Title
Ashford University Catalog

HCA Health Care Administration

HCA 205 Introduction to Health Care

3 Credits

This is an introductory course that explores the historical evolution of health care in the United States, its financing sources, technology, delivery of care and the stakeholders who comprise the health care system. The structure of the health care system, including the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, better known as Obamacare, will be discussed along with the various components that influence health care such as legal, ethical, regulatory, and fiscal forces. Students will also explore other health care systems and examine the potential future of health care in the United States. 

HCA 281 Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals

3 Credits

This course is designed as an applied managerial and financial accounting course, designed to provide health care decision-makers with fundamental concepts of health care accounting practices and procedures. Prerequisites: Successful completion of Mathematical and Information Technology competencies. 

HCA 305 The U.S. Health Care System

3 Credits

This is an introductory course that explores the historical origins, foundations, values, and resources of the U. S. Health Care System. Other national health care systems are discussed in a comparative discourse with that of the United States. Throughout the course, the health care service component is integrated with market place, legal, ethical, regulatory, and financial factors as forces influencing the continued evolution of the U.S. Health Care System and the resulting opportunities.

HCA 312 Health Care Finance

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to health care’s fundamental financing concepts. The interaction of funding resources among government agencies and the private sector in the funding of health services is explored. Political and social policies contributing to the demand for health services are discussed. Cost control strategies such as managed care, fee for service and specified contractual arrangements provide the foundation for analyzing health care financing. Health services financing and disbursement systems are presented across the domains of for-profit, non-profit, public, grant funding and managed care. Focused attention is given to discussion of government financing of health services including, Medicare, Medicaid, and specific entities such as veterans administration and other categorical funding. Prerequisites: ACC 281 and HCA 205 or HCA 305.

HCA 322 Health Care Ethics & Medical Law

3 Credits

This course presents the ethical and legal implications of health care administration. The unique legal aspects encountered in the provision of health services are analyzed. Concepts of access, affordability, health care interventions and human rights are interfaced with legal and ethical issues challenging the provision of health care services. Concepts of risk management, continuous quality assurance, guardianship, Institutional Review Boards, and needs of special and diverse populations provide discussion points in the course. The overlapping domains of ethics and medical law are examined. Case studies and discussion of ethical and legal precedent setting decisions are used to link theory with reality. Prerequisite: HCA 205 or HCA 305.

HCA 331 Introduction to Health Education

3 Credits

This course is a foundational course designed to provide an introduction to health education and the health education profession. Health educators are often responsible for developing and implementing health education programs that aim to improve the quality of life of individuals and communities. The roles, responsibilities, skills, settings, and professional networks of health educators will be reviewed in this course.

HCA 333 Introduction to Long-Term Care

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of the long-term service delivery continuum. Course topics include: the concept of patient-family-centered services, introduction to theories of adult development and aging, modalities of the long term care delivery system, organizational culture, introduction to regulatory agencies, financial resources, and assurance of quality.

HCA 340 Managing in Health & Human Services

3 Credits

An upper-level management course providing basic management theory for the beginning manager. Management challenges, human service environments, management theories, organizational design, program planning and implementing supervisory relations, managing finances program evaluation, leadership theories and teams in organizations are explored. Prerequisite: HCA 205 or HCA 305.

HCA 352 Legal & Ethical Aspects of Health Information Management

3 Credits

This course explores the major legal and ethical issues central to the implementation, application, and utilization of health information across the spectrum of health care settings. Key topics include liability, confidentiality, risk, quality, and utilization management. In addition, the legal and ethical ramifications of federal legislative mandates pertaining to health information management are reviewed. Case studies are utilized throughout the course to help students apply course concepts.

HCA 375 Continuous Quality Monitoring & Accreditation

3 Credits

This course provides a foundational exploration of the concepts of health care accreditation and continuous quality monitoring. The concept of quality assurance is explored from a perspective of selected accreditation, regulatory, licensing and certification programs. The interface of accreditation and reimbursement is explored. Health information systems are used in the analysis of health care accreditation, government mandates, and regulatory activities as they impact consumer outcomes. Legal implications of quality monitoring are analyzed. Social, political, professional and organizational influences upon health services delivery are explored from a perspective of demand, special populations, financing and service delivery. Prerequisite: HCA 205

HCA 401 Introduction to Health Care Informatics

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of health care informatics including basic vocabulary, concepts, technology, uses and practices. The history, background, and development of health care informatics are presented, as well as academic, private, and government influences.

HCA 415 Community & Public Health

3 Credits

This introductory course explores community and public health services in the well-being of a population. Regulatory mandates promoting public and community health are explored. The interface among community and public health services and the overall health care industry is explored. Legal and ethical imperatives emergent in public health services are discussed. Financing options are explored recognizing the role of categorical fiscal resources. Health care promotion and prevention strategies are explored in concert with the role of health care institutions and the public sector. Health information data is utilized in the planning of a community and/or public health project. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the majority of major coursework.

HCA 421 Health Care Planning & Evaluation

3 Credits

This course utilizes health care research data, research protocols, and information systems in the planning, implementation and evaluation of health care programs meeting the health care needs of a diverse population. Historical perspectives are discussed in tandem with current health programs and future challenges. The impact of public entities in controlling the demand aspects of health services is discussed in light of regulatory legislation. Planning strategies to meet the needs of a diverse population are explored from both the public and private sector. Discussion of the efficacy and efficiencies of past and current programs provide opportunities for analysis of past and on-going service demand and client outcomes. Development of a health care model applying the concepts of reimbursement, supply and demand, contractual adjustments and patient mix in to the planning and evaluation process. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the majority of major coursework.

HCA 430 Special Populations

3 Credits

This is a topics course that explores health care services for special populations. The populations include: mental health, substance addiction, rehabilitation, geriatrics and selected specialty services. The course is problem focused emphasizing access, cost-quality issues and financing considerations. Health information data is utilized as resources for the analysis of demand, quality and cost-efficiency. Historical perspectives are presented as shaping factors influencing the present models of health services for special populations. Government mandates, categorical services, legal, ethical, and reimbursement issues are presented as driving forces in the provision of special population health services. Multidisciplinary models of special population health service models are discussed. Learners will develop a model program for a self-selected special population. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the majority of major coursework. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the majority of major coursework.

HCA 442 Contemporary Issues in Aging

3 Credits

This course presents significant major interdisciplinary aging issues and controversies drawn from biological sciences, medicine, nursing, psychology, sociology, gerontology, public policy, and social work. With an emphasis on critical thinking, divergent views and perspectives of aging phenomenology are explored through the reading and research of selected articles and reports covering current topical content.

HCA 444 Long-Term Care: The Consumer Perspective

3 Credits

This course examines the role and impact consumers have in long-term care decision making and provision of care. Factors and challenges influencing consumer choices are explored within the context of long-term care improvement in both institutional and community settings. Current topical issues such as customer/provider relationships and quality of care are overviewed in this course.

HCA 459 Senior Project

3 Credits

This course provides the learner a format for the integration health care concepts, exploring a self-selected health care topic. The Senior Project may be: 1) problem focused in which the learner identifies a health care problem or issue and conducts research on the topic culminating in a proposed solution; or 2) an observational research project on a self-selected health care topic. Prerequisites: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course and majority of major coursework.

HCA 496 Health Informatics Capstone

3 Credits

This course provides a synthesis of the major ideas, perspectives, theories, and concepts gained from the study of health informatics. A substantive paper is developed which requires students to critically analyze their experiences and integrate knowledge gained throughout the program. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

HCA 497 Health Care Studies Capstone

3 Credits

In this final course students will demonstrate their mastery of program outcomes by reflecting on and synthesizing insights gained from their studies. This will take the form of a focused study of a significant trend or problem in contemporary health care. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

HCS Health Care Studies

HCS 308 Introduction to Nutritional Concepts

3 Credits

This introductory course provides an overview of the basic principles of nutrition including the basic functions, needs, and sources of micro and macronutrients. Students apply nutrition principles to personal needs, as well as needs of individuals across the lifespan. Nutrition controversies are explored in addition to learning about the anatomical and physiological impacts of inadequate/improper nutrition practices and the risk for disease. Note: This course is designed for students with no previous and/or a limited science background. Prerequisite: HWE 200.

HCS 311 Health & Wellness in Adulthood

3 Credits

This course provides students with a holistic overview of the multi-faceted dimensions of health and wellness in adulthood. Physical, social, intellectual, emotional occupational, spiritual, and environmental elements of health are explored within the context of a wellness lifestyle.

HCS 316 Cultural Diversity in Health & Illness

3 Credits

This course explores the complexities and dimensions of health and illness through diverse cultural perspectives. Traditional health beliefs and practices among selected populations are presented along with the influences of social, political, and demographic changes impacting issues and perceptions of health and illness in a multi-cultural society.

HCS 321 Foundations of Complementary & Alternative Health

3 Credits

This course introduces students to basic definitions and classifications of non-allopathic complementary and alternative health systems. Content includes the history and development of practices, practitioner nomenclature, and cultural influences of the major systems of Complementary and Alternative Medicine used today.

HCS 323 Health & Wellness Promotion Throughout the Lifespan

3 Credits

This course provides students with a holistic overview of the multi-faceted dimensions of health and wellness across the lifespan. The seven dimensions of health: Physical, social, intellectual, emotional, occupational, spiritual, and environmental are explored within the context of a wellness lifestyle.

