Title
Ashford University Catalog

Course Descriptions A-G

Course Descriptions

Not all courses are offered in all modalities or with the same frequency. Please reference the academic programs sections of this Catalog to find a list of courses offered and/or required in each degree program. Course prerequisites may also be listed in the individual program sections.

Course descriptions that reference “successful completion” of a prerequisite course assume the student will have earned a grade of “C-” or higher, unless otherwise noted in the program requirements. Term offerings are subject to change.

Course Numbering System

While many courses cross lines between class levels, the following offers a general correlation between course numbers and grade levels:

                    Grade Level                          Course Number Range

                    Lower Division                        100–299
                    Upper Division                        300–499
                    Graduate Level                       500–699

Ashford University awards semester credit hours.

ABS Applied Behavioral Science

ABS 200 Introduction to Applied Behavioral Science

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction and overview of the application and use of applied behavioral science. Basic terms and definitions are reviewed, and students are introduced to the varied components of applied behavioral science. Topics covered include definition of the field, sub-specialties, and real world applications, and aspects of the field.

ABS 300 Psychological Assessment

3 Credits

This course will survey instruments of psychometric assessment that are frequently used in education and clinical practice. Fundamental theory and research pertaining to the quantitative measurement of human traits will be reviewed. Psychometric instruments will include standardized neuropsychological tests, intelligence tests, and personality tests. Strengths and limitations of these instruments will be carefully examined. Prerequisite: PSY 101.

ABS 310 Research Methods & Statistics I

3 Credits

Research Methods and Statistics I is the first of a two-course sequence that integrates statistical and research design methodologies with the goal of offering useful applications to real-life settings. The course introduces students to the basics of research design and data organization.

ABS 311 Research Methods & Statistics II

3 Credits

Research Methods and Statistics I is the first of a two-course sequence that integrates statistical and research design methodologies with the goal of offering useful applications to real-life settings. The course introduces students to the basics of research design and data organization.

ABS 415 Leadership & Ethics in a Changing World

3 Credits

This course examines leadership and ethics from a broad perspective, and includes an overview of key leadership theories. Students explore leadership characteristics and values as applied to ethical decision-making, and challenges, as well as in regard to their own lives. Also included is an exploration of future leadership trends in a dynamic evolving world.

ABS 417 Community Organizing & Development

3 Credits

This course examines methods, techniques, and theories involved in working with people to solve problems in community-based settings.

ABS 497 Applied Behavioral Sciences Capstone

3 Credits

This course provides the opportunity for the synthesis and application of content learned throughout the degree program. Students complete a project that demonstrates application of concepts presented throughout the degree coursework. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

ACC Accounting

ACC 201 Principles of Financial Accounting

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to financial accounting for non-accounting business majors. Emphasis is on accrual accounting procedures and the development and use of financial statements.

ACC 202 Principles of Managerial Accounting

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to managerial and cost accounting concepts for the non-accounting business major. Emphasis is placed on managerial planning and control, cost behaviors, budgeting, and performance analysis.

ACC 205 Principles of Accounting I

3 Credits

Introduction to the principles and procedures of general financial accounting with an emphasis on reporting to individuals outside the organization. Development of accounting reports on an accrual basis. Offered online and on-campus.

ACC 206 Principles of Accounting II

3 Credits

Primarily covers the principles of managerial accounting. Emphasis on reporting to individuals inside the organization. Major concepts include job order costing, process costing, budgets and standards, and statement analysis. Prerequisite: ACC 205.

ACC 208 Accounting for Managers

3 Credits

This course is designed to explain how data can be interpreted and used by managers in making decisions. Additionally, this course introduces the student to the analysis and interpretation of financial reports.

ACC 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals

3 Credits

This course is designed as an applied managerial and financial accounting course, designed to provide health care decision-makers with fundamental concepts of health care accounting practices and procedures. Prerequisites: Successful completion of Quantitative Reasoning core competency and Digital Literacy competency (Crosslisted as HCA 281.)

ACC 305 Intermediate Accounting I

3 Credits

Covers the corporate balance sheet and its related problems. Balance sheet items examined in detail explaining the theory behind various methods of application to accounts: cash, temporary investments, receivables, inventories, plant and intangible assets, and long-term investments. Prerequisite: ACC 206.

ACC 306 Intermediate Accounting II

3 Credits

A continuation of ACC 305. Covers the rest of the balance sheet: current liabilities, long-term liabilities, leases, pensions, and contributed capital retained earnings. Other topics include non-operating income, earnings per share, statement of changes in financial position, and impact of changing prices. Prerequisite: ACC 305.

ACC 308 Accounting Information Systems

3 Credits

This course serves to advance the knowledge of computerized accounting for service and merchandising businesses, the underlying differences between manual and computerized accounting, and build students’ understanding of the accounting cycle and business processes including bookkeeping, invoicing, billing, and business trends.

ACC 401 Federal Income Taxes I

3 Credits

A study of federal income tax laws and their application to individuals, partnerships, and corporations. Prerequisite: ACC 205.

ACC 407 Advanced Accounting

3 Credits

Primarily a course dealing with combined business entities. Topics include mergers, acquisitions and combinations, consolidated financial statements, intercompany profit, changes in equity, international operations, and partnerships. Prerequisite: ACC 306 and ACC 310.

ACC 410 Auditing

3 Credits

Principles, procedures, and standards of public accounting. Emphasis on auditor’s working papers and submission of audit statements. Prerequisites: ACC 306 and ACC 310 and successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

ACC 610 Advanced Federal Taxation

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to federal taxation for entities other than individuals. Topics include structure, regulations, administration and compliance of federal taxation in the US from the perspective of corporations, partnerships, S corporations, trusts and estates.

ACC 611 Advanced Tax Research

3 Credits

This course is designed with an emphasis on developing research skills related to complex tax issues. The focus is on interpretation of tax law and finding support for various positions on difficult tax issues related to a variety of business, personal and estate tax issues.

ACC 612 Advanced Financial Accounting

3 Credits

This course expands on the basic financial reporting concept with a focus on business combination reporting for corporations and partnerships, foreign currency transaction reporting and financial statement translation, and financial statement note disclosure.

ACC 614 Auditing & Fraud Detection

3 Credits

This course will cover the components of the auditing process with a strong emphasis on planning, risk assessment and gathering audit evidence. The course will provide a foundation in the fundamentals of assurance, attestation and auditing.

ACC 615 Current Issues in Advanced Taxation

3 Credits

This course is designed to focus on selected taxation issues relevant to today’s economic climate. Topics will vary based on changing tax law and current political climate with an emphasis on interpretation of new tax regulations and pronouncements.

ACC 616 Forensic Accounting

3 Credits

This course will cover the basic concepts of forensic accounting including identifying, detecting, and preventing fraud. There will be an emphasis on investigating documentary evidence, interviewing witnesses and potential suspects, writing investigative reports and testifying to findings.

ACC 617 Current Issues in Advanced Auditing

3 Credits

This course will examine current and advanced issues affecting the auditing profession. Topics will include the study of audit risk, corporate governance, audit planning and execution, special reports and assurance engagements.

ACC 618 Professional Ethics for the Accountant

3 Credits

This course will provide an understanding of the ethics and code of professional conduct provided by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). In addition, ethic guidelines and codes of conduct endorsed by other professional accounting organizations such as the Institute of Managerial Accountants will be introduced.

ACC 622 Accounting Information Systems

3 Credits

This course will include a review of accounting information systems application controls and internal control. Topics include hardware and software concepts, application internal controls, internal control procedures, integrated audit software, generalized general ledger software, Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) internal control requirements and required company and audit documentation.

ACC 623 Advanced Topics in Excel & Access

3 Credits

This course utilizes the Microsoft Access database management system and Excel spreadsheet tools to build the accounting system elements for each of the four main transaction cycles: revenue, purchase, payroll, and production. Access topics include creating and maintaining tables; designing, maintaining and querying a database; creating forms and reports; and using VBA procedures on a database. Excel topics include the use of functions and formulas of Excel with emphasis on accounting as a financial analysis tool.

ACC 624 Current Issues in Accounting Information Systems

3 Credits

This advanced course provides an in-depth study of Accounting Information System concepts including business intelligence solutions, computerized accounting, enterprise resource planning, information technology strategy, data integrity, security techniques, user interface design, and internal controls. Emphasis is placed on understanding how accounting information systems can ensure the accuracy and reliability of financial information and aid in the decision-making process of an organization.

ACC 626 Accounting in a Global Environment

3 Credits

This course will include the study of an entity reported as either a multinational company or an entity whose reporting obligations to stakeholders are located in a country other than that of the reporting entity. Conceptual and practical applications of accounting are investigated from a global perspective. Special emphasis is placed on managing multinational enterprises with respect to how accounting applies to global strategies and the key accounting issues that influence multinational decision making. In addition, a detailed investigation on the convergence of U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are covered in this course. Also discussed are the effects of financial reporting, international taxation, and international financial statement analysis on a multinational reporting entity.

ACC 630 Advanced Government and Non-Profit Accounting

3 Credits

This course introduces specialized accounting principles applicable to state and local governments and other non-profit organizations. Emphasis will be on fund accounting and students will gain an understanding of the differences between private and public sector accounting.

ACC 640 Advanced Managerial & Cost Accounting

3 Credits

This course explores advanced managerial and cost accounting topics as they relate to problem solving skills for managers. Topics include activity based costing, activity based management, cost of quality, theory of constraints related to capacity planning and new emerging practices that support management decision making.

ACC 695 Accounting Capstone

3 Credits

This course is designed to bring together knowledge gained from the previous program courses and allow the student to demonstrate how the various components of an accounting system work together. Broadly the course encompasses complex accounting concepts, financial statement reporting, taxes, risks, information systems, auditing, business law, and ethics.

ACC 696 Tax Capstone

3 Credits

This Capstone course will integrate the knowledge learned from prior courses using comprehensive business/individual taxation problems. The course will examine principles and policies that underlie the tax systems and rules. Students will research complicated tax issues involving a variety of tax topics, including businesses, financial tax planning, estates and wills. The culmination of the course involves a complex comprehensive tax research case.

ACC 697 Audit Capstone

3 Credits

This course is designed to bring together knowledge gained from the previous program courses. Broadly the course emphasizes complex auditing concepts and will also encompass accounting concepts, financial statement reporting, taxes, risks, information systems, business law, and ethics.

ACC 698 Accounting Information Systems Capstone

3 Credits

This course requires students to use all of the skills and knowledge gained during completion of the program by applying them to contemporary information systems issues and problems facing the profession. Students will be required to apply accounting information systems to complex areas of accounting and taxation. The course emphasizes both the practical and ethical issues of the practice of accounting.

ANT Anthropology

ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

3 Credits

Students explore culture in its role of guiding human behavior and providing social order, structure, and stability for individuals and groups of people. Culture is presented as a system of adaptation involving beliefs, behavior, language, customs, socio/political strategies, traditions, and technology that evolve over time. Recommended prerequisite: ENG 122.

ANT 202 Human Origins & Prehistory

4 Credits

This course will introduce students to the anthropological study of human evolution and prehistory. Students will be introduced to the theory of natural selection and to humanity as a member of the primate order. Topics covered will be the human ancestors, the Neolithic revolution, and how humans both differ and are similar to other primates. Prerequisite: Written Communication Competency and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness.

ANT 234 Family, Kin, & Group

3 Credits

The course explores kinship systems, ethnicity, neighborhood and other social arrangements in various cultural settings through the reading of selected ethnographic materials. Students will study the kinship on a cross-cultural and worldwide basis, beginning with immediate social ties in familial contexts to broad connotations in ethnic, national, and universal domains. Prerequisite: Written Communication Competency and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness.

ANT 307 Anthropology of War

3 Credits

An examination of the nature of war, primarily as it occurs in pre-industrial societies, and a survey of the anthropological explanations regarding this phenomenon. Emphasis is on understanding the complexity, variability, and cultural embeddedness of war as it occurs around the world. Prerequisite: Written Communication Competency and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness.

ANT 315 Material Culture: Archaeology and the Human Condition

3 Credits

This course examines the anthropological sub-discipline of archaeology, the study of the human past, looking specifically at the theories and methods used by archaeologists. Students will learn how archaeologists gather and use data, and how this information is relevant to contemporary society. Students will explore the history and background of archaeology, as well as how archaeologists approach such topics as the origins of inequality, gender roles, complex societies, and ethical issues such as who owns the past. Prerequisite: ANT 202.

ANT 340 Anthropological Theory

3 Credits

This course explores anthropological theory in a historical perspective focusing on the rise of a distinct anthropological perspective on the comparative study of human societies and cultures. The course will detail various theoretical models developed in the 19th and 20th centuries to explain the similarities and differences in cultural systems. Prerequisite: Written Communication Competency and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness.

ANT 343 Language, Culture, & Communication

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to the study of the relationship of language and culture, including examination of the characteristics and structural principles of natural language. After exploring the basic characteristics of sound, word formation, and sentence structure, these principles are applied to such topics as: language variation, language change, psycholinguistics, and pragmatics. Prerequisite: Written Communication Competency and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness.

ANT 347 Urban Anthropology

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to urban anthropology, with an emphasis on rural-urban migrations, adjustment and assimilation of urban migrants, urban kinship and family structure, poverty culture, rural-urban typologies, and the application of anthropological methods to the study of urban societies. Prerequisite: ANT 340 or SOC 315 or SOC 205.

ANT 348 Native American Anthropology

3 Credits

This course examines the nature and distribution of North American Indian cultures from the pre-Columbian period to the present. Through the use of archeological, anthropological, and contemporary community studies, this course will explore the diversity of traditional North American Indian and Inuit cultures and the adaptation of indigenous peoples to America. Prerequisite: Written Communication Competency and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness.

ANT 351 Anthropology of Religion, Magic, & Ritual

3 Credits

This course examines the nature of religious belief systems, myth and ritual, witchcraft, and magic and sorcery in various societies of the world. These behavioral and symbolic forms exist or have existed in virtually all human societies and cultures. In this course, students will study many different belief systems, define these entities; and develop an understanding of how they work in societies. The differences among traditions in nation states on cultures and political systems will be explored. Prerequisite: Written Communication Competency Written Communication Competency and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness.

ANT 353 Anthropology of Gender

3 Credits

This course examines cross-cultural analysis of gender roles, while focusing on non-Western societies, using data from other societies to better understand the gender system of our own culture. Issues include status of women and men, the meaning of “femaleness” and “maleness” historically and in contemporary society. Gender roles, transnational migrations, social movements, international relations and religion are explored.

ANT 462 Anthropological Research Methods

3 Credits

The course introduces students to the research methods of cultural anthropology. Students will learn such techniques as participant observation, informal and formal interviewing, ecological mapping, genealogy and oral history, social network analysis, use of archival documents, and photographic and audio documentation. The perspective guiding the course is ethnography as an empirical, scientific approach that describes social and cultural aspects of human life. Prerequisite: Senior Level Status

ANT 464 Applied Anthropology

3 Credits

This course introduces the use of anthropology and its application to problem solving in the areas of cultural dynamics, public policy, and contemporary social problems such as health, housing, nutrition, and education. Students will learn how anthropologists conduct research to address issues and solve problems facing living communities across the globe. Prerequisite: ENG 122 and ANT 101 or Intercultural & Global Awareness. Recommended: Senior Level Status.

ANT 499 Ethnographic Study Capstone

3 Credits

This course will provide an overview of the ways in which anthropologists have studied and written about distinct cultural systems in numerous world regions. Using ethnographic case studies, the course explores how diverse cultural groups confront such issues as gender roles, political organization, economic strategies, and colonial systems. Particularly attentive to the problems of conducting ethnographic research in a changing world characterized by transnational ties, the course is meant to form the capstone experience for anthropology majors. ANT 462, no more than 12 additional credits required before graduation, and Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

ART Art

ART 101 Art Appreciation

3 Credits

A survey course providing an overview of the history of Western Art and the principles of art as they relate to society. Students are encouraged to discover personal interests through their own research on historical or contemporary styles and themes in art.

BUS Business

BUS 114 Principles of Supervision

3 Credits

This course studies the principles and activities of supervising and motivating personnel in a variety of organizational contexts. Emphasis will be placed on the human interaction in supervision.

BUS 117 Introduction to Organizational Dynamics

3 Credits

This course is a study of group behavior and how group functioning affects organizational effectiveness. Emphasis is placed on decision-making and resolving conflict in groups. Adult learners develop strategies for efficient and productive group management and determine which tasks are handled by groups or individuals.

BUS 119 Principles of Personal & Organizational Leadership

3 Credits

This is a leadership skills development course. This course provides an overview and introduction to leadership principles and leadership applications in various organizational settings. It examines the concept of leadership, leadership styles, traits, and types, and the evolution of leadership behaviors observed during recent generations.

