses (including the Student Teaching Semester) and who demonstrate a minimum of entry-level proficiency in all competency areas can be recommended for an Iowa teaching license. The Iowa Board of Educational Examiners requires a federal criminal background check and fingerprint check on all applicants prior to teacher licensure. Felony convictions, certain assault convictions, child abuse or neglect convictions, and certain drug and alcohol convictions are among the convictions that will preclude the award of a teaching license. The University asserts that students who enter the program must be eligible to be recommended for a teacher license upon completion of program requirements.

Checkpoints

Students in elementary and secondary education take General Education courses and 100-, 200- and possibly some 300-level Education major course requirements during the first five to six semesters. Students must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.50, a minimum grade point average of 2.70 in education core courses, a cumulative GPA of 2.70 in endorsement area courses, and a passing score on a basic skills test to be eligible to apply for admission to the Practitioner Preparation Program (PPP). When admitted to the PPP (typically, in the junior year), the majority of the Education courses will be at the 300-level. Curriculum and methods courses and the accompanying practica are taken during the semesters immediately preceding student teaching. A full semester of student teaching takes place during the last semester, which equals a minimum of 15 weeks. Elementary education majors are required to receive a passing score on the Praxis II exam to be recommended for an Iowa initial license.

Professional Behavior and Contact with Children and Youth

A student pursuing a program in Teacher Education or a minor in Child Learning and Development at Ashford University must meet the professional behavior requirements to enroll in field experiences, practica, internships, or student teaching courses. Any student who fails to meet the criteria for professional behavior may be removed from or denied enrollment in any course where there is direct contact with children, youth, or young adults such as a field experiences, practica, internships, or student teaching.

Repeating/re-enrolling in Education Core Courses

Students who wish to repeat or re-enroll in education core courses they previously dropped must obtain the permission of the instructor, their advisor(s), and the Dean of the College of Education. Permission will be granted on a limited basis, and conditions for enrollment in/continuation in the course will be articulated.

Required General Education Courses for Students Seeking Teacher Licensure in Iowa

Students that transfer to the College of Education with an AA degree will be required to fulfill the general education requirements subsequently listed.

  • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) OR
    MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits)
  • ENG 122 English Composition II (3 credits)
  • GEN 499 General Education Capstone (3 credits)
  • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits)
  • SPE 103 Oral Communication (3 credits)
  • One course each from the biological and physical sciences (one course must include a laboratory experience)
    Note: Secondary education only requires one science course that includes a lab.
  • One literature course with an ENG prefix (3 credits)

Please note: In some cases, the Iowa State Department of Education and/or Iowa Board of Educational Examiners requirements change after the Ashford University Catalog has been published. It is essential that students work with the Dean of the College of Education, and faculty, to ensure compliance with current State regulations.

Endorsement-Seeking Students

Certified teachers who hold a valid Iowa teaching license may add any endorsement for which Ashford University is approved and currently offers courses.

Secondary Education Licensure Program

(Clinton Campus Modality)

Program Outcomes

Students in the Secondary Education program will be able to:

  1. Exhibit evidence of a high level of academic preparedness;
  2. Demonstrate skills in sound teaching methodology and instructional strategies;
  3. Create a classroom environment where students experience mutual respect and appreciation for diversity;
  4. Respect privacy, possess knowledge of mandatory reporting, and exhibit professional behaviors such as promptness, preparedness, adhering to contractual issues, and participating in on-going professional development;
  5. Meet the needs of diverse learners in a variety of settings;
  6. Utilize a variety of assessments and use assessment data to drive instruction;
  7. Acknowledge the important role of reflection in an educator's ability to self-evaluate and modify actions in the learning community, actively seeking input for professional development opportunities;
  8. Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities including technological, verbal, nonverbal, and written; and
  9. Implement teaching strategies that promote the intellectual, physical, emotional, and social development of learners.

Requirements for the Program

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Secondary Education Requirements: 47 credits
Endorsement Area: 15-24 credits
Electives to total 120 credits for degree.

Students will be required to take specific Praxis II tests as determined by the State of Iowa in order to receive licensure.

Secondary Education Requirements (47 credits):

  • EDU 200 Introduction to Education & Field Experience I (1 credit)
  • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
  • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
  • EDU 270 Principles of Education & Field Experience II (2 credits)
  • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
  • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 331 Practicum: General Methods (1 credit)
  • EDU 340 Business Education Methods (3 credits)
  • EDU 341 Practicum in Business Education (1 credit) OR
  • EDU 342 Secondary Education - English Methods (3 credits)
  • EDU 343 Practicum in Secondary English (1 credit) OR
    EDU 344 Secondary Education - Mathematics Methods (3 credits)
  • EDU 345 Practicum in Secondary Mathematics (1 credit) OR
    EDU 346 Secondary Education - Science Methods (3 credits)
  • EDU 347 Practicum Secondary Science (1 credit) OR
    EDU 348 Secondary Education - Social Science Methods (3 credits)
  • EDU 349 Practicum in Secondary Social Science (1 credit)

AND all of the following:

  • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
  • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)
  • EDU 400-level Student Teaching in the Secondary School (5-8) (8 credits) AND
    EDU 400-level Student Teaching in the Secondary School (9-12) (7 credits)
  • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Content Area (3 credits)
  • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
  • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
  • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the Classroom (3 credits)

Secondary education students will complete Iowa state endorsement requirements as part of the following corresponding degrees:

 

State of Iowa
Secondary Education Endorsement Area

Corresponding Ashford University Degree

American History 5-12
(15 credits)
BA/Social Science
Biology 5-12
(24 credits)
BA/Natural Science or BS/Natural Science
Chemistry 5-12
(24 credits)
BA/Natural Science or BS/Natural Science
English/Language Arts 5-12
(19 credits)
BA/English and Communication,
Education Concentration
General Science 5-12
(24 credits)
BA/Natural Science or BS/Natural Science
Mathematics 5-12
(24 credits)
BS/Computer Science and Math, Education Concentration
Psychology 5-12
(15 credits)
BA/Social Science
Sociology 5-12
(15 credits)
BA/Social Science
World History 5-12
(15 credits)
BA/Social Science

 

Students completing secondary education requirements may also add the following endorsements:

  • Business - All 5-12
  • Health 5-12
  • Instructional Strategist I 5-12
  • Middle School 5-8
  • English as a Second Language K-12

Coaching Authorization or Endorsement

The Education Division also offers coaching credentials for students who successfully complete the following program:

  • PED 203 Exercise Physiology (1 credit)
  • PED 211 Theories & Techniques of Coaching (1 credit)
  • PED 242 Prevention & Care of Athletic Injuries (2 credits)
  • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)

Students must earn a grade of "C–" or better in the four courses required for the Coaching credential. Students who are eligible or currently hold an Iowa teaching license will be issued the K-12 Coaching endorsement. The students must meet the GPA requirements of the Practitioner Preparation Program.

Students in programs of study outside of Education are eligible for the K-12 Coaching Authorization. These students must hold a minimum GPA of 2.00 in the four required coaching courses. Students who successfully complete the Coaching Authorization are responsible for submitting appropriate application fees and must complete and pay fees associated with the DCI/FBI criminal background investigation, as required by the Iowa Board of Educational Examiners.

College of Education: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education is designed for future teachers of Pre-K through eighth grade in the state of Iowa. Through this program, you will gain the skills to communicate effectively with diverse learners, and to promote the intellectual, physical, emotional, and social development of young minds. You can also tailor the degree to your interests by completing one of the following endorsement areas: Pre-K-K, Reading K-8, English/Language Arts K-8, Health K-8, History K-8, Mathematics K-8, Science Basic K-8, or Social Studies K-8. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iaee.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Elementary Education program will be able to:

  1. Exhibit evidence of a high level of academic preparedness;
  2. Demonstrate skills in sound teaching methodology and instructional strategies;
  3. Create a classroom environment where students experience mutual respect and appreciation for diversity;
  4. Respect privacy, possess knowledge of mandatory reporting, and exhibit professional behaviors such as promptness, preparedness, adhering to contractual issues, and participating in on-going professional development;
  5. Meet the needs of diverse learners in a variety of settings;
  6. Utilize a variety of assessments and use assessment data to drive instruction;
  7. Acknowledge the important role of reflection in an educator’s ability to self-evaluate and modify actions in the learning community, actively seeking input for professional development opportunities;
  8. Communicate effectively in a variety of modalities including technological, verbal, nonverbal, and written; and
  9. Implement teaching strategies that promote the intellectual, physical, emotional, and social development of learners.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 55 credits
Elementary Education Major Requirements: 44 credits
Collateral Course Requirements: 19 credits
Electives: 2 credits

(One Endorsement Area is also required for the state of Iowa.)

Students will be required to take specific Praxis II tests as determined by the State of Iowa in order to receive licensure.

Elementary Education Major/Endorsement Requirements (44 credits):

  • EDU 200 Introduction to Education & Field Experience I (1 credit)
  • EDU 203 Child & Adolescent Literature (3 credits)
  • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
  • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
  • EDU 270 Principles of Education & Field Experience II (2 credits)
  • EDU 301 Language Arts in the Elementary Schools (3 credits)
  • EDU 303 Reading Methods & Curriculum (3 credits)
  • EDU 305 Clinical Experience in Reading/Language Arts Methods (1 credit)
  • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
  • EDU 311 Social Studies Curriculum & Methods (2 credits)
  • EDU 313 Elementary Curriculum & Methods of Science (2 credits)
  • EDU 315 Curriculum & Methods of Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary School (2 credits)
  • EDU 317 Clinical Experience in Social Studies/Science/Math Methods (1 credit)
  • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
  • EDU 450 Student Teaching in the Elementary School (8 credits) AND
    EDU 451 Student Teaching in the Elementary School (7 credits)
  • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)

Additional Endorsement Requirements (19 credits):

  • MAT 223 Math for Educators (3 credits)
  • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
  • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
  • ESE 317 Mild/Moderate Disabilities (3 credits)
  • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits)
  • EDU 230 Performing & Visual Arts for Elementary Teachers (2 credits)
  • EDU 235 Health & Physical Education for Elementary Teachers (2 credits)

Students in Elementary Education must also complete an endorsement area. Endorsements are available in the following areas:

  • English as a Second Language (ESL) K-12 (18 credits)
  • English/Language Arts K-8 (24 credits)
  • Health K-8 (30 credits)
  • History K-8 (24 credits)
  • Mathematics K-8 (24 credits)
  • Pre-K-K (30 credits)
  • Reading K-8 (27 credits)
  • Science Basic K-8 (24 credits)
  • Social Studies K-8 (24 credits)

Students who pursue one or more of the previous endorsements are also eligible to complete an endorsement in the following:

  • Coaching K-12 (7 credits)
  • Instructional Strategist I (Special Education) K-8 (18 credits)
  • Middle School 5-8 (30 credits)

The Practitioner Preparation Handbook provides further details regarding program requirements.

Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education, Non-Licensure Track

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education, Non-Licensure Track, is designed to meet the needs of students desiring a bachelor’s degree in elementary education. The Non-Licensure track provides an alternative for students who are not able to complete the clinical components for elementary teaching licensure at the time the degree is being sought. Whether in the field of education or an allied interest area, the student is able to gain knowledge and develop skills that promote critical thinking and decision making while studying the foundations of education and instructional methodology applicable across professions. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iaee.

This track does not lead to licensure or certification in Iowa or any other state.

Requirements for Non-Licensure Track

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Education Course Requirements: 36 credits
Minor Course Requirements: 18-27 credits
Internship Requirements: 4-8 credits (cannot replace a failed student teaching session)

Total of 120 credits are required for this track. A total of 30 credits must be earned at the 300-level or higher. A student may complete two internships.

Candidates for this program must formally apply to the College of Education and be accepted before an internship can be arranged. Additional requirements such as background check, finger printing, first aid certification, etc. may be necessary if an internship placement requires it.

Bachelor of Arts in Education

(Clinton Campus Modality)

Students who are interested in education, but who do not meet all of the requirements for teaching licensure or are not interested in a teaching license may complete this degree. This program does not lead to licensure or certification in Iowa or any other state. Candidates for completion of this degree must formally apply to the College of Education and be accepted before an internship can be arranged. Additional requirements such as background checks, first aid certification, etc., may be necessary if an internship placement requires it. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iaee.

Program Outcomes

  1. Understand how students learn;
  2. Understand how students differ in their approaches to learning;
  3. Can create and evaluate learning experiences that make subject matter meaningful for students;
  4. Understands and can use individual and group motivation strategies; and
  5. Demonstrate effective use of verbal, nonverbal and media communication techniques to foster interaction.

Requirements for the Major

Total minimum credits required: 120 credits
General Education requirements: 49 credits
Education course requirements: 36 credits
AU minor requirements: 18-27 credits
Internship requirements: 4-8 credits
Electives to total 120 credits

(The internship is optional if 120 credits have previously been completed.)

Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education is designed for students who want to teach K-12, elementary, middle, and/or secondary school in the state of Iowa. This degree will also help prepare students who seek careers in wellness, recreation, and coaching. This program will provide both elementary and secondary physical education endorsements. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iape.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Physical Education program will be able to:

  1. Identify physical education content and disciplinary concepts related to the development of a physically educated person;
  2. Demonstrate how individuals learn and develop by providing opportunities that support their physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development;
  3. Applies knowledge of how individuals differ in their approaches to learning, by creating appropriate instruction adapted to these differences;
  4. Use an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior to create a safe learning environment that encourages positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self-motivation;
  5. Use knowledge of effective verbal, nonverbal, and media communication techniques to enhance learning and engagement in physical activity settings;
  6. Plan and implement a variety of developmentally appropriate instructional strategies to develop physically educated individuals, based on state and national (NASPE K-12) standards;
  7. Use assessment to foster physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development of students in physical activity;
  8. Evaluate the effects of their actions on others (e.g., students, parents/guardians, fellow professionals) and seek opportunities to grow professionally;
  9. Use information technology to enhance learning and to enhance personal and professional productivity; and
  10. Foster relationships with colleagues, parents/ guardians, and community agencies to support students’ growth and well-being.

Requirements for the Major

Total minimum credits required: 125 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Course Requirements: 47 credits
PE Endorsement: 29 credits
*Coaching endorsement: 2 credits

*A student may add PED 242 Prevention & Care of Athletic Injuries for two credits to complete the coaching endorsement.

Students will be required to take specific Praxis II tests as determined by the State of Iowa in order to receive licensure.

Major Course Requirements (47 credits)

  • EDU 200 Introduction to Education (Elementary and Secondary) & Field Experience (1 credit)
  • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
  • EDU 250 Foundation of American Education (2 credits)
  • EDU 270 Principles of Education (Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary) & Field Experience II (2 credits)
  • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
  • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
  • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
  • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
  • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits)
  • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits)
  • EDU 325 Specific Methods in Elementary PE (3 credits)
  • EDU 326 Practicum in Elementary PE (1 credit)
  • EDU 327 Specific Methods in Secondary PE (3 credits)
  • EDU 328 Practicum in Secondary PE (1 credit)
  • EDU 468 Student Teaching Elementary PE (8 credits)
  • EDU 469 Student Teaching Secondary PE (7 credits)
  • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)

Additional Endorsement Requirements (29 credits)

  • PED 104 Personal Health & Wellness (2 credits)
  • PED 212 Foundation of Movement & Motor Activities (3 credits)
  • BIO 202 Human Biology (4 credits)
  • PED 242 Prevention & Care of Athletic Injuries (2 credits)
  • PED 217 Individual & Team Sports Skills (3 credits)
  • PED 240 Applied Kinesiology & Biomechanics (3 credits)
  • PED 335 Curriculum & Administration of Physical Education (3 credits)
  • ESE/PED 340 Adapted Physical Education (3 credits)

PED Sport Skills Courses (6 credits)

  • Activity: 1 credit each (6 distinct total courses)

Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education, Non-Licensure Track

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Bachelor of Arts in Physical Education, Non-Licensure Track, is designed for students who want to learn about physical education of K-12 students. This degree will help prepare students who seek careers in wellness, recreation, and coaching. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iape.

Requirements for Non-Licensure Track:

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits

General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Course Requirements: 36 credits
Minor Course Requirements: 18-27 credits
Internship Requirements: 4-8 credits (cannot replace a failed student teaching session)

Total of 120 credits are required for this track. A total of 30 credits must be earned at the 300-level or higher. A student may complete two internships.

Candidates for this program must formally apply to the College of Education and be accepted before an internship can be arranged. Additional requirements such as background check, finger printing, first aid certification, etc. may be necessary if an internship placement requires it.

College of Health, Human Services, and Science: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Administration

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Bachelor in Health Care Administration is designed to meet the learning needs of health care professionals and others in the acquisition of foundational knowledge in health-related topics, operations, and applications. The Health Care Administration degree is characterized by an interdisciplinary and integrated learning approach, reflecting the realities of the health care system. Specific curriculum in health administration, regulation and financing, health care planning, health policy, and quality monitoring is provided. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iahca.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Health Care Administration program will be able to:

  1. Analyze the legal and ethical issues of healthcare systems;
  2. Explore cultural and social-demographic variables influencing the delivery of healthcare services;
  3. Examine the provision of healthcare services within a regulatory environment;
  4. Analyze the major financing systems of U.S. healthcare services;
  5. Analyze the major forces driving change in the healthcare system;
  6. Assess the major issues confronting community and public health services; and
  7. Apply the theoretical dimensions of leadership within the health care environment.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Requirements: 37 credits
Electives: 34 credits

Major Course Requirements (37 credits):

  • HCA 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals (3 credits)
  • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)
  • HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System (3 credits)
  • HCA 311 Health Care Financing & Information Systems (3 credits)
  • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits)
  • HCA 340 Managing in Health & Human Services (3 credits)
  • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring & Accreditation (3 credits)
  • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits)
  • HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits)
  • HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation (3 credits)
  • HCA 459 Senior Project (3 credits) OR
    HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3-6 credits)
  • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits)

Elective Specializations

Students may choose from a variety of optional specializations to supplement their major program. Please see Specializations in this section of this Catalog.

Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Bachelor of Arts in Natural Science prepares students to become licensed teachers in secondary schools in the state of Iowa. The program provides a broad base in the sciences, with further specialization to allow for endorsements in biology, chemistry, or general science. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iabans.

Program Outcomes

  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental content and processes in biology, chemistry, and general science;
  2. Analyze science problems and interpret data using the scientific method;
  3. Incorporate science processes using an interdisciplinary approach in biology, chemistry, and general science;
  4. Relate science to the daily lives and interest of students through science instruction;
  5. Demonstrate ability to organize, implement, and assess science programs;
  6. Demonstrate ability to effectively plan and teach science in both the lecture and lab components; and
  7. Use technology to help solve problems and communicate information.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Requirements: 62 credits
Electives: 9 credits
Endorsement Requirements: credits depend on endorsement selection (see following)

Students will be required to take specific Praxis II tests as determined by the State of Iowa in order to receive licensure.

Major Course Requirements (62 credits)

Core courses (15 credits)

  • BIO 103 Principles of Biology I (4 credits)
  • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
  • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits)
  • BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits)

Education Requirements (47 credits)

  • EDU 200 Introduction to Education (Elementary & Secondary) & Field Experience I (1 credit)
  • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
  • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
  • EDU 270 Principles of Education (Preschool, Elementary, & Secondary) & Field Experience II (2 credits)
  • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
  • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 331 Practicum in Secondary General Methods Literature (1 credit)
  • EDU 346 Secondary Education - Science Methods (3 credits)
  • EDU 347 Practicum in Secondary Science (1 credit)
  • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
  • EDU 483 Student Teaching Science in the Secondary School (5-8) (7 credits) AND
    EDU 484 Student Teaching Science in the Secondary School (9-12) (8 credits)
  • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)
  • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits)
  • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
  • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
  • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the Classroom (3 credits)

Endorsements Requirements beyond Core Requirements

Multiple endorsements are possible by meeting each individual endorsement or a combination is possible after completing one endorsement and an additional 15 hours in another endorsement area.

