Section Eight: Online Graduate Programs

Conditional Admission Requirements (Online Graduate Programs)

Applicants seeking admission to any Master’s degree program must meet the following admission requirements prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University:

  1. Have a Bachelor’s degree or post-graduate degree from a regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited college or university with a grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 or above. Applicants with a grade point average of 2.0 to 2.74 will be placed on Academic Watch;
  2. Have access to a computer with an Internet connection for the Web-based programs and meet the minimum technology and minimum computer skills, abilities, features, system configurations, hardware, and software outlined in this Catalog;
  3. Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following:
    • Earned a Bachelor’s degree in which the primary language of instruction was English; or
    • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years. A minimum score of 550 paper-based or 79 Internet-based is required. Copies of official scores must be submitted prior to provisional enrollment, and official scores must be submitted prior to full admission.

Bachelor’s degrees from nationally accredited institutions granted accreditation by the following accrediting agencies may be considered for admission:

  • Association of Advanced Rabbinical and Talmudic Schools, Accreditation Commission (AARTS);
  • Association of Biblical Higher Education (ABHE, formerly known as AABC);
  • Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC, formerly known as ACCSCT, NATTS or CCA-ACICS)
  • Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS, formerly known as AICS or CCAACICS);
  • Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, Commission on Accrediting (ATS);
  • Council on Occupational Education (COE, formerly known as SACS-COEI);
  • Distance Education and Training Council, Accrediting Commission (DETC, formerly known as NHSC);
  • Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools, Accreditation Commission (TRACS); and
  • Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES).

Students with Bachelor’s degrees accredited by the aforementioned institutions may be required to submit unofficial documentation to the Registrar’s Office at the time of provisional admissions.

Ashford University reserves the right to deny admission or re-admission to any applicant. Ashford University recognizes the importance of protecting student privacy and reserves the right to request documentation to establish or verify any student’s identity at any time, for administrative or compliance purposes. Students are expected to provide such documentation, and failure to do so may be considered a violation of the Student Community Standards. The University may deny or rescind admission to any student for failure to authenticate his or her identity.

Applicants are conditionally admitted to a Master’s degree program when they submit a completed application indicating that they meet admission requirements outlined for that program and are approved by the Registrar’s Office. Applicants in a conditional admission status are not eligible for Title IV funds and are not considered regular students until granted provisional or full admission.

Appeal Procedure for a 3rd Consecutive Conditional Admission Period or Ashford Promise

Provisional admission status must be attained by the end of the 2nd attempt of the Ashford Promise, while a student is in conditional standing. Students who fail to attain provisional admission by the end of their second attempt of the Ashford Promise must wait one year from the date they were denied admission to re-apply, or they may appeal the University’s decision using the process outlined below to request a 3rd consecutive attempt of conditional admission in the Ashford Promise.

Disagreements over academic quality will not be considered as an appropriate basis for such appeals. In cases of appropriate cause, the Ashford University Admission Appeals Committee reviews the appeals and renders a decision to the student. Appeals must include an explanation of the event that occurred, which caused the student to not attain provisional admission to the University after two attempts.

Students must appeal in writing to the University Registrar. The appeal must be submitted to academic.progress@ashford.edu and approved prior to enrollment in any future courses. Additionally, the student’s appeal letter must include:

  • A reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date, which includes mitigating circumstances such as student injury/illness, death of a student’s family member, or other reasons resulting in the undue hardship to the student;
  • Compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of college level credits during their period of absence; and,
  • A plan for completion of the coursework required to meet basic academic requirements during their coursework at Ashford University.

Appeal decisions will be communicated from the Registrar’s office to the student via email.

Provisional Admission Requirements

Students must meet the following requirement in order to be provisionally admitted to a Master’s degree program at Ashford University:

  • Attend beyond week 3 of their first course.

Attendance beyond week 3 constitutes a student’s confirmation of their intention to continue in the program as a regular student. Upon attendance beyond Week 3 of their first course, students are considered matriculated, regular students in their degree program. Students who meet the requirements for Full Admission will be fully admitted into the degree program.

Full Admission Requirements

The following requirements must be met prior to the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course in a degree seeking program. To start the fourth (4th) course, students must complete all the requirements subsequently outlined and must meet all admissions requirements applicable to their specific degree program. Students who do not complete all requirements will not be fully admitted and will be withdrawn from the program.

  • Submission of an official transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution that awarded the baccalaureate or post-graduate degree indicating a minimum GPA of 2.0 with a degree conferral date prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University.
  • Submission of official transcripts from institutions where graduate credit was earned. (The Ashford University Registrar Office staff will manage the request of all transcripts for students using their signed Transcript Request form.)
  • Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirements outlined in the following two options but do have a minimum of a 2.0 GPA are fully admitted on Academic Watch and are required to achieve a cumulative GPA of 3.00 and successfully complete 67% of credits attempted by the conclusion of the first payment period.
    • Students who have completed only a Bachelor’s degree or fewer than 12 credits of graduate-level coursework will have their GPA calculated for the Bachelor’s degree only to meet the 2.75 GPA requirements.
    • Students who have completed 12 credits or more of graduate-level coursework may have their GPA calculated for graduate coursework to meet the 3.0 graduate GPA requirement.
  • Students must submit official TOEFL scores, if required for admission.
  • At the conclusion of the Academic Watch period or the first payment period, any student who does not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress will be dismissed from the University.

Appeal of Dismissal Following Academic Watch

A student who has been dismissed for not meeting satisfactory academic progress requirements following Academic Watch may appeal to the University Registrar for re-admission. Appeals are evaluated by a committee comprised of the University Registrar or designee, and a representative from Academic Affairs. The decision of the Committee will be communicated in writing to the student by the Registrar’s Office.

Additionally, the student’s appeal letter must include:

  • a reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date, which includes mitigating circumstances such as student injury/illness, death of a student’s family member, or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student;
  • compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of graduate-level credits during the period of absence; and
  • a plan for completion of the coursework required to meet satisfactory academic progress during the following payment period.

The passage of time does not substantiate eligibility for readmission or appeal for readmission, however, students who have experienced mitigating circumstances and have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements and have been denied re-admission after an appeal, may submit another appeal to be readmitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last appeal. The appeal must meet the criteria outlined above and the student must present compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of graduate level credits since the last appeal was submitted.

Note: See the Satisfactory Academic Progress Requirements in this section to review all related Satisfactory Academic Progress guidelines.