BUS 201 Principles of Management

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to the nature and problems of management and organizations, leadership and control. The relationships between the needs of the individual, the organization and society are examined.

BUS 215 Personal Financial Management

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the field of personal financial management and planning, focusing on the tools individuals and families employ to manage their financial affairs.

BUS 226 Introduction to Personnel Administration

3 Credits

This course examines relationships and issues in personnel administration within a broad range of 
organizations. Students study personnel management, organizational development, recruitment and selection, performance management systems, discipline, and collective bargaining.

BUS 235 Introduction to Marketing

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to marketing principles, concepts and theories that define the marketing discipline. Basic marketing strategies relating to product, price, promotion and distribution, cultural trends, societal behavior, technology, and legal environments that influence effective marketing decisions are examined.

BUS 250 Corporate & Social Responsibility

3 Credits

This course explores philosophic perspectives for understanding the meaning of corporate responsibility in society, and considers the leadership roles of managers in implementing corporate and social responsibilities. Topics include uses of power, government regulations, environmental issues, employee rights and responsibilities, consumer protection, and ethical integrity.

BUS 303 Human Resource Management

3 Credits

An introduction to the field of human resource management. Topics to be discussed include 
communication, motivation, and management of personnel. The course will include a review of current standards and practices as well as the legal environment as it pertains to the human resource field.

BUS 307 Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques

3 Credits

A survey of relevant quantitative techniques commonly used in accounting, business, and information systems. Topics will vary but, typically, elementary probability theory and applications, decision theory, and linear programming are included. Prerequisite: Fulfillment of Quantitative Reasoning Core Competency.

BUS 308 Statistics for Managers

3 Credits

This course examines the application of statistical analysis, hypothesis testing, and regression analysis in business decision making. Additionally, the course focuses on the utilization of statistical methods as applied to business problems and operations. Prerequisite: Fulfillment of Quantitative Reasoning Core Competency.

BUS 311 Business Law I

3 Credits

Introduction to the legal environment of business in the United States. Examination of the Constitution, administrative law, contracts, agency, and the protection of competition, consumers, employees, investors, the environment, and international trade.

BUS 317 Introduction to Advertising

3 Credits

This course is designed to introduce students to the field of advertising as a promotional force with emphasis on institutions, planning, strategic practices, and tactical decisions made by advertising executives. It will also explore the various career opportunities including account executive, media buying, copywriting, production, and research.

BUS 318 Organizational Behavior

3 Credits

This course is designed to develop the student’s skills in the understanding of factors that affect how individuals and groups act and interact with one another and with management. It also looks at how organizations manage their internal environment with the aim of improving productivity, efficiency, and communications among members. Prerequisite: BUS 201 or MGT 330.

BUS 323 Risk Management & Insurance

3 Credits

In this course, students study identification and quantification of risk, the span of methods of handling risk, and common contracts for managing risk. Common commercial/industrial situations and personal risk management situations are addressed.

BUS 330 Principles of Marketing

3 Credits

The methods used by producers of goods and services to determine and satisfy the wants of society. An examination of external and internal environments that impact marketing decisions, the basic elements of a marketing program, and issues in ethics and social responsibility.

BUS 336 Marketing Strategy

3 Credits

The objective of this course is to advance the students ability to develop, implement, and critically evaluate the marketing strategy for a product or service. It will provide the conceptual frameworks and hone the analytical and creative skills that are necessary to define and develop superior value, persuasively communicate that value, profitably deliver it to a carefully selected target market, and sustain both the value and the profitability in the face of ever-changing customer needs and competitive offerings.

BUS 337 Principles of Retail Management

3 Credits

Principles and practices used in management of retail businesses. The course covers topics such as site selection, layout, organization, staffing, positioning, customer service, promotional techniques, and all aspects of the critical buying function.

BUS 339 Marketing Research

3 Credits

Study and analysis of the marketing information system. Includes the organizational characteristics of marketing research, basic tools and procedures, and management science applications.

BUS 340 Business Communications

3 Credits

Every aspect of contemporary business communications — from determining what information to communicate to processing information and sharing it — depends on technology. Students will learn to compose, format, and manage business letters, memos, reports, email, and resumes. Students will use software to access information and to evaluate the quality of the information they receive. Students will create electronic presentations to communicate information.

BUS 342 Financial Planning & Practice

3 Credits

This course is a study of the various aspects of family financial planning from the perspective of the 
financial planning professional. It introduces the legal and regulatory issues affecting financial planners, defines the client-planner relationship, and prepares the planner to conduct family financial analysis. Emphasis is on providing the student with the knowledge and tools necessary to help families make informed financial decisions.

BUS 343 International Marketing

3 Credits

Examination of cultural, economic, and political factors that affect marketing of goods and services worldwide. Emphasis is on adapting the marketing strategies of domestic marketers to international operations and the institutional structure that exists in international markets. Marketing strategies of firms operation within these markets are also examined.

BUS 350 Consumer Behavior

3 Credits

This course illustrates the psychological, socio-cultural, and decision-making aspects of consumer 
behavior. Students study behavioral concepts, motivation, and the role of consumer behavior in our society.

BUS 352 e-Business

3 Credits

An introduction to the fundamental concepts used in e-business and e-commerce. This course identifies and describes the wide range of applications in business. It explains what the Internet is and how it can be used for business applications in a competitive environment. Through Internet labs, this course will compare various Web strategies of current businesses. Students need to be proficient in using the Internet to find information.

BUS 357 International Business

3 Credits

Students examine functional areas of business from an international perspective. The importance of differing cultural and political assumptions in business is also addressed.

BUS 362 Introduction to Entrepreneurship

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the opportunities and challenges associated with the creation and management of entrepreneurial organizations. The course focuses on the issues associated with starting and managing a new venture including recognizing opportunity, basic business planning, essential human resources management, introductory marketing, legal issues, location selection, funding, buying a business as well as discussing various exit strategies.

BUS 365 Creativity & Innovation

3 Credits

This course focuses on creativity and innovation as a process in organizations. The course also examines how individuals can be innovative in organizations and the challenge of building innovative organizations. Prerequisite: BUS 362.

BUS 368 Venture Capital & Banking

3 Credits

This course examines financing the start-up of a new venture, from bootstrapping with personal resources or bank debt to equity investment by angel investors or venture capitalists. The course also covers the four main aspects of venture capital: valuation, deal structuring, governance, and harvesting. Prerequisite: BUS 362.

BUS 370 Organizational Development

3 Credits

The course overviews how, why, and when to integrate the behavioral sciences with human resources management principles to increase individual and organizational effectiveness. Students will also be introduced to many types of interpersonal, intra-group, inter-group, and organizational interventions that are used to effect comprehensive and lasting changes. Prerequisite: BUS 201,MGT 330 or HCA 459.

BUS 372 Employee & Labor Relations

3 Credits

The course provides students with both the common and complex issues related to human behavior in the workplace as it relates to employee relations, and an examination of relationships among unions, workers, management, laws and government regulation. Prerequisite: BUS 303.

BUS 375 Employee Training

3 Credits

This course provides essential managerial-level comprehension of training theory and its practical applications in the business and management environment. Students learn the functions and duties of training: trainer/developer, the identification and assessment of training needs, program design and development, selection of delivery methods and means of instruction, the implementation of training programs, and evaluation. Prerequisite: BUS 303.

BUS 378 International Business Law

3 Credits

This courses focuses on the legal environment associated with international commercial transactions, including an analysis of major Western and non-Western legal traditions and the supranational law of the European Community, a detailed analysis of the negotiation, formation, enforcement, and financing of international sales contracts, an analysis of international trade regulation, analysis of methods of regulating global competition, and of the protection of business property rights in international transactions.

BUS 401 Principles of Finance

3 Credits

Basic corporate finance is presented with the emphasis on risk and return, bond and equity markets,valuation of bonds and equities, present value analysis, internal rate of return analysis, and project analysis using the weighted average cost of capital. Prerequisites: ACC 205 or ACC 208 or ACC 281 and fulfillment of the Quantitative Reasoning Core Competency. (Equivalent to BUS 320.)

BUS 402 Strategic Management & Business Policy

3 Credits

A case-based course that discusses the set of managerial decisions and actions that determines the long-run performance of a company. The course includes environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementation, and evaluation and control. Prerequisites: BUS 201 or MGT 330, ACC 205, and ECO 203 or ECO 204 and successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

BUS 405 Principles of Investments

3 Credits

The study and analysis of securities and other forms of investments. Emphasis is on investment
principles from the manager’s point of view. Prerequisite: BUS 401.

BUS 421 PR/Marketing Capstone

3 Credits

This course is designed to bring together the knowledge gained through the entire program and permits the student to demonstrate mastery in the various course competencies. Students are expected to apply and integrate a variety of skills, tools, and knowledge to assess real-world problems offering realistic solutions. Students will analyze, design, implement, and document an appropriate solution for a capstone project. The project should exemplify the student’s ability to apply program outcomes. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

BUS 427 Sustainable Business Practices

3 Credits

Using readings and cases, students examine business strategies in response to and anticipation of opportunities resulting from shifting economic, political, and environmental conditions including social change, market failures, or interruption of business operations. Compliance and risk management strategies will be emphasized while emphasis focuses on business innovation and business sustainability.

BUS 430 Finance Seminar

3 Credits

Using readings and case studies, students gain understanding the types of analysis performed and decisions made by the financial managers of corporations, focusing on valuation concepts and managing for value. Students also explore specific financing and investing decisions made by the firm’s management to mitigate corporate risk using insurance and financial derivatives; valuation of real options; real estate investment decision; issues and methods of corporate financial management in an international environment. Prerequisite: BUS 405.

BUS 433 New Business Strategy

3 Credits

This course is intended to provide prospective entrepreneurs with information and tools for evaluating opportunities for starting a new firm—how to choose markets for entry, when to enter, and what resources and capabilities it will take to enter and provide a platform for future growth. Prerequisite: BUS 362.

BUS 434 Compensation & Benefits Management

3 Credits

This course reviews the fundamentals of wage and salary programs, including conducting salary surveys, defining compensable factors, adjusting pay structures, evaluating pay differentials, and relating pay to performance. Benefit programs and related employee incentive and service programs are also covered. Prerequisite: BUS 303.

BUS 435 Small Business Ventures

3 Credits

This course explores the strategic planning, operating, financing, legal, career and other business issues found in launching a small business or operating family-owned and managed companies or privately-held firms. Other course topics include the challenge of identifying viable business opportunities, gaining the appropriate business skills and tools to be successful, and defining the capital requirements to operate the business. Prerequisite: BUS 362.

BUS 437 Business Plan Development

3 Credits

This course gives students the opportunity to study the elements of a successful business plan and to put that knowledge to work in creating a comprehensive business plan for a new venture. Prerequisites: BUS 362 and successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

BUS 439 International Human Resources Management

3 Credits

In this course, students will examine human resources practices in an international business environment. The course also addresses HR strategies and practices to increase organizational effectiveness and efficiency as well as international compliance problems faced by HR professionals.

BUS 441 Retail Pricing Management

3 Credits

The purpose of this course is to provide an in-depth understanding of the issues and considerations in the pricing of retail products, illustrate the role of pricing and product management in achieving strategic retail business goals, and demonstrate the link between pricing and product management within the context of the marketing mix within the marketing management process. Prerequisites: ECO 204 and SRV 340.

BUS 442 Retail Merchandising

3 Credits

This course addresses the central issues of retailing business while emphasizing issues related to channel options available to the final consumer. The course features concepts applied to both store based (e.g., specialty store, department store, multi-unit retail) and non-store based (e.g., Internet and catalog) retailing channels.

BUS 445 Total Quality Management

3 Credits

This course presents quality procedures and concepts for enhancing goods, services and the entire business environment. Students learn various methods of process control and acceptance sampling, including using control charts and sampling plans. Quality planning, assurance and control are covered as parts of a total quality system. Probability and statistical concepts are further explored as related to process control.

BUS 446 Production Operations Control

3 Credits

Students analyze production control requirements as applied to both “push” and “pull” production environments. Students further learn to capture data and prepare for product changes in a variety of manufacturing environments.

BUS 450 International Finance

3 Credits

An examination of the international aspects of corporate finance and investing, the course covers balance of payments, foreign exchange with emphasis on exchange rate determination, exchange risk, hedging, and interest arbitrage, international money and capital markets, international financing, and international banking.

BUS 455 Internet & Social Media Marketing

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to the use of the Internet and social media applications as part of an integrated marketing strategy. Students will be exposed to a variety of alternative media as well as other online marketing tools and strategies. The course will also evaluate how these tools fit into the marketing theoretical framework. Prerequisite: BUS 330.

BUS 458 Consumer & Family Finance Capstone

3 Credits

This course provides a link between the traditional advisement services (finance, investment, tax, insurance, retirement planning, trust planning) and the client’s life plan to manage financial affairs. As a final exercise, students complete a model financial plan for a mock client. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

BUS 461 Decision Modeling & Analysis

3 Credits

An introduction to the application of management science techniques and statistical tools to business decisions. Students will learn the assumptions and techniques necessary to apply and to implement solutions from optimization and other decision science models. The focus of the course will be on problem solving, which includes problem definition, problem analysis, evaluation and choice of alternatives, and implementation and evaluation of the decision. Prerequisites: MGT 330 or BUS 308.

BUS 497 e-Marketing Capstone

3 Credits

This course discusses the elements of a marketing plan as they are applied in an internet marketing situation. Students will create an e-marketing plan, beginning with an environmental scan and progressing through product strategy, channel strategy, and marketing communication. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

BUS 590 General Cost Accounting

3 Credits

This course covers principles of planning, measuring, recording, and controlling costs in different types of organizations. Key concepts will include cost records, cost behavior and allocation, inventory valuation, product costing, standard costs, responsibility accounting, and cost planning and control. Emphasis is placed on costing analysis, evaluation, and reporting in order to assist management with the decision-making process.

BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis

3 Credits

This course is a study of how the firm’s management captures and uses financial information for reporting and analysis to both internal and external stakeholders. Various course topics include the accounting cycle, sources of the information contained in financial statements, time value of money, ratio analysis, the preparation and analysis of income statements, balance sheets, and statements of cash flows.

BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles

3 Credits

This course is an overview of the fundamentals of accounting, finance, and economics. Students will investigate the fundamental principles of accounting through the preparation of financial statements. The basics of managerial finance including the use of net present valuation models fundamental financial ratio analysis will be examined. Students will also explore modern economic philosophy including an understanding of basic supply and demand, and micro- and macroeconomics systems.

BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools

3 Credits

This course is designed to introduce the student to the Ashford University Graduate Business programs, with emphases upon conceptualizing communication and communication processes in the contexts of organizations and leadership. Emphasis will be on technology, theories and models, qualitative communication research methodologies, and research writing.

BUS 604 New Business Venture Management

3 Credits

This course focuses on the important aspects of starting a new business enterprise with emphasis on the challenges faced by the entrepreneur in initiating a business venture and directing its early development. The course also addresses the process of forming business ventures, the identification and evaluation of new venture opportunities, and the development of appropriate entry strategies.

BUS 605 Venture Capital & Private Equity

3 Credits

This course will examine the role of finance and the formation of financial strategies needed to support each phase of the business start-up. Sources of equity and debt capital along with entry strategies such as franchising and acquisition are examined. Alternative working capital, capital structure, and investment strategies unique to the start-up are presented.

BUS 606 Global Comparative Management

3 Credits

This course reviews management systems within their political, social, and economic environments with a global perspective. This course also emphasizes the managerial processes in a global business environment and provides a strategic assessment of the fundamental issues involved in the management of multinational corporations. Topics include comparative studies of practices of management in foreign nations and examination of the influences of culture on business operations.

BUS 607 Business Law for the Accountant

3 Credits

This course involves in-depth study of specific laws and practices as related to contracts, the Uniform Commercial Code, commercial paper, secured transactions, real and personal property, estates, and bankruptcy.

BUS 610 Organizational Behavior

3 Credits

This course investigates behavioral factors that affect modern organizations and their management. Topics include group and team dynamics, organizational structure, motivation, leadership, power, and change management.

BUS 611 Project Planning & Management

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the art and science of project management as applied to different types of project situations. Topics such as project life-cycle management, project organizations and leadership, project team building, RFPs, proposals and contracts, techniques for project scope definition, work definition, estimating, scheduling, risk management, control and closeout, the project management methodology, and PM software are covered.

BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement

3 Credits

This course emphasizes a hands-on approach to using project management knowledge areas to facilitate scheduling, estimating, tracking and controlling the schedule and costs of the project. A project baseline will be set so that actual schedule and cost variances can be compared to the project baseline and corrective actions can be developed to address the variances. In this course students will learn about the legal, ethical, and fiscal considerations in procurement and contracts. Students will examine ways of identifying, evaluating and mitigating risk in scheduling, cost control, contracting and procurement.