Biology Endorsement (20 additional credits–4 credits may be completed within major course requirements)

Required courses:

  • BIO 105 General Zoology II (4 credits) OR BOT 105 General Botany (4 credits)

Choose 1 course from the following:

  • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits)
  • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits)
  • BIO 345 Genetics (4 credits)

Choose 1 course from the following:

  • BIO 101 Humanity & the Environment (4 credits)
  • BIO 210 Field Techniques Laboratory (4 credits)
  • BIO 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits)  

Additional endorsement electives:

  • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits)
  • BIO 204 Biology: Special Problems: Mu Sigma Eta (1 credit)
  • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits)
  • BIO 310 Field Experience for Biology (4 credits)

Chemistry Endorsement Requirements (20 additional credits–4 credits may be completed within the major course requirements):

Required courses:

  • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
  • CHE 203 Demonstrations for Teachers (3 credits)
  • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits)

Endorsement elective courses (Choose any 8 credits from the following):

  • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits)
  • CHE 306 Environmental Chemistry (4 credits)
  • CHE 313 Nuclear Chemistry (3 credits)

General Science Endorsement:

This endorsement can be earned with 8 additional hours in biology, chemistry, or physics after completing the major core requirements. Students in this degree program must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program, acceptance into student teaching, and successfully complete all other requirements for Iowa licensure. See College of Education Student Handbooks. Requirements from the Iowa Department of Education and/or Iowa Board of Educational Examiners may be added or changed at any time.

Bachelor of Arts in Psychology

(Clinton Campus Modality)

The Psychology major guides students as they study human behavior and mental processes. This major explores psychology both as an area of scientific investigation and as a health or human services profession. A psychology major is also particularly valuable for students who desire to continue their education through graduate study in psychology. Students are encouraged to consult the admissions requirements of prospective graduate schools when planning their undergraduate programs. Requirements may vary somewhat among different schools and programs. Students majoring in psychology may also seek employment opportunities in business, law, government, health care, and other careers that involve understanding human behavior and providing competent leadership. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iapsych.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

Program Outcomes

Students in the Psychology program will be able to:

  1. Analyze human behavior and mental processes;
  2. Analyze theories of continuing education in psychology and related fields;
  3. Evaluate theories of personality development;
  4. Evaluate psychology research methods;
  5. Demonstrate communication behaviors consistent with the study and practice of psychology; and
  6. Acquire and use skills and concepts that are fundamental to the ethical application of psychology.

Requirements for the Major

Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
General Education Requirements: 49 credits
Major Requirements: 36-37 credits
Electives: 34-35 credits

Major Course Requirements (36-37 credits)

Psychology Core Requirements (12-13 credits)

  • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits)
       Prerequisite: MAT 117
  • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 325
  • PSY 497 Psychology Capstone (3 credits) OR
  • PSY 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits) AND
    PSY 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits)

Psychology Core Options (15 credits)

Development and Diversity Choose two of the following three courses:

  • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits
  • PSY 333 Psychology of Diversity (3 credits)

Counseling (3 credits)

Choose one of the following two courses:

  • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 330 Theories of Personality (3 credits)

Learning & Cognition (3 credits)

Choose one of the following two courses:

  • PSY 331 Psychology of Learning (3 credits)
  • PSY 352 Cognitive Psychology (3 credits)

Biopsychology (3 credits)

Choose one of the following two courses:

  • PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 332 Sensation & Perception (3 credits)

Psychology Electives (9 credits)
Choose three additional upper level (300-level or above) psychology courses. 

Counseling Track (21 credits)

  • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) OR 
    PSY 330 Theories of Personality (3 credits)
       Note: One course is required for the Psychology Major.  The second course is also required for the Counseling Track.
  • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology: Methods of Applied Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 358 Psychopharmacology (3 credits)
  • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits)
  • PSY 386 Issues & Ethics in Counseling (3 credits)
  • PSY 433 Basic Counseling Skills (3 credits)
  • PSY 421 Human Services Practicum (3 credits)

College of Health, Human Services, and Science:
Bachelor of Science Degree Programs and Requirements

    Bachelor of Science in Biology

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Bachelor of Science degree in Biology offers students the opportunity to focus on the study of life forms and processes. Ashford University biology majors are exposed to different areas of biology and gain experience in both laboratory and field research. A Biology major is particularly valuable for students preparing for postgraduate study in medicine, physical therapy, and other health-related fields. Students are encouraged to consult the admissions requirements of prospective graduate schools when planning their undergraduate program. Requirements may vary somewhat among different schools and programs. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iab.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the Biology program will be able to:

    1. Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills;
    2. Demonstrate critical reading, thinking, and communication skills, using language specific to the sciences;
    3. Demonstrate a breadth of understanding in the biological sciences for a career in the life sciences;
    4. Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their field; and
    5. Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge.

    Requirements for the Major

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Major Requirements: 36 credits
    Track: 27-36 credits
    Biology Electives: 0-8 credits

    Major Course Requirements (36 credits)

    • *BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 105 General Zoology (4 credits)
      OR BOT 105 General Botany (4 credits)
    • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
    • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
    • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits)
      OR PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits)
    • MAT 227 Pre-Calculus (3 credits)
    • MAT 332 Applied Statistics
      OR an introductory statistics course (3 credits)
    • ENG 328 Scientific and Technical Writing (3 credits)
    • BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits)
    • **BIO 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits)
    • **BIO 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits)

    *BIO 103 may be applied to General Education requirements
    **Students must earn a grade of “C-“ or better to fulfill degree requirements

    General Biology Track (29-32 credits)

    • 5 courses with lab (20-22 credits)
    • 3 courses must be 300-level or higher

    One course covering the Cellular/Molecular Biology:

    • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits)
    • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits)
    • BIO 342 Genetics & Immunology (4 credits)
    • BIO 356 Molecular Biology (4 credits)

    One course covering Organismal Biology:

    • BIO 202 Human Biology (4 credits)
    • BIO 205 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 credits)

    One course covering Environmental Biology:

    • BIO 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits)
    • BIO 318 Ecology (4 credits)

    Remaining courses should come from BIO/BOT courses at the 200-level or higher; CHE 301, 302, 318; or MAT 351

    Cell and Molecular Biology Track (30-34 credits)

    Required Courses:

    • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits)
    • BIO 345 Genetics (4 credits)
    • BIO 356 Molecular Biology (4 credits)
    • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits)
    • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits)
      OR CHE 318 Biochemistry (3 credits)

    Additional required courses (2 of the following courses required):

    • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits)
    • BIO 345 Genetics (4 credits)
    • MAT 351 Calculus I (4 credits)
    • MAT 352 Calculus II (4 credits)

    One additional course from BIO, BOT, or CHE

    Pre-Physical Therapy Track (27-30 credits)

    Required Courses (15 credits):

    • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits)
    • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits)
    • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
      OR PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits)

    Additional required courses (choose 2 of the following courses):

    • BIO 345 Genetics (4 credits)
    • BIO 353 Cross-Sectional Anatomy (3 credits)

    Choose 2 additional courses from upper-level BIO, BOT, CHE, or MAT

    Pre-Professional Health Track (33-36 credits)

    Required courses (24 credits):

    • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits)
    • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits)
    • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits)
      OR CHE 318 Biochemistry (3 credits)
    • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits)
    • MAT 351 Calculus I (4 credits)

    Additional required courses (choose 2 of the following courses):

    • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits)
    • BIO 340 Cell Biology (4 credits)
    • BIO 345 Genetics (4 credits)
    • BIO 353 Cross-Sectional Anatomy (3 credits)
    • MAT 352 Calculus II (4 credits)

    Choose 1 course from upper-level BIO, BOT, CHE, or MAT

    Environmental Biology/Ecology Track (28-31 credits)

    Required Courses:

    • BIO 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits)
    • BIO/BOT 210 Field Techniques Laboratory (4 credits)
    • BOT 202 Plant Systematics (4 credits)
    • BIO/BOT 318 Ecology (4 credits)
    • CHE 308 Environmental Chemistry (4 credits)

    Additional courses (3 courses required):

    any upper-level BIO, BOT, CHE, or MAT course

    Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Mathematics

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Computer Science and Mathematics program has flexibility to allow students to concentrate in computer programming, applied mathematics, or secondary education. Students in this program will develop and strengthen their ability to solve problems creatively and effectively, to reason logically, and to apply computer and mathematical skills while preparing for careers as mathematicians, computer programmers, or secondary education teachers or to prepare for graduate-level work in computer science or mathematics. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iacsm.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the Computer Science and Mathematics program will be able to:

    1. Apply concepts such as linear transformations, matrices, bases, and kernels to represent real-life models;
    2. Apply discrete mathematics concepts to practical applications such as those in computer science;
    3. Use concepts and tools of differential and integral calculus to solve real-life applications;
    4. Create and develop software applications using a systemic approach;
    5. Apply general principles of modern programming languages; and
    6. Examine emerging computer and software technologies within dynamic environments.

    Requirements for the Major

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
    Education Track Minimum Credits for degree: 127 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Common Core: 21 credits
    Track: 28-59 credits
    Electives: 0-22 credits

    Students pursuing the Education track will be required to take specific Praxis II tests as determined by the State of Iowa in order to receive licensure.

    Requirements for the Common Core plus Track (49-80 credits)

    Students majoring in Computer Science and Mathematics will successfully complete the Common Core and one of the three following tracks. The number of major credits for the Mathematics track is 49, for the Computer Science track, 51, and for the Education track, 80.

    Common Core (21 credits):

    Required Major Courses (14 credits):

    • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits)
    • MAT 351 Calculus I/Analytic Geometry (4 credits)
    • MAT 352 Calculus II/Analytic Geometry (4 credits)
    • MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits)

    Collateral Courses Requirements* (7 credits):

    • PHI 103 Informal Logic (3 credits) OR
      PHI 302 Formal Logic (3 credits)
    • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits) OR
      PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits) OR
      PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science (4 credits)

    * Note: Collateral courses could also count toward General Education requirements.