MBA Program-Specific Requirements

Master of Business Administration students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, or Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis. Students who have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research. Students are responsible for notifying the University if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework during the application process and are responsible for submitting official transcripts for verification.

MPA Program-Specific Requirements

Master of Public Administration students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles. Students are responsible for notifying the University if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework during the application process and are responsible for submitting official transcripts for verification.

Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants

The following requirements are applicable to international applicants and applicants relying on academic credentials earned outside the United States for admission to the programs offered through the online modality.

Provisional Admission Requirements

In addition to the requirements for provisional admission outlined in the admission policy for graduate programs, copies of documentation indicating that the student meets the following admission requirements are required for provisional admission:

  • Submit copies of an official evaluation from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student has met the following requirements:
    • The equivalent of a regionally or approved nationally accredited Bachelor’s degree from the United States.
    • The requirement for official evaluation of the Bachelor’s degree may be waived when a Master’s degree has been earned at an appropriately accredited university in the United States.

All academic records from countries other than the United States must have been evaluated by one of the following evaluation services:

  • Educational Credentials Evaluators, Inc. (ECE); OR
  • World Education Services (WES)

Note: Students who have already had their international credentials evaluated prior to applying to Ashford University may petition the Office of the Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from other credible agencies.

Full Admission Status Requirements

In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined in the admission policy for graduate programs, international students must submit an official evaluation sent directly from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student meets full admission requirement (student copies are not accepted) prior to the conclusion of three (3) Ashford University courses (equivalent to one academic term) if that institution is where their undergraduate degree was earned. To begin the fourth (4th) Ashford University course, international students must complete the requirement or they will be withdrawn from the program at the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course.

Non-Degree Seeking Student General Admission Requirements for Graduate Level Coursework

It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide Ashford University with all materials required for admission prior to enrolling in coursework as a non-degree seeking student. Please see additional policies for non-degree seeking students under Classification of Students in the General Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.

Students seeking to enroll in graduate-level coursework as a non-degree seeking student must meet the following requirements:

  1. Submit an official or unofficial transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution that awarded the baccalaureate degree indicating a minimum GPA of 2.0 with a degree conferral date prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University;
  2. Submit an official or unofficial transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution showing proof of credit awarded for any required prerequisite coursework;
  3. Have access to a computer with an Internet connection for the Web-based programs and meet the minimum technology and minimum computer skills, abilities, features, system configurations, hardware, and software outlined in this Catalog; and
  4. Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following:
    • Earned a Bachelor’s degree in which the primary language of instruction was English;
    • A minimum of 30 credits have been earned from regionally or approved nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English; or
    • Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) examination taken within the past two (2) years. A minimum score of 550 paper-based or 79 Internet-based is required. Copies of official or unofficial scores must be submitted prior to enrolling in coursework as a non-degree seeking student.

Academic Policies and Procedures

Academic Calendar

The academic calendar for Ashford University online graduate programs is continuous, rather than defined by semester dates. Typically, students take one course at a time and move to the next course in the program sequence without a break. Opportunities to enroll in graduate studies and to begin a course sequence in a degree program are available frequently throughout the calendar year.

Most courses are six weeks long with an annual two-week Winter Break when courses are not scheduled. The Winter Break for 2013-2014 occurs from December 24, 2013 to January 6, 2014.

Technology Requirements

It is our intent to assist students and to prepare them for their coursework at Ashford University. Therefore, technology competencies and requirements have been established. These requirements are in effect for all Ashford University applicants and existing students and may be updated at any time.

Competencies

Students must possess the following online competencies:

  • Ability to access course and program material on the Web;
  • Ability to correspond with University staff, students, and faculty using email and the Web; and
  • Ability to use appropriate antivirus utilities so that files transmitted and received are virus free.

Minimally, students must have a computer with the following features and system configurations:

  • Platforms: Mac OS X 10.2 or higher or Windows XP or higher;
  • Hardware: 256 Mb RAM, CD-ROM, and 1 Gb free disk space;
  • Productivity Software: Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, and Excel 2003 or higher; Adobe Reader 8.0 or higher; 
    Adobe Flash 10 or higher (Constellation Users);
  • Web Browser: Firefox 3.0 or higher, Internet Explorer 8.0 or higher, Safari 3.0 or higher, or Chrome;
  • Networking: 56k dialup modem, DSL, or cable modem; and
  • Email: Outlook, Outlook Express, Mac Mail, Eudora, Entourage, or Yahoo/Hotmail/Gmail.

The following are recommended for optimal performance:

  • Productivity Software: Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, and Excel 2007 or higher;
  • Networking: Broadband internet connection (DSL, Cable, or other).
  • Constellation users: Windows Media Player 7.0 or higher, sound card and speakers

Please note certain courses may require the use of a microphone and/or webcam to record sound or video files.

Program Enrollment

Initial enrollment in Ashford University graduate programs is arranged through a University Admissions Counselor or University Advisor. New online students should contact an Admissions Counselor/University Advisor to register. It is the student’s responsibility to officially register for the program course of study. After initial enrollment, students will work with their Student Advisors to register, add courses, or change their course schedule. Any change in the original registration must be communicated to the student’s Student Advisor. Major changes in a student’s schedule may necessitate completion of a new Admissions Application and Enrollment Agreement.

Registration

Initial registration and student scheduling is a one-time process based upon the information provided to Ashford University in the admission application. The student’s initial schedule is based upon the student’s desired start date and program of study in conjunction with previous education. Initial registration occurs in consultation with an Admissions Counselor/University Advisor. Upon completion of initial registration, students have access to their individual course schedules and the dates of each course for which they are registered via the student portal.

Student schedules are adjusted by the student’s Student Advisor, in consultation with the student, to accommodate courses applied in transfer once the admission file is completed and the student receives full admission to the University. It is the student’s responsibility to review his or her schedule regularly through the student portal and to notify their Student Advisor to initiate any schedule changes.

Degree-Seeking Student Classifications

Class Level:

Students enrolled in graduate programs are classified as graduate-level students.

Enrollment Status:

Students who remain continuously enrolled in non-term-based programs are classified as full-time. Students who are on a break of up to 14 consecutive days or on an approved Academic Leave are still classified as full-time. Students who fail to return from a break or approved Academic Leaveas scheduled should refer to the Withdrawal from the University policies for information regarding determination of withdrawal date. The University may schedule breaks during which no courses are scheduled. When this occurs, such as during the annual winter break, the break will extend the 14 day limit to include the break. The annual winter break does not extend the 45 day limit for approved Academic Leaves that are greater than 14 days.