HCS 326 Holistic Health

3 Credits

This course examines health in relation to living a balanced life and the synergism of mind, body, and spirit, rather than approaching its study solely from the conventional Western or allopathic perspective. Divided into three major themes, the course investigates the principles of strengthening your inner resources, developing healthy lifestyle practices, and taking charge of challenges to the body, mind, and spirit.

HCS 334 Personal Fitness & Wellness for Optimal Living

3 Credits

Students will compare their own physical activity habits to national guidelines and explore the benefits of physical activity as well as the consequences of physical inactivity. Written assignments, case studies, and discussion forums provide students with an opportunity to design exercise and wellness plans for themselves and potential clients. Prerequisite: HPR 205 and HWE 200.

HCS 339 Introduction to Western Herbalism; Basic Doctrine, Energetics and Classifications

3 Credits

This course explores fundamental constructs of Western Herbalism. Its focus is in providing the student a framework from which herbs can be conceptualized as entities with energetic and practical signatures. Consequently, herbs will be presented and appreciated from various and eclectic points of view which describes their characteristics and actions for their application in various body tissue conditions. The course will also cover qualitative descriptions (constitutions) that are tied to the human organism, appreciation of therapeutic laws, and classification of medicinal plants. Prerequisites: HCS 321 and HCS 326.

HCS 412 Health Promotion Planning & Evaluation

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of the practical and theoretical elements of health promotion programplanning, implementation, and evaluation in a variety of settings. Students explore models and theoriesused in planning health and wellness promotion campaigns/interventions and how findings of programevaluation can be utilized and applied.

HCS 435 Spirituality, Health, & Healing

3 Credits

This course explores the connections between spirituality, culture, health, and healing. Students examine spiritual rituals and practices from multi-cultural perspectives, in addition to examining elements of spiritual care in a variety of health settings and contexts.

HCS 495 Complementary & Alternative Health Capstone

3 Credits

This course is a synthesis of the major ideas, perspectives, and concepts gained from the study of complementary and alternative health. A substantive paper is developed which requires students to critically analyze their experiences and integrate knowledge gained throughout the program. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

HCS 497 Health Education Capstone

3 Credits

This course is a synthesis of the major ideas, perspectives, and concepts gained from the study of health education. A substantive paper is developed which requires students to critically analyze their experiences and integrate knowledge gained throughout the program. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

HHS Health and Human Services

HHS 201 Introduction to Human Services

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the profession of health and human services beginning with the historical evolution of the field and continuing up to modern day. A broad-based view of the purpose, preparation, and theoretical orientation of the profession is stressed including the many types and career settings of human service professions, scope of work, and duties and functions. Basic skills required by health and human service workers are reviewed, in addition to the roles of human service workers in both clinical and non-clinical settings. An introductory examination of orientations, ethics, and skills related to health and human service delivery in diverse practice settings is included.

HHS 207 Communication Skills for Health & Human Service Personnel

3 Credits

This course emphasizes theories and practice of professional communication skills within the context of health and human services. Students will examine classical approaches and new theories and research in interpersonal, and group communication. Active listening, empathy interviewing, nonverbal communication, and presentation skills are stressed. The impact of family, culture, and gender on communication is integrated through communication exercises and class projects. In this class, students will also have an opportunity to examine the practical implications of these concepts in developing their own communication skills through application of selected communication techniques and strategies.

HHS 310 Health & Human Services Culture: The Helping Relationship

3 Credits

This course examines the role and function of “helping,” and helping processes as applied within the context of the health and human service profession. Helper characteristics are considered, relative to optimizing service delivery in diverse health and human service settings serving a multitude of constituents/client groups. Helping strategies and interventions, with attention to principles, methodology, practitioner skills and knowledge are overviewed. Interpretive strategies such as case study analysis, and vignette analysis are used to simulate health and human service settings.

HHS 320 Cultural Awareness in the Human Services

3 Credits

This course prepares students to understand cultural systems, and the nature of cultural identity defined by gender, ethnicity, race, national origin, sexual orientation, income, physical and mental ability, age, and religion. Emphasis is placed on defining and developing skills for the culturally competent delivery of health and human services.

HHS 435 Contemporary Issues, Trends, Health Law Ethics in Health & Human Services

3 Credits

Health and human service delivery practices are discussed using contemporary issues, trends, legal aspects, and ethics in an integrated approach. Health laws, ethics, and professional conduct standards including boundary- setting and confidentiality requirements are covered. Professional roles, functions, and legal/ethical responsibilities of health and human service professionals are overviewed using standards published by selected professional organizations.

HHS 460 Research Methods in Health & Human Services

3 Credits

This course is a survey course encompassing the application of research methodology. It prepares students to critically evaluate published research. The nature and history of the scientific method, research tools, data collection and analysis will be reviewed. Although key statistical concepts are covered, the focus of the course is helping students gain a conceptual understanding of the components of sound research, and to understand the steps and procedures involved in ethical research of the content area.

HHS 497 Health & Human Services Capstone

3 Credits

In this final course, students will reflect upon and synthesize the major insights gained in their study of Health and Human Services. A substantive paper is developed which requires students to critically analyze their experiences and integrate knowledge gained throughout their program. The focus is on a strategic health and human services topic that is directly related to access and delivery of services to a selected client group. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

HIM Health Information Management

HIM 105 Medical Terminology

3 Credits

This course is the study of medical language and includes the building blocks of prefixes, suffixes and root words, definitions, pronunciations, basic medical terms, and common laboratory tests, diagnostic tests and procedures by body system.

HIM 205 Anatomy & Physiology I

4 Credits

This course is part one of a two-part course that is the study of anatomy, the structure of the body and how the body is organized and physiology, the function and vital processes of the various structures making up the human body. This course includes an overview of the human body, basic chemistry of the body, cell and tissue structures, integumentary, skeletal, and muscular and nervous system.

HIM 206 Anatomy & Physiology II

3 Credits

This course is part two of a two-part course that is the study of anatomy, the structure of the body and how the body is organized and physiology, the function and vital processes of the various structures making up the human body. This course includes an overview of the endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, lymphatic & immune, gastrointestinal, urinary and reproductive systems. Prerequisite: HIM 205.

HIM 210 Pathophysiology

3 Credits

This course is the study of common human diseases, disorders and conditions. In the course, students will learn the description, symptoms and signs, diagnostic tests, etiology, and treatment for common diseases, disorders and conditions. In addition, the students will learn about the associated drug class for specific diseases, disorders or conditions. Prerequisite: HIM 105, HIM 205, and HIM 206.

HIM 217 Electronic Health Records

3 Credits

In this course, students will learn about the structure, capture, use, storage and retrieval of health information in paper, hybrid and electronic formats. Students will learn about Electronic Health Record (E H R) project management including scope, goals, strategic planning, workflow analysis, functional needs assessment and implementation. Students will learn about the financial aspects of the E H R as well as the E H R from a consumer and a nationwide health information network perspective. Prerequisite: HCA 205.

HIM 250 Clinical Classifications Systems I

3 Credits

This course is part I of a two-part course that introduces students to applications for clinical classification and coding. Students will learn about the development of classification systems, use of the health record for coding and the relationship between coding and reimbursement. In particular, the students will learn the guidelines for diagnosis coding and organizational structure for provider billing. Prerequisites: HIM 105, HIM 205, HIM 206, HIM 210 and HIM 217.

HIM 251 Clinical Classification Systems II

3 Credits

This course is part II of a two-part course that introduces students to applications for clinical classification and coding. Students will compare and contrast various processes, policies, and procedures to ensure the accuracy of coded data and demonstrate their understanding of diagnosis and procedure coding systems through practical application. Prerequisites: HIM 105, HIM 205, HIM 206, HIM 210, HIM 217, and HIM 250.

HIM 252 Legal Aspects of Health Information

3 Credits

This course explores the major legal and ethical issues central to the implementation, application, and utilization of health information across the spectrum of health care settings. Key topics include liability, confidentiality, the legal and ethical ramifications of federal legislative mandates pertaining to health information management and informatics. Prerequisite: HIM 217 and HCA 205.

HIM 301 Introduction to Health Informatics

3 Credits

This foundational course details the history and factors driving the emergence of health informatics. In addition to emphasizing the concepts, terminologies and scope of health informatics, the course delves into health information exchanges, data standards, health informatics ethics, online resources and E-research. The course includes an overview of basic database architecture, design and file structure, and data warehousing and data mining in health care.

HIM 310 Healthcare Reimbursement

3 Credits

This course reviews healthcare reimbursement methodologies, government and voluntary healthcare insurance plans, and inpatient and outpatient reimbursement systems. Students will learn about the revenue cycle, audit processes and compliance strategies. Prerequisite: HCA 205, HIM 250 and HIM 251.

HIM 360 Healthcare Statistics

3 Credits

This course introduces the student to the generation and analysis of common healthcare statistics, state and national reporting of information and departmental performance standards. Students will learn how to construct and analyze various tables and charts related to healthcare. Prerequisites: HCA 205, HIM 217, HIM 250, and HIM 251, and Quantitative Reasoning Core competency.

HIM 370 Professional Practice Experience I

3 Credits

This course focuses on the technical application of concepts introduced in other program courses and explores similarities and differences with various healthcare providers. Students will demonstrate their ability to apply knowledge, analyze situations and create solutions in various healthcare scenarios. Prerequisites: HIM 105, HIM 205, HIM 206, HIM 250, HIM 251, HCA 205, HIM 310, HIM 217, HIM 252, HIM 210, and HIM 360. This course must be taken at Ashford University and may not be transferred from another institution.