BUS 616 International Business

3 Credits

This course studies the major functional business areas in a global context. Taking into consideration socio-political structural differences, the multinational corporation is investigated with applications in management, finance, marketing and operations.

BUS 620 Managerial Marketing

3 Credits

This course examines the marketing function, focusing on the managerial application of marketing tools and methodology. Emphasis is placed on marketing decisions associated with allocating organizational resources including: product development and design, pricing, promotional strategies, and distribution-based activities. Course coverage includes the marketing concept, buyer psychology, strategic planning and implementation of marketing plans.

BUS 630 Managerial Accounting

3 Credits

This course studies the role and major functions of the managerial accountant within the organization. Students of managerial accounting should not only be able to produce accounting information but also understand how managers are likely to use and react to that information. The goal of this course is to acquaint students of business with the fundamental tools of management accounting and to promote their understanding of the dramatic ways in which the field is changing. The emphasis through the text and course is on using account information to help manage an organization. Some topics covered in this course include: cost management, various budgeting theories and techniques, and decision-making processes. Prerequisite: BUS 591 or equivalent.

BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management

3 Credits

Study and analysis of supply chain management for products/services and the dynamic interaction of companies within an integrated supply chain. Topics include factors guiding companies’ supply chain development and management; Technology as a supply chain tool; Positioning of a company in terms of its role as a valuable member of the supply chain; and, performance measures used across the supply chain.

BUS 632 Advanced Logistics

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of current logistics and distribution practices intended to advance current knowledge. Students should gain an understanding of the significant components of logistics management and the dynamics of what is considered best practice. Focuses on the complexities associated with the integrated flow of raw materials, in-process goods, finished goods, and information from point-of-origin through the production process to the end consumer.

BUS 635 Media Markets & Systems

3 Credits

The course examines the various segments of the market that utilize media resources for organizational growth and communication. Examination of the components of media, stakeholders, markets available and cultures impacted by media will include assessment of technological and economic drivers that establish a congruent approach to the marketplace.

BUS 636 Media Management & Innovation

3 Credits

Utilizing the key principles of organizational management, this course will focus on the media approach in an organization and providing systematic guidelines for oversight of the institutional media team. Creating a culture of innovation in the media team will be a strategic element in the course content.

BUS 640 Managerial Economics

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide a solid foundation of economic understanding for use in managerial decision-making. The course offers an intuitive non-calculus based treatment of economic theory and analysis. A variety of examples is used to illustrate the application of managerial economics to diverse practical situations. The role that economic analysis plays in that process is emphasized throughout this course. Prerequisite: MAT 540 or equivalent.

BUS 642 Business Research Methods & Tools

3 Credits

This course examines the use of quantitative techniques business decision-making. Using spreadsheet software, the course addresses managerial problem solving through the use descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, and correlation and regression (single and multiple) analysis. This course also provides a graduate foundation for conducting business research. Topic coverage includes: research methodology, literature review, hypothesis generation, data collection and summary techniques. Additional coverage includes study of qualitative and quantitative data as well as reviewing conceptual versus empirical research studies. Prerequisite: MAT 540 or equivalent.

BUS 644 Operations Management

3 Credits

This course focuses on the principles associated with the effective design, implementation and management of organizational processes and systems. With an emphasis on efficiency, course coverage includes: systems design for products and services, inventory management systems, distribution and supply chain management.

BUS 650 Managerial Finance

3 Credits

This course studies the role and major functions of corporate finance within the organization. Upon developing an understanding of the theoretical foundation of corporate finance, students will use financial tools in an applied case and problem format. Topics covered include: net present value analysis (time value of money), risk assessment, security valuation, decisions on capital structure and allocation, and the weighted average cost of capital. Prerequisite: BUS 591 or equivalent.

BUS 655 Financial Investment Management

3 Credits

The central focus of this course is to develop an understanding of how security markets function, factors that influence security valuation, differentiating between various investment types and understanding investment risk and return principles. This course covers security markets operations, investment information, portfolio asset allocation; financial environment analysis; and evaluation of equity and fixed income securities.

BUS 657 Corporate Managerial Finance

3 Credits

This course introduces the financial theory and practices firm managers use to attain their goal of maximizing corporate shareholder wealth. Topics covered are: analysis techniques of financial statement and cash flows; working capital management and financial forecasting; valuation methods for debt and equity capital; risk and rate of return theory; cost of capital, capital project budgeting decisions and cash flow estimation; optimal capital structure and dividend policy.

BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership

3 Credits

This course provides an in-depth examination of the multi-faceted concept of leadership studies by presenting the student with the vocabulary, concepts, theories, and applicable research that are fundamental to the understanding of leadership. The course examines contemporary and historical leadership issues, moral and ethical responsibilities of leadership, and leadership in a variety of contexts. Leadership as a social and political influence process is examined.

BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change

3 Credits

This course blends theories of leadership with concepts and models of organizational change. The change process consists of a series of steps that focuses on vision, implementation, change agents, and other internal and external components. The course provides insight into types of changes that impact organizations and possible strategies to effectively address those changes.

BUS 665 Environmental Law & Compliance

3 Credits

This course begins with an analysis of The Solid Waste Disposal Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Further, it will familiarize students with an environmental manager’s duties in permitting, reporting, record keeping and sampling. It emphasizes a systematic approach to identifying obligations with respect to regulated media and developing appropriate responses. Obligations under United States environmental laws, their relationship to state and local laws, and state and local obligations are considered as a model for analysis and response.

BUS 667 Energy, Environment & Economics

3 Credits

This course deals with the linkage of energy, environmental and economic issues. The impact of energy supply and end-use on human well-being and the ecosystem is covered. It also includes a comprehensive approach to the resolution of resource, technical, economic, strategic, environmental, socio- and geopolitical problems of the energy industries. In addition, pathways to a sustainable global energy system are presented.

BUS 668 Macroeconomics of Financial Markets

3 Credits

This course examines the monetary aspects of production, spending, borrowing, and lending decisions, organization, performance and scope of services provided by financial markets and institutions, and the powers of the Federal Reserve System to use monetary policy and limits to credit expansion. The regulatory and globalization aspects and relevance of market behavior to the financial system are also examined.

BUS 669 Managerial Economic Analysis

3 Credits

Managerial economics introduces the basic principles of economic analysis as applied to managerial decisions to determine how an organization can achieve its aims most efficiently. This course applies statistical and quantitative tools and the methodological approaches commonly used by economists to business problems as demand estimation, product pricing, profit maximizing level of output, cost minimizing level of input use, and forecasting.

BUS 670 Legal Environment

3 Credits

This course involves the study of business law, its foundations, and the role it plays in managing a business, with a particular emphasis on the corporate form. Topics of relevance to be explored include the following core concepts: constitutional law, case law, government regulation, ethics, contracts, anti-trust law, securities regulations, employment law, environmental law, and crimes and torts.

BUS 680 Training & Development

3 Credits

This course provides in-depth knowledge of training and performance development concepts essential for line managers or human resource specialists. Beginning with fundamental principles of performance, the course focus is on identifying critical factors in workplace performance and in determining how to analyze the causes of performance problems. Additionally, this course distinguishes between training and development and addresses their complementary functions in the modern organization.

BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits

3 Credits

This course provides in-depth knowledge into compensation theories, policies, systems, and practices, with particular emphasis toward designing effective compensation programs.

BUS 688 Business Strategy: The Sustainable Enterprise

3 Credits

This course integrates environmental management issues with use of strategic planning tools for assessing and responding to the driving forces of the “next” economy: globalization, technology, demographics and the environment. The course examines the challenge of corporations competing in the global economy of the new millennium in such a way that will allow the planet to support them indefinitely. Emphasis is on the company’s ability to build and sustain a competitive advantage utilizing traditional management concepts as well as new sustainability practices.

BUS 689 Market Structure & Firm Strategy

3 Credits

This course focuses on the study of markets, laws, and government regulations used to smooth significant market imperfections, especially the problems caused by market structure and market power. The course further examines how firms formulate business strategies and activities to position themselves for profit advantage. This course is cumulative in nature, integrating knowledge and information attained while completing the entire MBA/Business Economics curriculum. In addition, the capstone project requires the generation and presentation of an industry economic analysis.

BUS 690 Business Strategy

3 Credits

This capstone course explores the formulation, implementation, and evaluation/control of organizational strategic management. In the context of a globally competitive market, students will explore methods of directing an entire organization through applied case analysis. Topics include analysis of competitive position, value creation, development of system-wide goals and objectives, and creation of a strategic plan. This course is cumulative in nature, integrating knowledge and information attained while completing the entire MBA curriculum. Additionally, the capstone project requires the generation and presentation of an industry analysis.

BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership

3 Credits

This course builds on leadership, business, and management concepts. This strategy course provides the student with the opportunity to synthesize all prior learning in leadership and related coursework and experiences, both personal and professional. The course expands the leader’s thinking and explores the arena of leadership and how it will impact the future of the individual, the organization, and the world in which we live.

BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management

3 Credits

This course examines how to manage human resources effectively in the dynamic legal, social, and economic environment currently impacting organizations. The course examines human resource management in the current business environment and develops alignment with vision, strategy, organizational values, and HR functions. Emphasis is placed on integrating human resource management with the overall business strategy.

BUS 693 Global Business Strategy

3 Credits

This course builds on the leadership, business, and management concepts while integrating a comprehensive look at strategic planning and management in a global environment. The course is designed to employ case analyses, critical assessments, global market evaluations, and a comprehensive strategic planning project to lead the student to fluency in the global strategic planning process.

BUS 694 Finance Capstone Seminar

3 Credits

This course will cover advanced financial topics including: International financial management, corporate risk management, merger and acquisitions, portfolio management theory and real options.

BUS 695 Marketing Capstone Seminar

3 Credits

This course builds on the leadership, business, and management concepts contained in the MBA program while introducing the principles and tools for managers to apply in the development, implementation, and review of marketing strategy for organizations. Topics include internal and external environmental analysis; value, competition, and strategic choice; strategic positioning; and implementation and control issues. In addition, the capstone project requires the generation and presentation of strategic marketing plan.

BUS 696 Strategic Thinking for Entrepreneurs

3 Credits

This course focuses on application of key strategic and managerial approaches necessary for entrepreneurs to implement the strategy for a start-up or business takeover enterprise. It examines and discusses how entrepreneurial firms develop and implement innovative business plans, create functional operations, and incorporate technology strategies. Emphasis is placed on the vision of the firm, the strategic planning process, and strategic management. The final component is the generation of a business plan as a capstone project.

BUS 697 Project Management Strategy

3 Credits

This course focuses on application of managerial approaches necessary to align significant projects with organizational strategy. It examines and discusses how firms determine business benefits and project feasibility, report progress, and measure project quality while communicating with key organizational stakeholders. Emphasis is placed on Earned Value Management techniques and achieving project progress and technical performance of the project.

BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management

3 Credits

This covers addresses the strategic implications of sourcing and supplier relationships in the context of supply chain management. Critical elements including identifying and selecting suppliers, negotiating contract terms and conditions, implementing contracts, and measuring performance in the context of the organization’s strategic plans are covered. Practical examples of sourcing excellence are provided.

BUS 699 Media Strategies & Applications

3 Credits

The course is the capstone for the Media Management specialization that is designed to integrate media management concepts in to a strategic plan. The course is focused on building and implementing the media strategies for an integrated and comprehensive plan that is consistent with an institution’s vision and mission and follows standard strategic planning theory and practice.

CGD Computer Graphic Design

CGD 218 Visual Literacy in Business

3 Credits

This course examines the evolution and trends in digital media utilized in business. Course content and activities focus on message content and creation and the visual principles and theories that shape effective visual communication in the business environment. Legal and ethical issues relating to visual communication will be introduced and incorporated into projects that develop visual literacy and visual problem-solving skills.

CGD 240 Media Writing & Editing

3 Credits

An introduction to the process of writing for varied media. Emphasis is on gathering information, writing styles, editing, and organization of written communication.

CGD 318 Public Relations Practices & Promotional Writing

3 Credits

An introduction to current procedures and duties of public relations personnel will be studied. Students will write news releases, brochures, speeches, reports, memos, scripts, and ad copy using workshop format.

COM Communications

COM 101 Introduction to Communication

3 Credits

This course serves as an introduction to the study of human communication. Students will examine classic and modern views of communication as well as theories and research relating to various sub-disciplines of communication such as interpersonal, group, organizational, mass and public communication. They will discuss and evaluate these theories and research findings and assess the impact of technology on the communication process. Relationship stages, theories, and contemporary views of “family” are examined, as well as the impact of family, culture, and gender on communication patterns. Types of groups and organizations are identified, as well as concepts of power and interaction in group, organizational, and public settings. Mass communication and its impact on individuals and society will be explored. In this class, students will also have an opportunity to examine the practical implications of these concepts in building their own communication skills as well as future career path.

COM 200 Interpersonal Communication

3 Credits

This course is designed to aid students in understanding the dynamics of interpersonal relationships. Verbal and nonverbal communication patterns between people in personal, social, academic, and professional settings will be examined, and the nature of those interactions will be evaluated using contemporary communication theory. The course will enable students to identify their interpersonal communication behaviors and to more critically evaluate their own oral communication and that of others. A primary goal of the course is to improve the quality of students’ communication in their personal and professional relationships.

COM 223 Persuasion in Communication

3 Credits

Students learn to analyze and evaluate persuasive messages and determine which contribute to effective and non-effective persuasion. Students formulate persuasive arguments and learn to deliver those arguments effectively, in a variety of forms. This course examines the purpose and function of research in supporting elements of persuasion and the need to understand receiver variables.

COM 321 Communication Theory

3 Credits

This course examines theoretical perspectives and research findings concerning human communication. Students will examine classic approaches and new theories and research in interpersonal, group, organizational, and public communication. They will analyze and critique these theories and research findings and assess the impact of technology on communication patterns. Relationship stages, theories, and contemporary views of “family” are examined, as well as the impact of family, culture, and gender on communication patterns. Types of groups and organizations are identified, as well as concepts of power and interaction in group, organizational, and public settings. In this class, students will also have an opportunity to examine the practical implications of these concepts in building their own communication skills.

COM 325 Communication & Conflict

3 Credits

The course provides students with conflict resolution techniques through communication. Students will analyze the purpose of conflict, learn to work with difficult people, and understand communication as a significant factor in the development, management, and resolution of conflict at the interpersonal, small group, organization, and societal levels. Prerequisites: ENG 121 and ENG 122 or equivalents.

COM 340 Technical Writing

3 Credits

This course provides students with technical writing concepts and principles and the skills necessary to compose effective technical documents for a broad range of professions. Emphasis is placed on making complex and technical information understandable to a variety of audiences. Students will explore types of technical documents and the specific techniques applicable to technical writing such as outlines, abstracts, definition, and classification strategies. They will have an opportunity to apply their knowledge by writing a process or mechanism description, a proposal/recommendation report, and a detailed instruction for performing a task or operation.

COM 345 Media Writing for Communication

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to the process of writing for varied media. Emphasis is on gathering information, writing styles, editing, and organization of written communication.

COM 360 Advanced Communications in Society

3 Credits

This course integrates the use of advanced communication techniques into a variety of contexts shaped by socially and culturally-constructed distinctions between and among individuals and groups. Topics include intercultural, multicultural, international, and inter-gender communications.

COM 370 Intercultural Communication

3 Credits

This course integrates the use of advanced communication techniques into a variety of contexts shaped by socially and culturally constructed distinctions between and among individuals and groups. Topics include intercultural, multicultural, international, and inter-gender communications.

COM 425 Communication in Organizations

3 Credits

This course investigates the role of communication in creating an effective and ethical organizational environment. Students will be assisted in developing and strengthening such communication skills as self- awareness, intrapersonal efficacy, interpersonal competence, and leadership and team skills.

COM 480 Communication Studies Capstone

3 Credits

This course is a summative compilation of representative work from each course in the program. Students will create an electronic portfolio containing the assignments completed throughout the program to demonstrate professional achievement. Students will complete a comprehensive research project on a selected career field. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

CRJ Criminal Justice

CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice

3 Credits

This course involves an analysis of the criminal justice system focusing on the police, courts, and corrections.

CRJ 301 Juvenile Justice

3 Credits

This course describes prevalent patterns of juvenile delinquency, relates these patterns to theories of child and adolescent development, and examines various theories pertaining to the causes of criminal behavior among juveniles. In addition, the course surveys the roles of police, courts, and delinquency intervention programs in the administration of juvenile justice. Emphasis will be given to strategies of prevention and early intervention.

CRJ 303 Corrections

3 Credits

An analysis of correctional procedures and institutions, especially jails, prisons, parole, and probation is the focus of this course. Other topics include inmate subcultures, rehabilitation, and prisonization.