Repeating Courses

A maximum of two different courses with letter grades of F or WF may be repeated at the graduate level. Both courses remain on the transcript. There is no restriction on the number of courses with a grade of C or W that may be repeated at the master’s level so long as other requirements of satisfactory academic progress are met. The grade point average will be calculated based on the grade given in the second course. Exceptions to the limit on repeating courses must be approved by the Vice President of Academic Services, the University Registrar, or designee. Students who exceed the number of allowable F or WF grades will be academically dismissed from their program of study. Unsuccessful completion of the first course of a student’s program will result in the rescheduling of the course and revision of future course sequence.

Auditing of Courses

Ashford University does not allow graduate-level course auditing due to the accelerated nature of course offerings and the unique nature of the online classroom environment.

Graduate Programs Credit Maximum Policy

A maximum of 24 credits may be attempted per academic year. Students may appeal in writing to the Registrar’s Office for an increase to a maximum of 36 credits attempted per academic year.

Concurrent Course (Double Up) Registration Policy

  • Concurrent course registration may occur when the student is fully admitted and has completed his or her first two courses.
  • Student must meet Satisfactory Academic Progress requirements.
  • Payment of concurrent courses is not deferred and must be paid for in advance of the course start date.
  • Concurrent course registration cannot violate progression or prerequisite requirements.
  • At no time may a student attend more than two Ashford University courses concurrently in online modality.

Completion of Additional Specializations

Graduate students with a specialization component of their degree program may choose to complete more than one specialization. However each specialization must be comprised of unique courses or an approved substitution course.

Transfer Credit Policy

Students who have earned graduate-level course credits prior to matriculation at Ashford University may be eligible to transfer up to nine (9) credits toward an Ashford University graduate-level degree. Additional credits may be accepted when offered under an agreement approved by Ashford University up to a maximum of 15 credits. Once admitted and/or matriculated into an Ashford University Master’s program, students are not permitted to take coursework at other institutions and transfer it into Ashford University, unless offered in an approved program or agreement.

Graduate-level college credits completed are acceptable for transfer under the following conditions, unless offered in an approved program or under an agreement approved by Ashford University:

  • Credits should have been earned no more than ten (10) years before the date of admission to the degree program to which the credit is to be applied.
  • Graduate courses cannot have been used to satisfy the requirements for a previous graduate degree, including Ashford University courses.
  • The course must have been equivalent in content and level to the Ashford University course against which it is to be applied.
    • The course must have been a graduate-level course, taken for equivalent graduate-level credit at a regionally accredited college or university or Ashford University approved nationally accredited college.
    • Credits earned outside the United States must be evaluated by an approved Foreign Evaluation Agency for equivalency to both content and degree level of the Ashford University course.
    • Ashford University does not accept for graduate credit any credits earned as military credit, credit by examination, credit by correspondence, credit for life experience, or graduate credit from non-accredited schools.
  • Students must have earned a grade of “B” or better for any transfer course.
  • All capstone courses must be taken at Ashford University. Degree programs may determine that certain courses are not eligible for transfer of credit.
  • Official transcripts are required for transfer credit to be considered. In addition, students may be required to provide a copy of the catalog description and/or the course syllabus from the institution where the credit was awarded to validate that the course satisfies the transfer credit criteria.

Attendance Policy for Online Graduate Courses

Students taking online courses are expected to attend each week of the course. Attendance is defined as participating in an academic activity within the online classroom which includes posting in a graded discussion forum, submitting a written assignment or journal entry, or submitting a quiz or exam. Postings not related to graded discussion forums or written assignments or journal entries not related to the actual assignment may be reviewed and disqualified for attendance purposes. Attendance on the basis of submitting a quiz or exam is determined by submission status at the conclusion of the calendar day (11:59 pm Mountain Time)

Each instructional week begins on a Tuesday and concludes on the following Monday. A student is recorded either absent or present each day based on participation in an academic activity. All recorded time stamps for assignment submissions, discussion board posts, and attendance records will reflect Mountain Time Zone.

Students who do not attend at least once in any seven consecutive day period will be issued an attendance warning. Students who do not attend at least once in any 14 consecutive day period will be dropped from the course and administratively withdrawn from the University retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance. Students who attend on the first day following 14 consecutive days of non-attendance will not be dropped from their course or administratively withdrawn.

Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements. Students not meeting attendance requirements will be dropped from the course and administratively withdrawn from the University retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance. A student’s last date of attendance following successful completion of a course is the end date of that course. The University may schedule periods of non-enrollment during which no courses are scheduled. When this occurs, such as during the annual winter break, the non-enrollment period may extend the 14 day limit to include the break. No approved Academic Leave can exceed 45 days including University scheduled periods of non-enrollment.

Note: New students who do not meet attendance requirements for the first week of their first course or do not complete their first course, will be administratively withdrawn from the University and must work with their Admissions Counselor/University Advisor to reschedule their enrollment in the program.

Academic Participation

In addition to meeting attendance requirements, students attending online courses are expected to participate in their courses by actively engaging in weekly discussion forums with substantial posts and completing the required assignments for each week. A list of all assignments can be found within the course calendar in each online class and also by week in the weekly instructional units.

Failure to meet academic participation requirements may negatively impact an assignment and/or course grade. All recorded time stamps for assignment submissions, discussion board posts, and attendance records will reflect Mountain Time Zone.

Students who anticipate being absent for an entire week of a course should contact the instructor in advance and make arrangements to complete the required assignments. Acceptance of late work is at the discretion of the instructor and does not waive attendance requirements.

Academic Leave

Students who plan to take a break in attendance of greater than 14 days but no more than 30 days from their last date of attendance, who provide a written confirmation of their intent to return, will not be administratively withdrawn, provided they return as scheduled.

Written confirmations must be provided via the Academic Leave Request form in the Student Portal, and should be submitted within 14 days of the last date of attendance. Academic Leave Requests allow students to postpone the start date of their next scheduled course and maintain an active status with the University. To gain access to the Academic Leave Request form, students must speak with a Student Advisor. New students must complete their first course in order to be eligible for an Academic Leave.

Students who do not return on their scheduled return date or do not attend within the first seven days of the course they are scheduled for when returning from an approved Academic Leave will be administratively withdrawn. Please note that administrative withdrawal may occur at any point in a student’s enrollment when 14 consecutive days of non-attendance occur, whether within an active course or between the last date of attendance in a prior course and the first date of attendance in a subsequent course. Students who attend on the first day following 14 consecutive days of non-attendance will not be dropped from their course or administratively withdrawn.