    Computer Science Track (30 credits):

    Required courses (21 credits):

    • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
    • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits)
    • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits)
    • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits)
    • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits)
    • INF 420 Senior Portfolio (3 credits)
    • MAT 270 Linear Algebra (3 credits)

    Elective credits (9 credits) from the following:

    • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits)
    • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits)
    • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits)
    • MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits)
    • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits)
    • MAT 355 Differential Equations (3 credits)
    • MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits)
    • MAT 364 Modern Geometries (3 credits)

    Mathematics Track (28 credits)

    Required courses (22 credits):

    • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
    • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits)
    • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits)
    • MAT 270 Linear Algebra (3 credits)
    • MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits)
    • MAT 364 Modern Geometry (3 credits)
    • MAT 498 Senior Thesis/Project I (2 credits)
    • MAT 499 Senior Thesis/Project II (2 credits)

    Elective credit (6 credits) from the following:

    • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits)
    • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits)
    • INF 391 IS Seminar I (3 credits)
    • INF 392 IS Internship (3 credits)
    • MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits)
    • MAT 355 Differential Equations (3 credits)
    • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits)

    Education Track (59 credits):

    Required courses (12 credits):

    • MAT 270 Linear Algebra (3 credits) OR
      MAT 362 Modern Algebra (3 credits)
    • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
    • MAT 364 Modern Geometries (3 credits)
    • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits)

    Education requirements (47 credits):

    • EDU 200 Introduction to Education & Field Experience I (1 credit)
    • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
    • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
    • EDU 270 Principles of Education & Field Experience II (2 credits)
    • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
    • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits)
    • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit)
    • EDU 344 Math Specific Methods (3 credits)
    • EDU 345 Practicum Secondary Mathematics (1 credit)
    • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
    • EDU 481 Student Teaching Mathematics in the Secondary School (5-8) (7 credits) AND
      EDU 482 Student Teaching Mathematics in the Secondary School (9-12) (8 credits)
    • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)
    • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits)
    • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
    • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
    • ESE 325 Behavioral Management in the Classroom (3 credits)

    In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated previously, students in the education endorsement must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program and successfully complete all other requirements for licensure.

    Bachelor of Science in Health Science Administration

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Bachelor of Science degree in Health Science Administration prepares students to seek entry-level positions in a health-related field or to gain admission into a post baccalaureate program in a health-related field. The curriculum gives the individual a firm foundation in essential biological, chemical, physical, and social sciences, as well as effective management skills that are fundamental to administering allied health programs. Students are encouraged to consult the admissions requirements of prospective graduate schools when planning their undergraduate programs. Requirements may vary somewhat among different schools and programs. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iahsa.

    Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the Health Science Administration program will be able to:

    1. Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills;
    2. Demonstrate critical reading, thinking, and communication skill using language specific to their personal goals, and specific to their degree program;
    3. Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information appropriate for professionals within their chosen degree;
    4. Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their chosen degree; and
    5. Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge.

    Requirements for the Major

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 132 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Major Course Requirements: 47 credits
    Administration Requirements: 36-39 credits

    Major Course Requirements (47 credits):

    • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 105 General Zoology (4 credits)
    • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits)
    • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
    • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
    • PHY 201 College Physics I (4 credits)
    • PHY 202 College Physics II (4 credits)
    • MAT 227 Pre-Calculus (3 credits)
    • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
    • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) OR
      PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
    • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)

    Administration Requirements (36-39 credits):

    • HCA 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals (3 credits)
    • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
    • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)
    • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits)
    • HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System (3 credits)
    • HCA 311 Health Care Finance & Information Systems (3 credits)
    • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits)
    • HCA 340 Managing in Health & Human Services (3 credits)
    • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring & Accreditation (3 credits)
    • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits)
    • HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation (3 credits)
    • HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3-6 credits) OR
      HCA 221 Practicum in Health Care (3 credits)

    Bachelor of Science in Natural Science

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Bachelor of Science degree in Natural Science offers students an opportunity to tailor their education to their specific career goals within the science area. It provides a basic background in biology and chemistry that can then be expanded upon for students considering health care or research professions. A secondary education teaching endorsement for the state of Iowa, which combines biology and chemistry, may be completed within this degree. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iabsns.

    For students interested in the secondary education teaching endorsement in the state of Iowa, please review the College of Education Preparation Program requirements in this section of the Catalog.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the Natural Science program will be able to:

    1. Demonstrate proper experimental and scientific methodologies including laboratory and safety skills;
    2. Demonstrate critical reading, thinking and communication skills using language specific to the sciences;
    3. Demonstrate specific knowledge of material and information in the natural sciences for a career in the scientific or health-related fields;
    4. Demonstrate critical thinking and reading skills in the analysis of data using appropriate technology to their field; and
    5. Demonstrate the ability to integrate interdisciplinary knowledge into a personalized emerging body of scientific knowledge.

    Requirements for the Major

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Major Requirements: 37 credits
    Additional Requirements: 26 credits
    Electives: 8 credits

    Students pursuing the Education track will be required to take specific Praxis II tests as determined by the State of Iowa in order to receive licensure.

    Major Course Requirements (37 credits)

    • BIO 103 Principles of Biology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 105 General Zoology (4 credits) OR
    • BOT 105 General Botany (4 credits)
    • BIO 205 Human Anatomy & Physiology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 206 Human Anatomy & Physiology II (4 credits)
    • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
    • CHE 152 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
    • One introductory statistics course (3 credits)
    • ENG 328 Scientific & Technical Writing (3 credits)
    • NAT/BIO 301 Science Seminar (3 credits)
    • NAT/BIO 498 Senior Thesis (2 credits)
    • NAT/BIO 499 Senior Thesis (2 credits)

    Additional Requirements (26 credits)

    26 additional credits in BIO, BOT, CHE, PHY, or MAT, numbered 200 or above beyond General Education requirements; three of these courses must be 300-level or above.

    Education Endorsements for Bachelor of Science in Natural Science Majors

    Endorsements are possible in Biology, Chemistry, Chemistry with Physics option, Bio-Chem combo, or General Science.

    Education Major Requirements (47 credits)

    • EDU 200 Introduction to Education & Field Experience I (1 credit)
    • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
    • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
    • EDU 270 Principles of Education & Field Experience II (2 credits)
    • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
    • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits)
    • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit)
    • EDU 346 Secondary Education: Science Methods (3 credits)
    • EDU 347 Practicum Secondary Science (1 credit)
    • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
    • EDU 483 Student Teaching Science in the Secondary School (5-8) (7 credits) AND
      EDU 484 Student Teaching Science in the Secondary School (9-12) (8 credits)
    • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)
    • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits)
    • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
    • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
    • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits)

    In addition to meeting the requirements enumerated previously, students seeking licensure in the state of Iowa must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program, acceptance into student teaching, and successfully complete all other requirements for Iowa licensure. See College of Education Student Handbooks. Additional requirements from the Iowa Department of Education and/or Iowa Board of Educational Examiners may be added at any time.

    College of Liberal Arts: Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs and Requirements

    Bachelor of Arts in English and Communication

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The English and Communication program is designed to provide a framework for developing an understanding of the complex and changing nature of human interaction. Exploring literary works provides insights on social, philosophic, and moral aspects of human interaction; engaging in communication through writing, speaking, and technological media presents resources for building meaningful and productive human relationships. This combination of intellectual inquiry and communication practice, therefore, provides students with fundamental ideas and skills for developing effective human interaction in the workplace and in all aspects of life. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iaec.

    Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the English and Communication program will be able to:

    1. Communicate effectively in written, oral, and non-verbal modalities;
    2. Utilize appropriate communication skills in a variety of contexts;
    3. Interpret various literary genres and works in their cultural contexts;
    4. Demonstrate knowledge of rhetorical, journalistic, and mass media communication techniques;
    5. Demonstrate adaptability in technological communication;
    6. Conduct effective independent research; and
    7. Integrate significant literary ideas and themes into the development of a personal worldview.

    Requirements for the Major

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Common Core Requirements: 12 credits
    Literature/Comm. Track: 24-25 credits
    Electives: 34-35 credits

    Students pusuing the Education track will be required to take specific Praxis II tests as determined by the State of Iowa in order to receive licensure.

    Students majoring in English and Communication will successfully complete the Common Core and one of the following three tracks.

    Common Core Requirements (12 credits)

    6 credits (2 courses) in literature surveys:

    • ENG 201 American Literature to 1865 (3 credits)
    • ENG 202 American Literature After 1865 (3 credits)
    • ENG 345 British Literature I (3 credits)
    • ENG 346 British Literature II (3 credits)
    • ENG 212 African-American Literature (3 credits)
    • ENG 217 International Voices (3 credits)

    Note: Students in the Secondary Education Concentration will take either ENG 201 or ENG 202, and either ENG 345 or ENG 346.

    One Course in composition:

    • ENG 325 Intermediate Composition (3 credits)

    One Course in linguistics:

    • ENG 321 Introductory Linguistics (3 credits)

    Literature Track (25 credits)

    6 courses (18 credits) in literature courses:

    • Must be numbered 300-level or higher. ENG 318 Creative Writing (3 credits) may be substituted for 3 credits (one course).

    One course in research:

    • ENG 380 Literary Research (3 credits)

    Two courses (4 credits) in thesis:

    • ENG 498 Senior Thesis I (2 credits)
    • ENG 499 Senior Thesis II (2 credits)

    Communications Track (29 credits)

    One basic speech course (may also count toward general education requirement):

    • SPE 103 Oral Communication (3 credits)

    One course in journalism (2 credits):

    • JRN 211* News Reporting Lab (2 credits)

    *JRN 210 and JRN 310 are both prerequisites to JRN 211.

    Two courses in speech selected from the following:

    • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits)
    • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits)
    • SPE 328 Speech & Civic Leadership (3 credits)

    6 credits in communication studies:

    • Any course with a COM designation, except COM 480.