CRJ 305 Crime Prevention

3 Credits

This course explores strategies of crime prevention including programs designed to reduce opportunities to commit crime, programs to alleviate demoralizing community social and economic conditions that foster criminal behavior, programs to improve police/community cooperation, and programs to educate young people as to likely consequences of criminal behavior.

CRJ 306 Criminal Law & Procedure

3 Credits

A survey of constitutional rights, police compliance to constitutional rights, and constitutional amendments that specifically apply to the individual. The course examines the application of these rights in the enforcement, investigation, and adjudication of specific crimes.

CRJ 308 Psychology of Criminal Behavior

3 Credits

Psychology of Criminal Behavior is an integrated course applying the research and methodology of psychology and sociology to the understanding of criminal conduct. Theories of psychology are explored including biological, developmental, cognitive, social learning, and psychoanalytic. The sociological concepts of social process and structure, social control, and social conflict are introduced.

CRJ 311 Forensics

3 Credits

Forensic science applies scientific methodology to crime scene investigation and crime solving. This course analyzes techniques of crime scene investigation and the lawful gathering of evidence. Emphasis is placed upon the Federal Rules of Evidence, including the admissibility of physical evidence at trial, as well as the role of forensic science in the criminal justice system and the identification, collection, and preservation of physical evidence (chain of custody issues).

CRJ 422 Criminal Justice Capstone

3 Credits

Students will review all learning objectives achieved throughout previous coursework and develop a comprehensive, focused study of a modern criminal justice issue while applying solutions and predictions for future trends in criminal and social justice. Successful students will focus on the pragmatic application of principles and theories that guide criminal justice practice in the United States. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

CRJ 433 Principle & Theory of Security Issues

3 Credits

This course outlines the principles and topics relevant to business and organizational security management. Students gain understanding of established management functions, including the role of the Chief Security Officer. Various facets of physical, personnel, and information security are studied, as well as aspects of loss prevention and the protection of assets.

CRJ 435 Evaluation of Security Programs

3 Credits

This course examines industry standards and practices and methods of determining the adequacy of security management programs. It also explores the concepts of legal liability, management structures and techniques, and their impact on security operations.

CRJ 437 Contemporary Issues in Security Management

3 Credits

This course focuses on the current topics in security management such as substance abuse, violence, adjudication and reconsideration reviews, security countermeasures, case management, use of examinations such as polygraphs, report writing, international commercial sales, and media relations. The role of the security manager in personnel management, security planning, organizational communication, recruitment, retention, training and development, and management of contracts are also examined.

CRJ 439 Security Administration

3 Credits

This course focuses on the real world applications for security managers. Staff selection and employee screening are discussed, as well as daily operating procedures, guard operations, securing information systems, and investigations are discussed. Students will be introduced to current topics in workplace violence, managing change, security awareness training, and physical security.

CRJ 441 Homeland Defense

3 Credits

This course will examine the boundaries of the national security mission by evaluating the threats, actors, and organizational structures and resources affecting the security of the United States.

CRJ 443 Intelligence & Homeland Security

3 Credits

This course examines the relationship between intelligence and homeland security strategy during the 20th century with emphasis placed on the Cold War. Using a case study approach, students will analyze past and present national security issues from an intelligence perspective.

CRJ 445 Consequence Management: Terrorism Preparation & Response

3 Credits

This course addresses the potential results of nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare and incidents. Topics include public health consequences, emergency planning and response measures, detection and management technologies, and vulnerabilities. Course objectives include examination of the historical uses of chemical and biological weapons and the impacts of chemical and biological weapons.

CRJ 447 Homeland Security Organization

3 Credits

Students will examine federal, state, local, private, and other organizational structures involved in homeland security. The course focuses on development of homeland security from early to modern times with an emphasis on the emerging homeland security structure and culture.

CRJ 451 Homicide Investigation & Evidence Gathering

3 Credits

This course provides students with the skills and knowledge necessary for the resolution of homicide investigations. A historical overview is provided and current topics are explored. Topics include criminal behavior, the role of the crime laboratory, DNA testing, and medical/legal causes of death. Students will also be introduced to policies and procedures for evaluating and gathering evidence, with attention to blood stain and physical evidence and the impact of physical force on bodies and objects.

CRJ 453 Criminal Profiling

3 Credits

This course defines the motivators and environmental influences leading to criminal behavior, as well as the patterns of offending. Students are introduced to profiling approaches and techniques and their relationship to crime solving.

CRJ 455 Criminal Law

3 Credits

This course provides an in-depth analysis of criminal law. The principles of criminal liability are emphasized as well as the actions, mental state, and circumstances that are common to individuals committing crimes against society, persons, or to property.

CRJ 457 Forensic Evidence & the Law

3 Credits

Students are exposed to the historical and contemporary contexts in which arguments are made about the quality of forensic evidence and the legal burden of proof in criminal litigation. Methods and strategies for the gathering, analyzing, and application of forensic evidence are discussed. This course examines the principles and practices of crime scene investigation as well as the procedures for the collection, preservation, documentation, and analysis of physical evidence.

CRJ 461 Corrections Administration & Management

3 Credits

This course evaluates and develops the competencies necessary in corrections management and administration at all levels. Topics include strategic planning, risk assessment, effective leadership strategies, and current issues in corrections management. Students gain an understanding of the structure of the correctional facility as an organization. Ethical, legal, and social implications of corrections administration are discussed in detail.

CRJ 463 Contemporary Corrections Issue

3 Credits

This course focuses on a broad range of contemporary concerns and topics in criminal justice such as racism in sentencing, racial profiling, police use of deadly force, national drug control policy, community policing, court authorized electronic intercepts, and prosecutorial discretion. Students will research current criminal justice issues and make analytical observations using concepts and methodologies learned in the class.

CRJ 465 Corrections & Incarceration

3 Credits

This course examines approaches of correctional facilities and provides an overview of historic and contemporary philosophies and practices in the American Penal System. Treatment programs, prisoners’ rights, intermediate sanctions, and intuitional management are among the topics discussed, as well as correctional issues pertaining to race/ethnicity and women.

CRJ 467 Probation & Parole

3 Credits

The purpose and procedures pertaining to probation and parole are analyzed in this course. Topics include pre-sentence investigation, supervision of probationers, parole administration and services, treatment theory, juvenile services, and parole officers. Students are introduced to such new concepts as community-based corrections, the justice model, and determinate sentencing and their impact on traditional policy and practice.

CRJ 501 Criminal Justice, Criminal Law & the Constitution

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of the criminal justice system, substantive criminal law, and the U.S. Constitution. This course may be waived for students holding undergraduate degrees in criminal justice or having completed certain courses.

CRJ 510 Criminal Justice Policy & Theory

3 Credits

This course provides an extensive analysis of the functions, processes, and structures of the criminal justice system. Principles, doctrines, selected rules of criminal law, and law as social control will be examined.

CRJ 512 Criminological Theory

3 Credits

This course explores classical and contemporary literature in criminology and criminal justice. Both theory and empirical research will be used to examine criminal behavior as well as the structure, function, and interaction of the criminal justice system.

CRJ 514 Constitutional & Judicial Processes

3 Credits

This course examines the structure, functions, and operations of the constitution and judicial processes. The impact of historical and contemporary constitutional issues on the criminal justice process will also be examined.

CRJ 520 Research Methods in Criminal Justice

3 Credits

This course introduces the use of research methods in the study of criminal justice. The focus is on the examination of the issues related to collecting, analyzing, and using data. Students will learn to test hypotheses, draw inferences, and write a research report.

CRJ 522 Psychological Factors in Criminal Justice

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the use of psychological methods and theoretical models in the criminal justice system. Students will examine criminal and police psychology with an overview of forensic psychology.

CRJ 524 Ethics in Criminal Justice

3 Credits

This course examines theoretical and applied criminal justice ethical standards as they relate to criminal justice decision-making. Students will evaluate issues concerning discretion, due process, truthfulness, corruption, and discrimination.

CRJ 613 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

3 Credits

This course provides an international perspective on law enforcement. Students will focus on the phenomena of globalization of criminal activity, major aspects of the legal traditions and criminal justice systems of selected countries, as well as international legal and law enforcement institutions.

CRJ 615 Victimology

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of the principles and concepts of victimology, an analysis of patterns and trends, as well as theoretical reasoning and responses to criminal victimization. Students will examine the consequences suffered by victims as well as the services and resources available to them.

CRJ 620 Organizational Behavior in Law Enforcement & Corrections

3 Credits

This course provides an analysis of the various issues facing criminal justice and correctional organizations in the context of professional practice, including, the theoretical concepts of organizational behavior, management and leadership of human resources, and design and structural processes of such organizations. Included topics are fiscal accountability; personnel deployment; implementation of change, motivation and retention of personnel, the hiring, assignment, and promotion of personnel, organizational communication; professional development, and applicable legal issues as they pertain to agency operations.

CRJ 621 Cybercrime Investigation

3 Credits

This course will introduce students to the methods for investigating internet crime. Students will learn how to gather evidence, build a case against the perpetrator, and manage an Internet crime scene.

CRJ 622 Introduction to Forensic Science

3 Credits

This course will introduce students to the history of forensic science along with current technologies, procedures and methods of laboratory analysis in use today. Topics covered will include recognition, protection, documentation and collection of physical evidence as well as analysis of such physical evidence. Legal recognition of new technologies will also be reviewed.

CRJ 623 Homeland Security

3 Credits

This course introduces the student to the responsibilities and functions across agencies at various jurisdictional levels that have the charge of mitigating hostilities, threats, hazards, and consequences. Additionally, this course will study the methods of the most effective response systems. Students will develop the skills to identify, evaluate and resolve complex policy issues and initiate practical actions.

CRJ 625 Employment & Policy Law for Law Enforcement & Corrections Administrators

3 Credits

This course explores specialized topics in substantive and procedural law with a special emphasis on employment law, and how these legal issues impact ethics and leadership in criminal justice and correctional organizations. This course is well suited for command-level personnel in response to a variety of potential agency and personal liability issues.

CRJ 626 Computer Forensics

3 Credits

This course will introduce students to the methods for preventing and detecting cybercrime. Students will learn the basics of retrieving and analyzing data from various mediums, such as computers, global positioning systems, or removable storage devices.

CRJ 627 Advanced Forensic Science

3 Credits

This course will review the forensic science subjects covered in CRJ 622 and introduce the student to the scientific techniques used in processing evidence found at investigations and crime scenes. This course is designed to allow the student to complete exercises in the forensic fields most commonly used today.

CRJ 628 Terrorism: Threats & Strategy

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide the student with an understanding of terrorism, both international and domestic. The course will explore the causes and effects of terrorism as they relate to political structures from both religious and historical perspectives; with particular focus on present day impacts.

CRJ 630 Budgeting for Finance Law Enforcement & Corrections Administrators

3 Credits

This course will introduce students to public program budgeting and finance concepts. Special emphasis is given to methods of financing public programs and the preparation and management of budgets for the programs. This course is intended to provide students with an opportunity to learn and practice the technical aspects of program budgeting and finance in the public safety arena.

CRJ 631 Security & Protection for Cybercrime

3 Credits

This course will instruct students of the basic rights of business and individuals who are affected by cybercrime as well as the means to protect them. Students will learn how to protect potential victims whether minors in chat rooms or multinational businesses from cyber criminals.

CRJ 632 Crime Scene Investigation & Management

3 Credits

This course will introduce the student to the forensic techniques utilized in crime scene investigations (CSI). Students will learn how to process and retrieve trace evidence such as DNA and other items of evidentiary value. Student will also learn accepted methodologies employed in contemporary crime scene management. Students will also become familiarized with commonly accepted forensic techniques, contemporary specialized techniques, and judicial expectations and requirements relative to the admittance of evidence collected by forensic crime scene investigators.

CRJ 633 Risk Assessment

3 Credits

This course is intended to provide the student with advanced knowledge and understanding of the area of risk assessment and management. The focus is on the recognition of real and perceived threats, sharing information between communities and agencies, the collaboration of resources, and the management of risk. Students will examine the concepts of risk assessment, risk analysis, and the impacts of actual and suspected threats.

CRJ 697 Capstone: Evaluation & Program Analysis in Criminal Justice

3 Credits

Students will research key concepts, methods, and issues in the field of evaluation research. In addition, students will analyze and develop an evaluation proposal on a discreet topic within the field of criminal justice. The focus will center on needs assessment, impact, monitoring, as well as the application of quantitative and qualitative techniques.

ECE Early Childhood Education

ECE 101 Introduction to Early Childhood Education

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of the field of early childhood education including history, philosophy, advocacy, public policy, issues, trends, and careers. 

ECE 201 Introduction to Early Childhood Behavior Management

3 Credits

This course will address age appropriate behavior expectations for classrooms and ideas for supporting student learning. Motivation theory, positive reinforcement and behavior support plans will be covered. Major theories of behavior will be considered as they relate to educational settings. 

ECE 203 Introduction to Curriculum & Instruction for the Early Childhood Classroom

3 Credits

Introduction to Curriculum & Instruction for the Early Childhood Classroom examines the relationship between curriculum, instruction, and assessment. This course is designed to provide students with the opportunity to analyze developmentally appropriate practices for early childhood settings, as well as compare the effectiveness of early childhood curricular approaches. In addition, students will apply specific methods for early childhood instruction and assessment. For the final project, students will develop a curriculum unit plan. 

ECE 205 Introduction to Child Development

3 Credits

Introduction to Child Development provides an overview of child development from birth to age eight. This course is designed to provide students with the opportunity to explore the various theories of child development. In addition, developmental milestones and developmental domains will be explored at each of the stages of child development. Factors that influence child development will be examined and ways to support development will be discussed. Students will examine strategies and environments that promote development. 

ECE 214 Nutrition & Health of Children & Families

3 Credits

This course provides a study of the health and nutrition needs of children and families.

ECE 311 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods

3 Credits

This course focuses on curriculum development in early childhood and teaching strategies with a developmentally appropriate approach. Students will prepare curriculum and practice teaching strategies which illustrate the characteristics of play and creativity. The guidance of young children to include behavior management and creating positive learning environments will also be emphasized.

ECE 312 Administration of Early Childhood Education Programs

3 Credits

This course focuses on the development and implementation of early childhood programs for a variety of age groups and purposes. Specifically, curriculum development, materials, teaching strategies, evaluation, budgets, hiring procedures and state guidelines/regulations are addressed as are the skills and competencies to implement the above. 

ECE 313 Collaboration with Parents & Community

3 Credits

Factors that promote effective communication and collaboration with parents of babies and preschool-aged children, families and community resources are considered in this course. 

ECE 315 Language Development in Young Children

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the developmental stages of language acquisition in young children from birth to the age of 6. The focus of the course is on the facilitation of language acquisition in young children. 

ECE 332 Child Development

3 Credits

This course provides a basic introduction to the nature of human growth and development as it occurs from conception through early childhood. Students learn about motor, cognitive, social, emotional, moral, aesthetic, and language development in early childhood.

ECE 335 Children’s Literature

Students learn how to select and use children’s books and other media relating to physical, cognitive, emotional, and social development of babies and preschool-aged children.

ECE 341 Social & Emotional Growth of Infants & Toddlers

3 Credits

Social-emotional development including the management of emotions and the ability to establish positive relationships with others will be covered in this course. Students will learn the important elements in a childcare setting that support healthy social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment in infants and toddlers. 

ECE 343 Quality Care Environments for Infants & Toddlers

3 Credits

Students will learn both theory and application of why and how to set up, arrange and change early childhood learning environments to effectively meet the developmental needs of very young children. The role of the teacher, the importance of the environment, design principles, health and safety will be covered in this course. 

ECE 345 Infant & Toddler Learning & Development

3 Credits

Emphasis will be placed on effective activities and practices to promote language development, cognitive development and motor skill development in young children. Sensory, music and movement development will also be covered in this course. Appropriate behavior teaching and coaching for infants, toddlers, and 2-year-olds will be discussed.

ECE 347 Culture, Family & Childcare

3 Credits

This course will increase the students expertise and understanding of all the components that must work together to create an effective childcare setting in which all children can thrive. Elements to be covered in the planning of a childcare environment include discipline and behavior management as well as consideration of the child’s developmental level, the family and cultural context. 

ECE 351 Play & Learning for the Young Child

3 Credits

In this course students explore the significant role and impact of play on the development of children. Students will actively participate in discussions and activities related to major theorists, current research on play, the developmental stages of play, cultural influences, and current trends and topic related to play. 

ECE 353 Cognitive Development of Infants & Young Children

3 Credits

Students examine the theoretical frameworks related to cognitive development in children providing them with a foundational understanding of the theories of brain development. Using that foundation, students evaluate the relationship between cognitive development and the developmental domains in children and the influences on brain development. Additionally, students analyze how environment and genetics impact brain development and cognitive functioning and evaluate the educational and societal implications for children in the context of cognitive development and functioning. Throughout the course, students also synthesize their learning from the course to develop strategies and techniques in their work with children in a variety of educational settings to promote optimal cognitive development. 