Exceptions to submitting an Academic Leave Request through the Student Portal may be made in instances where extreme extenuating circumstances exist for students unable to access the Student Portal. Students must contact a Student Advisor for assistance with this exception.

If a student requires a break in attendance of greater than 30 days, the Student Advisor may escalate an exception approval to a Director or designee for an Academic Leave with a maximum allotment of 45 days out of attendance. Exceptions will be made on a case-by-case basis.

Course Drop

To drop from a course(s), a student must contact his or her assigned Admissions Counselor, University Advisor, Student Advisor, or other advisor within the Admissions or Student Services Departments. Students who officially drop from a course or courses during the add/drop period, which is before the conclusion of the first instructional week, will have that course removed from their academic transcripts.

Drop Deadlines:

  • 6-week course = Week 1

Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course after week 1 and have a Last Date of Attendance (LDA) in weeks 2 through 5 will receive a grade of “W” in the course. Students who officially drop or are administratively dropped from a course prior to the course end date and have an LDA in week 6 will receive a grade of “WF” in the course.

Consecutive Course Drops

Students only meeting attendance requirements in the first week of a course for three consecutively enrolled courses at Ashford University without earning credit will be administratively withdrawn for a period of no less than nine months from the student’s last date of attendance. Students who have been withdrawn may appeal this policy by contacting their Student Advisor. Students who have an approved appeal and do not successfully complete their next scheduled course will be withdrawn for a period of no less than nine months.

Withdrawal from the University

Students wishing to officially withdraw from Ashford University must notify their assigned Admissions Counselor, University Advisor, Student Advisor, or other advisor within the Admissions or Student Services Departments. Students choosing to notify their Student Advisors verbally of their intent to withdraw may be asked to fill out a written request to withdraw.

Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements. Students who drop a course or are dropped for not meeting attendance requirements and do not attend class within 14 days of their last date of attendance will be administratively withdrawn. Students who attend on the first day following 14 consecutive days of non-attendance will not be dropped from their course or administratively withdrawn. The University may schedule periods of non-enrollment during which no courses are scheduled. When this occurs, such as during the annual winter break, the break may extend the 14 day limit to include the break. No approved Academic Leave can exceed 45 days including University scheduled periods of non-enrollment.

The student must resolve any financial obligations to Ashford University before receiving an official transcript from the Office of the Registrar.

For information regarding the determination of withdrawal date, please see the Withdrawal from the University policy in the General Academic Information and Policies section in this Catalog.

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) Policy

We are dedicated to the academic success of our students. As such, the following policy outlines the academic requirements for Ashford University graduate programs and how they are measured to ensure that students are making satisfactory academic progress toward successful degree completion. This policy applies to all graduate-level coursework attempted at Ashford University, regardless of date attempted.

Academic and Financial Aid Warning, and Academic and Financial Aid Probation statuses provide an opportunity for students to improve academic performance and meet overall requirements for degree completion. Students placed on one of these statuses should meet with their Student Advisor to discuss course scheduling and to plan for remediation.

Please contact the Ashford University Registrar or Associate University Registrar with any questions concerning the requirements outlined in this policy. This policy applies to all coursework accepted and applied in transfer as well as attempted at Ashford University, as outlined in this policy, regardless of date attempted.

Graduate Non-Term-Based Program Measures

  • Week = 7 calendar days
  • Full Academic Year Definition = a minimum of 36 weeks of instructional time and 18 successfully earned credits that apply toward the student’s program of study.
  • A full Academic Year consists of 2 increments also referred to in this Academic Catalog as payment periods, financial aid payment periods and Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) increments.
    • The first payment period in the Academic Year ends when half of the credits and weeks required for a completed Academic Year have been successfully met.
    • The second payment period in the Academic Year ends when the requirements for a completed Academic Year have been successfully met.

Final Academic Year Exceptions:

  • For any remaining portion of a program that is half of an Academic Year or less, the remaining portion is treated as a single payment period.
  • For any remaining portion of a program that is more than half of an Academic Year but less than a full Academic Year, the remaining portion is divided into two payment periods and the first payment period is the period in which the student successfully completes half of the credits and half of the weeks of instructional time in the remaining portion.

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) is evaluated at the end of each payment period.

Full-Time Enrollment = Students who remain continuously enrolled, including breaks of 14 days or less, in non-term-based programs are classified as full-time. The University may schedule periods of non-enrollment during which no courses are scheduled. When this occurs, such as during the annual winter break, the non-enrollment period may extend the 14 day limit to include the break.

Satisfactory Academic Progress Standards

Graduate students must meet the following minimum qualitative and quantitative requirements to make satisfactory academic progress:

  • Cumulative GPA in Ashford University coursework for all graduate students = 3.00
  • Cumulative GPA includes all graduate-level coursework attempted at Ashford University, excluding grades of Pass, I, or W. Only the later grade is counted in the cumulative GPA when a course is repeated.
  • Successful Completion Rate = 67% or 2/3 of all attempted credits. Attempted graduate-level credits are all Ashford University course attempts recorded on the academic transcript, including repeated courses, withdrawals, and incompletes as well as transfer credits that apply toward the student’s current degree program. Grades that count negatively against successful completion rates include I, W, WF, and F.
  • Successful completion of all program requirements must be accomplished within 150% of the normal length of the program as measured in credits attempted toward the program. Credits accepted in transfer toward the program are included as attempted and earned credits in determining the maximum timeframe.
  • Repeated courses count negatively against successful completion rates.

If at any point during the program, the institution determines that the student will not be able to successfully complete all program requirements at the conclusion of 150% of the normal length of a program as measured in credits, he or she will be dismissed from the University.

Satisfactory Academic Progress Review and Evaluation

Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP) is reviewed at regular SAP increments. Students are evaluated against both qualitative and quantitative standards at the conclusion of a SAP increment. After each evaluation, students who do not meet SAP standards will be notified in writing. Students who have an outstanding incomplete grade at the time of SAP review may not be allowed to continue until the incomplete grade is successfully completed.

SAP increments will be adjusted to coincide with the payment period. Please note any of the following activities may have an impact on the student’s payment period which will result in a SAP review that may not be congruent with the standard SAP increment:

  • Changing program of study;
  • Returning to the University after being officially or unofficially withdrawn;
  • Repeating coursework in which a passing grade was earned;
  • Returning after being out of attendance over 180 days;
  • Completing courses which do not apply to the student’s program of study; and/or
  • Taking courses concurrently.