HIM 410 Health Informatics – A Systems Perspective

3 Credits

This course focuses on the behind the scenes components of exchange, standards and interoperability of information in healthcare. The course will evaluate informatics-based support resources to include evidence based practice, clinical decision support and transport protocols. Prerequisite: HIM 301.

HIM 420 Health Information Governance & Strategic Planning

3 Credits

This course addresses key components of healthcare information systems and operational effectiveness. Students will analyze the strategic alignment of health information technology, including the evolution of healthcare information systems and data governance. Students will evaluate health information architecture and infrastructure, applications and service management, and administrative and financial systems. Foundational information on the transition of data into knowledge, value analysis, and information management strategic planning is provided. Prerequisite: HIM 301, HIM 217, HIM 252, HIM 370 and HCA 205.

HIM 435 Analyzing Healthcare Data

3 Credits

This course is a synthesis of the major ideas, perspectives, and concepts gained from the study of health informatics. Students will learn about the construction and utilization of health care data sets; the use of computerized statistical packages in health care; and the role of health informatics in financial and performance improvement goals. The student will apply common performance improvement models and tools to develop data-driven organizational reports. Prerequisite: HIM 301.

HIM 440 Health Informatics Research Methods and Data Analysis

3 Credits

This course explores in depth the relationship of research and informatics, research methods, the research process and the quantitative and qualitative analysis of data, including descriptive and inferential statistics. Students will explore the role of epidemiology in research and policy development. Prerequisites: Successful completion of mathematical competency and HIM 360.

HIM 445 Healthcare Project Management

3 Credits

This course explores principles of project management to improve quality and decrease cost in healthcare. While addressing the intersection of healthcare and information technology, students will learn about the project process and related tools and techniques to successfully plan, execute, control and assess a project. Prerequisite: HCA 205 and HIM 450, HCA 311, HCA 312 or ACC 281.

HIM 450 Healthcare Management

3 Credits

This course focuses on key management principles in healthcare management and unique Health Information Management activities. Students will learn about organizational structure, the planning and decision making process, budgeting, committee and team dynamics, staff hiring and development and key indicators of department performance. Prerequisites: HCA 205, HCA 375, HIM 105, HIM 205, HIM 206, HIM 210, HIM 217, HIM 250, HIM 251, HIM 252, HIM 310, HIM 360 and HIM 370. This course must be taken at Ashford University and may not be transferred from another institution.

HIM 495 Professional Practice Experience II

3 Credits

This course is a combination of virtual activities and a supervised management experience in a healthcare setting. Students complete 40 hours in a professional work environment demonstrating mastery in their knowledge, application, analysis and synthesis of key Health Informatics and Health Information Management concepts. Prerequisite: Completion of BSHIM program core courses. This course must be taken at Ashford University and may not be transferred from another institution. This course is not eligible to be taken as Non-degree seeking. PPE site approval is required before this course can be scheduled.

HIS HIstory

HIS 103 World Civilizations I

3 Credits

This course is a study of the origins and development of the world’s major civilizations from theirbeginnings through the seventeenth century. Emphasis is placed on the salient socio-economic, politicaland religious characters of the civilization and the patterns of interaction among them. Recommended prerequisite: ENG 122.

HIS 104 World Civilizations II

3 Credits

This course is a study of the development and interaction of the world’s major civilizations from theseventeenth century to the present. Emphasis is placed on the rise and decline of European globaldominance. Recommended prerequisite: ENG 122.

HIS 205 United States History I

3 Credits

American history from the beginnings of European settlement through the Civil War. Emphasis is placedon the colonial sources of American nationality, the development of American political institutions, theevolution of American society, and the sectional crisis of the mid-nineteenth century. Recommended prerequisite: ENG 122.

HIS 206 United States History II

3 Credits

This course surveys American history from Reconstruction to the present. Emphasis is placed on thegrowing pluralism of American society, the effects of industrialization, the evolution of American politicalinstitutions, and the increasing importance of the United States in world affairs. Recommended prerequisite: ENG 122.

HIS 306 Twentieth-Century Europe

3 Credits

The history of Europe since 1900. Emphasis is placed on the changing nature of European society, theconfrontation between totalitarianism and democracy, the origins and consequences of the two worldwars, and Europe’s evolving role in world affairs. Prerequisites: ENG 122 and HIS 206. Suggested Prerequisite: HIS 378.

HIS 324 History of American Education

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of sentinel events, theories, and important historical figures that haveshaped the United States education system.

HIS 331 World War II

3 Credits

A study of the causes, course, and consequences of World War II. Topics covered include the war’s major campaigns, its impact on the societies of the nations involved, the Holocaust, and the war’s influence in shaping the contemporary world. Through readings in various primary and secondary sources, students will also develop an understanding of how historians reconstruct and interpret the past. Prerequisites: Successful completion of General Education History Subject Area and English Proficiency. Suggested Prerequisite: HIS 378.

HIS 340 Recent American History

3 Credits

This course will examine the foreign policy, political, cultural and social developments in the UnitedStates in the years after World War II. Prerequisites: ENG 122 and HIS 206. Suggested Prerequisite: HIS 378.

HIS 342 The Middle East

3 Credits

This course is intended to introduce students to the complex history of the Middle East, focusing on the development of the core region in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Among the most important topics we will discuss are the organization of the Ottoman and Safavid Empires, the nature and influence of the region’s relationship with Western countries, the impact of the discovery of oil in the region, the causes and course of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the rise of nationalisms and Islamist movements, and the Arab uprisings of 2010-2011. Prerequisites: HIS 104, ENG 122 and HIS 206. Recommended prerequisite: HIS 378

HIS 355 Decolonization in Asia, Africa, and the Americas

3 Credits

In this course, students will investigate the end of Western imperialism and the decolonization process within Asia, Africa, and the Americas via comparative analysis. Emphasis is placed on the legacy of imperialism in modern society, different nationalistic movements driving decolonization, the impact of decolonization on society and culture, the relationship between formerly colonized nations and their colonizers, and the impact of globalization in the post-colonial world. Prerequisites: ENG 122, HIS 104 and HIS 206.

HIS 378 Historiography & Historical Methodologies

3 Credits

This course provides students with an introduction to the practice of the discipline of history. It provides them with an overview of the ways historians have approached the study of the past since classical antiquity, acquaints them with the major approaches that characterize the discipline today, and equips them to use appropriate practices in historical research and writing. Prerequisites: ENG 122 and HIS 206.

HIS 379 The Atlantic World

3 Credits

The history of the Atlantic basin from the late fifteenth century through the early nineteenth, including the interactions of Africans, Europeans, and the indigenous peoples of the Americas and the societies their interactions produced. Themes covered include the Columbian exchange, migrations (forced and voluntary), empire-building, strategies of resistance, identity formation, and the transatlantic dimensions of the American and French Revolutions. Prerequisites: ENG 122, HIS 104 and HIS 206. Suggested Prerequisite: HIS 378.

HIS 497 History Capstone: Advanced Research Project

3 Credits

Students will demonstrate their mastery of the learning outcomes of the history major by demonstrating the ability to conduct historical research using primary and secondary sources and by producing an original research paper on an approved topic. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course and all History coursework.

HMC Health Marketing and Communication

HMC 303 Health Communications

3 Credits

Utilizing a multi-disciplinary approach, this course provides an introduction to the field of health communications, and explores how communications are utilized to influence and motivate individuals, institutional, government, and public audiences about important health issues and interventions. Students examine processes for creating clear, accurate, and appropriate health communications for a variety of target audiences. Case studies of health campaigns are integrated into the course.

HMC 312 Health Marketing & Advertising

3 Credits

Students are introduced to the essential concepts, methods, and models of marketing and advertising as applied to health care and health- related settings. Marketing concepts presented include the marketing mix, market segmentation, target marketing, strategic planning and forecasting methods, branding, and basic advertising strategy with an emphasis on prevention, education, and other social marketing contexts.

HMC 314 Social Media & Health Promotion

3 Credits

This course explores how the Internet and Web 2.0 tools are utilized for health promotion campaigns. General web-based technologies for use in health promotion are introduced and formal and informal types of health promotion are examined. Students will analyze the benefits of various social media campaigns including the appropriate use of applications, such as Facebook and Twitter, in health promotion.

HMC 334 Ethics in Health Marketing & Communication

3 Credits

This course explores contemporary ethical issues in health care marketing. Topics include consumer advertising of health products, goods, and services; physician marketing, advertising, and endorsements of elective procedures and health care products; physician relationships to hospitals and surgery centers in terms of ownership; and disclosure and confidentiality of collected health consumer data.

HMC 462 Contemporary Issues & Trends in Health Marketing & Communication

3 Credits

This course provides an interdisciplinary exploration of contemporary issues and trends in health marketing and communication as well as emerging research areas. Case studies from diverse health related settings are integrated throughout the course to assist students in gaining real world perspectives and awareness.

HMC 499 Health Marketing & Communication Capstone

3 Credits

This course is a synthesis of the major ideas, perspectives, and concepts gained from the study of health marketing and communication. A substantive paper is developed which requires students to critically analyze their experiences and integrate knowledge gained throughout the program into a culminating project. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

HON Honors

HON 270 Thinking Critically about Global Issues

3 Credits

This course teaches critical thinking through a careful study of global issues. Utilizing principles of logic, including analyzing reasoning and assessing sources, students will examine critical issues of our time. Students will engage in individualized and experiential learning, in conjunction with scholarly research, in order to explore relationships between critical thinking and personal responsibility. The course emphasizes self-motivated research, with an eye to leadership and problem solving. Prerequisite: Must be a current Honors student.