ECE 354 Assessment & Intervention During Early Childhood

3 Credits

Throughout this course, students analyze the purpose of assessment in supporting children across all developmental domains. Using this foundation, students examine the practical application of assessment tools and utilize assessment strategies to enhance the growth and development of children. Finally, students synthesize their learning by developing an assessment portfolio that contains intervention strategies for meeting the developmental needs of children. 

ECE 355 Understanding Behavior & Family Dynamics

3 Credits

This course explores developmental theory and the relationship to the socialization and education of young children in child rearing, caring, and education. Special emphasis will be placed upon exploring how the child is viewed in the context of his or her family and the community at large. 

ECE 405 Children & Families in a Diverse Society

3 Credits

This course will provide a clear and practical introduction to multicultural and anti-bias issues, and aid students in developing culturally relevant methods in working with children and families in early childhood settings. 

ECE 430 Early Childhood Education Capstone

3 Credits

This is the capstone course for the Early Childhood Education and the Early Childhood Education Administration Major, to be taken at the completion of the major courses. This course provides students with the opportunity to integrate and apply their learning from the course of study for Early Childhood Education in a comprehensive manner. Students will reflect on the courses taken and develop an understanding on the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) standards, developmentally appropriate practices based upon child development research, center-based curriculum and professionalism. This course will culminate with a comprehensive final project that integrates the student learning throughout the program as well as a final exam that covers the program learning outcomes. 

ECE 497 Child Development Capstone

3 Credits

The capstone course is designed to be taken at the completion of all courses in this area of study. This capstone course will bring together information regarding advocacy and legislation for children and families and ways that this shapes children’s experiences and opportunities. Students will have the opportunity to integrate and apply their learning from the course of study in the Child Development major in a comprehensive manner. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

ECE 601 Introduction to Early Childhood Education

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of the field of early childhood education including history, philosophy, advocacy, public policy, issues, trends, and careers. 

ECE 605 Children & Families in a Diverse Society

3 Credits

This course will provide a clear and practical introduction to multicultural and anti-bias issues and will aid students in developing culturally relevant methods in working with children and families in early childhood settings. 

ECE 611 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods

This course focuses on curriculum development in early childhood and teaching strategies with a developmentally appropriate approach. Students will prepare curriculum and practice teaching strategies which illustrate the characteristics of play and creativity. The guidance of young children to include behavior management and creating positive learning environments will also be emphasized. 

ECE 612 Administration of Early Childhood Education

3 Credits

This course focuses on the development and implementation of early childhood programs for a variety of age groups and purposes. Specifically, curriculum development, materials, teaching strategies, evaluation, budgets, hiring procedures and state guidelines/regulations are addressed as are the skills and competencies to implement the above. 

ECE 623 Collaboration with Parents & Community

3 Credits

Factors that promote effective communication and collaboration with parents of babies and preschool-aged children, families and community resources are considered in this course. 

ECE 625 Family & Community Engagement

3 Credits

This course focuses on factors that promote effective engagement with families of infants, toddlers and preschool-aged children, and the impact of this relationship on young children’s development, learning and behavior. Integration of concepts with best practice in early care and education, as well as family context and community resources are considered in this course. 

ECE 630 Language, Physical & Social Development in Young Children

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the developmental stages of language acquisition, physical and social development in young children from birth to 6. The focus of the course is on the specific developmental milestones in young children. 

ECE 653 Cognitive Development of Infants & Young Children

3 Credits

This course deals with theories regarding cognitive development in children from birth to eight years of age including knowledge resulting from brain research. The relationship between the rate of cognitive development and overall development will be explored throughout the course. Students will apply this knowledge to design programs to meet the needs of children with varying needs and abilities. 

ECE 654 Assessment & Intervention in Early Childhood

3 Credits

This course explores the issues around early assessment and intervention with young children. Specific developmental concerns will be identified and intervention programs will be examined. 

ECO Economics

ECO 100 Survey of Contemporary Economic Issues

3 Credits

Contemporary economic issues are discussed and relevant economic theory is introduced throughout this course of study. The economic theories of supply and demand, competitive markets, and price elasticity are explored.

ECO 203 Principles of Macroeconomics

3 Credits

Introduction to national income determination and the equilibrium level of output and employment. Monetary and fiscal policies as well as open economy issues are discussed. Recommended prerequisites: Fulfillment of the General Education Critical Thinking competency and Information Technology competency. Recommended prerequisites: Fulfillment of the General Education Critical Thinking core competency and Digital Literacy competency.

ECO 204 Principles of Microeconomics

3 Credits

Introduction to the theory of consumer equilibrium, market structure, and wage determination. Recommended prerequisites: Fulfillment of the General Education Critical Thinking competency, Mathematical competency, and Information Technology competency. Recommended prerequisites: Fulfillment of the General Education Critical Thinking competency, Quantitative Reasoning Core competency, and Digital Literacy competency. (Equivalent to ECO 308).

ECO 308 Economics for Managers

3 Credits

This course will provide a survey of the field of economics as it relates to effective management. The course is designed to provide a basic understanding of the principles, concepts, and operational aspects of our economic system.

ECO 316 Financial Institutions & Markets

3 Credits

A study of money and capital markets concentrating on interest rate determination, the major public and private financial institutions in the U.S. economy, and the major types of financial instruments including bonds, equities, and derivative instruments. Prerequisite: ECO 100 or ECO 203. (Cross-listed as BUS 316.)

ECO 320 International Economics

3 Credits

This course will focus on the environment of firms with particular emphasis on economic variables such as GNP, inflation, interest rates, exchange rates and international trade.

ECO 342 Principles of Econometrics

3 Credits

This course introduces students to multiple regression methods for analyzing data in economics and related disciplines. The mathematics of econometrics will be introduced only as needed and will not be a central focus. Prerequisites: BUS 308, and fulfillment of the Quantitative Reasoning Core competency.

ECO 406 Business Cycles & Growth

3 Credits

Topics include analysis of economic fluctuations and their impact on corporations and consumers; different explanations for business cycles; monetary and fiscal policy for stabilizing economic fluctuations; effects of public debt, investment, employment and trade policy on economic growth. Prerequisite: ECO 203.

ECO 408 Managerial Economics

3 Credits

This course will focus on the application of economic principles and analyses to contemporary business problems and managerial decision making. Emphasis will be given to price and production decision making for profit maximization, investment decision making for a new project, strategic decision making in various business situations, and decision making with risks and uncertainty. Prerequisite: ECO 204.

ECO 610 Global Economics

3 Credits

This course will study international economics with respect to the global aspects of supply and demand. This class will review and evaluate international trade theories, geographic trade patterns, globalization, multinational corporations, and international variations of corporate and national economic policies. By the conclusion of this class, the student will be able to compare and contrast international financial and trade frameworks, and describe the problems and challenges facing the multinational corporation.

EDU Education

EDU 100 Issues in Education

3 Credits

This is an introductory course for students considering teaching as a career path or individuals seeking an increased understanding of the complexity and importance of education. The first focus is on topics in education that include, but are not limited to, teaching as a profession, diversity in the classroom, facilitation of student achievement and accountability, classroom management, and requirements for continuing professionalism in the field. The second focus of this course is on academic writing as a necessary component in the field of education. Prerequisites: GEN 103 and successful completion of ENG 122 or equivalent with a grade of “C-” or better.

EDU 108 Introduction to Policy & Education

3 Credits

This course examines the theory, analysis, development, and implementation of educational policy. It will explore the reasons for change in educational policy, ways to track its evolution, and manners in which educational policy may be influenced. The history of educational policy will also be explored.

EDU 120 Principles of Instructional Design

3 Credits

This introductory course will cover learning theories including behaviorist, cognitive, constructivist and social learning as well as examine their relationship to instructional practices and course design. Basic principles and vocabulary for e-learning will be introduced. Additional topics covered will include factors that influence learning including motivation, learner engagement and learning styles. Students will begin to identify learning outcomes that can be addressed in an e-learning setting.

EDU 232 Instructional Design for E-Learning

3 Credits

Students will be introduced to a variety of instructional design strategies and address the selection of specific strategies to address learning needs in an educational or training environment. The role of needs assessment to inform design and formative evaluation to monitor instructional effectiveness will be addressed in this course. Prerequisite: EDU 120.

EDU 304 Introduction to Education

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide students with a broad view of the various components involved in education and schools today. An introduction to current legislation and trends in education as well as curriculum standards will be covered. The complex diversity of students today, as well as assessment and accountability issues, will also be addressed.

EDU 321 Introduction to Serving English Language Learners

3 Credits

This course provides a sufficiently broad yet detailed exposure to the realities of teaching English Language Learners. The course is designed to prepare students to deliver content area instruction to English Language Learners with diverse abilities using the sheltered instruction approach.

EDU 324 History of American Education

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of sentinel events, theories, and important historical figures that have shaped the United States education system.

EDU 335 Design Concepts & Application for Online Learning

3 Credits

The application of instructional design for online learning will be emphasized as students apply their knowledge to analyze, select and design instructional strategies that are most effective for engaging and teaching online learners. Students will learn methods for managing and delivering online instruction utilizing course management tools and multimedia technologies in both synchronous and asynchronous environments. Prerequisites: EDU 120 and EDU 232.

EDU 336 Evaluation of E-Learning

3 Credits

Students will examine the components of online instruction and classroom design for high-quality standards. Learners will evaluate and assess instructional design and its impact on student learning through a review of various sites and programs. Tools for evaluation of instructional material will be reviewed. Prerequisites: EDU 120 and EDU 232.

EDU 337 Collaboration in the Virtual Classroom

3 Credits

The use of e-learning to promote collaboration and teamwork in a virtual environment will be explored in this course. Opportunities for collaboration utilizing social networking and other tools will be evaluated. Students will utilize a variety of tools to experience real-time learning in the virtual classroom. Prerequisites: EDU 120 and EDU 232.

EDU 338 Human Development & Learning

3 Credits

Brain development as related to human development and the capacity for learning will be explored throughout this course. The neuroscience of brain development and how this information translates into education, as well as the implications of this information for maximizing learning, memory, behavior and overall functioning, are topics that will be addressed.

EDU 352 Foundations of Educational Technology

3 Credits

Strategies and ideas for the use of technology to enhance learning will be explored in this course. The latest in Web applications will be explored and evaluated for their instructional application.

EDU 356 Emerging Issues in Educational Technology

3 Credits

Strategies and ideas of including the latest in technology advancements to promote student engagement and learner success will be examined in this course. Mobil learning, the use of social media such as blogs, Facebook, etc. as well as other Web 2.0 applications will be explored and evaluated for instructional application. Prerequisites: EDU 120 and EDU 232.

EDU 358 Assessment of Student Learning

3 Credits

Students will learn to identify the differences in formative and summative evaluation data and design online learning scenarios to address both of these. The effectiveness of e-learning will be explored through research. The philosophy, use and development of grading rubrics for assignments will be explored. Issues of plagiarism and cheating in e-learning will also be examined. Prerequisites: EDU 120 and EDU 232.

EDU 360 Philosophy of Education

3 Credits

This course provides a sufficiently broad yet detailed exposure to the realities of teaching. The text introduces the vantage points of teaching in four main categories. Part I, the world of teachers and students. Part II, examines the structure, climate and culture of schools today. Part III, reviews the historical, philosophical, legal and financial foundations that shape our educational system. Part IV, provides opportunities to debate, explore and discuss educational issues and trends facing educators in the 21st century. The primary goals of this course are to support students by providing a comprehensive understanding of the world of teaching, by developing critical skills related to the teaching profession, and by developing a teaching philosophy.

EDU 362 Adult Learning & Instruction

3 Credits

Students will learn about the various theories and practices associated with adult learning. Various modalities of instruction will be addressed including e-learning, accelerated courses, and training sessions.

EDU 363 Education & Social Justice

3 Credits

The influences of educational policy and its convergence with social justice will be studied in this course. Issues of race, gender, sexuality, globalism, and other multicultural issues within the study of politics and policy will be explored throughout this course.

EDU 365 Politics of American Education

3 Credits

The political dimensions of policy formation/implementation in education and the use of power to influence educational policy will be explored. Conflict resolution and the analysis of consequences and impact will be examined.

EDU 367 Elementary & Secondary School Media

3 Credits

This class will explore the role of the teacher librarian and role of the library media center at three different levels of education (elementary, middle, and high school). Students will research programs, library practices, teaching styles and management in the facilitation of a library media center.

EDU 371 Phonics-Based Reading & Decoding

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of research, curricular content, and instructional practices associated with Research Based Systematic Phonics Instruction (RBSPI) and other methods for teaching reading. Emphasis and focus are on methods mandated by Arizona legislation. This course covers the history of written language, alphabetic reading and writing systems, and implementation of effective methods for reading instruction. Note: Students enrolled in EDU 371 will be required to find a student to teach or instruct for this course. The student can be a child or adult, age 5 or above. The time commitment will be approximately 3 hours per week for three weeks beginning the second week of this course. There are no exceptions to this requirement. Prerequisite: EDU 372.

EDU 372 Educational Psychology

3 Credits

Educational Psychology explores the theories of how people learn. Selected learning theories are analyzed from the perspective of teaching and learning. Developmental theory and environmental and social factors are explored as they interface with the learning process. Educational psychology’s research is applied to the measurement, assessment, and evaluation of learning and the effectiveness and efficiency of teaching-learning interactions.

EDU 381 Curriculum & Instructional Design

3 Credits

Students will examine the pedagogy involved in designing, selecting and assessing curriculum to meet the needs of diverse learners. The basics such as how to write learning outcomes based on academic standards to selecting the research based materials and activities to support student learning, will be covered. Evaluation of student learning will be included in the course.

EDU 382 Meeting the Needs of Diverse Learners

3 Credits

Students will explore the variety of learning differences found in the classroom today including linguistically diverse students, students with mild to moderate disabilities as well as Gifted and Talented learners. Specific strategies and classroom accommodations that may be used at all levels to meet the needs of all students will be addressed. Working as a member of a collaborative team will also be covered.

EDU 411 Reading & Cognition

3 Credits

The task of learning to read is a very complex process involving the application of perceptual, sensory, linguistic, and cognitive skills to making meaning of text. Exploration of the specific cognitive functions that are applied while reading and strategies supporting reading instruction and reading comprehension skills will be addressed. The implications of digital media on reading skills will also be explored in this course.

EDU 416 Intelligence Assessment

3 Credits

This course will explore different theories of intelligence, the use of intelligence tests to create a numeric score, and the impact of family and culture on intelligence. Educational expectations and programs based on intelligence scores and cultural biases that may impact educational opportunities.

EDU 417 Cognitive Studies Capstone

3 Credits

In this capstone course, students in the Cognitive Studies degree program will demonstrate their attainment of the program learning outcomes through the completion of a project. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

EDU 422 Public Policy & Special Education

3 Credits

A study of the educational, legal, sociological and ethical issues that influence public policy related to the provision of special education to students with disabilities.

EDU 428 Student Achievement in Public Schools

3 Credits

This course will examine various factors influencing student achievement in public schools. Influencing factors will include motivation theories, as well as the impact of families, teachers and schools on student success. Issues of equity and access to quality educational programs will be considered.

EDU 431 Advanced Instructional Design

3 Credits

Students will apply a systematic approach to instructional and informational design to meet specific identified learner outcomes. Applying all of the steps for instructional design students will bring together the strategies and theories explored in the pre-requisite courses to a learning project. Prerequisites: EDU 120 and EDU 232.

EDU 433 Project Management for Instructional Design

3 Credits

Instructional design requires careful and thoughtful collaboration among a variety of design team members. In this course various project management tools, procedures, and methodologies will be introduced as they are applied to projects in education or training. Students will explore the relationship of time constraints, cost, scope and the nature of the project being designed. Prerequisites: EDU 120 and EDU 232.

EDU 440 Information Literacy

3 Credits

This course will provide students with hands-on experiences in strategies to access information in the 21st century, evaluate resources, and effectively use search engines to locate information. Students will learn Web 2.0 tools in a systematic way recommended by professional library associations.

EDU 441 Research & Analysis Skills

3 Credits

This course will introduce students to the theory and methods of evaluating research methods. It explores the ways in which professionals identify and frame research and evaluation questions, assess current scholarly literature on specific topics, locate and critically use primary and secondary source data, and formulate worthwhile evaluation projects. Emphasis will be placed on the research tools and processes professionals use and the role information professionals play in their development, dissemination, and use.

EDU 443 Literature for Children & Teens

3 Credits

This class will expose students to many different types of children and young adult literature, media, and resources. Students will develop material lists for different genres, explore current trends in student interests, and exhibit knowledge of library published journals.