Additionally, if it is determined that the SAP review did not align with the Financial Aid Payment Period, SAP will be reevaluated to coincide with the Financial Aid Payment Period and could affect the outcome of a previous SAP review.

Academic and Financial Aid Warning

Students who do not meet the minimum requirements for making satisfactory academic progress at the time of evaluation are initially placed on Academic and Financial Aid Warning for the following SAP increment.

Students are given up to one SAP increment to meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress. All coursework earned after the period during which the student did not meet satisfactory academic progress is counted as a part of the Academic and Financial Aid Warning period. Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid are eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on Academic and Financial Aid Warning. Students may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation requirements. These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds.

At the conclusion of the Academic and Financial Aid Warning period, students who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress will be dismissed from the University. Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. Dismissed students should refer to the Appeal of Academic Dismissal policy in this section of this Catalog.

Academic and Financial Aid Probation

Students who have been granted an appeal for readmission after dismissal following a period of Academic and Financial Aid Warning, are placed on Academic and Financial Aid Probation for the following payment period.

Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid are eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on Academic and Financial Aid Probation. Students may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation requirements. These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds.

At the conclusion of the Academic and Financial Aid Probation period, students who do not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress will be dismissed from the University. Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. Dismissed students should refer to the Appeal of Academic Dismissal policy in this section of this Catalog.

Probation-Academic Plan

Students who are approved by the Appeals Committee for re-admission after dismissal following a period of Academic and Financial Aid Probation, after a period on Probation-Academic Plan or after dismissal due to exceeding the maximum time frame are placed on Probation-Academic Plan and are required to meet specific academic requirements outlined in writing in an academic plan from the Registrar’s Office. Students are provided with an academic plan to assist the student in meeting regular SAP requirements within a specific period of time. Students may be limited in the number of courses for which they are scheduled while on Probation-Academic Plan. It is the student’s responsibility to adhere to the academic plan.

Students who are otherwise eligible to receive Title IV financial aid are eligible to receive Title IV financial aid while on Probation-Academic Plan. Students may be required to re-take coursework previously completed in order to increase the likelihood of successfully meeting satisfactory academic progress and/or graduation requirements. These requirements may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds.

Students will be placed on Probation–Academic Plan for the first payment period/SAP increment while on the academic plan. Students on Probation-Academic Plan are reviewed against the progression requirements outlined in the academic plan. Students who are not meeting plan requirements at the time of review will be dismissed from the University. Dismissed students are not eligible to receive Title IV financial aid. Dismissed students should refer to the Appeal of Academic Dismissal policy in this section of this Catalog.

Appeal of Academic Dismissal

Students who have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements may appeal to be re-admitted to the University. Students must appeal in writing to the University Registrar. The appeal must be submitted to academic.progress@ashford.edu or electronically via the online SAP Appeal Form and approved prior to enrollment in any future courses. Additionally, the student’s appeal letter must include:

  • a reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date, which includes mitigating circumstances such as student injury/illness, death of a student’s family member, or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student;
  • compelling evidence that they have the ability to demonstrate satisfactory academic progress and to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of graduate-level credits during the period of absence; and
  • a plan for completion of the coursework required to meet satisfactory academic progress during the following payment period.

Appeals are evaluated by an Appeals Committee made up of the University Registrar or designee, and representative from Academic Affairs. The decision of the Committee will be communicated in writing to the student by the Registrar’s Office.

The passage of time does not substantiate eligibility for readmission or appeal for readmission, however, students who have experienced mitigating circumstances and have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements and have been denied re-admission after an appeal, may submit another appeal to be readmitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last appeal. The appeal must meet the criteria outlined previously and the student must present compelling evidence that they have the ability to demonstrate satisfactory academic progress and to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of graduate level credits since the last appeal was submitted.

SMART Track Program

Students enrolled in an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program may be eligible to enroll in up to six (6) credits of graduate-level coursework (or nine (9) applicable credits for the MBA or MPA programs) toward their Bachelor’s degree and accelerate completion of a Master’s degree with Ashford University. Please see the SMART Track Program Requirements in the Online Undergraduate Programs section of this Catalog for more information.

Forbes School of Business: Graduate Programs and Requirements

Master of Arts in Organizational Management

(Online Modality)

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Organizational Management is designed to develop professional competence in a world of rapid and global change. This degree develops advanced skills in dealing with the complex problems organizations and individuals face in today’s marketplace. Courses in organizational change, marketing, decision making, strategic thinking, and innovation cultivate the landscape for building an organizational culture that embraces quality and diversity. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/omom.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Organizational Management graduates will be able to:

  1. Evaluate the role of management practice in organizations and the managerial processes to effectively implement an organizational communication plan;
  2. Analyze common behavioral factors that are present in organizations;
  3. Analyze the factors that shape the legal environment of an organization;
  4. Develop processes and policies to manage human capital in organizations;
  5. Evaluate the importance of ethics and corporate social responsibility; and
  6. Develop a framework of analysis for strategic planning. 

Core Requirements (24 credits)

  • BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits)
  • MGT 601 The Functions of Modern Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits)
  • BUS 670 Legal Environment (3 credits)
  • OMM 615 Strategies: Marketing/Advertising/Public Relations (3 credits)
  • OMM 618 Human Resources Management (3 credits)
  • OMM 622 Financial Decision-making (3 credits)
  • OMM 640 Business Ethics & Social Responsibility (3 credits) 

Specialization Requirements (9 credits)

Standard Specialization

  • OMM 612 Managing in Social Change (3 credits)
  • BUS 644 Operations Management (3 credits)
  • OMM 692 Organizational Management Strategy (3 credits) 

Global Management Specialization

  • BUS 616 International Business (3 credits)
  • BUS 606 Global Comparative Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 693 Global Business Strategy (3 credits)

Health Care Administration Specialization

  • MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits)
  • MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care (3 credits)
  • MHA 690 Health Care Capstone (3 credits)

Human Resources Management Specialization

  • BUS 680 Training & Development (3 credits)
  • BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits (3 credits)
  • BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management (3 credits)

Organizational Leadership Specialization

  • BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)
  • BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change (3 credits)
  • BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)

Project Management Specialization

  • BUS 611 Project Planning & Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement (3 credits)
  • BUS 697 Project Management Strategy (3 credits)

Public Administration Specialization

  • PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits)
  • PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits)
  • PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits)

Supply Chain Management Specialization

  • BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 632 Advanced Logistics (3 credits)
  • BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Organizational Management degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 33 credits; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Organizational Management.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Business Administration

(Online Modality)

Degree Focus

The Master of Business Administration (MBA) program provides a comprehensive learning experience in key areas of business administration. The program emphasizes the interrelationships among the various functional business disciplines and provides a strong foundation in the skills appropriate to analytical management. Students may select one of several specializations to focus study areas. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/omba.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Master of Business Administration graduates will be able to:

  1. Solve managerial problems using critical thinking skills and quantitative analysis;
  2. Evaluate the moral and ethical principles practiced in the organizational setting;
  3. Analyze the use of managerial and leadership skills used to develop productive teams;
  4. Evaluate the influence of internal and external forces within organizations;
  5. Research business information to support the decision making process;
  6. Assess internal and external communication practices used in business; and 
  7. Analyze business opportunities and challenges from a global perspective.