HON 280 Society, Power, and Responsibility

3 Credits

This course will provide students with a foundation for informed and effective civic engagement. Students will assess the civic identities of different cultures, communities, and societies, including their own, evaluating the impacts of various forms of civic engagement. Students will analyze political biases in media, and explain how political policies and discourse impact their lives. Emphasis will be placed on the ways that diverse communities have engaged in various civic processes to create change. Prerequisite: Must be a current Honors student.

HON 290 Studies in Culture and Society: Exploring Diverse Perspectives

3 Credits

In this course, students will explore themes of intercultural and global awareness and apply this knowledge to real life situations, both historical and contemporary. Students will analyze diverse modes of cultural expression and experience from multiple perspectives. Students will also examine how cultural biases are created and how these influence both past and current events. Prerequisite: Must be a current Honors student.

HON 470 Leadership in the 21st Century

3 Credits

This course is designed for students to acquire leadership skills that will benefit society on a global scale. Students will examine the role of leadership in the context of global and societal issues. Additionally, students will move from theory to the practical processes of leadership in the 21st century, while investigating process and content issues related to team building, interpersonal and group dynamics, and effective problem solving and ethical decision making skills in today’s world. Finally, students will be challenged to assess primary global leadership examples, think critically upon the principles evident in our current leaders, and develop a real-world strategy for addressing a relevant societal issue. Prerequisite: Must be a current Honors student.

HON 480 Envisioning Innovation and Creativity in the 21st Century

3 Credits

In this course students will examine the key elements of innovation and creativity in the 21st century. Students will formulate a personal philosophy of creativity and innovation, as well as develop an innovation toolbox. In addition, students will propose idea generation techniques meant to stimulate individual or group problem solving approaches. Finally, students will integrate innovation and creativity strategies within individual discipline-specific work. Prerequisite: Must be a current Honors student.

HON 490 Honors College Seminar

3 Credits

The Honors College Seminar provides students an opportunity for the synthesis and application of content learned throughout their honors coursework though a spiraled process of skill demonstration including reflection, application, and evaluation. Students will use digital tools to create and showcase scholarly artifacts for both academic and professional purposes.

HPR Health Promotion

HPR 205 The Human Body, Health & Disease

4 Credits

This introductory course provides students the opportunity to develop a basic understanding of health and disease as it relates to basic human physiology for non-science majors. The functions of the skeletal,muscular, integumentary, nervous, special senses, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, immune,gastrointestinal, urinary and reproductive systems are explored. The most common conditions and diseases associated with these systems are examined. Students are provided the opportunity to learn about the major contributing factors associated with these conditions and diseases. In addition to coursework, weekly laboratories provide students the opportunity to explore various aspects of human physiology while applying the scientific method.

HPR 231 Introduction to Health Education

3 Credits

This course is a foundational course designed to provide an introduction to health education and the health education profession. Health educators are often responsible for developing and implementing health education programs that aim to improve the quality of life of individuals and communities. The roles, responsibilities, skills, settings and professional networks of health educators will be reviewed in this course.

HPR 232 Community Health Promotion Methods

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of the professional scope of entry-level health educator responsibilities. Students gain knowledge of organizational concepts, processes, skills, attitudes, and personal characteristics comprising the field of health education. The course content explores the theoretical and practical issues of the field of community health that enable students to identify and apply health education principles to health challenges facing individuals, groups, and communities.

HPR 303 Health Communications

3 Credits

Utilizing a multi-disciplinary approach, this course provides an introduction to the field of health communications, and explores how communications are utilized to influence and motivate individuals,institutional, government, and public audiences about important health issues and interventions.Students examine processes for creating clear, accurate, and appropriate health communications for a variety of target audiences. Case studies of health campaigns are integrated into the course.

HPR 350 Introduction to Epidemiology

3 Credits

This course will introduce students to the field of epidemiology, its purpose and benefits within the public health and health-related fields. It will provide the students the opportunity to review current and relevant health surveillance data and its application in the various health care fields. Furthermore, it will afford the students the opportunity to learn about the role of epidemiologists in today’s health care system.

HPR 450 Grant Writing & Evaluations

3 Credits

This course explores the strategies and execution of the grant process and proposal writing in both non-profit and government sectors.  The course covers research for local, state, federal and private funding sources, and emphasizes the creation and preparation of competitive proposals. Students will use all aspects of grant and proposal writing, including how to effectively describe objectives, research and program design, methodology, expected measurable outcomes, evaluation, and budget development.Students will prepare and submit an actual grant proposal as the final project.

HPR 460 Analysis of Health Research

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide students the opportunity to develop a basic understanding of health research. Students are given the opportunity to learn about the various types of health research and associated research designs and methodologies. This course provides the students with increased exposure to health research literature and teaches students strategies to critically analyze this literature.Students are provided the opportunity to learn about the ethical dimensions, physical limitations, and practical application of health research. The students are provided a supplemental booklet containing example literature and figures that highlight the major concepts covered in the course.

HRM Human Resources Management

HRM 400 Human Resource Technology Management

3 Credits

This course explores the impact of using technologies in serving HR by building an awareness of technological skills. The content investigates how information technology can be applied to strategic management, records and employee tracking for enhanced recruitment, selection, staffing, compensation, benefits administration, policies and procedures, performance evaluation, training and organizational development. Ethical and legal challenges regarding protection of human resource data are researched.

HSM Homeland Security Management

HSM 101 Introduction to Homeland Security & Emergency Management

3 Credits

This course is a broad overview of homeland security in the United States. Areas of study include the organizational structure of the Department of Homeland Security as well as the principals, foundations, and doctrines surrounding homeland security. Students examine both historical and current issues related to the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, current policies of the Department, and potential career paths within the department.

HSM 201 Department of Homeland Security Missions & Current Issues

3 Credits

The course examines the Department of Homeland Security core missions; the reasoning behind the Department; the threats to America; and the current issues revolving around homeland security. In addition, students look at the various career opportunities in the Department of Homeland Security.

HSM 305 Survey of Homeland Security & Emergency Management

3 Credits

This course is a broad overview of Homeland Security from its emergence in America’s first century to the 9/11 attacks. Areas of study include the rise of modern terrorism, domestic terrorism, cyberterrorism, Homeland Security organization, strategies, programs and principles, emergency management, the media, and the issues of civil liberties.

HSM 311 Ethics & Homeland Security

3 Credits

This course provides a foundation of classical ethical theories and explores the ethical implications of war and terrorism in the 21st century. Students will be challenged to analyze the controversial issues of the practice of torture, bombing of civilians, assassination and targeted killing, and humanitarian intervention. Civil Liberties and the Patriot Act will be examined. Case studies will offer students the opportunity to examine their own moral stance on selected issues, and study the traditional ethical rules and practices in war, even when engaging with international terrorist groups.

HSM 315 Emergency Planning

3 Credits

This course will provide students with the skills to develop a comprehensive plan for risk analysis, threat assessment, staffing an emergency operations center, coordinating with supporting agencies, and the creation of a continuing testing program. Actual case studies are used to teach students how to plan for natural disasters as well as terrorism at the federal, state and local levels.

HSM 320 Emergency Response to Terrorism

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide students with the ability to evaluate an emergency incident, determine its scope, understand the function of the first responders, learn the communication procedures necessary to alert the appropriate agencies, and understand how first responders are dispatched. Students will create a recovery plan for response to large-scale terrorist incidents.

HSM 421 Research & Analysis in Homeland Security

3 Credits

Students will develop the skills to conduct research into selected topics relating to homeland security, emergency management and disaster preparedness using government websites, Internet sources, library databases, and other pertinent repositories of information and data. Students will be required to formulate a research topic with supporting sources for the final report due in the Capstone course.

HSM 433 Counter Terrorism & Intelligence Analysis

3 Credits

Students in this course study and analyze counterterrorism including the evolution of counterterrorism, and the specifics of the typology and anatomy of terrorist operations. The course includes an overview of the intelligence community, collection, analysis, requirements and dissemination.

HSM 435 Psychology of Disaster

3 Credits

Utilizing case studies and clinical research, the course will focus on the psychological and physiological response to natural disasters, terrorism, and other manmade disasters. Students will examine psychological reactions, the recovery process and mental health care for victims, disaster recovery teams, and first responders.

HSM 438 Introduction to Cyber Crime

3 Credits

This course focuses on the technical aspects of digital crime as well as behavioral aspects of computer hackers, virus writers, terrorists and other offenders. Using real life examples and case studies, students will examine the history, development, extent and types of digital crime and digital terrorism as well as current legislation and law enforcement practices designed to prevent, investigate and prosecute these crimes.

HSM 497 Homeland Security & Emergency Management Capstone

3 Credits

In this final course students will demonstrate their mastery of program outcomes in Homeland Security & Emergency Management creating an original research and analysis report using the draft and research developed in the Research and Analysis Course. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

HWE Health and Wellness

HWE 200 Introduction to Health & Wellness

3 Credits

This course provides students with a holistic overview of the multi-faceted dimensions of health and wellness across the lifespan. The seven dimensions of health: Physical, social, intellectual, emotional, occupational, spiritual, and environmental are explored within the context of a wellness lifestyle.

HWE 330 Musculoskeletal Anatomy & Physiology

3 Credits

In this course, students study the structure and function of muscular and skeletal systems within the human body using a regional approach. Students are given the opportunity to learn about anatomical variation, the functional importance of this variation, and common pathologies of the upper and lower extremities and trunk. This course expands upon the anatomical concepts provided in the prerequisite, The Human Body, Health, and Disease. Prerequisite: HPR 205.