EDU 471 Public Policy Issues in Education

3 Credits

Public policy issues in education including historical, international and political will be examined in light of current research perspectives. Current policy strategies for reforming U.S. public schools will be highlighted.

EDU 473 Divergent Perspectives in Educational Policy & Practice

3 Credits

Current issues and debates in the field of education will be investigated. Students will examine the purpose of schooling and the challenges of meeting a variety of visions for what the school system should accomplish today.

EDU 486 Educational Policy & Administration

3 Credits

This course focuses on the societal and political contexts in educational settings. Students will examine various issues that are likely to have an impact on teaching and learning in diverse educational settings. Educational policy areas considered include governance, curriculum, accountability, personnel development, and school finance.

EDU 490 Interdisciplinary Capstone

3 Credits

This is the capstone course for social science majors with a concentration in education. The course provides students with the opportunity to integrate and apply learning from their professional programs of study in a comprehensive manner. Students will also assess the impact of their educational experiences on their ethical perspectives and critical thinking skills. Students will reflect on and evaluate their personal and professional growth, the benefits of lifelong learning, knowledge and strategy evaluation, and the impact of these elements on their future.

EDU 495 Library Science & Media Capstone

3 Credits

The Capstone Course is an opportunity for students to demonstrate understanding of the Library Science and Media program outcomes through the application of concepts and tools of inquiry to create learning environments, evaluate technology tools and applications for instruction and research, create learning opportunities for a variety of learners, and analyze literature materials for inclusion in specific settings and programs. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

EDU 496 Capstone Instructional Design

3 Credits

As the culmination of the BA in Instructional Design students throughout this course will complete a design project demonstrating their achievement of all program outcomes. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

EDU 497 Capstone: Education & Public Policy Development

3 Credits

The capstone course is an examination of influences affecting policy development and decision-making in the education arena. It will cover policy management, policy execution, establishing and measuring criteria for policy success, and effective communication throughout the public policy process. This course is cumulative in nature, integrating knowledge and information attained throughout the completion of the EPP major. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

EDU 498 Education Studies Capstone

3 Credits

This course provides students with the opportunity to integrate and apply learning from their professional program of study in a comprehensive manner. Students will also assess the impact of their educational experiences on their ethical perspectives and critical thinking skills. Students will reflect on and evaluate their personal and professional growth, the benefits of lifelong learning, knowledge and strategy evaluation, and the impact of these elements on their future. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

EDU 590 Climate, Culture, and Managing the Learning Environment

3 Credits

This course brings focus to the skills, strategies, and considerations a facilitating educator must master to create and maintain a safe, orderly, and flexible environment that is conducive for learning. Participants in this class will increase their knowledge of techniques and strategies proven effective for classroom instruction and individual student behavior management.

EDU 591 Assessing Learners

3 Credits

This course emphasizes how formative and summative systems are embedded in a problem-based approach to assessment, and how different types of assessments appeal to different learners. Participants analyze research-proven assessment strategies and how to implement these to impact educational and program improvement. Participants will explore the issue of integrating instruction with assessment, or what has been popularly referred to as “teaching to the test.” The paradigm shift from assessment of learning to assessment for learning is highlighted.

EDU 592 Planning for Diverse Learners

3 Credits

Instructional Practice specialization graduates engage in continuous and collaborative planning processes to address the needs of diverse learners they encounter in today’s educational environments. Graduates will address planning and preparation techniques to accommodate English language learners, special education, gifted, physically challenged, and mainstreamed students that are consistent with strategies that benefit all. Emphasis is on triangulating curricular demands, assessment, and the lesson-planning process. A variety of instructional models and strategically-placed combinations of formative and summative assessments are employed to ensure mastery of targeted goals.

EDU 593 Student Engagement and Literacy in STEM

3 Credits

This course has several main objectives. First, it will explore what it means to integrate STEM. Second, it will investigate what skills students should be learning to aid them in integrating STEM into their curriculum. Third, it will analyze the importance of teaching reading in the content area. Fourth, it will critique and develop activities with an emphasis on bringing "excitement" to the STEM and Literacy classrooms. Finally, it will align learning practices with the New Generation Science Standards (NGSS), Common Core Standards, and classroom strategies.

EDU 596 Creating a Culture of Universal Achievement & Collaboration

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the core beliefs of No Excuses University and the Six Exceptional Systems for universal achievement leading to classroom and school success. Students will practice skills associated with candid collaboration and select specific areas of focus that will support them in the development of their own Collaboration Commitment. By understanding the foundational steps of the exceptional system staircase, students will be able to apply what is learned to their own practice and be prepared to follow the next steps as featured in the second course of the Exceptional Systems for Revolutionizing Education specialization, EDU 597 Creating a System of Standards, Assessment, & Data Management.

EDU 597 Creating a System of Standards, Assessment, & Data Management

3 Credits

This course allows students to establish meaningful connections between a culture of universal achievement and committed collaboration with the next steps on the exceptional systems staircase: standards, assessment, and data management. By breaking down a standard into manageable parts, selecting effective assessments to determine student growth, and constructing an effective data management system for teachers and learners, students in this course will gain practical skills that can be directly applied to their professional practice. As such, students will be prepared to follow the next steps featured in the third course of the Exceptional Systems for Revolutionizing Education specialization, EDU 598 Creative Interventions & the Success Equation.

EDU 598 Creative Interventions & the Success Equation

3 Credits

In this course, students will connect the first five steps of the Exceptional Systems staircase through the creation of successful interventions. More specifically, students will discover the relationship between effective data translation, committed collaboration, and implementation of appropriate learner interventions. Practical and effective ways to help all learners reach their next level of success and help schools get better results are at the heart of the course. Key concepts learned and practiced in the course can be directly applied to students’ professional practice, support their professional development, and prepare them for the final course in the Exceptional Systems for Revolutionizing Education specialization, EDU 599 Exceptional Leadership – Turning Bold Choices Into Results.

EDU 599 Exceptional Leadership - Turning Bold Choices Into Results

3 Credits

In this final course for the Exceptional Systems for Revolutionizing Education specialization, students discover what it means to be a leader as well as how the choices leaders make impact learner, teacher, and school success. Leadership traits and practices bring students full circle with the Six Exceptional Systems and provide opportunities for practical application of learned concepts with current and potential practice in the field of education.

EDU 600 Introduction to Online Learning

3 Credits

This course presents an overview of the online learning environment from the instructor's point of view. It is a description of the terminology, tools, and skills needed to create a successful online learning experience. Areas addressed in this course include basic online learning concepts, the roles of the teacher and student in online learning, and the components of the online learning environment. Also covered in the course are teaching methodologies, types of blended learning, and guidelines for making the transition from the traditional classroom to the online classroom. Hardware, software, and other tools and technologies used in online learning are discussed.

EDU 601 Promoting Student Success in the Online Learning Environment

3 Credits

This course covers the basic tools needed for student success in an online learning environment. Topics include communication, collaboration, and software skills required to succeed in online learning. Also covered are instructor and student responsibilities and expectations, as well as potential roadblocks to success. Tools and techniques for organizing, prioritizing, and completing course tasks are discussed. Finally, instructional methods for guiding students and evaluating student progress in online courses are also addressed. Prerequisite: EDU 602.

EDU 602 Assessing Knowledge & Skills in the Online Learning Environment

3 Credits

This course examines approaches that assess student knowledge and skills in the online learning environment. Directed instruction, or objectivism, is compared and contrasted with constructivist or inquiry-based learning and assessment theories. Traditional assessment strategies are discussed as applied in directed instructional models of online learning. Nontraditional assessment approaches are explored in constructivist models, such as group products, web pages, multimedia projects, student portfolios, and student projects graded by self-report assessment instruments and rubrics. This course will focus on the use of discussions, pre- and post-testing, writing activities, graded assessments, self-grading assessments, and hands-on projects on student learning and assessment. Prerequisite: EDU 600.

EDU 608 Children’s & Young Adult Literature

3 Credits

Students will explore contemporary literature for children and young adults at the early childhood, elementary, middle and high school levels. The ability to select and evaluate quality literature for children and youth, and the skills necessary to plan and integrate literature into a K-12 program will be addressed.

EDU 609 Online Teaching Internship

3 Credits

Learners will have the opportunity to demonstrate professional skills and knowledge in meeting the unique needs of online learners by using a Learning Management System (LMS) to develop their own online course. Learners will create engaging content and activities that reflect best practices for promoting critical thinking, student retention, and ensuring a robust community environment in the online classroom. Learners will use a professional online course evaluation instrument to rate their courses and those of their peers to inform the improvement and finalization of a quality online course. Prerequisite: EDU 601.

EDU 610 Introduction to Teaching & Learning with Technology

3 Credits

The tremendous growth of technology has had an enormous impact on academics, and knowledge acquired has perpetually altered the dynamics of teaching. However, pedagogical preparations for the use of the new learning technologies requires an understanding of their worth in the context of historical implications, philosophical foundations, educational psychology, and learning theories.

EDU 613 Technology Issues in Instruction

3 Credits

The focus will be on issues related to the use of technology in learning including equity, access, technology literacy, plagiarism, the effective use of games and simulations, and the trend toward e-learning. Students will evaluate various examples of technology-based instruction for instructional quality as well as relevance to the classroom and training environment. Course assignments will include participation in discussions, evaluation of courseware, online journal articles and other web sites, and individual reviews of relevant literature.

EDU 615 Leading the Change Process in Curriculum & Instruction

3 Credits

The course will explore the role of the change agent in the identification, planning, implementation, and assessment of change initiatives for improved achievement. The impact of change on the individual, course, program, and system level will be studied. Research-based standards for successful leadership will be identified and applied as students examine the impact of administration and management on teaching and learning.

EDU 616 Methods & Materials for Teaching & Learning With Technology

3 Credits

This course focuses on the application of technology to enhance instruction. Students will be exposed to the courseware, software applications, and technologies used in instructional technology and discuss ways they can be used effectively. Course assignments and projects require the use of productivity tools, presentation tools, digital imaging, Internet Websites, and online learning platform technologies. Teaching style with technology-based instruction will be explored. Various software and hardware tools will be utilized to enhance presentations, strengthen professional productivity, and encourage critical thinking skills of learners.

EDU 617 School, Family & Community Partnerships

3 Credits

Parent and community involvement is a crucial element to school success. Promoting the social, emotional and academic skills necessary for student success in the 21st century requires a team effort of collaboration with schools, families and the community. Students in this course will explore strategies and research for engaging partners in the ongoing education of children in the community.

EDU 620 Meeting Individual Student Needs With Technology

3 Credits

This course fosters awareness of individual learner characteristics that impede successful achievement. Milder forms of learning disabilities, emotional disorders, and dysfunctional social conditions that are prevalent in typical instructional situations are evaluated. Alternative pedagogies utilizing computer technology applications to alleviate such barriers are explored. Prerequisite: EDU 673.

EDU 622 Development of Interactive Learning Modules

3 Credits

The focus in this course is the development of resources to be used for instruction. Using the information gathered from previous courses, the student creates a project that engages learners in interactive activities. The activities in this course will utilize technology as a tool to enhance pedagogical practices. The performance outcomes of these activities must promote both creative and complex thinking skills.

EDU 623 Introduction to Teaching & Learning

3 Credits

This course is designed to introduce the student to the Master of Arts in Education Program. Students will engage in self-assessment and reflection focused on the philosophy of serving the needs of all students within the context of the community.

EDU 625 Managing the Instructional Environment

3 Credits

In this course the student identifies and explores the internal and external factors that serve to challenge teachers and trainers in instructional environments. Logistical and behavioral components of creating an engaging learning environment are explored. Individual and group dynamics with the integration of technology are evaluated.

EDU 626 Research Design & Methodology

3 Credits

In this course the student accesses sources of educational information, evaluates research evidence, studies various types of educational resources, and applies research to the instructional setting. The focus of this course is research on issues in educational technology and the use of technology tools for making data-driven decisions using both quantitative and qualitative methods.

EDU 629 Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners

3 Credits

This course explores strategies and techniques to support the success of language and culturally diverse students. The values, customs, and communication styles of cultural groups and their implication for teaching are considered. Research-based instructional approaches to developing English learner literacy will be examined.

EDU 635 Community & Youth Development

3 Credits

This course will support teachers and others with the development of practical strategies and tools to support community-wide efforts to strengthen and support youth today. Advocacy for youth development as well as strategies to support youth from a wide range of backgrounds will be addressed.

EDU 639 Human Relationships & Learning in the Multicultural Environment

3 Credits

Students will explore and experience the impact of interpersonal communication concepts and skills upon the creation and maintenance of positive human relationships. The student will develop a knowledge base of selected cultural groups to acquire the competency to identify basic cultural modalities that have an effect upon the teaching and learning processes. Students will demonstrate the integration of the course content to their own personal values and teaching styles. The student will also demonstrate application of human relationship skills to the educational setting and the community.

EDU 642 Understanding & Teaching English Language

3 Credits

In this course students will study the structure of the English language in order to better understand the difficulties that arise in learning a second language. English phonology, syntax, analysis, and application of linguistic theory will be studied.

EDU 643 Methods, Materials & Technology for Learning a Second Language

3 Credits

Strategies for English Language Learners in the content areas while maintaining a language development focus will be illustrated. Specific strategies, materials, technology, and learning activities will be examined to support learning.

EDU 644 Child & Family Welfare

3 Credits

This course will examine public policies in place to support children and families in at-risk situations. A focus on the services and programs offered to support families and children as well as the development of protective factors in families will be offered in this course.

EDU 645 Learning & Assessment for the 21st Century

3 Credits

Supporting the measurement of 21st Century Thinking Skills requires assessments that appropriately measure student skills and content knowledge. Such assessments must be meaningful, relevant and supportive of long-term success in the 21st century and be used to monitor student progress, driving instructional decisions to meet the needs of all learners. Using real-world applications, students of EDU 645 will learn how student learning is enhanced through instructional & curricular rigor and alignment of formative and summative assessments. Further, how student measurement data can be used to monitor student progress and make instructional decisions will be explored. Prerequisite: EDU 673.

EDU 647 Families, Communities & Diversity

3 Credits

This course will focus on establishing relationships and partnerships within families and community of diverse cultures. Specific strategies in developing programs promoting cultural competence within families and communities will be explored. Students will analyze available family and community resources within their community in promoting and supporting cultural diversity.

EDU 648 Teaching & Learning with Technology

3 Credits

This first course is an overview of the field of educational technology including instructional design, influence of learning theory on technology application as well as the various technologies available and their application to learning.

EDU 649 Technologies for Teaching & Learning

3 Credits

This course focuses on identifying appropriate technologies for teaching and learning. Special attention will be directed in analyzing teaching and learning styles. Identifying and evaluating technologies to meet individual needs will be explored in both educational and corporate environments.

EDU 650 Teaching, Learning & Leading in the 21st Century

3 Credits

This course is designed give students a real world perspective into what it is like to teach, learn, and lead in the 21st century classroom. This course provides an opportunity for students to experience the world of the classroom and analyze the range of perspectives and topics that impact being a successful teacher, learner, and leader in the 21st century. The course will bring together a unique set of ‘voices’ from the field, to explore the contemporary nature of what it is like to teach in today’s changing schools while focusing on identifying innovations that can develop students’ capacity to be agents of innovation, collaboration, and creativity.

EDU 651 Collaboration & Learning in a Virtual Environment

3 Credits

Students will explore teaching and learning in virtual worlds. Project-based design, facilitation, and evaluation of instruction, research, and other resources will be examined. The use of online collaboration for student learning and effective uses of various technologies for social networking will be explored.

EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery

3 Credits

This course covers various elements of the instructional design process including needs assessment, instructional problems, learner characteristics, instructional objectives, content sequencing, instructional strategies, and evaluation instruments. Students are expected to learn how to plan, develop, evaluate, and manage the design of effective instructional materials.

EDU 653 Teaching in Higher Education

3 Credits

The course will examine education theories, methods, and strategies for the improvement of instruction in higher education. Emphasis will be placed on the unique challenges of teaching in a changing environment in higher education. Students will explore factors that affect adult learning and the organizational cultures that promote or inhibit learning.

EDU 654 Student Development in Higher Education

3 Credits

The course will examine student development theories from a socio-cultural and psychological developmental perspective. Factors affecting the teaching and learning related to the college environment will be analyzed. Theories of student development and their applications in student affair programs, services, and activities will be reviewed.

EDU 655 Trends & Issues in Instructional Design & Technology for Online Learning

3 Credits

Students gain the necessary skills and knowledge to design effective instructional materials for use in an on-line learning environment. Powerful innovations that may redefine teaching and learning practices will be explored throughout the course.