Program-Specific Requirements

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis.

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research.

Core Requirements (33 credits)

  • BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits)
  • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits)
  • BUS 620 Managerial Marketing (3 credits)
  • BUS 670 Legal Environment (3 credits)
  • *MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research (3 credits)
  • *BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis (3 credits)
  • BUS 642 Business Research Methods & Tools (3 credits)
  • BUS 630 Managerial Accounting (3 credits)
  • BUS 640 Managerial Economics (3 credits)
  • BUS 650 Managerial Finance (3 credits)
  • BUS 644 Operations Management (3 credits)

*Students who waive MAT 540 and BUS 591 are required to take 36 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements.

Specialization Requirements (9 credits)

Standard Specialization

  • BUS 616 International Business (3 credits)
  • INF 620 Management of Information Systems (3 credits)
  • BUS 690 Business Strategy (3 credits)

Business Economics Specialization

  • BUS 668 Macroeconomics of Financial Markets (3 credits)
  • BUS 669 Managerial Economic Analysis (3 credits)
  • BUS 689 Market Structure & Firm Strategy (3 credits)

Entrepreneurship Specialization

  • BUS 604 New Business Venture Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 605 Venture Capital & Private Equity (3 credits)
  • BUS 696 Strategic Thinking for Entrepreneurs (3 credits)

Environmental Management Specialization

  • BUS 665 Environmental Law & Compliance (3 credits)
  • BUS 667 Energy, Environment & Economics (3 credits)
  • BUS 688 Business Strategy: The Sustainable Enterprise (3 credits)

Finance Specialization

  • BUS 655 Financial Investment Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 657 Corporate Managerial Finance (3 credits)
  • BUS 694 Finance Capstone Seminar (3 credits)

Global Management Specialization

  • BUS 616 International Business (3 credits)
  • BUS 606 Global Comparative Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 693 Global Business Strategy (3 credits)

Health Care Administration Specialization

  • MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits)
  • MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care (3 credits)
  • MHA 690 Health Care Capstone (3 credits)

Human Resources Management Specialization

  • BUS 680 Training & Development (3 credits)
  • BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits (3 credits)
  • BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management (3 credits)

Information Systems Specialization

  • INF 620 Management of Information Systems (3 credits)
  • INF 630 Systems Analysis (3 credits)
  • INF 690 ISS Capstone Seminar (3 credits)

Marketing Specialization

  • MKT 625 Consumer Behavior (3 credits)
  • MKT 635 Market Research (3 credits)
  • BUS 695 Marketing Capstone Seminar (3 credits)

Organizational Leadership Specialization

  • BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)
  • BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change (3 credits)
  • BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)

Project Management Specialization

  • BUS 611 Project Planning & Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement (3 credits)
  • BUS 697 Project Management Strategy (3 credits)

Public Administration Specialization

  • PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits)
  • PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits)
  • PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits)

Supply Chain Management Specialization

  • BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management (3 credits)
  • BUS 632 Advanced Logistics (3 credits)
  • BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Business Administration degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 42 credits; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Business Administration.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Public Administration

(Online Modality)

Degree Focus

The Master of Public Administration is designed for students with a baccalaureate degree in any academic discipline who seek careers in government management at the federal, state, or local level and in non-profit management. Graduates increase interpersonal and management skills while gaining a wide range of proficiencies in financial management, budgeting, quantitative methods, urban planning/redevelopment, and personnel management. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/ompa.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Master of Public Administration graduates will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate critical thinking skills relevant to public administration contexts;
  2. Apply management theory to the practice of public administration;
  3. Evaluate the impact of political influences on the public sector decision-making process;
  4. Analyze the needs of various stakeholders in the development of public policy;
  5. Assess the effectiveness of public administration strategies for dealing with urban planning and redevelopment;
  6. Evaluate public administration trends and strategies for financing government operations; and
  7. Assess the role and function of public administration in today’s multicultural environment.

Program-Specific Requirements

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles.

Course Requirements (36 credits)

  • BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits)
  • BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits)
  • OMM 618 Human Resources Management (3 credits)
  • OMM 640 Business Ethics & Social Responsibility (3 credits)
  • BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)
  • *BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles (3 credits)
  • PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits)
  • PPA 602 Public Financial Management (3 credits)
  • PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits)
  • PPA 604 Urban Planning/Redevelopment (3 credits)
  • PPA 605 Negotiation, Bargaining & Conflict Management (3 credits)
  • PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits)

*Students who waive BUS 599 are required to take 33 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements.

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Public Administration degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 36 credits; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Public Administration.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

College of Education: Graduate Programs and Requirements

Master of Arts in Education

(Online Modality)

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Education is designed to present foundational perspectives in education as well as build expertise by emphasizing various specializations. Its core courses are aligned to program outcomes that define the knowledge, skills, and dispositions that are essential for providing effective and innovative instruction to diverse student populations. Its specializations are comprised of courses students can select based on their personal area of interest and expertise in education. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/omed.

Certification and Licensure Terms and Conditions: This program is not CAEP*, TEAC or NCATE accredited, which is a requirement for certification in some states, and successful completion of the Master of Arts in Education program by itself does not lead to certification or licensure in any state. Other factors, such as a student’s criminal history, may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure or employment in this field of study. All prospective students are advised to visit the Education Resource Organizations Directory (EROD) and to contact the licensing body of the state where they are licensed or intend to obtain licensure to verify that these courses qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits in that state prior to enrolling. Prospective students are also advised to regularly review the state’s policies and procedures relating to licensure as those policies are subject to change.