HWE 340 Exercise & Physiology

3 Credits

This course introduces students to physiological responses to exercise in the human body. Students compare the major physiological systems (energy transfer, cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular, etc.) at rest, explain the systemic adaptations that occur with acute and long-term exercise, and evaluate how these activities affect health and human performance. Students also analyze how nutrition and pharmacological aids impact athletic performance. Prerequisites: HPR 205 and HWE 330.

HWE 415 Stress Management

3 Credits

This course will provide students with the opportunity to learn about the effects of stress, apply stress management techniques, and develop stress management programs while considering various cultural backgrounds. Students will analyze the relationship between stress and health. This course is designed to provide the student with a basic understanding of stress management concepts including causes and effects of acute and chronic stress as well as techniques used to manage stress. Prerequisite: HWE 200

HWE 420 Wellness for Special Populations

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide students the opportunity to enhance their understanding of nutritional concepts and designing exercise programs for special populations. Students will learn how to apply knowledge to develop and modify exercise plans for individuals with special conditions. Special populations that will be covered in this course will include but not limited to: the elderly, pregnant women, individuals at risk for disease (i.e. elderly, obese), and individuals living with health conditions (i.e. cardiovascular disease, arthritis, pulmonary disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, etc.). Risks, contraindications, and benefits of exercise for these special populations also will be covered. Prerequisites: HWE 200, HWE 330, HWE 340, and HCS 334.

HWE 498 Health & Wellness Capstone

3 Credits

This course is a synthesis of the major ideas, perspectives, and concepts gained from the study of health and wellness. Assignments provide students with an opportunity to create health and wellness programs for target populations and apply appropriate health promotion strategies and techniques to benefit these groups. Students analyze lifestyle factors that negatively or positively affect health and evaluate the effectiveness of wellness programs. This course also provides an opportunity for the students to develop career- related tools for use in professional situations. This course should be taken as the last course in the program.

INF Information Systems

INF 103 Computer Literacy

3 Credits

Students will use operating system software, the Internet, and productivity software (word processing, spreadsheet, presentation graphics, etc.). Students will use the library and Web resources to research a topic, word process their findings, and create a visual presentation to communicate to the class.

INF 220 IS Principles

3 Credits

This course develops students’ understanding of information systems, foundational technologies, and organizational application to conduct business and solve problems. This course presents information systems principles and examines how they form an integral part of modern organizations. Topics include systems concepts; organizational processes; technological aspects of information systems; Internet applications; IT security; database management; systems development life cycle; and ethical and social responsibility issues. Prerequisite: INF 103 or permission of instructor.

INF 231 Programming Concepts

3 Credits

This course is an introduction to computer programming with focus on the program development process and concepts involved in use of a higher- level, object-oriented programming language. In this hands-on, virtual lab-based course, students will analyze, design, code, and test computer programs using the JAVA programming language. Different programming language designs will be explored including building web elements, mobile applications, computer programs, and commands to different machines. Computer hardware and associated technologies are discussed. Students will acquire hands-on experience in the programming process.

INF 322 Database Management Systems

3 Credits

This hands-on, virtual lab-based course introduces students to fundamentals of database management systems, techniques for the design of databases, and principles of database administration. Database management concepts, practices, and emerging trends are evaluated. In lab sessions, students will demonstrate the ability to build databases using enterprise DBMS products such as Oracle or SQL Server. Prerequisites: INF 231 and fulfillment of the Quantitative Reasoning core competency.

INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts

3 Credits

A study of real-time and distributed-processing computer networks including telecommunications, data transmission techniques (protocols), design, and implementation considerations. Prerequisite: INF 231 or permission of the instructor.

INF 336 Project Procurement Management

3 Credits

Designed to develop the basic knowledge base of project managers and project procurement managers, this course emphasizes partnering between buyers and sellers to create a single culture with one set of goals and objectives. Students will discover the key areas in procuring outside services and products—from the initial decision to buy through final contract closeout. They will recognize what must be done for success in the six key project procurement management processes: procurement planning, solicitation planning, solicitation, source selection, contract administration, and contract closeout. They will also formulate the make-or-buy decision, prepare an effective procurement management plan to guide the team, and use outsourcing for maximum benefit. Lessons and best practices from procurement theory and experience are also presented. This course can be used as a substitute for BUS 309. Prerequisite: INF 103 or permission of instructor.

INF 337 Integrated Cost & Schedule Control

3 Credits

Effective cost and schedule management are cornerstone activities of each project. Students will determine how best to plan the execution of a project scope, to consider stakeholder budget and schedule constraints, to use different methodologies, and to establish the performance measurement baseline. They will also discover keys to identify potential cost and schedule overruns and master the tools and techniques to compare actual work accomplished against established plans, as well as work accomplished against actual expenditures. By identifying early warning indicators, students will gain greater insight into potential risk areas and take the necessary corrective action to keep the project in control. Prerequisites: ACC 205, and MAT 332 or BUS 308.

INF 340 Business Systems Analysis

3 Credits

This course is a study of the business systems analysis and development processes for information systems in organizations. The course is focused on information concepts and methodologies associated with the development of business information systems, and their effective application in solving business problems. Students examine the major issues involved in managing information technology within the contemporary business environment and the relationship between organizational structures and information technology. Prerequisite: Fulfillment of the Digital Literacy Competency

INF 410 Project Management

3 Credits

This course provides the foundational principles and techniques to plan, execute, and manage complex projects. Topics include workflow analysis, quality control, and performance evaluation.

INF 620 Management of Information Systems

3 Credits

This course introduces the fundamentals of computer systems, the role of information processing in the business environment, and provides a basic overview of essential computer software. The course also provides an overview of systems development, operating systems and programming, database management, networking, and telecommunications all from a management perspective.

INF 630 Systems Analysis

3 Credits

This course addresses the many business systems issues unique to the information services function within organizations. Coverage includes information systems planning, managing the information infrastructure, justifying information technology investments, the costing of services and networks, evaluating information system performance, alternative information service delivery modes, managing distributed and end-user computing, project and operations management, systems security, and the management of information technology professionals.

INF 690 ISS Capstone Seminar

3 Credits

This course emphasizes the use of information technology to develop distinct competitive advantage in relations with competitors, customers, and suppliers, and with respect to products and services. Course participants examine strategies of actual companies and identify other strategies that can be deployed to gain competitive advantage in diverse settings. In addition, the course is cumulative in nature, integrating knowledge and information attained while completing the entire MBA curriculum. The capstone project requires generation and presentation of an organizational information systems strategic plan.  

ISM Information Systems Management

ISM 500 Introduction to Management of Information Systems

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of computer systems and the role of information processing in the business environment. Students are provided with a basic overview of essential business software as well as insight into systems development, operating systems and programming, database management, networking, and telecommunications from a management perspective.

ISM 510 Introduction to Computer Programming for Business Applications

3 Credits

This course introduces students to computer programming concepts that include client/server applications, dashboard technologies, and responsive Web design for current platforms. Students explore basic programming tenets such as user-centered interface design, object-oriented programming, mobile app development, and other topics related to current practices. Using a virtual lab, students apply course concepts to an iterative project that is developed during the six-week course.

ISM 640 Computer Networking and Telecommunication Design

3 Credits

This course covers methods and techniques for the design of computer and telecommunication networks as well as management and business perspectives on network design, traffic and application requirements, network cost analysis, topological design, capacity assignment, virtual network design, network design tools, wireless network design issues, availability analysis, and survivable network design. Students participate in a group project, through which they develop a networking solution for a business problem. Prerequisites: BUS 600 and INF 630.

ISM 641 Database Design and Management

3 Credits

This hands-on, virtual lab-based course introduces students to data modeling and relational databases. Students design and implement normalized databases and manipulate them through online interfaces. The course provides opportunities and includes assignments that allow students to develop the skills needed for translating users’ data needs into functional business applications. Prerequisites: BUS 600 and INF 630.

ISM 642 Information Security and IT Governance

3 Credits

This course provides students with a review of networking concepts and technologies that are critical to IT security operations. It offers guidance on usage and includes a comparison of the available methodologies and their content. Students examine the importance and benefits of sound IT governance to any IT organization. They investigate computer security principles, mechanisms, and implementations to ensure data protection and security of computers systems and examine key network perimeter security tools, including firewalls and intrusion detection systems (IDS). Prerequisites: BUS 600 and INF 630.

ISM 643 Leadership in Business Systems Development

3 Credits

This course provides students with a foundation for applying appropriate techniques when managing software development projects. Focus is placed on managing Agile development projects and using Agile development methodologies. The importance of team management, changing goals and priorities, knowledge management ideals, and alignment with organizational goals is presented. Students complete a group project, through which they apply leadership principles to a mock software development project. Prerequisites: OMM 622 and ISM 641

ISM 644 Legal and Ethical Issues in Technology

3 Credits

This course examines legal and ethical issues in today’s technology and data-driven organizational environments. Students analyze issues from an organizational perspective on topics that include information ownership, privacy, and the concept of due care and responsibility for data collected by organizations. Compliance requirements, regulations, and laws governing data and information, protection, collection, usage, and storage are discussed. Prerequisites: OMM 622 and ISM 642.

ISM 645 Information Technology Strategic Planning

3 Credits

This course examines the means for effectively developing short-, medium-, and long-term technology plans. Students focus on topics such as assessment of a firm’s current state and future goals, the process of information technology enterprise planning for meeting the goals of the organization, the need for and the responsibilities of an information systems steering committee, and the methods of identifying and prioritizing information technology projects for the organization. A group project that applies the elements of strategic planning is a key component of this course. Prerequisites: OMM 622, ISM 642 and ISM 643.