    3 credits in visual communication:

    • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits)
    • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits)
    • CGD/JRN 217 Survey of Graphic Communication (3 credits)
    • CGD/JRN 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)
    • CGD/JRN 303 Publication Design (3 credits)
    • ENG 225 Introduction to Film (3 credits)
    • INF 240 Visual & Verbal Presentations (3 credits)

    3 credits in written communication:

    • CGD/JRN 240 Media Writing & Editing (3 credits)
    • CGD/JRN 318 Public Relations Practices & Professional Writing (3 credits)
    • JRN 210 Introduction to Reporting (3 credits)
    • JRN 211 News Reporting Lab (up to 3 credits beyond the previous requirement) (3 credits)
    • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits)
    • ENG/JRN 328 Scientific & Technical Writing (3 credits)
    • JRN 310 Editorial & Feature Writing (3 credits)
    • ENG 318 Creative Writing (3 credits)

    3 credits in communicative contexts:

    • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
    • BUS 340 Business Communications (3 credits)
    • BUS 355 Corporate Communication Strategies (3 credits)
    • DRA 100 Theater Production (1 credit course; must be taken in three different semesters)
    • DRA 201 Acting & Directing (3 credits)
    • LIB 311 The Human Quest for Personal Freedom (3 credits)
    • LIB 315 The Environment and the Human Spirit (3 credits)
    • LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (3 credits)
    • LIB 327 World Music (3 credits)
    • LIB 332 Science & Culture (3 credits)
    • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology: Methods of Applied Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 433 Basic Counseling Skills (3 credits)

    One capstone course (3 credits):

    • COM 480 Communication Capstone (3 credits)

    English/Language Arts Track/Endorsement 5-12 (25 credits)

    This endorsement is for students intending to teach in middle or high school in the state of Iowa. In addition to meeting the requirements subsequently enumerated, students in this endorsement must also satisfy requirements for admission to the College of Education’s Practitioner Preparation Program and successfully complete all other requirements for licensure.

    • EDU 203 Child & Adolescent Literature (3 credits)
    • ENG 330 Teaching Literary Genres & Techniques (1 credit)
    • ENG 380 Literary Research (3 credits)
    • ENG 410 Selected Authors (3 credits)
    • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits)
    • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits)
    • Any two ENG courses numbered 300 or higher (6 credits)

    One of the following (3 credits):

    • ENG 212/312 African American Literature OR ENG 317 International Voices

    Please refer to College of Education: Program Information, Practitioner Preparation Program in this section of the Catalog for more information.

    Additional Education Requirements (47 credits):

    • EDU 200 Introduction to Education & Field Experience I (1 credit)
    • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
    • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
    • EDU 270 Principles of Education & Field Experience II (2 credits)
    • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
    • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits)
    • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit)
    • EDU 342 English/Language Arts Specific Methods (3 credits)
    • EDU 343 Practicum Secondary English/Language Arts (1 credit)
    • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
    • EDU 477 Student Teaching English in the Secondary School (5-8) (7 credits) AND
      EDU 478 Student Teaching English in the Secondary School (9-12) (8 credits)
    • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)
    • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits)
    • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
    • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
    • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits)

    Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Bachelor of Arts in Liberal Arts major is designed for students who seek career opportunities in many fields. The Liberal Arts program is designed to provide students with a broad-based liberal arts experience enriching the student’s understanding of the physical and social world. The diversity of courses will enable the student to examine major national and global issues, especially those issues related to cultures and their diversity. Liberal studies emphasize literature, philosophy, social science, and analytical and critical thinking skills, all of which prepare students for lifelong learning and social, cultural, and technological change.

    Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the Liberal Arts program will be able to:

    1. Demonstrate appropriate comparative and analytical communication skills across disciplines;
    2. Develop skills to conduct effective independent research;
    3. Develop and apply culturally diverse communication skills between and among different groups and individuals in a global environment;
    4. Apply critical thinking skills in analyzing, environmental, social, and political issues;
    5. Develop the ability to integrate viewpoints from different disciplines; and
    6. Analyze the values that influence interactions among people, groups, and nations.

    Program Requirements

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Major Course Requirements: 33 credits
    Electives: 38 credits

    Students must earn a minimum of 30 upper-division credits. In this program, some courses may simultaneously be applied to major and General Education requirements.

    Major Course Requirements (33 credits)

    • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits)
    • LIB 316 Historical Contexts & Literature (3 credits)
    • PHI 445 Personal & Organizational Ethics (3 credits)
    • COM 321 Communication Theory (3 credits)
    • COM 360 Advanced Communications in Society (3 credits)
    • ENG 325 Intermediate Composition (3 credits)
    • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits)
    • LIB 315 The Environment & the Human Spirit (3 credits)
    • LIB 332 Science & Culture (3 credits)
    • LIB 356 Research Methods for the Humanities (3 credits)
    • LIB 495 Capstone – Advanced Research Project (3 credits)

    Bachelor of Arts in Social and Criminal Justice

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Social and Criminal Justice major is a unique interdisciplinary program that offers an emphasis in criminal justice through which a perspective for building a more just society is considered. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iascj.

    Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the Social and Criminal Justice program will be able to:

    1. Analyze criminal justice issues within the systems of law enforcement, the judiciary, and corrections;
    2. Evaluate the application of the social justice principles of equality, solidarity, and human rights toward building a just society;
    3. Apply knowledge of cultural sensitivity and diversity awareness to social and criminal justice;
    4. Deconstruct the relationship between law enforcement, the judiciary, and corrections;
    5. Interpret the relationship between social justice and criminal justice; and
    6. Develop critical perspectives in the study of social and criminal justice by drawing on the fields of criminology, law, philosophy, psychology, science, and sociology.

    Requirements for the Major

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Major Requirements: 36 credits (30 upper division)
    Electives: 35 credits

    Major Course Requirements (36 credits)

    Three Courses in Social Justice (9 credits) from the following:

    • PHI 107/PHI 307 Philosophy of Human Conduct (3 credits)
    • PHI 210/PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday & Today (3 credits)
    • SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility (3 credits)
    • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 330 Social Justice & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 331 Social Justice & Ethics (3 credits)

    Four Courses in Criminal Justice (12 credits)

    • CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits)
    • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits)
    • CRJ 303 Corrections (3 credits)
    • CRJ 420 Criminal Justice Practicum (3 credits) OR
      CRJ 422 CRJ Capstone (3 credits)

    Five Upper-Level Major Courses (15 credits)

    • CRJ 304 Police Operations (3 credits)
    • CRJ 305 Crime Prevention (3 credits)
    • CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure (3 credits)
    • CRJ 308 Psychology of Criminal Behavior (3 credits)
    • CRJ 311 Forensics (3 credits)
    • CRJ 320 Families & Domestic Violence (3 credits)
    • HIS/POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits)
    • LIB 323 Revolution & Terrorism in the Modern World (3 credits)
    • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
    • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits)
    • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits)

    Social and Criminal Justice majors must earn a minimum of 30 upper division credits in the major. Credits applied to General Education requirements may be applied to major requirements, but a course may be applied only once to a major requirement.

    Please note: CRJ 201 is a prerequisite for CRJ 301, 303, and 305.

    Bachelor of Arts in Social Science

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Social Science major offers students an opportunity to focus their studies primarily in psychology, sociology, history, and related social science fields. Optional tracks are available in health and human services management, history, human services, political science, psychology, and sociology. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/iass.

    Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

    Program Outcomes

    Students in the Social Science program will be able to:

    1. Evaluate fundamental social science concepts;
    2. Examine the implications of social and cultural diversity in social interactions;
    3. Acquire and use a foundation of research skills from the social sciences, including history, psychology, and sociology;
    4. Examine the relationship of service to social science; and
    5. Integrate knowledge from the social sciences, including history, psychology, and sociology.

    Requirements for the Major

    Total Minimum Credits Required: 120 credits
    General Education Requirements: 49 credits
    Major Requirements: 48 credits
    Electives: 23 credits

    Major Course Requirements (48 credits):

    9 credits in history, including 6 or more credits at the 300-level or higher

    9-12 credits in psychology, including 6 or more at the 300-level or higher

    9 credits in sociology, including 6 or more credits at the 300-level or higher. (HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System may be applied to this requirement.)

    6 credits in multidisciplinary social science, selected from the following courses:

    • HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System (3 credits)
    • LIB 309 Interdisciplinary Topics in the Liberal Arts (INTD) (3 credits)
    • LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits)
    • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits)
    • LIB 332 Science & Culture (INTD) (3 credits)
    • LIB 323 Revolution & Terrorism in the Modern World (INTD) (3 credits)
    • LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (INTD) (3 credits)

    3-6 credits in cross-cultural perspectives:

    • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits)
    • GEO 201/301 Survey of World Regional Geography (3 credits)
    • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits)
    • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits)
    • LIB 316 Literature in Historical Context (3 credits)
    • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits)
    • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits)
    • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits)

    3 credits in political science

    3 credit Seminar

    • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits)

    One of the following four courses:
    (Students planning to pursue a graduate degree are advised to complete more than one course in this requirement.)

    • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
    • PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits)
    • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits)
    • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits)

    The Social Science major also requires the completion of a minimum of 36 credits at the 300-level or higher.

    Secondary education students pursuing endorsements in American Government, American History, World History, Psychology, and Sociology will also meet the major requirements for the Social Science degree. Endorsement courses may also be used to meet major and General Education requirements.

    Additional Education Requirements (47 credits):

    • EDU 200 Introduction to Education & Field Experience I (1 credit)
    • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
    • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
    • EDU 270 Principles of Education & Field Experience II (2 credits)
    • EDU 310 Integrating Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
    • EDU 330 General Methods of Secondary Education (3 credits)
    • EDU 331 Practicum: Secondary Education (1 credit)
    • EDU 348 Secondary Education Social Science Specific Methods (3 credits)
    • EDU 349 Practicum Secondary Social Science (1 credit)
    • EDU 370 Human Relations Skills for Educators (1 credit)
    • EDU 487 Student Teaching Social Science in the Secondary School (5-8) (7 credits) AND
      EDU 488 Student Teaching Social Science in the Secondary School (9-12) (8 credits)
    • EDU 458 Student Teaching Seminar (1 credit)
    • ERE 312 Reading in Secondary Education Content Areas (3 credits)
    • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
    • PSY/ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
    • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits)

    Political Science Option: Students desiring more depth in political science may apply up to six hours of upper-level POL courses in areas of the major that require more than one course (i.e., the History, Psychology, Sociology, Multidisciplinary, and Cross-Cultural requirements), provided that no more than three hours are applied to any one area. This option may not be applied to course-specific requirements in the tracks offered within the degree.

    Note: A single course may apply to only one of the requirement areas in the major. Some courses may also apply to General Education requirements.

    Health and Human Services Management Track (63-66 credits)

    The Health and Human Services Management track provides an interdisciplinary course of study for students in the social science major. This track provides the educational credentials to seek employment opportunities in management roles entailing the direct supervision of other human service professionals. Students selecting this track are required to complete specific courses including a business course component.

    Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

    History (9 credits):

    • Same requirements as listed under Social Science major.