* The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) is the resulting entity from the merger of the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC) and National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

Alabama Students: Contact the Teacher Education and Certification Division of the Alabama State Department of Education at 334-353-8567 or www.alsde.edu to verify that these programs qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits.

Kentucky Residents: Please be advised that although Ashford University College of Education offers a variety of programs aimed at preparing potential educators in diverse settings, our K-12 educator preparation programs are NOT accredited in Kentucky by the Education Professional Standards Board and are NOT recognized for initial, additional, or renewal of certification or salary enhancement (rank change) for K-12 educators in Kentucky. For more information, please visit the Education Professional Standards Board’s website at http://www.epsb.ky.gov/certification/outofstate.asp.

Washington Residents: Teachers are advised to contact their individual school districts as to whether this program may qualify for salary advancement.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Education graduates will be able to:

  1. Analyze basic and educational needs of diverse learners within the context of a community;
  2. Identify and apply components of differentiated instruction within the classroom in delivering core content to multiple learning needs;
  3. Analyze and implement assessment strategies for the educational setting and program improvement;
  4. Implement research principles in the design and delivery of instruction to meet the needs of diverse learners;
  5. Demonstrate knowledge of designing effective curriculum and instructional processes within the educational setting;
  6. Apply leadership principles in advancing classroom practices for diverse learning needs within the profession; and
  7. Demonstrate reflective and critical analyses of curriculum and instructional delivery models in meeting the needs of diverse learners.

Core Requirements (24 credits)

  • EDU 650 Teaching, Learning and Leading in the 21st Century (3 credits)
  • EDU 639 Human Relationships & Learning in the Multicultural Environment (3 credits)     Prerequisite: EDU 650
  • EDU 673 Instructional Strategies for Differentiated Teaching & Learning (3 credits)          Prerequisite: EDU 650
  • EDU 645 Learning & Assessment for the 21st Century (3 credits)      Prerequisite: EDU 673
  • EDU 620 Meeting Individual Student Needs with Technology (3 credits)     Prerequisite: EDU 673
  • EDU 671 Fundamentals of Educational Research (3 credits)    Prerequisite: EDU 620
  • EDU 675 Change Leadership for the Differentiated Educational Environment (3 credits)   Prerequisite: EDU 671
  • EDU 695 MAED Capstone (3 credits)   Prerequisite: EDU 675

Specialization Requirements (12-15 credits)

Assessment and Measurement Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 660 Tests & Measurements (3 credits)
  • EDU 661 Data Analyses & Decision-Making (3 credits)
  • EDU 663 Assessment & Public Policy (3 credits)
  • EDU 665 Performance Assessments (3 credits)

Child Development Specialization (12 credits)

  • ECE 630 Language, Physical & Social Development in Young Children (3 credits)
  • ECE 653 Cognitive Development of Infants & Young Children (3 credits)
  • ECE 654 Assessment & Intervention in Early Childhood (3 credits)
  • ECE 605 Children & Families in a Diverse Society (3 credits)

Culturally Responsive Education Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 627 Culturally Responsive Learning Environments (3 credits)
  • EDU 647 Families, Communities & Diversity (3 credits)
  • EDU 637 Planning, Implementing & Assessing Instruction for Diverse Learners (3 credits)
  • EDU 638 Intercultural Communications & Global Learning (3 credits)

Curriculum and Instruction Specialization (15 credits)

  • EDU 674 Foundations & Trends in Curriculum & Instruction (3 credits)
  • EDU 615 Leading the Change Process in Curriculum & Instruction (3 credits)
  • EDU 676 Curriculum & Instruction Design for Increased Achievement (3 credits)
  • EDU 677 Monitoring & Evaluating Curriculum & Instruction through Systems Thinking (3 credits)
  • EDU 678 Seminar in Curriculum & Instruction for Diverse Needs (3 credits)

Distance Learning Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 648 Teaching & Learning with Technology (3 credits)
  • EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery (3 credits)
  • EDU 655 Trends & Issues in Instructional Design & Technology for Online Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 656 Technology Solutions for Just in Time Training & Learning (3 credits)

Early Childhood Education Specialization (12 credits)

  • ECE 601 Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3 credits)
  • ECE 611 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods (3 credits)
  • ECE 612 Administration of Early Childhood Education (3 credits)
  • ECE 625 Family & Community Engagement (3 credits)

Education and Public Policy Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 633 Educational Policy Formation (3 credits)
  • EDU 631 Politics, Policy-Making & Political Action in Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 663 Assessment & Public Policy (3 credits)
  • OMM 625 Learning Organizations & Effectiveness (3 credits)

Educational Technology Leadership Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 649 Technologies for Teaching & Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery (3 credits)
  • EDU 658 Instructional Leadership (3 credits)
  • EDU 677 Monitoring & Evaluating Curriculum & Instruction through Systems Thinking (3 credits)

English Language Learners Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 629 Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners (3 credits)
  • EDU 642 Understanding & Teaching English Language (3 credits)
  • EDU 643 Methods, Materials & Technology for Learning a Second Language (3 credits)
  • EDU 659 Testing & Assessment for English Language Learners (3 credits)

Family and Community Services Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 617 School, Family & Community Partnerships (3 credits)
  • EDU 635 Community & Youth Development (3 credits)
  • EDU 644 Child & Family Welfare (3 credits)
  • EDU 647 Families, Community & Diversity (3 credits)

Higher Education Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 657 History & Philosophy of American Higher Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 662 Curriculum & Assessment in Higher Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 653 Teaching in Higher Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 654 Student Development in Higher Education (3 credits)

Library and Media Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 605 School Media Center (3 credits)
  • EDU 607 Information Literacy in the 21st Century (3 credits)
  • EDU 608 Children’s & Young Adult Literature (3 credits)
  • EDU 658 Instructional Leadership (3 credits)

Mathematics Instruction Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 603 Mathematical Thinking for Teachers (3 credits)
  • EDU 619 Technology for Mathematics Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 646 Algebra Instruction for Elementary & Middle School Teachers (3 credits)
  • EDU 664 Teaching Mathematics & Science through Literature (3 credits)

Reading Literacy Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 667 Reading Instruction & Early Intervention (3 credits)
  • EDU 668 Reading Comprehension Across the Curriculum (3 credits)
  • EDU 608 Children’s & Young Adult Literature (3 credits)
  • EDU 669 The Reading, Writing Connection (3 credits)

School Leadership in the 21st Century (12 credits)

  • EDU 684 Shared Vision of Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 687 Building a Learning-Centered Culture (3 credits)
  • EDU 688 Organizational Management for Student Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 689 Personal Ethics & Leadership Capacity (3 credits)

Special Education Specialization (12 credits)

  • ESE 631 Survey of the Exceptional Child (3 credits)
  • ESE 697 Characteristics of Students with Mild & Moderate Disabilities & Evidenced-Based Strategies for Instruction (3 credits)
  • ESE 691 Behavior Management in the Classroom (3 credits)
  • ESE 633 Collaborative Relationships & Transition (3 credits)

Teacher Leader Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 686 Educational Policy & Administration (3 credits)
  • EDU 658 Instructional Leadership (3 credits)
  • EDU 615 Leading the Change Process in Curriculum & Instruction (3 credits)
  • EDU 677 Monitoring & Evaluating Curriculum & Instruction through Systems Thinking (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Education degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 36 credits*; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Education.