ISM 650 Information Systems Project Methodologies I

3 Credits

This course introduces students to project management as defined by the Project Management Institute’s (PMI) body of knowledge (PMBOK) with an emphasis on information technology projects. Project management processes and knowledge areas are explored, with a specific focus placed on the project initiation, scope, schedule, cost, and quality management. Students have opportunities throughout the course to work in groups as they develop components of the project plan. Prerequisites: BUS 600, INF 630, ISM 640, ISM 641, ISM 642, OMM 622, ISM 643, ISM 644 and ISM 645.

ISM 651 Information Technology Methodologies II

3 Credits

This course is a continuation of ISM 650. In this course, students continue exploring the project management knowledge areas of human resources, communications, risk management, and procurement. Emphasis is placed on information technology projects. Students have opportunities throughout the course to work in groups as they develop components of the project plan. Prerequisite: ISM 650.

ISM 652 Project Management Capstone – Strategic Project Management

3 Credits

In this course, students apply project management concepts to information technology projects using strategic managerial approaches. Concepts include determining business benefits and project feasibility, reporting project status, stakeholder management, and measuring project quality. Earned value management concepts are introduced. Emphasis is placed on the Project Management Maturity Model. Prerequisites: ISM 650 and ISM 651.

ISM 670 IT Organizational Management and Leadership Capstone

3 Credits

In this capstone, students will integrate professional practices explored in the Master of Information Systems program core courses with concepts presented in the Organizational Management and Leadership specialization courses. Topics in IT leadership, database systems, networking, software design, human computer interaction, management of technology, and ethics are applied within a framework of global e-business technology strategy. Through projects, students draw from real organizational scenarios to practice major information technology concepts. Students select, develop, and present a significant technology implementation project. The project will incorporate organizational management and leadership strategies, systems development, and business planning. Prerequisites: INF 630, ISM 640, ISM 641, ISM 642, OMM 622, ISM 643, ISM 644, ISM 645, OMM 640 and BUS 661.

ISM 680 Big Data Applications

3 Credits

This course provides students with an overview of big data and its applications. Students explore course topics that include data collection, analytics, and presentation. Prerequisites: BUS 600, INF 630, ISM 640, ISM 641, ISM 642, OMM 622, ISM 643, ISM 644 and ISM 645.

ISM 681 Business Intelligence Systems

3 Credits

This virtual lab-based course outlines the procedures necessary for translating raw data into meaningful information that can be used for making business decisions. Students complete a group project through which they utilize a range of technologies that enable these processes. Prerequisite: ISM 680.

ISM 682 Advanced Data Management and Acquisition Capstone

3 Credits

This course provides an overview of current and future trends in data management. Students continue to develop their knowledge of online data applications as they apply to broad and specific contexts through the completion of a capstone project. Prerequisites: ISM 680 and ISM 681.

JRN Journalism

JRN 101 Digital & Media Literacy

3 Credits

This course is designed to teach students to critically examine the impact of digital media and mediated messages on their everyday lives. Throughout the course, students explore the underlying power relationships of the media industry, the construction of media messages, and the influence of digital media on individuals, groups, and society. 

JRN 200 Elements of Journalism

3 Credits

Elements of Journalism provides students with an understanding of the field of journalism. The course focuses on developing the students’ skills in the areas of grammar, spelling, punctuation, Associated Press (AP) style writing, the inverted pyramid, news gathering, interviewing and other elements of journalism. Prerequisites: ENG 121 and 122 or equivalents.

JRN 201 Multimedia News Writing and Editing

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide the principles and techniques of effective writing and editing for news in various platforms. There will be an emphasis on accuracy of information, presentation, clarity, precision, and efficiency in the use of language. Students will also begin to discover the various career opportunities and the field and begin to develop their goals through the Career Services Integration pieces built into the course. Prerequisite: JRN 200.

JRN 231 Survey of Journalism & Mass Communication

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide an overview of the history, professional traditions, and roles and practices of the news media in a democracy. Topics include journalistic reporting, how news is defined, ethics, emerging trends, online reporting and news writing basics. 

JRN 301 Newsgathering & Reporting

3 Credits

This course focuses on gathering, evaluating, writing, and editing information for news stories tailored to various forms of media. Prerequisite: JRN 201.

JRN 321 Visual Journalism

3 Credits

This course will teach students the importance of visual elements in news, and how to effectively incorporate visual elements into news stories for various media platforms. Students will also be introduced to industry-standards related to the design of visual news and the various software programs that are used. Prerequisite: JRN 301.

JRN 331 Advanced Writing & Editing for the Media

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide the principles and techniques of good writing for the mass media with an emphasis on accuracy of information, presentation, clarity, precision and efficiency in use of the language. Additionally, students will focus on the standards of writing for the Web, which differ substantively from the traditional media. 

JRN 333 Ethics in Journalism

3 Credits

Ethics in journalism begins with an overview of ethical foundations and philosophy with a focus on case studies in the media and the application of ethical standards and decision making to issues faced by journalists on a daily basis. Prerequisite: JRN 200.

JRN 335 Cyber-journalism

3 Credits

This course examines the ways in which technology has transformed the journalistic landscape to a 24-hour news cycle with digital content acquisition and distribution. Students will explore the professional and technical challenges of producing multimedia news in this environment. 

JRN 339 Global Journalism

3 Credits

This course is designed to provide the student with an overview of the major issues facing global journalism. It focuses on the social, cultural, and governmental aspects of the international media and their relationship to journalism from the perspective of a democratic system. Prerequisite: JRN 301.

JRN 341 Specialized Journalism

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the various genres of journalistic writing. Students learn to employ skills acquired from previous journalism courses to specific types of news reporting. Genres include the following: investigative journalism, sports journalism, entertainment journalism, business journalism, and environmental journalism. Prerequisite: JRN 301.

JRN 410 Journalism Law

3 Credits

The study of the law of journalism and mass communication is a vast field. This course provides a broad overview of the rule of law, the First Amendment, disruptive speech, libel, protecting privacy, reporter’s privilege and electronic media regulation. Prerequisite: JRN 200.

JRN 412 Advanced Editorial & Feature Writing

3 Credits

Students in this course will apply journalistic skills to opinion writing for editorial pages. It provides tools for evaluating critical thinking and argumentation for evaluating editorial writing. Additionally, students will learn the skills and requirements for feature writing. Prerequisite: JRN 301.

JRN 415 Methods of Research & Analysis in Journalism

3 Credits

This course teaches students research methods of utility and analysis in journalism with a focus on survey research, electronic database searching, government sites, and the evaluation of data sets in journalism research studies. 

JRN 425 Journalism & Politics

3 Credits

This course is designed to aid students in determining how the media shape the context of American government and politics. Students will study American political journalism theory, current practice, convergence, and emerging technological change and their impact on public opinion and policy. Prerequisite: JRN 301.

JRN 497 Journalism & Mass Communication Capstone

3 Credits

Students will demonstrate mastery of the programmatic outcomes of the journalism major by creating an electronic portfolio of work completed during the program and by adding newly developed material that showcase professional journalistic skills. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course & all program courses.

LEA Law Enforcement Administration

LEA 101 Introduction to Concepts in Law Enforcement Administration

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the concepts involved in law enforcement administration and the factors influencing successful organizations through effective hiring, training, and support of employees. The course explores organizational theory, design and communication, along with the processes of planning and decision making. The effects of stress and adverse behavior are also reviewed with relation to the organization and requirements of the administration. Politics, labor relations, and fiscal management are addressed in correlation with the effects on law enforcement administration process.

LEA 300 Policing Models for the 21st Century

3 Credits

This course examines the key roles and responsibilities in the management of effective policing efforts necessary to successfully meet the needs of the 21st century. This examination will also include an analysis of the various policing models currently used, technological tools required, and the impact of technology. In addition, the levels of interaction, communication and relationships between law enforcement agencies and the diverse communities they serve are examined with respect to various policing models which may be utilized to provide effective law enforcement services based on the circumstances and tools at hand.

LEA 316 Ethics in Law Enforcement

3 Credits

This course focuses on theories and methods to assist officials establishing and maintaining ethical behavior in law enforcement employees. The course analyzes misconduct in law enforcement through relevant literature and applicable scenarios in integrating theory and practice.

LEA 328 Leadership & Supervision in Law Enforcement

3 Credits

This course focuses on the comparisons between leadership, management, and supervision and the traits and theories surrounding effective application. The course will analyze the impacts of crime on successful leadership and the ability to motivate in order to maximize work effort.

LEA 339 Law Enforcement Personnel Management

3 Credits

This course examines the issues involved with maintaining qualified and capable officers available for deployment by a law enforcement administration. The course delves into employee assistance, medical issues and concerns that can significantly affect law enforcement organizations. Federal, state, and local certification and training requirements are discussed regarding continued employment and the impact on staffing. Applicable case law will be reviewed regarding Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA).

LEA 408 Technological Management in Law Enforcement

3 Credits

This course will assess the implementation and application of modern technological hardware and software in assisting law enforcement administration in addressing crime concerns. The course will explore the use of facial-recognition software, closed circuit television, and automatic vehicle monitoring systems in influencing crime issues. Terminology and applications are explained to provide insight to students regarding available resources and usage.