    Psychology (9 credits):

    • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits) OR
      PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in the Elderly (3 credits)
    • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits) OR
      PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits) OR
      PSY 325 Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits)

    Sociology (9 credits, including 6 or more at the 300-level or higher):

    • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)
    • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits) (course fulfills requirement in place of one 300-level sociology course.)
    • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits)

    Multidisciplinary Social Science Courses (6 credits):

    • SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services (3 credits)
    • LIB 318 Peacemaking: The Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits) OR
      PSY/SOC 309 Special Topic in Human Services (3 credits)

    Cross-Cultural Perspectives Courses (6 credits):

    • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits) OR
      SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits)

            And one of the following courses:

    • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits)
    • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits)
    • HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits)
    • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits)

    Political Science (3 credits):

    • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits)

    Economics (3 credits):

    • HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System (3 credits)

    Methods Course (3 credits):

    • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring Accreditation (3 credits) OR
      HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation (3 credits)

    Seminar requirements (3 credits) will be satisfied by

    •  HCA/SOC 340 Managing in Health & Human Services: An Interdisciplinary Approach (3 credits)

    Accounting (6 credits):

    • HCA 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Professionals (3 credits)
    • HCA 311 Health Care Financing & Information Systems (3 credits)

    Philosophy (3 credits):

    • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits)

    Internship/Project (3-6 credits)

    • HCA 402 Health Care Internship (3-6 credits) (Must have a GPA in the major of 2.75) OR
      HCA 459 Senior Project (3 credits)

    History Track (21 credits)

    The History track provides Social Science majors an opportunity for greater emphasis on history in their major studies and allows them to document a history-based program at the undergraduate level.

    History concentrators must meet the general requirements for the Social Science major, as well as the following:

    • Either HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) OR
      HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits)
    • Either HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) OR
      HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits)
    • LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (INTD) (3 credits)
    • 4 upper-level HIS courses (12 credits)

    Courses in the track may also apply, where appropriate, to General Education and major requirements.

    Human Services Track (57 credits)

    The optional track in Human Services gives an applied emphasis to the major. Students selecting the human services track are required to complete specific courses within most of the nine requirement pools in the Social Science major.

    History (9 credits):

    • Same requirements as listed under Social Science major.

    Psychology (9 credits):

    • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits) (or equivalent)
    • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology: Methods of Applied Psychology (3 credits)

    Sociology (9 credits):

    • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)
    • SOC 312 Child, Family, & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services (3 credits)

    Elective Social Science Courses (15 credits):

    • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
    • SOC 330 Social Justice & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 340 Managing Health & Human Services (3 credits)
    • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits)
    • LIB 318 Peacemaking (3 credits)
    • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits)
    • SOC 315 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (3 credits)
    • PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in the Elderly (3 credits)
    • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits)
    • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits)
    • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits)

    Political Science (3 credits):

    • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits)

    Economics (3 credits):

    At least 3 credits in economics or courses specifically related to the economics of providing human services, selected from the following courses:

    • ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues (3 credits)
    • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits)
    • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)
    • HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System (3 credits)

    Methods Course (3 credits):

    • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
    • PSY 325 Statistics for Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits)
    • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits)
    • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits)

    Seminar and Practicum (6 credits):

    • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar (3 credits)
    • PSY/SOC 421 Human Service Practicum (3 credits)

    Political Science Track (18 credits)

    The Political Science Track provides Social Science majors an opportunity for greater emphasis on the study of politics and government in their major studies and allows them to document a political science-based program at the undergraduate level.

    Students in the Political Science Track must meet the general requirements for the Social Science major, as well as the following:

    Required Courses:

    • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits)
    • POL 353 Comparative Politics (3 credits)
    • POL 355 International Relations (3 credits)
    • 3 additional upper division POL courses

    Psychology Track (18 credits)

    The Psychology track requires the courses subsequently listed in addition to the other courses required for a Bachelor of Arts in Social Science. Courses listed will be applied to the psychology course requirement of the Social Science major.

    Required Courses:

    • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits)
    • PSY 497 Psychology Capstone (3 credits)

    Three courses selected from the following:

    • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 302 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 305 Sports Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in the Elderly (3 credits)
    • PSY 335 Tests & Measurements (3 credits)
    • PSY 350 Physiological Psychology (3 credits)

    Sociology Track (21 credits)

    The Sociology track provides Social Science majors an opportunity for greater emphasis on sociology as part of their major studies and allows them to document a sociology-based program at the undergraduate level.

    Sociology track students must meet the general requirements for the Social Science major, as well as the following:

    • SOC 101 Intro to Sociology (3 credits)
    • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits)
    • 5 upper-level SOC courses (15 credits)

    Courses in the track may also apply, where appropriate, to General Education and major requirements.

    Minors (Clinton Campus Modality)

    To provide students with additional opportunities to broaden and enrich their educations, the University offers a variety of minors. A minor is a program of study that is distinct from or supplements a student's major. A minor may be taken as a way to give a coherent pattern to elective credits, to expand career options, to prepare for graduate study, or simply to explore in greater depth an area different from one's major.

    Coursework that is applied toward fulfillment of a minor may count toward elective or General Education requirements, but will not apply toward fulfillment of a track or specialization. Students cannot earn a minor in the same subject area as their major field of study. In addition, students cannot declare or earn two minors that share more than 50% of the same coursework. Students must declare a minor prior to degree conferral.

    Minor/Minor Overlap Exceptions

    The following minor/minor combinations are approved exceptions to the 50% rule:

    Minor Minor
    Psychology Art Therapy
    Visual Art Art Therapy

    Accounting Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
    • ACC 206 Accounting Principles II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 205
    • ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 206
    • ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 305
    • ACC 310 Cost Accounting I (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 206

    Choose one of:

    • ACC 311 Cost Accounting II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 310 and MAT 332
    • ACC 380 Non-for-Profit Accounting (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 206
    • ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 205
    • ACC 407 Advanced Accounting (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ACC 306 and 310

    Advanced Science Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    A total of 18 credits in BIO, BOT, CHE, MAT, and PHY courses above general education and competencies is required. At least 9 credits must be upper-level courses. No more than 9 credits may be applied toward both the minor and the major coursework. This minor is restricted to students who have declared a major leading to a Bachelor of Science degree within the College of Health, Human Services, and Science or who have declared and are in the process of completing a minor in one of the natural sciences.

    Art Therapy Minor (36 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Please note: Recommended for Psychology, Social Science and Visual Art majors only. Psychology coursework may be applied to both to the Art Therapy minor and the Psychology or Social Science major requirements. Art coursework may be applied to both the Art Therapy minor and the Visual Art major requirements. The Art Therapy minor entails 18 credits of coursework when applied outside major requirements for Visual Art and Psychology majors, respectively.

    Psychology courses:

    • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
    • PSY 304 Lifespan Development (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101
    • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 or equivalent

    Choose 6 credits from the following:

    • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 or equivalent
    • PSY 330 Theories of Personality (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 or equivalent
    • PSY 311 Counseling Psychology (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: PSY 101, and, if a lower- division student, completion of at least 24 hours of course credit with a 2.50 GPA or higher
    • PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in the Elderly (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 or equivalent
    • PSY 360 Survey of Mental Health (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: PSY 325 and PSY 326

    Art courses:

    • ART 103 Two Dimensional Design (3 credits)
    • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits)
    • ART 207 Painting I (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ART 101, ART 103, and ART 105 or permission of the instructor
    • ART 350* Advanced Art Seminar (2 credits)
      Prerequisite: Junior/Senior standing
    • ART 403 Art Therapy Practicum (1 credit)

    Choose 3 credits from the following:

    • ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design/Sculptor (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 101, ART 103, ART 105 or permission of the instructor
    • ART 211/311 Ceramics I (3 credits)
      Prerequisite for ART 311 is ART 211

    Choose 3 credits from the following:

    • ART 215/315 Computer Art I/II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite (ART 215): ART 110, ART 103 or ART 105, or permission of the instructor
      Prerequisite (ART315): ART 215, sophomore standing, or permission of the instructor
    • ART 205 Drawing II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 105 or permission of the instructor
    • ART 307 Painting II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 101, ART 207, or permission of the instructor

    *ART 350 is included to assure that graduates have prepared a portfolio required by AATA for graduate admission to an accredited Art Therapy Master’s program.

    Arts Administration Minor (26 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
    • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits)
    • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits) OR
      ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits)
    • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
    • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
    • ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ENG 122 and junior standing or permission of the instructor
    • LIB 420* Applied Liberal Arts (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: Senior standing and approval of Liberal Arts Committee
    • MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits)

    Additional music requirement:

    • MUS 103 AU Concert Choir (1 credit) OR
      MUS 125 AU Wind Ensemble (1 credit) OR
      Applied Music Lessons (2 credits)
      Prerequisite (MUS 125): Permission of the instructor

    Recommended Electives:

    • LIB 301 Liberal Arts Seminar
      Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of the instructor

    *Internship of 150 hours in institution of the student’s main interest.

    Biology Minor (20-22 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits)
    • BIO 105 General Zoology (4 credits) OR
      BOT 105 General Botany (4 credits) 
    • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematical competency
    • 8-10 credits of additional biology (BIO prefix) courses numbered 200 or higher

    Botany Minor (20-22 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • BIO 103 Principles of General Biology I (4 credits)
    • BOT 105 General Botany (4 credits)
    • 12-14 credits of additional Botany (BOT prefix) courses numbered 200 or higher.

    Business Administration Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
    • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
    • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)
    • BUS 311 Business Law I (3 credits)
    • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)

    Choose one of:

    • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: Critical Thinking competency, and Information Technology competency (recommended)
    • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)

    Business Economics Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Not available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration.

    • BUS 308 Statistics for Managers (3 credits) OR
      MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
      Prerequisite (BUS 308): Mathematical competency
    • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: Critical Thinking competency, and Information Technology competency (recommended)
    • ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics (3 credits)
      Prerequisites (recommended): Critical Thinking competency, Mathematical competency, and Information Technology competency
    • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ECO 100 or ECO 203
    • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits)
    • ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ECO 203

    Chemistry Minor (21-22 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • CHE 151 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematical competency
    • CHE 152 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
      Prerequisites: Successful completion of CHE 151 or equivalent and successful completion of Mathematical competency
    • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion CHE 152 or equivalent and successful completion of Mathematical competency
    • CHE 302 Organic Chemistry II (5 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion of CHE 301 or equivalent, and successful completion of Mathematical competency (MAT 225 or equivalent)

    Choose one additional course of at least 3 credits of CHE 300-level and above.