*Students enrolled in the Curriculum and Instruction specialization are required to complete 39 total program credits.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology

(Online Modality)

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology promotes the knowledge, skills, and behaviors necessary for educational practitioners to incorporate technology, tools, and instructional systems in a variety of learning environments. This Master’s degree program prepares teachers and corporate trainers for rewarding careers as professional educators with the technological skills necessary to meet the ever changing needs of students and trainees. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/omtlt.

Certification and Licensure Terms and Conditions: This program is not CAEP*, TEAC or NCATE accredited, which is a requirement for certification in some states, and successful completion of the Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology program by itself does not lead to certification or licensure in any state. Other factors, such as a student’s criminal history, may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure or employment in this field of study. All prospective students are advised to visit the Education Resource Organizations Directory (EROD) and to contact the licensing body of the state where they are licensed or intend to obtain licensure to verify that these courses qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits in that state prior to enrolling. Prospective students are also advised to regularly review the state’s policies and procedures relating to licensure as those policies are subject to change.

* The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) is the resulting entity from the merger of the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC) and National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

Alabama Students: Contact the Teacher Education and Certification Division of the Alabama State Department of Education at 334-353-8567 or www.alsde.edu to verify that these programs qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits.

Kentucky Residents: Please be advised that although Ashford University College of Education offers a variety of programs aimed at preparing potential educators in diverse settings, our K-12 educator preparation programs are NOT accredited in Kentucky by the Education Professional Standards Board and are NOT recognized for initial, additional, or renewal of certification or salary enhancement (rank change) for K-12 educators in Kentucky. For more information, please visit the Education Professional Standards Board’s website at http://www.epsb.ky.gov/certification/outofstate.asp.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology graduates will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate knowledge and skills related to learning using technology;
  2. Demonstrate knowledge and skills in current and emerging instructional technologies;
  3. Design learning opportunities that apply technology-enhanced instructional strategies to support the needs of all learners;
  4. Apply research to support learning in a technology-enhanced environment;
  5. Exemplify ethical practices of technology usage;
  6. Evaluate technology resources to facilitate effective assessment and evaluation;
  7. Utilize technology to collect and analyze data, interpret results, and communicate findings; and
  8. Demonstrate the ability to make informed decisions regarding the use of technology in support of learning and leadership.

Note: Program outcomes for the Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology have been adopted from the NETS*T standards (National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers) that serve as nationally recognized professional standards.

Core Requirements (15 credits)

  • EDU 648 Teaching & Learning with Technology (3 credits)  
  • EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery (3 credits)
  • EDU 671 Fundamentals of Educational Research (3 credits)       Prerequisite: EDU 652
  • EDU 658 Instructional Leadership (3 credits)
  • EDU 697 MATLT Capstone: A Project Approach (3 credits)

Specialization Requirements (15 credits)

Standard Specialization

  • EDU 655 Trends & Issues in Instructional Design & Technology for Online Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 656 Technology Solutions for Just in Time Training & Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 618 Assessment of Learning Outcomes with Technology (3 credits)
  • EDU 651 Collaboration & Learning in a Virtual Environment (3 credits)
  • EDU 649 Technologies for Teaching & Learning (3 credits)

Online Educator Specialization

  • EDU 600 Introduction to Online Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 601 Promoting Student Success in the Online Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 602 Assessing Knowledge and Skills in the Online Learning Environment (3 credits)
  • EDU 609 Online Teaching Internship (3 credits)
  • EDU 651 Collaboration & Learning in a Virtual Environment (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 30 credits; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

College of Health, Human Services, and Science: Graduate Programs and Requirements

Master of Arts in Health Care Administration

(Online Modality)

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Health Care Administration prepares graduates to assume leadership and management positions in health care organizations. The program incorporates integration and application of health care theories and concepts across the domains of organizational health care. Topics addressed throughout the program are: management finance, accounting, economics, administrative leadership, quality improvement, risk management, health policy, law, ethics, strategic planning, information systems, statistical reasoning, and human resources. For more information about on-time completion rates, the median loan debt of students who completed this program, and other important information, please visit www.ashford.edu/pd/omhca.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Health Care Administration graduates will be able to:

  1. Apply health care financial and accounting concepts in organizational decision making;
  2. Apply principles of leadership in the developing of strategic goals, achieving organizational outcomes, and modeling professional values;
  3. Formulate health care decisions consistent with legal and ethical standards;
  4. Utilize health care information technology and statistical reasoning in organizational planning and decision-making;
  5. Demonstrate sensitivity to diversity in the health care setting;
  6. Evaluate health care outcomes using quality improvement and risk standards;
  7. Apply health care economic perspectives in the interpretation of health policy;
  8. Apply problem-solving approaches in the resolution of health care issues; and
  9. Communicate the responsibility of a health care professional remaining current in their professional knowledge.

Course Requirements (36 credits)

  • MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits)
  • MHA 622 Health Care Ethics & Law (3 credits)
  • MHA 620 Health Policy Analyses (3 credits)
  • MHA 614 Policy Formation & Leadership in Health Organizations (3 credits)
  • MHA 616 Health Care Management Information Systems (3 credits)
  • *MHA 610 Introduction to BioStatistics (3 credits)
  • MHA 612 Financial & Managerial Accounting (3 credits)
  • MHA 618 Health Economics (3 credits)
  • MHA 624 Continuous Quality Improvements & Risk Management (3 credits)
  • MHA 628 Managed Care & Contractual Services (3 credits)
  • MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care (3 credits)
  • MHA 690 Health Care Capstone (3 credits)

*This course uses software that is not Mac OS compatible. Access to a Windows PC or a Windows-based platform is required.

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Health Care Administration degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 36 credits; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Health Care Administration.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.