EDU 656 Technology Solutions for Just in Time Training & Learning

3 Credits

This course will allow students to develop an understanding of the planning for and application of technology for training that meets institutional and organizational needs. Students will utilize technology to effectively develop a request for proposal plan for training utilizing technology to inform, motivate, and prepare learners.

EDU 657 History & Philosophy of American Higher Education

3 Credits

The course will provide an overview of the historical development and cultural backgrounds of higher education in America. Emphasis will be placed on the major themes and developments in American higher education including the ideologies, people, cultures, and movements that have particularly influenced those developments. Current issues and trends in higher education will be explored.

EDU 658 Instructional Leadership

3 Credits

This course focuses on leadership in the educational or corporate environment to bring about change required to meet learning and training needs. Students will evaluate their personal leadership in their professional environment. Leadership tools to provide increased learning opportunities will be used to design learning experiences and evaluate results.

EDU 659 Testing & Assessment for English Language Learners

3 Credits

Various tools and methodologies for assessing English proficiency in speaking, listening, reading and writing for both ELL children and adults will be critiqued. Formative and summative assessments will be explored with an emphasis on the application and appropriateness of their use for instructional design.

EDU 662 Curriculum & Assessment in Higher Education

3 Credits

The course will study the relationships between planning and student learning at course, program, and institutional levels. Modes of curriculum design, development and change in higher education will be presented. Emphasis will be placed on examining curricular leadership and assessment strategies.

EDU 667 Reading Instruction & Early Intervention

3 Credits

Reviews of various research based reading programs will be examined critically. Evaluation will be based on cost, alignment to standards, and research in regard to program effectiveness. Intervention programs for struggling readers and their role in a traditional school setting will be explored.

EDU 668 Reading Comprehension Across the Curriculum

3 Credits

This course will support teachers and others in working with students to improve reading comprehension across all areas of the curriculum. Research investigations into the brain activity required for reading comprehension will be reviewed. Specific strategies for addressing reading comprehension difficulty will be explored.

EDU 669 The Reading, Writing Connection

3 Credits

This course will emphasize the connection of reading and writing with a focus on the content areas. Students will be exposed to a variety of approaches including vocabulary techniques, comprehension strategies, and study techniques to use with learners. Issues of assessment, motivation, and cultural as well as linguistic diversity will also be addressed.

EDU 671 Fundamentals of Educational Research

3 Credits

This educational research course is designed to teach students how to use digital sources to locate and evaluate research articles and apply that information in a learning environment. Students will also consider ethical aspects of research. Finally, students will evaluate and propose ways to become change agents by effectively applying action research principles to real world educational problems and issues. Prerequisite: EDU 620 or EDU 652.

EDU 673 Instructional Strategies for Differentiated Teaching & Learning

3 Credits

During this course, students will learn about and use evidence-based differentiated strategies and materials to meet diverse academic instruction that incorporate the progressive needs of 21st century learners using student’s cultural schemata (i.e., personal experiences, cultural/language norms and family belief systems). Instruction will align with the Common Core State Standards and alternative assessment methods to provide a rich inquiry of learning styles while applying strategies that promote critical thinking and incorporate digital tools and resources. Prerequisite: EDU 650.

EDU 674 Foundations & Trends in Curriculum & Instruction

3 Credits

The course will provide an overview of the foundational pieces necessary for effective design and delivery of curriculum and instruction. Current trends will be compared and contrasted with brain-based research from the field. Emphasis will be placed on processes and procedures for developing both an engaging curriculum and a caring and responsive learning environment.

EDU 675 Change Leadership for the Differentiated Educational Environment

3 Credits

Change Leadership for the Differentiated Educational Environment is designed to ensure that students demonstrate mastery of the MAED program learning outcomes through the continuation of the capstone project. This course bridges the learning activities between EDU 671 Fundamentals of Educational Research and EDU 695 MAED Capstone. This course experience is designed to ensure that students continue their exploration of action research principles in which they will seek out and solve an organizational problem within their area of concentration. Topics in this course will be related to implementing change in an organization, evaluating the impact of the applied intervention, communicating outcomes, collaboration, and 21st century leadership practices.

EDU 676 Curriculum & Instruction Design for Increased Achievement

3 Credits

The course will teach a backward design model for curriculum and instruction that emphasizes clear targets and goals for increased achievement. Curriculum integration and mapping techniques will be examined and implemented as students model the power of collaborative planning and individual reflection. A variety of delivery models will be explored.

EDU 677 Monitoring & Evaluating Curriculum & Instruction through Systems Thinking

3 Credits

The course will define and apply the concepts of differentiated instruction and systems thinking in the development of curriculum and instruction. Processes and procedures for monitoring and evaluating programs will lead to an understanding of the complexity of an effective change process for increased achievement.

EDU 678 Seminar in Curriculum & Instruction for Diverse Needs

3 Credits
The course will simulate the real-world role of the change agent in successful implementation of curriculum and instruction for improved teaching and learning. Students will identify a need, develop an action plan, implement the steps of the plan, and evaluate both individual and organizational achievement that results. Prerequisite: Completion of the previous four Curriculum & Instruction courses or instructor approval.

EDU 679 Technology Solutions for Organizational Improvement

3 Credits

In this course, students will examine theories, organizational learning outcomes, and models of assessment and evaluation that lead to institutional improvement and effectiveness in the use of technology. Students will follow a logic model to conduct a program evaluation and develop a proposal for organizational improvement.

EDU 684 Shared Vision of Learning

3 Credits
Students will learn how to develop a shared vision of student achievement and integrate it into the school plan. By developing and articulating a belief system and shared vision of teaching and learning, students will learn how to link improved teaching strategies to school-wide and district-wide instructional priorities. From this initial building of a shared vision, students will develop a theory of action directed at getting to the shared vision by ensuring that relevant student data are available and examined regularly. Students will learn and apply strategies for guiding, motivating, delegating and building consensus among diverse constituencies in the school and community. The reality is that school leaders must encounter multiple voices in the community and as such, they need to ensure that those voices are part of the consensus building for shared visions of schooling.

EDU 687 Building a Learning-Centered Culture

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide an opportunity for participants to learn how to advocate, nurture, and sustain a school culture and instructional program that is conducive to student learning and staff professional growth in a standards-based system of learning. In this course students will develop an understanding of the rationale for and the components of standards based curriculum and instruction and how they link to students’ learning needs. Students will learn to apply student data to determine policy decisions and leadership actions to improve the instructional program. They will learn to apply site-based teacher-practice data to determine leadership actions to drive professional development and identify student support systems that result in increased student performance. Students will also explore research on diverse learning styles and differentiating instruction for all learners. It is in this course that students learn the power of a system-based approach that builds coherence through a standards-based curriculum and instruction; supervision that supports differentiated instruction in support of accelerating student learning, and the development, implementation, and evaluation of professional development that supports standards-based curriculum and instruction. Prerequisite: EDU 684.

EDU 688 Organizational Management for Student Learning

3 Credits

Students are introduced to safe school environments, data-driven decision-making strategies, practice using various assessment tools and monitoring systems for teaching and learning, and learn district, state, and federal accountability systems. Students will gain an understanding of the legal polices pertaining to classified and certificated personnel. Students will also continue to apply a system-based approach that builds coherence through the alignment of fiscal, human, and material resources to support the learning of all sub-groups of students. Prerequisite: EDU 687.

EDU 689 Personal Ethics & Leadership Capacity

3 Credits

This course develops students' ability to model integrity and justice while learning and applying a variety of decision-making and problem-solving strategies. In this course, students will write a personal code of ethics that includes their moral purpose and belief system for the improvement of teaching and learning. Students will also address issues of equity such as race, language, religions, and sexual harassment. Students will learn ways to inspire and motivate others, and to effectively communicate shared decision-making outcomes to stakeholders. Students will continue to build understanding around the leadership practices that create a learning-centered and trustworthy school community that provides high levels of learning for all students. Prerequisite: EDU 688.

EDU 690 Electronic Summative Portfolio

3 Credits

Using LiveText software, students will begin to create an electronic, professional, portfolio that documents personal and professional growth. Artifacts that parallel INTASC standards will be required for classroom teachers. Corporate trainers will focus on skill-based instruction and outcomes in accordance with the NETS-T standards. This will be an ongoing project through the remainder of the courses within this program and will be finalized in EDU 697.

EDU 692 Creativity, Culture, & Global Contexts in Education Decision Making

3 Credits

This course provides rich opportunities for participants to learn how culture, creativity, and innovation impact teaching and student learning in the 21st century. Participants will adopt a global perspective of teaching and learning to understand how the infusion of 21st century skills impacts curriculum and prepares learners for the challenges associated with living and working in the 21st century. Through scenario-based activities, participants will directly apply skills needed to make informed decisions about the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of culturally relevant instructional practices to support the learning of 21st century skills. Prerequisite: EDU 650.

EDU 694 Capstone I: Education Research

3 Credits

Capstone I: Educational Research guides students through the process of becoming an effective change agent by applying action research principles to current educational challenges and issues. Students will locate and evaluate research articles for scholarship, relevancy, and ethical neutrality. The topics covered during this course include implementing change in an education-based organization, evaluating the impact of the applied intervention, communicating outcomes, collaboration, and 21st-century leadership practices. Prerequisite: EDU 620.

EDU 695 MAED Capstone

3 Credits

The Capstone is a course in which students will demonstrate their attainment of the program outcomes through a spiraled process of skill demonstration including reflection, application, and evaluation. First, students will reflect on patterns in academic work as well as design and development challenges associated with previous course work so as to take control of one’s professional growth and become a more self-directed learner. Next, students apply the framework of 21st Century teaching and learning to redesign prior MAED activities and then evaluate how 21st Century skills influence program learning outcomes. Last, students will use digital tools to showcase their scholarly artifacts through the creation of a digital portfolio for both course, and professionally related purposes.

EDU 696 Capstone II: Culminating Project

3 Credits

Capstone II: Culminating Project is a course in which students will demonstrate their attainment of the program outcomes through a spiraled process of skill demonstration including reflection, application, and evaluation. First, students will reflect on patterns in academic work as well as design and development challenges associated with previous coursework so as to take control of one’s professional growth and become a more self-directed learner. Next, students apply the framework of 21st century teaching and learning to redesign prior coursework and then evaluate how 21st century skills influence program learning outcomes. Last, students will use digital tools to showcase their scholarly artifacts through the creation of a digital portfolio for both courses, and for professionally related purposes. Prerequisite: EDU 694.

EDU 697 MATLT Capstone: A Project Approach

3 Credits

This Capstone course requires students to synthesize their skills and knowledge acquired throughout the MATLT program. The Capstone project must present a practical application that is appropriate for a professional environment in the students’ chosen field of work, be appropriate for inclusion in a professional portfolio, and incorporate a relevant problem or issue that can be supported through formal research. Furthermore, the project should demonstrate significant content across the spectrum of MATLT courses and promote the accomplishment of professional and personal goals. In addition, students will create a professional brochure highlighting their skills, strengths, and educational preparation.

ELL English Language Learner

ELL 240 Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners

3 Credits

This course explores strategies and techniques to support the success of language and culturally diverse students. The values, customs, and communication styles of cultural groups and their implication for teaching are considered. Research-based instructional approaches to developing English learner literacy will be examined.

ELL 242 Understanding & Teaching English Language

3 Credits

In this course students will study the structure of the English language in order to better understand the difficulties that arise in learning a second language. English phonology, syntax, analysis, and application of linguistic theory will be studied.

ELL 351 Listening & Speaking in a Second Language

3 Credits
The stages of language development as well as ideas and strategies to enhance oral language learning and acquisition in the classroom will be applied in this course. Theories and methods of teaching language as communication in oral and aural modes will also be applied.

ELL 353 Reading & Writing in a Second Language

3 Credits

The relationship between first and second language comprehension as well as the reading comprehension and writing connection will be explored in this course. The use of differentiated literacy instruction for English Language Learners will be the central focus.

ELL 354 Grammar in a Second Language

3 Credits

This course will provide students with foundational knowledge of how and why English grammar is necessary for teaching the four language skills, and recognizing and correcting student errors. This course provides students with an overview of English grammar and strategies for implementing grammar instruction. Students will critique lesson plans in terms of best practices, and create their own lesson plans for specific student populations by applying their knowledge of English grammar and language pedagogy.

ELL 355 Methods, Materials, & Technology for Learning a Second Language

3 Credits

Strategies for English Language Learners in the content areas while maintaining a language development focus will be illustrated. Specific strategies, materials, technology, and learning activities will be examined to support learning.

ELL 357 English Language Teaching & Adult Learners

3 Credits

Theory and methodology applicable to English language instruction are integrated in the context of working with adults. Materials and methods suitable for working with adult English learners will be explored and evaluated in this course.

ELL 359 Contemporary Issues in English Language Instruction

3 Credits
Historical influences on instructional design in second language education will be explored. National and state standards for all learners and the implication for ELL instruction will be analyzed. Dual language instruction, bilingual education, and the politics of this as contrasted to English Language immersion programs will also be examined.

ELL 361 Language Learning in a Global Context

3 Credits
This course introduces students to the issues surrounding second language learning around the world. Emphasis will be given to educational, civic, business, governmental, and cultural issues.

ELL 420 Testing & Assessment for ELL Students

3 Credits
Various tools and methodologies for assessing English proficiency in speaking, listening, reading and writing for both ELL children and adults will be critiqued. Formative and summative assessments will be explored with an emphasis on the application and appropriateness of their use for instructional design.

ELL 497 English Language Learner Studies Capstone

3 Credits

This is the capstone course for the English Language Learner Studies major, to be taken at the completion of the major courses. This course provides students with the opportunity to integrate and apply their learning from the course of study for English Language Learners studies in a comprehensive manner. Students will reflect on the courses taken and develop an understanding of the Teachers of English to Other Language Speakers (TESOL) standards and the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) standards, developmentally appropriate practices based upon language development research, and professionalism. This course will culminate with a comprehensive final project that integrates the student learning throughout the program. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

ENG English

ENG 121 English Composition I

3 Credits

This course is designed to enable students to develop competence in analyzing, organizing, and developing ideas; to locate and use library resources for supporting ideas; and to adapt one’s writing to various audiences. Instruction and practice in writing and critical reading is a focus in this course.

ENG 122 English Composition II

3 Credits

This course provides instruction and practice in writing effective expository and persuasive essays. The techniques for doing research and writing research papers are explored. Attention is given to the development of library research skills. Prerequisite: Successful completion of ENG 121 or equivalent with a grade of “C-” or better. Prerequisite: Successful completion of ENG 121 or equivalent with a grade of “C-” or better.

ENG 125 Introduction to Literature

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to the basic elements of fiction, poetry, and drama. Emphasis is on reading literature to perceive the techniques used in each genre, to understand the basic theoretical approaches to literature, to acquire the vocabulary associated with literary criticism, and to analyze and evaluate literature.

ENG 201 American Literature to 1865

3 Credits

This course will examine American literature from early colonization through 1865, including texts from the colonial, revolutionary, and antebellum periods. The focus will be upon literary analysis and literary movements contextualized by American history and culture.

ENG 202 American Literature After 1865

3 Credits

This course will examine American literature focusing on a selection of works published between 1865 and the present. We will explore the impact of social and cultural transformations on our national literature working through literary movements and paying close attention to the development of ideas about gender, race, region and nation as expressed in fiction, poetry, and drama.

ENG 225 Introduction to Film

3 Credits

This course is designed to help students understand and appreciate movies and film more completely. The course examines the ways in which movies and films are shot, tell stories, develop characters, and depict physical reality. Classes consist of critique and analysis of movies and films.

ENG 315 Business & Professional Writing

3 Credits

Instruction in the planning, organization, construction, style, and tone of several forms of business and professional correspondence: letters, interoffice communication, resumes, and formal reports. A review of grammar, punctuation, and usage is incorporated into the course. Prerequisites: ENG 122 and junior standing or permission of the instructor.

ENG 317 International Voices

3 Credits

An introduction to recent international writing in its cultural context. Students read fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and interview, and are introduced to music, art, film, and cuisine of cultures beyond U.S. borders. Prerequisites: Fulfillment of English Proficiency requirement.

ENG 325 Intermediate Composition

3 Credits

Intermediate Composition is designed for students who have some experience with college-level writing but want to develop their ability to write. The goal of this course is to help students learn techniques for writing effective narrative, reflective, analytical, and research essays. These techniques include the effective use of specific details to engage and persuade readers, methods of organization that enable readers to follow a line of thinking, and strategies for editing sentences for clarity and conciseness. Prerequisites: ENG 121 and ENG 122 or equivalents.

ENG 328 Scientific & Technical Writing

3 Credits

Students will develop the skills necessary for writing about scientific, environmental, medical, and technological topics. Emphasis is placed on making complex and technical information understandable to a variety of audiences. Prerequisites: ENG 122 and fulfillment of the General Education Science requirement. Prerequisites: ENG 122 and fulfillment of the General Education Science requirement.