LEA 413 Investigations Management

3 Credits

This course addresses criminal investigations from the perspective of the police manager or administrator as well as developing practical skill sets in investigative technique. Legal, social, managerial, and community concerns regarding crime and investigations are evaluated. Relationships between investigators, prosecutors, and police managers are explored.

LEA 432 Fiscal Administration in Law Enforcement

3 Credits

This course focuses on the principles of budgeting in the public sector and provides the student with an understanding of the methods used in making financial decisions. The course compares and contrasts the public and private sector and addresses the responsibility of efficient use of funds. Federal state, and local perspectives in finance and budgeting are evaluated. Responsible and ethical financial principles are reinforced.

LEA 439 Politics & Law Enforcement

3 Credits

This course focuses on the constitutional basis of law enforcement and on the political relationships and impact of political decisions on the day-to-day operations and focus of law enforcement. The course examines the influence of special interest groups, as well as police associations and unions, in the administration of law enforcement goals. The election of certain law enforcement officials is also addressed regarding perceived loyalty to voters or employees.

LEA 444 Training Management

3 Credits

The focus of this course surrounds the necessity of training and the effectiveness of methods employed to reduce agency liability while promoting employee safety. The course will address the liability assumed by both employee and agency when training standards are not adhered to or supervision and leadership allows for deviation from set standards.

LEA 497 Law Enforcement Administration Capstone

3 Credits

This course will focus on the integration of research skills, theory analysis, and application of leadership and management methodologies in law enforcement administration. Successful students will exercise critical thought along with clear and concise writing skills throughout the development of a final project/paper on a singular topic within the field of law enforcement administration. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

LIB Liberal Arts

LIB 101 The Art of Being Human

3 Credits

An interdisciplinary introduction to the humanities, focusing especially on classic texts of the ancient and medieval period as a way to understand our lives today. The course will explore various ways human beings have expressed their understanding of the human condition through such cultural forms as mythology, religion, philosophy, and the arts.

LIB 102 Human Questions

3 Credits

An interdisciplinary introduction to the humanities, focusing especially on the period from the Renaissance through the present. The course will explore the various ways human beings have attempted to answer questions about the meaning of our world and existence through philosophy, art, and science.

LIB 125 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the multi-faceted concept of leadership studies by presenting the student with the vocabulary, concepts, theories, and applicable research that are fundamental to the basic understanding of leadership. The course will examine contemporary and historical leadership issues unique to women and minority leaders, the moral and ethical responsibility of leadership, and leadership in a variety of contexts. Leadership as a social and political influence process will be examined.

LIB 202 Women, Culture, & Society

3 Credits

Women, Culture, and Society” examines the images, roles, and contributions of women in historical and artistic contexts from the Renaissance to the present. The course is designed to give students an understanding of the role women have played in the development of culture in Western Civilization as well as the ways western societies have shaped women’s lives and creative expression. With conversations on the arts and theory, the course analyzes the complex ways gender, intersecting with race, class, and ethnicity, influences our experience and culture.

LIB 301 Liberal Arts Seminar

3 Credits

Students examine a selected topic from the perspectives of the various disciplines within one of the broad fields of liberal arts: fine arts, humanities, science, or social science. Students develop a working knowledge of the methodologies, perspectives, and limitations of each discipline, as well as an appreciation of the insights that may be derived from interdisciplinary inquiry. May be repeated for additional credit only with change of field. Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of the instructor.

LIB 315 The Environment & the Human Spirit (INTD)

3 Credits

An interdisciplinary examination of humanity’s spiritual relationship with the natural world. The course will explore contemporary environmental issues in the context of theology, philosophy, literature, film, music, visual art, and other representations of the human imagination. Prerequisite: ENG 122 or equivalent

LIB 316 Historical Contexts & Literature

3 Credits

In Historical Contexts in Literature, students will explore the ways in which literary works represent particular people, places, situations, and ideas through fiction. Further, by using a range of literary, political, and historical texts, the course will examine both the ways in which political and historical contexts shape literary production, and the ways in which fictional texts affect political, social, and moral discourse.

LIB 318 Peacemaking: A Study of Conflict Resolution (INTD)

3 Credits

An interdisciplinary study of peacemaking with a focus on conflict resolution. Highlighting this course are guest presentations and discussions led by Ashford University faculty from diverse subject areas. Students examine thinking and behavior in response to social conflict such as aggression, threats, prejudice, avoidance, withdrawal, conformity, and obedience. Students study various strategies of peacemaking and negotiation and then apply these methods in class role-playing activities.

LIB 320 Global Socioeconomic Perspectives (INTD)

3 Credits

This course is an examination of major socioeconomic developments in different countries including Japan, Germany, Sweden, the United States, and the developing nations. Topics include population, natural resources, energy, sustainable growth, and policies such as privatization and free trade agreements. Social and economic justice in the global economy is considered.

LIB 323 Revolution & Terrorism in the Modern World (INTD)

3 Credits

This course examines the ways revolution and terrorism has shaped the twenty-first century from an interdisciplinary perspective drawing on history, philosophy, and sociology. Emphasis is on the ideas and socio-historical forces that have produced revolutions.

LIB 332 Science & Culture (INTD)

3 Credits

This course explores Western science as a cultural artifact and its impact on other aspects of culture: art, literature, film, music, philosophy, and theology. In addition, the affects of these “other aspects of culture” on the development of science will also be investigated with emphasis on the need to make connections. The course will examine the ways in which scientific developments are articulated in other cultural artifacts.

LIB 356 Research Methods for the Humanities

3 Credits

Students in this course will develop a working knowledge of the major methodologies and perspectives of disciplines in the humanities. Topics include the role of theory, identification of appropriate sources, the influence of values, and the role of the humanities in interdisciplinary inquiry.

LIB 495 Capstone – Advanced Research Project

3 Credits

This course will culminate with a comprehensive and summative final project that demonstrates the student’s ability to conduct research into an approved topic and to develop an original research paper using an interdisciplinary approach. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

LNG LInguistics

LNG 101 Introduction to Language

3 Credits

Language is a central part of our daily lives. It is how we communicate our thoughts and desires to others. Yet, we usually take language for granted, using it effortlessly without stopping to think about how it works. So, what exactly is language, and how does it work? This course is an introduction to linguistics, the scientific study of language. At the end of this course, students should understand what linguists study and have a good understanding of the core concepts in phonology, phonetics, morphology, syntax, and semantics. The developmental stages of language acquisition and the variations of dialect and style observed in spoken and written English are also examined.

LNG 206 Language & Technology

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the various ways language and technology interact. Students will understand the importance of computers that can process spoken and written language, and be introduced to a variety of implementations of these emerging technologies. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 212 Second Language Acquisition

3 Credits

This course provides students an opportunity to investigate the process of acquiring a second language and to compare this process to learning in general. Students will also explore the basic theories of second language acquisition compared to first language acquisition and will discuss how these theories influence second language curriculum design and guide second language instructional methods. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 222 Survey of Communicative Disorders

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the field of speech and language pathology. Students will survey a variety of communicative disorders and their effect on language development as compared to clinically normal growth and development of speech and language. Students will also consider the effect of these disorders on various levels of society. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 310 Sounds of Language

3 Credits

In this course, students begin to answer the questions: how do we speak, why do different languages sound distinct, and how does sound encode and convey meaning? Students will examine sounds and sound systems of languages by exploring the phonetic properties of language as well as various phonological systems that languages employ to organize these speech sounds into meaningful utterances. Students will also study selected applications of these theories. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 320 Structures of Language

3 Credits

This course provides students an opportunity to explore the linguistic theories of morphology and syntax. Students will examine structure within language by describing and investigating the underlying principles and processes of word formation as well as the rules which govern phrase and sentence structure. Basic concepts addressed include morpheme-based morphology and a generative grammar approach to syntax. Students will also study selected applications of these theories. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 330 Language and Power: An Introduction to Discourse Analysis

3 Credits

How does language function in maintaining and changing power relations in modern society? What are the ways of analyzing language which can reveal these processes? How can people become more conscious of power structures, and more able to resist and change them? The question of language and power is still important and urgent in the twenty-first century, but substantial social changes in the past decade have changed the nature of unequal power relations, and therefore the agenda for the critical study of language. This course provides an introduction to the analysis of discourse and dialogue, and brings the discussion fully up-to-date by covering the issue of globalization of power relations and the development of the Internet in relation to language and power. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or LNG 321.

LNG 360 Language & Society

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to language in its social context. In this course, students will explore how language embodies culture, and how society is impacted by language. Topics include linguistic variation in diverse social contexts; language and gender; language and ethnicity; language and socioeconomic class; and the language of law, politics, propaganda, and advertising. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 415 Meaning in Language

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the theory of meaning in language. Students will consider how language relates to the physical world, and how it contains and conveys truth, falsehood, and meaning. Students will also consider how various contexts factor into determining meaning, and will study selected applications of these theories. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 450 Computational Linguistics

3 Credits

This course provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts of natural language processing and computational linguistics. Students will study basic elements of computer programming from a computational linguistics perspective and will apply these methods to solving selected problems representative of those encountered in the field. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 455 Language Development Disorders

3 Credits

This course encompasses a study of the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of selected language development disorders from a clinical perspective. In an online classroom setting, students will investigate the causes and characteristics of specific language disorders, as well as the current methods of clinical assessment and treatments. Using transcribed and recorded speech samples, students will simulate the clinical processes of diagnosis and treatment by applying these methods. Throughout the course, students will consider the professional conduct and ethical guidelines set for by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). Note: This course does not result in licensure or certification of any kind. Prerequisite: LNG 101 or 321.