    Child and Adolescent Learning and Development Minor (24 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    Choose 12 credits from the following, including one field-based course at Ashford University:

    • ECE 101*  Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3 credits)
    • ECE 212 Administration of Early Childhood Education Programs (3 credits)
    • EDU 200* Introduction to Education (Elementary and Secondary) & Field Experience (1 credit)
      Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment or prior successful completion of PSY 104, a minimum overall grade point average of 2.00, or permission of the course instructor(s) and advisor
    • EDU 203 Child & Adolescent Literature (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: PSY 104 and sophomore standing
    • EDU 215 Educational Psychology (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 104 or permission of the instructor
    • EDU 230 Performing and Visual Arts (2 credits)
    • EDU 235 Health and Physical Education for Teachers (2 credits)
    • EDU 250 Foundations of American Education (2 credits)
      Prerequisite: EDU 200, ENG 122, or permission of the instructor
    • EDU 270* Principles of Education (Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary) (2 credits)
      Prerequisites: Successful completion of PSY 104 and EDU 200, and completion or concurrent enrollment in EDU 250
    • ERE 312 Secondary Content Reading (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: EDU 270 or concurrent enrollment in EDU 270
    • ERE 231 Techniques & Strategies for Corrective Reading (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: EDU 215, ERE 230, and EDU 270
    • MAT 223 Math for Educators (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: EDU 200
    • MUS 225 Musical Skills for the Classroom Teacher (2 credits)
      Prerequisites: EDU 200, and PSY 104 or PSY 201
    • PED 205 Physical Education for the Elementary Teacher (2 credits)
      Prerequisites: EDU 200 and PSY 104 or permission of the instructor
    • PED 230 Health Education for the Elementary Teacher (2 credits)
      Prerequisite: EDU 200 and PSY 104 or permission of the instructor
    • PHI 205 Philosophy & Children (3 credits)
    • PSY 104 Child and Adolescent Development (3 credits)

    *Field-based course

    Choose 12 credits from the following:

    • EDU 300 Internship in Education (1-8 credits) or another 300-level course as approved by the faculty advisor and the Education Division chair
    • EDU 310 Technology in the Classroom (2 credits)
      Prerequisite: EDU 270 or concurrent in EDU 270
    • EDU 370 Human Relation Skills for Educators (1 credit)
      Prerequisite: Admission into the Practitioner Preparation Program
    • ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students (3 credits)
    • ESE 317 Mild/Moderate Disabilities (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ESE 315
    • ESE 325 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ESE 315
    • SOC 312 Child, Family, & Society (3 credits)

    Students must earn a minimum grade of “C-” in PSY 104 and a 2.00 cumulative grade point average in the courses required for the minor.

    Computer Graphic Design Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits)
    • ART 215 Computer Art I (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 110, ART 103 or ART 105, or permission of the instructor
    • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency
    • CGD 240 Media Writing & Editing (3 credits)
    • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency
    • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency

    Computer Science Minor (22-23 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 103 or permission of instructor
    • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 103 or permission of instructor
    • INF 331 IS Programming (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 231 and MAT 125 or higher in math course
    • INF 431 Advanced IS Programming (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: INF 331 and Mathematical competency
    • MAT 351 Calculus I with Analytic Geometry (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 227 or equivalent
    • MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 225 or MAT 228

    Choose one of the following (3-4 credits):

    • MAT 352 Calculus II & Analytic Geometry (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 351
    • MAT 270 Linear Algebra (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 225 or MAT 228
    • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: INF 231 and Mathematical competency

    Additional degree requirement:

    A student may be required to demonstrate competency in programming if previous programming coursework is more than four years prior to enrollment at Ashford University. At least two programming courses, 200-level or above, must be taken at Ashford University.

    Criminal Justice Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 credits)
    • CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice (3 credits)
    • CRJ 303 Corrections (3 credits)

    Select 3 courses from the following (at least one of which must be a CRJ course):

    • CRJ 305 Crime Prevention (3 credits)
    • CRJ 311 Forensics (3 credits)
    • CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure (3 credits)
    • CRJ 320 Families & Domestic Violence (3 credits)
    • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits)
    • LIB 318 Peacemaking (3 credits)
    • PSY 301 Social Psychology (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 or equivalent
    • PSY 303 Abnormal Psychology (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 or equivalent
    • POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits)
    • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits)
    • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits)
    • SOC 312 Child, Family & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 320 Public Policy & Social Services (3 credits)

    e-Business Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required Courses:

    • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
    • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
    • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
    • BUS 352 e-Business (3 credits)
    • CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business (3 credits)
    • CGD 253 Web Publishing (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency

    English and Communication Minor (21 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    This minor allows students in other majors an opportunity to minor in the English and Communication area. The minor has been consciously structured to allow considerable latitude in selecting courses. This way, students desiring a more literature-based program can pattern the minor accordingly, while those seeking a program emphasizing a more applied approach stressing communication skills can do likewise by taking a different array of courses.

    Required courses:

    • ENG 325 Intermediate Composition (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ENG 121 and ENG 122 or equivalents

    One upper-level speech:

    • SPE 301 Oral Interpretation (3 credits) OR
      SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: SPE 103 or permission of the instructor

    15 credits (12 credits at 300-level or higher)

    • From any of the courses that satisfy track requirements in the English and Communication major.

    English as a Second Language Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • ELL 240 Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners (3 credits)
    • ELL 242 Understanding & Teaching English Language (3 credits)
    • ELL 361 Language Learning in a Global Context (3 credits)
    • ELL 420 Testing & Assessment for ELL Students (3 credits)
    • ESL 100 Intermediate Grammar (2 credits)
    • ESL 106 Intermediate Writing (1 credit)
    • ENG 321 Introductory Linguistics (3 credits)

    Environmental Studies Minor (24 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • ENV/BIO 300 Environmental Biology (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: An introductory biology course or SCI 207
    • ENV/BUS 345 Business & the Environment (3 credits)
    • ENV/POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: POL 201 or BUS 311
    • LIB 301 Divisional Seminar* (3 credits) OR
      LIB 303 Concentration Seminar (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of the instructor
    • LIB 315 Environment & the Human Spirit (INTD) (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ENG 122 or equivalent

    Choose 9 credits from the following:

    • ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3 credits)
    • BIO 201 Microbiology (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion of BIO 104
    • BIO 210/310 Field Techniques Laboratory (4 credits)
      Prerequisite (BIO 210): Successful completion of BIO 100 or BIO 103 lab course
      Prerequisite (BIO 310): BIO 210
    • CHE 301 Organic Chemistry I (5 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion of CHE 152 or equivalent and successful completion of Mathematical competency
    • ENV/BIO 101 Humanity & the Environment (4 credits)
    • ENV/CHE 108 Introductory Environmental Chemistry (4 credits)
    • ENV 420 Environmental Internship (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: Junior status, approval by a supervising faculty member and a cumulative grade point average of 2.75
    • LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD) (3 credits)
    • LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD) (3 credits)
    • MAT 332 Applied Statistics (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: INF 103, ENG 122 and either MAT 225 or MAT 228
    • PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday & Today (3 credits)
    • PHY 105 Introduction to Physical Science (4 credits) OR
      Any 100-level physical science course

    *Division Seminars other than the Concentration Seminar must be approved by the Program Chair.

    **Special topics must be approved by the Program Chair.

    Finance Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
    • BUS 215 Personal Financial Management (3 credits)
    • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ECO 100 or ECO 203
    • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ACC 205 or ACC 208 or ACC 281 and Mathematical competency
    • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 401
    • BUS 430 Finance Seminar (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 405

    Health Care Administration Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • HCA 305 U.S. Health Care System (3 credits)
    • HCA 340 Managing in Health & Human Services (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: HCA 305
    • HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: HCA 305

    Select 3 courses from the following:

    • HCA 421 Health Care Planning (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion of the majority of major coursework
    • HCA 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: Successful completion of Mathematical and Information Technology competencies
    • HCA 311 Health Care Financing & Information Systems (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: HCA 281 and HCA 305
    • MGT 445 Human Resources Management (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: PSY 101 and SOC 101
    • SOC 313 Social Implications of Medical Issues (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 and SOC 101
    • HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring & Accreditation (3 credits)
    • HCA 415 Community & Public Health (3 credits)
    • HCA 430 Special Populations (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Successful completion of the majority of major coursework

    History Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • HIS 103 World Civilizations I (3 credits) OR
      HIS 104 World Civilizations II (3 credits)
    • HIS 203 American History to 1865 (3 credits) OR
      HIS 204 American History Since 1865 (3 credits)
    • HIS 303 The American Constitution (3 credits)
    • HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or permission of the instructor
    • HIS 379 The Atlantic World (3 credits)
    • HIS 340 Recent American History (3 credits)

    Note: Clinton campus students may substitute other upper-level HIS courses OR LIB 325 The Civil War in American Culture (3 credits) for any or all of the upper-level requirements.

    Human Resources Management Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
    • BUS 303 Human Resources Management (3 credits)
    • BUS 370 Organizational Development (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 201 or MGT 330 or HCA 459
    • BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 303
    • BUS 375 Employee Training (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 303
    • BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 303

    Information Systems Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • INF 220 IS Principles (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 103 or permission of the instructor
    • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 103 or permission of the instructor
    • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency
    • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 231 and Mathematical competency
    • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 231 or permission of the instructor
    • INF 410 Project Management (3 credits)

    International Management Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits)
    • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits)
    • BUS 378 International Business Law (3 credits)
    • BUS 357 International Business (3 credits)
    • BUS 439 International Human Resources Management (3 credits)
    • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits)

    Liberal Arts Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • One Liberal Arts Seminar (3 credits) (From the following Liberal Arts areas: fine arts, humanities, science, or social science.)
    • Two interdisciplinary (LIB) courses (6 credits)
    • Three Liberal Arts courses (9 credits) beyond the General Education requirements including at least two upper-division (300+) courses, and courses from at least two Liberal Arts areas (e.g., fine arts, humanities, science, and social science).