ENG 345 British Literature I

3 Credits

This course examines writing by representative British authors in various genres from the Anglo-Saxon period through the mid-eighteenth century.

ENG 346 British Literature II

3 Credits

This course provides a survey of writing by representative British authors in various genres from the Romantic Period to the present.

ENG 438 Literary Theory

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge, skills, and tools to develop an understanding of the nature of literature, what functions it has, and what the relation of the text is to the author, the reader, language, society, and history.

ENG 497 English Capstone

3 Credits

Students will demonstrate mastery of the concepts and methodology in the major by producing a final project that includes extensive research into the selected topic. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

ENV Environmental Studies

ENV 100 Introduction to Environmental Studies

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the scientific information and key concepts that underlie thefunctioning of earth’s systems with emphasis on how these systems are shaped by human activities.Students examine the social, economic, political, ethical, and technical dimensions related toenvironmental issues and solutions. Topics include population growth, natural environmental cycles,industrialized food systems, air and water pollution, and urbanization.

ENV 230 Concepts of Sustainability

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide a sound understanding of the ecological, technological, economic,political, and ethical dimensions of environmental sustainability. Through the study of selected incidentsand current projects, students will examine food systems, transportation, energy, urbanization,rainforests and global climate change, and defend a position in sustainability.

ENV 300 Environmental Biology

3 Credits

A study of biodiversity. The origin and evolutionary history of biodiversity, including the geological forces that shaped its course, will be discussed. This course will be made pertinent through discussions of the impact of human activity on biodiversity and subsequent impact on the human population. Prerequisite: An introductory biology course or SCI 207.

ENV 322 Energy & Environmental Systems

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide knowledge relative to the relationship between energy consumption,energy generation, their related externalities, and conservation in the context of diminishing reserves of fossil fuels and increasing availability of renewable resources. Students will defend a position related to a particular energy source and its effect on the environment.

ENV 325 Environmental Management

3 Credits

This course examines the issues in the urban environment and the interactions between theory andpolicy relating to urbanization, industrialization and the impact of population growth on theenvironment.

ENV 326 Ecology & Evolution

3 Credits

This course examines the ecological and evolutionary processes across several levels of organization,including individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems. Students analyze the interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment, with an emphasis on natural selection.  The course demonstrates the methods used by ecologists to answer questions about ecological systems including experimental, statistical, theoretical modeling, and visual representations of data. Prerequisites: ENV 100 and SCI 207.

ENV 330 Environmental Ethics

3 Credits

This course is a study of the ethical dimensions of selected contemporary environmental controversies.Students will examine the major theoretical approaches to environmental ethics, value systems, and specific issues including biodiversity and wilderness preservation.

ENV 333 Environmental Impact

3 Credits

Following the guidelines set by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and its subsequent modifications, students will learn the fundamental methods of analysis required for conducting a robustEnvironment Impact Statement (EIS). Students will learn the fundamental elements of an EIS through the examination of contemporary cases.

ENV 345 Business & the Environment

3 Credits

An environmental economics approach is used to illustrate the impact of the firm on the environment and environmental policy on the firm. Cost-benefits analysis is developed in student-driven research projects.

ENV 350 Conservation Biology

3 Credits

Conservation biology examines the causes and consequences of biodiversity loss, conservation approaches and strategies, and the ecological and evolutionary theory used in these approaches. Students evaluate practices that conserve biological diversity at the gene, population, ecosystem, landscape and global scales. The course incorporates topics in culture, ethics, economics and politics to monitor and protect global biodiversity. Prerequisite: ENV 326.

ENV 385 Chemistry & Toxicology

3 Credits

This course examines the underlying scientific principles of toxicants, the sources, fate, and effects of chemicals on organisms and the environment. Students will analyze the accumulation and transport of toxicants in food webs and evaluate their effects on organism physiology, reproduction, and behavior. The course will also include an examination of experimental methods used to assess toxicity, forensic toxicology, ecotoxicology, risk assessment development, role of government regulation, and global and historical contexts.

ENV 495 Environmental Research

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the various stages in the environmental research process. Course design focuses intensely on scientific journal article construction as well as research design, data collection, and statistical analysis.

ENV 497 Environmental Studies Capstone

3 Credits

Students will utilize knowledge gained throughout the program to construct a final Capstone Project focused on the design and implementation of a sustainable community. This Project will allow students to display content area knowledge over all completed courses.

ESE Education Special Ed

ESE 315 Survey of Exceptional Students

3 Credits

An investigation into the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors needed to identify and instruct students with disabilities in varied school settings. Attention will be given to the variety of students that special educators are likely to come into contact with. Students will examine the issues of providing services to identified individuals within and outside school settings. 

ESE 370 Learning & the Brain

3 Credits

Teaching and learning issues within a cognitive processes context are explored. This course covers the study of emotion, memory, and recall as well as early brain development and its relationship to learning. 

ESE 601 Students with Exceptionalities in the School Setting

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the education of students in the school setting with exceptional needs, specifically those with mild to moderate disabilities, who qualify for services under one or more of the eligibility criteria covered by special education federal laws. Special education key terms and common strategies that influence learning and behavior as well as ethical and legal privacy rights of families of children with disabilities are introduced. Additionally, variations, characteristics, and patterns of individual differences in learning and academic progress are investigated.

ESE 603 Law & Ethics in Special Education

3 Credits

Law & Ethics in Special Education explores the fundamental civil and legal principals and pivotal legislation that contribute to the placement, instruction, service delivery, and privacy issues of those who have a qualifying disability under federal laws. Learners will identify critical issues that may lead to ethical and legal conflicts of interdisciplinary team participants as well as proactive strategies for resolution. Furthermore, the course offers multiple opportunities for analysis of personal biases regarding professional ethics and practice standards. Prerequisite: ESE 601.

ESE 610 Assessment & Evaluation of Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities

3 Credits

Assessment & Evaluation of Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities provides a comprehensive examination of the assessment and evaluation cycle employed within the special education process. During this course, learners will distinguish the special educator’s role within the multidisciplinary assessment process including how the evaluative data drives the planning and development of an individualized program. Additionally, the mandatory safeguards that assure ethical evaluation and assessment practices do not discriminate on the basis of race, culture, or native language are examined.

ESE 631 Survey of the Exceptional Child

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the education of students with diverse learning abilities and styles, including children with mental retardation, physical disabilities, learning disabilities, those identified as gifted and talented, and those diagnosed as having attention deficit disorder. These and other disabilities and special abilities are explored with a focus on the identification of individual differences in development and learning, and risk factors associated with exceptionalities. Developmental variations and patterns of these exceptionalities are examined along with the educational support strategies, the effects on the family and the rights of children. 

ESE 633 Collaborative Relationships & Transition

3 Credits

This course focuses on effective education-based collaboration strategies for special educators who have multiple roles and serve numerous functions when designing and implementing developmentally appropriate and challenging learning experiences for students with a disability. As the special educator job is multifaceted, additional focus is on formulating a team-centered framework that provides academic support for various service delivery models. Additionally, candidates will learn how to effectively collaborate through verbal, written, and digital communication with collaborative transition team members who enable students to meet 21st century standards post-high school completion. 

ESE 634 Education-Based Collaborative Relationships

3 Credits

This course focuses on collaboration strategies for special educators in the school environment who work with other professionals, services providers, and families of students with mild to moderate disabilities. Emphasis is placed on educators who provide academic support for various service delivery models. Communication, teamwork, and strategies for dealing effectively with conflict are emphasized. Prerequisite: ESE 601.

ESE 645 Lesson Design for Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities

3 Credits

This course explores the methods of effective instructional planning, lesson design, and teaching strategies for students with mild to moderate disabilities. Learners will develop quality differentiated instruction techniques for various student profiles. Additionally, learners will create individualized goals and objectives for students with disabilities. Prerequisite: ESE 601.

ESE 656 Positive Behavior Supports in the Classroom

3 Credits

This course introduces the underpinnings of behavior theory and offers real-world strategies for the 21st-century classroom that assist today’s educators in meeting the needs of students with mild to moderate disabilities. Behavior functions and modifications as well as various methods of observation and documentation are emphasized. Diverse cultural and environmental factors contributing to student behavior are also examined. Prerequisite: ESE 601.

ESE 665 Instructional Planning for Differentiated Student Needs

3 Credits

Instructional Planning for Differentiated Student Needs addresses how to use evidence-based differentiated strategies and materials that incorporate cultural schemata (e.g., personal experiences, language norms, and family belief systems) to meet the progressive needs of 21st-century education. Students will design instructional materials that align with state standards, investigate assessment methods to address a variety of learning styles, and apply strategies that promote critical thinking and incorporate digital tools and resources. 

ESE 668 Evidenced-Based Instructional Methods for Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities

3 Credits

In this course, learners will explore multiple aspects of curriculum design and delivery, apply their knowledge of the characteristics of varying disabilities, and create meaningful classroom instruction that aligns with curriculum, standards, and individualized education program goals. Data-driven instruction derived from individualized assessment results will be accessed and applied to instructional methods. Emphasis will be placed on evidence-based instructional strategies including collaboration with service providers to best meet the academic needs of students with mild to moderate disabilities. Prerequisite: ESE 601.

ESE 680 Action Research in Special Education

3 Credits

Action Research in Special Education guides students through the process of becoming an effective change agent by applying action research principles to current special education challenges and issues. Students will locate and evaluate research articles for scholarship, relevancy, and ethical neutrality. The topics covered during this course include implementing change in an education-based organization, evaluating the impact of the applied intervention, communicating outcomes, collaboration, and 21st-century leadership practices. 

ESE 684 Instructional Methods for Students with Mild/Moderate Disabilities

3 Credits

This course will cover critical issues and specific methods and materials relating to the instruction of students with a varying range of needs. Class sessions will focus on students with mild disabilities and implementation and evaluation activities. Major emphasis will also be on the framework for appropriate instruction for students in light of their learning stages, the nature of the learner, and the content. Additional topics include: service delivery systems, roles of teachers and ancillary personnel, legal requirements, and major issues confronting the field of special education.

ESE 688 Diagnosis & Evaluation of Students with Mild/Moderate Disabilities

3 Credits

The student will become familiar with the basic concepts and procedures relating to assessment in special education. Norm-referenced, achievement, diagnostic, informal, curriculum-based, intellectual, and adaptive assessment will be covered. Interpretation will be stressed. Application of course principles will be provided in one or more student-conducted testing situations.

ESE 691 Behavior Management in the Classroom

3 Credits

This course provides strategies for changing inappropriate behaviors and prompting the acquisition of adaptive behaviors through positive management procedures. Designed to provide the teacher practical “how to” skills in classroom management, modification of behavior, and other management skills directed toward establishing an environment of learning. 

ESE 697 Characteristics of Students with Mild & Moderate Disabilities & Evidenced-Based Strategies for Instruction

3 Credits

This course investigates the characteristics of students with mild and moderate, high-incidence disabilities (LD, EBD, ID), as well as the most effective strategies for teaching students with these disabilities. The central focus of the course is to design quality instruction to meet the needs of a range of learners in an inclusive classroom, as well as to leverage effective approaches and strategies to teaching and assessing students with disabilities. 

ESE 699 Applied Capstone Project

3 Credits

The Master of Arts in Special Education capstone course requires learners to demonstrate their mastery of the program learning outcomes through a spiraled process of reflection, application, and evaluation. Each week learners will highlight their academic and professional growth by leveraging 21st-century teaching and learning strategies that have been acquired throughout the graduate program. The culmination of this iterative learning process is the students' creation of an electronic portfolio that synthesizes their scholarship and is used as the final course evaluation instrument.

EXP Freshman Experience

EXP 105 Personal Dimensions of Education

3 Credits

This course is designed to help adult learners beginning their university studies to achieve academic success. Students will explore learning theories, communication strategies, and personal management skills. Adult learners will develop strategies for achieving success in school and work. Students will also be introduced to the University’s institutional outcomes and learning resources. Successful completion with a “C-” or better or equivalent is required.

EXP 200 Fundamentals of Adult Learning

3 Credits

This course presents adult and experiential learning theories and applies them to the student’s life and experiences. Kolb’s Model of Experiential Learning will be examined and used to analyze prior learning experiences. Students will investigate the roles of reflection and metacognition in the learning process. Guidance and practice will be given in developing an experiential essay structure that will plausibly demonstrate college-level experiential learning outcomes. The experiential essay written in the course can be submitted to the Prior Learning Assessment Center at the completion of the course for a potential of three additional credits.

GEN General Education

GEN 102 Digital Literacy for Life & the Workplace

3 Credits

This course offers an overview of digital literacy as it applies to personal, academic, financial, and professional success. Students will analyze the impact of digital technology on personal and social communication to develop digital literacy skills that will assist in achieving academic and career goals. An overview of financial literacy in the digital age is introduced with practical strategies for application in personal and professional life.

GEN 103 Information Literacy

3 Credits

This course will provide a foundation in information literacy skills. Students will learn distinct research methods for various types of questions as well as develop methods to evaluate resources based on authorship, authority, credibility, information type, currency, and purpose. A focus on the use and acknowledgement of resources will provide students with a ground for future ethical research. The course will emphasize the use of academic research and organization tools with a focus on applying those methods to make informed choices and think critically about various sources of information.

GEN 499 General Education Capstone

3 Credits

This course provides students with a cumulative and integrative learning experience grounded in their general education experience. Through the study of selected interdisciplinary topics and course-embedded assessments students will demonstrate mastery of essential competencies and application of different ways of knowing. Students will apply the general education principles informed by ethical and critical sensibility and provide evidence of growth in acquiring the habits of active citizenship. A minimum grade of “C – “ is required to meet course requirements.

GEO Geography

GEO 308 Geographic Information Systems

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software that is widely used to conduct spatial analysis in the areas of environmental science, defense and intelligence, emergency response, business, education, government, health and human services, public safety, transportation, and utilities and communication.  Students will learn the ArcGIS system and become experienced in the analysis of spatially related data and the digitized map system.

Note: the software used in this course has specific computer requirements including, Windows 8 Operating System, 2.2 GHZ minimum speed, and 2GB minimum Memory/ RAM. 

GRO Gerontology

GRO 200 Introduction to Gerontology

3 Credits

This course will provide an introduction to aging and an overview of the field of gerontology. The major concepts, theories and principles of gerontology will be introduced. Students will explore ageism in the United States, current demographic trends in our society, old age as a stage of lifespan development, health and healthcare concerns of older persons, issues of work, retirement, housing and economics, family relationships and social support, quality of life, and political issues of an aging society. Concepts, practices and other issues of aging will be explored.

GRO 202 Psychology of Aging

3 Credits

This course covers normal aging from a cognitive perspective as well as various forms of dementia, including signs and symptoms, risk factors, and neuropathology. Students learn about cognitive changes that occur with normal aging as well as risk factors for transient cognitive impairments. Alzheimer’s disease is discussed in detail as well as non-Alzheimer’s forms of dementia, including frontotemporal dementia syndromes, Parkinson’s disease dementia, Lewy body dementia, vascular dementia, and Creutzfeld Jakob disease. The course also includes a section on evidence-based factors related to successful aging and the future of aging research.

GRO 320 Adult Development & Aging

3 Credits

This multi-disciplinary course presents views, perspectives, and research on aging and the aging process with emphasis on the life-span perspective. Current research and theory covering psychological, sociological, anatomical, physiological, and biological aspects of aging are explored.

GRO 325 Aging & Health

3 Credits

This course examines the interface between health and aging. A broad range of health concerns and issues of older persons are explored from physical, mental, and emotional perspectives.

GRO 330 Social Policy & Aging

3 Credits

This course explores the context and process for policy making impacting older adults in the United States. Topics covered include elder advocacy, retirement, inequities in access and procurement of services, employment, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, delivery and regulation of health care, elder abuse, and social/community services.

GRO 338 Mental Well-Being & Aging

3 Credits

This course explores models of mental health for older adults. The content examines mental well- being in older adults from both the individual (micro level) and societal perspectives (macro level.)

GRO 410 Death & Dying

3 Credits

This multi-disciplinary course offers an overview of psychosocial aspects of death and dying. Topics include attitudes toward death, preparation for death, care of terminally ill patients, funeral issues, mourning, grief practices, suicide, and euthanasia.

GRO 440 Ethics & Legal Aspects of Aging

3 Credits

This course explores major ethical and legal issues impacting older adults and the provision of services to this population. Case studies and court decisions are incorporated throughout the course to address legal and ethical considerations/issues from social, cultural, and individual perspectives.

GRO 497 Gerontology Capstone

3 Credits

This course is a synthesis of the major ideas, perspectives, and concepts gained from the study of gerontology. A substantive paper is developed which requires students to critically analyze their experiences and integrate knowledge gained throughout the program.