    Marketing Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
    • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
    • BUS 336 Marketing Strategy (3 credits)
    • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits)
    • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits)
    • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits)

    Mathematics Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required Courses:

    • MAT 351 Calculus I with Analytic Geometry (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 227 or equivalent
    • MAT 352 Calculus II with Analytic Geometry (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 351
    • MAT 353 Calculus III (4 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 352
    • MAT 270 Linear Algebra (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 225 or MAT 228

    Choose 3 credits from the following:

    • MAT 320 Discrete Mathematics (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 225 or MAT 228
    • MAT 300 History of Mathematics (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ENG 122 and either MAT 225 or MAT 228
    • MAT 362 Modern Algebras (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 351
    • MAT 364 Modern Geometries (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 351

    Music Minor (24 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required Courses:

    • MUS 101 Masterpieces of Music (3 credits)
    • MUS 105 Music Theory I (3 credits)
      Corequisite: MUS 107
    • MUS 106 Music Theory II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MUS 105. Corequisite: MUS 108
    • MUS 107 Ear Training/Sight Singing I (1 credit)
    • MUS 108 Ear Training/Sight Singing II (1 credit)
    • MUS 250 Conducting I (2 credits)
      Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor
    • Ensemble: 4 semesters
    • Applied Music: 4 semesters

    Choose 3 credits from the following:

    • MUS 255/355 Music in the United States (3 credits)
    • MUS 257 The American Musical Theater (3 credits)
    • MUS 350 Music in Western Civilization I (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MUS 101 or permission of the instructor
    • MUS 351 Music in Western Civilization II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MUS 101 or permission of the instructor
    • LIB 327 World Music (INTD) (3 credits)

    Organizational Leadership Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses (15 credits):

    • LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Leadership (3 credits)
    • BUS 250 Corporate & Social Responsibility (3 credits)
    • MGT 321 Assessing Leadership Skills (3 credits)
    • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits)
    • MGT 425 Leadership & Motivation (3 credits)

    One elective course (3 credits):

    • SRV 220 Service Learning: Values & Actions (3 credits) OR
    • BUS 420 Internship (3 credits)

    Organizational Management Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required Courses:

    • MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations (3 credits)
    • MGT 435 Organizational Change (3 credits)

    One Course in Management:

    • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)

    One Course in Leadership:

    • LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)
    • MGT 380 Leadership for Organizations (3 credits)

    One Course in Human Resources:

    • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)

    One Course in Communication:

    • SPE 315 Business & Professional Speaking (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: SPE 103 or permission of the instructor
    • ENG 315 Business & Professional Communication (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ENG 122 and junior standing or permission of the instructor
    • COM 425 Communication in Organizations (3 credits)

    Physical Education Minor (23 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • PSY 104 Child & Adolescent Development (3 credits)
    • PED 104 Personal Health & Wellness (2 credits)
    • PED 212 Foundation of Movement & Motor Activities (3 credits)
    • ECE 214 Nutrition & Health of Children & Families (3 credits)
    • PED 335 Curriculum & Administration of Physical Education (3 credits)
    • PED 240 Applied Kinesiology & Biomechanics (3 credits)

    Select 1 course from the following list:

    • PED 217 Individual & Team Sports Skills (3 credits)
    • ESE/PED 340 Adapted Physical Education (3 credits)

    Select 3 courses from the Strategies courses:

    • PED 170 Teaching Baseball Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 171 Teaching Basketball Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 172 Teaching Football Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 173 Teaching Golf Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 174 Teaching Wrestling Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 175 Teaching Soccer Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 176 Teaching Cheerleading Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 177 Teaching Softball Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 178 Teaching Volleyball Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 179 Teaching Track & Field Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 180 Teaching Swimming Strategies (1 credit)
    • PED 181 Teaching Tennis Strategies (1 credit)

    Political Science and Government Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Please note: Students in the Bachelor of Arts in Social Science pursuing a Political Science/Government track cannot add this minor.

    Required Courses:

    • POL 201 American National Government (3 credits)
    • POL 303 The American Constitution (3 credits)
    • POL 310 Environmental Policies (3 credits)
    • POL 211 Introduction to Politics (3 credits)
    • POL 353 Comparative Politics (3 credits)
    • POL 355 International Relations (3 credits)

    Note: Clinton campus students may substitute other upper-level POL courses for any of the courses listed previously, except for POL 201.

    Psychology Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology (3 credits)
    • PSY 325 Statistics for Behavioral & Social Sciences (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: MAT 117 
    • PSY 326 Research Methods (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 325

    Select three (3) additional upper-level (300-level or above) Psychology courses.

    Religious Studies Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses: 

    • REL 113 Comparative Religions (3 credits)
    • REL 114 Comparative Religions II (3 credits)

    Choose 12 credits from the following:

    • ANT 351 Anthropology of Religion, Magic, & Ritual (3 credits)
    • REL 301 Person & Faith (3 credits)
    • REL 303 Contemporary Human Problems (3 credits)
    • REL 125/325 Christianity (3 credits)
    • PHI 310 Franciscanism Yesterday & Today (3 credits)

    Social Science Minor (21 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    The Social Science minor provides an opportunity for students in other majors to pattern their electives in such a way as to demonstrate a basic familiarity with the social sciences. This will allow them to present themselves to prospective employers or graduate programs as having pursued a well-rounded undergraduate education and as having a familiarity with disciplines that help to explain the human condition.

    Required courses:

    • LIB 307 Social Science Seminar: Race Relations in America (3 credits)
    • Interdisciplinary (LIB) course from the multidisciplinary Social Science block of the Social Science major.
    • Five Social Science courses that include coursework in at least three Social Science disciplines (ANT, ECO, HIS, POL, PSY, SOC). For purposes of clarification: a course cross-listed under a social science and a non-Social Science discipline (e.g. ENV/POL 310 Environmental Policies) may be counted toward the minor even if formally taken under the non-Social Science pre-fix (i.e., as ENV 310).

    Courses may also apply to General Education requirements, but at least 15 of the 21 credits must be at the 300-level or above.

    Sociology Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology (3 credits)
    • SOC 203 Social Problems (3 credits)
    • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits)
    • SOC 305 Crime & Society (3 credits)
    • SOC 308 Racial & Ethnic Groups (3 credits)
    • SOC 312 Child, Family & Society (3 credits)

    Sports and Recreation Management Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    • ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I (3 credits)
    • MGT 330 Management for Organizations (3 credits)
    • BUS 303 Human Resource Management (3 credits)
    • BUS 330 Principles of Marketing (3 credits)
    • SOC 318 Sociology of Sport (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of the instructor
    • SRM 410 Contemporary Issues in Sports & Recreation Management (3 credits)

    Visual Art Minor (18 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Required courses:

    • ART 101 Art Appreciation (3 credits) OR
      ART 200/300 Art Appreciation II: Modern Art (3 credits)
    • ART 103 Two-Dimensional Design (3 credits)
    • ART 105 Drawing I (3 credits)
    • ART 207 Painting I (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ART 101, ART 103, and ART 105 or permission of the instructor

    Choose 6 credits from the following:

    • ART 204 Three-Dimensional Design/Sculpture (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 101, ART 103, ART 105 or permission of the instructor
    • ART 205 Drawing II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 105 or permission of the instructor
    • ART 211/311 Ceramics I/II (3 credits)
    • ART 215/315 Computer Art I/II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 110, ART 103 or ART 105, or permission of the instructor
    • ART 220 Printmaking I (3 credits)
    • ART 225 Photography I (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 103 or ART 105 or permission of the instructor
    • ART 307 Painting II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 101, ART 207, or permission of the instructor
    • ART 320 Printmaking II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 220 or permission of the instructor
    • ART 325 Photography II (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ART 225 or permission of the instructor
    • CGD 217 Survey of Graphic Communications (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency
    • CGD 303 Publication Design (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency

    Specializations (Clinton Campus Modality)

    A specialization is an area of study that supplements select undergraduate majors. Students begin specialization coursework following successful completion of the major capstone. Students must declare a specialization prior to completion of program requirements. A student may not enroll in any undergraduate specialization that has a course overlap with any declared major(s).

    Business Economics Specialization (12 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Available for Bachelor of Arts in Accounting degree program only.

    • ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics (3 credits)
    • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ECO 100 or ECO 203
    • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits)
    • ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ECO 203

    Finance Specialization (12 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting, Business Administration, Health Care Administration, and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only.

    • BUS 215 Personal Financial Management (3 credits)
    • ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: ECO 100 or ECO 203
    • BUS 401 Principles of Finance (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: ACC 205 or ACC 208 or ACC 281 and Mathematical competency
    • BUS 405 Principles of Investments (3 credits)
      Prerequisites: BUS 401

    Human Resources Management Specialization (12 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration and Health Care Administration degree programs only.

    • BUS 370 Organizational Development (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 201 or MGT 330 or HCA 459
    • BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 303
    • BUS 375 Employee Training (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 303
    • BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: BUS 303

    Information Systems Specialization (12 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting, Business Administration, Health Care Administration, Public Relations and Marketing and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only.

    • INF 231 Programming Concepts (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 103 or permission of instructor
    • INF 340 Business Systems Analysis (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: Information Technology competency
    • INF 322 Database Management Systems (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 231 and Mathematical competency
    • INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: INF 231 or permission of the instructor

    International Management Specialization (12 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Available in Bachelor of Arts in Accounting, Business Administration, Health Care Administration, and Public Relations and Marketing degree programs only.

    • ECO 320 International Economics (3 credits)
    • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits)
    • BUS 357 International Business (3 credits)
    • BUS 450 International Finance (3 credits)

    Long-Term Care Specialization (12 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Available in Bachelor of Arts in Health Care Administration degree program only.

    • SOC 304 Social Gerontology (3 credits)
    • PSY 317 Cognitive Functioning in the Elderly (3 credits)
      Prerequisite: PSY 101 or equivalent
    • HCA 442 Contemporary Issues in Aging (3 credits)
    • HCA 444 Long-Term Care: The Consumer Perspective (3 credits)

    Marketing Specialization (12 credits)

    (Clinton Campus Modality)

    Available in Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration and Sports and Recreation Management degree programs only.

    • BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising (3 credits)
    • BUS 339 Marketing Research (3 credits)
    • BUS 343 International Marketing (3 credits)
    • BUS 350 Consumer Behavior (3 credits)