LNG 497 Applied Linguistics Capstone

3 Credits

This course provides students an opportunity to conduct research into a theoretical area of linguistics and its application to assist in creating a plan for future study and professional development. Students will select a topic of interest and research its current and potential applications to one or various areas of industry. Students will demonstrate an understanding of how key linguistic theories have allowed for progress within certain industries and identify opportunities that are still present in the field of applied linguistics. Prerequisites: LNG 101 or 321 and successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

MAT Mathematics

MAT 222 Intermediate Algebra

3 Credits

In this course students will explore a wider range of Algebra topics beyond the introductory level. Topics will include polynomials, functions, rational expressions, systems of equations and inequalities, operations with radicals, and quadratic equations. Emphasis will be placed on developing an awareness of the use of mathematics as it exists in the world today.

MAT 232 Statistical Literacy

3 Credits

This course is designed to meet general education quantitative reasoning (mathematics) requirements. It will cover such topics as sampling, bias, probability, distributions, graphical methods of portraying data, measures of center, dispersion and position and the Central Limit Theorem. It will also cover computational techniques such as correlation, regression and confidence intervals.

MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research

3 Credits

This course demonstrates how to apply selected statistical techniques to a wide variety of problems and situations arising in the areas of business, economics, finance, management, social science, health, psychology, and education. Topics include graphical description of data; measures of location and dispersion; probability; discrete and continuous random variables; sampling distributions and estimation; confidence intervals and hypothesis tests; simple linear regression and correlation.

MGT Management

MGT 300 Supply Management

3 Credits

This course introduces the professional practice of supply management and its application to business. Students examine procurement, total cost of ownership, sustainability, and strategic partnerships in a global economy with different market structures. Students also evaluate negotiating and contracting to achieve organizational strategic objectives. Finally, students explore supply management careers.

MGT 321 Assessing Leadership Skills

3 Credits

This course introduces students to the concepts, skills, and strategies of personal/professional transformation that are the foundation of leading organizations in diverse communities. Topics include leadership assessment, developing personal vision, establishing a commitment to service, leading in complex communities, managing communication, and creating an environment of excellence.

MGT 322 Principles of Logistics Management

3 Credits

This course introduces logistics/physical distribution and supply, and the related costs. It provides a systematic overview and analysis of the elements of logistics functions in widely varying types of industries and agencies, including handling, warehousing, inventory control, and financial controls.

MGT 323 Principles of Supply Chain Management

3 Credits

This course introduces supply chain management, and the related costs. It provides a systematic overview and analysis of the elements of supply chain functions in widely varying types of industries and agencies, including handling, warehousing, inventory control, and financial controls. Prerequisite: MGT 330.

MGT 325 Introduction to Transportation Management

3 Credits

This course focuses on intermodal transportation as part of supply chain management. The course addresses the development of the global transportation system, transportation regulation, the modes of transportation and how they interface, shipper issues, intermodal transportation management, and the future in transportation. Prerequisite: MGT 330.

MGT 330 Management for Organizations

3 Credits

This course presents an introduction to management theory and practice, including the inter-relatedness that the planning, organizing, leading, and controlling functions play in the multicultural, technology-driven, and global organizations of the 21st century. The emphasis is on the application of management theory to real-life situations in the workplace.

MGT 370 International Supply Chain Management

3 Credits

Topics covered in this course include the government’s role in global logistics, the global logistics environment, ocean and air transportation, transportation to Canada, Mexico, and the European continent including intermediaries, documentation, insurance, exporting, and importing. Current trends in globalization will also be explored and evaluated. The role of logistics and transportation organizations in the global supply chain process will be discussed.

MGT 380 Leadership for Organizations

3 Credits

Several leadership styles are examined in this course. Emphasis is placed on developing effective
leadership in organizations and personal enterprises, and on developing ethical leadership perspectivesin personal and professional decision-making.

MGT 400 Logistics Management

3 Credits

This course is an overview of logistics management in the modern business environment. It examines financial and economic aspects of logistics and highlights the value created by logistics activities. Students will evaluate transportation and warehousing management strategies. The course takes a practical approach to logistics and applies innovative logistics principles to business situations. The course examines contemporary topics, including the role of inventory, that support the organization’s strategic goals. Prerequisite: MGT 300.

MGT 401 Hazardous Materials Management

3 Credits

This course addresses the significant issues associated with handling hazardous materials in a logistical system. The course also provides a firm foundation on basic hazardous materials management principles.Topics include definitions of hazardous materials, regulatory overview, technology to treat different hazardous materials, and tracking and manifest rules. Prerequisite: MGT 330.

MGT 415 Group Behavior in Organizations

3 Credits

Theory and research are applied to the study of group dynamics, processes encountered in the small- group setting, and how organizational effectiveness is impacted by small-group and team functioning. The course focuses on group productivity, decision-making, diversity, group communication, resolving group conflict and building effective teams.

MGT 425 Leadership & Motivation

3 Credits

This course examines various approaches to motivation and the design and implementation of motivational strategies for effective personal and organizational performance.

MGT 435 Organizational Change

3 Credits

In this course, students will study and apply alternative theories, models and strategies for creating and managing organizational change. The effectiveness of management tools in initiating problem solving and decision making to bring about change within organizations is evaluated.

MGT 450 Strategic Planning for Organizations

3 Credits

Strategic Planning introduces students to various management planning models and techniques, and applies these to actual business cases. This course stresses the concepts of both strategic planning and strategic management. Prerequisite: MGT 330.

MGT 451 Strategic Planning Capstone

3 Credits

Culminating the aggregate knowledge of a business program, the Strategic Planning Capstone introduces students to various management planning models and techniques. Application of strategic planning concepts is stressed throughout the curriculum. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

MGT 460 Leadership Priorities & Practice

3 Credits

Leadership Priorities and Practice is a capstone course that requires students to reflect on and synthesize the major insights gained in their study of organizational management. A substantive paper is developed to illustrate how these insights can be applied effectively in the student’s work environment. Students choosing the personal program of study must show how their chosen concentration relates to organizational management and include insights from each academic area in their synthesis and application. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

MGT 490 Strategic Human Resources Planning

3 Credits

This course provides a link between the traditional human resources functions (recruiting, staffing, training, performance appraisals, labor relations, and compensation and benefits), strategic planning, and meeting long-range organizational goals and objectives. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

MGT 492 Strategic Management for the Multinational Enterprise Capstone

3 Credits

The final integrative course in the international business program integrates the basic business functions through strategic management principles. Comprehensive cases deal with global competition in complex changing environments within which the organization seeks to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Issues of strategy formulation and implementation are addressed. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

MGT 496 Strategic Warehouse Management

3 Credits

This course is an overview of the strategic role that the warehousing function plays in the modern logistics environment. Subjects include warehouse strategies, difference in government and non-government systems, layout and design, location, customer service, bar coding, material handling, and measuring warehouse productivity. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

MGT 497 Strategic Technology Planning for Organizations

3 Credits

In this capstone, students will integrate knowledge and practices explored in the Bachelor of Business Information Systems program core courses. The course examines how an organization can achieve competitive advantage through the strategic alignment of information systems with organizational goals, and provides an opportunity for students to develop an Information Technology Strategic Plan. The course includes use of case analysis and interactive assignments to address industry best practices and challenges in real-world applications of IT strategic planning concepts. Prerequisites: All core BABIS degree program courses.

MGT 601 The Functions of Modern Management

3 Credits

This course serves to advance the knowledge of the functions of management, the underlying theories and literature associated with the management discipline, and build students’ understanding of the relationships across organizational and business functions. Students grapple with current management problems and emerging solutions applied in the context of the organization.

MHA Master Health Care Administration

MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration

3 Credits

The focus of this course is on the application of advanced organizational principles in complex health care environments. Organizational issues, administrative processes and applications are explored. The managerial perspectives of a mid-to senior healthcare administrator are emphasized. 

MHA 605 Business Intelligence

3 Credits

Business Intelligence uses technology to transform and analyze data into presentable information for decision-making. Strategic planning is essential for sustainability and business intelligence tools help leaders make the decisions that will positively impact the bottom line.

MHA 610 Introduction to Biostatistics

3 Credits

This course explores the application of fundamental statistical methods to the health care environment. Course content includes both descriptive and inferential methods including: data analysis, statistical estimation, regression analysis, analysis of variance, hypothesis testing and analysis of longitudinal data. 

MHA 612 Financial & Managerial Accounting

3 Credits

This course provides the foundation for integrating health care finance and managerial accounting. Opportunities for analyzing current and emerging health care financing trends are provided. Practical cost-benefit strategies used in planning, controlling and preparing internal and external reports are emphasized. 

MHA 616 Health Care Management Information Systems

3 Credits

This course applies health care data in real-world contexts. Factors such as service line identification, program planning, implementation models and outcome monitoring are covered. 

MHA 618 Health Economics

3 Credits

This course focuses upon the analysis of health care operations and planning decisions derived from the theoretical concepts of demand, cost production, profit and competition. External and internal forces challenging health care services are analyzed. Organizational effectiveness and efficiency within the complex health care environment are emphasized. 

MHA 620 Health Policy Analyses

3 Credits

This course focuses on the analysis and evaluation of health care policy. Policy implications in organizational decision-making, strategic planning and market positions are examined. 

MHA 622 Health Care Ethics & Law

3 Credits

This course focuses upon the legal and ethical issues arising in the health care environment. Case study analysis is used to illustrate the ethical and legal implications commonly addressed in health care. 

MHA 624 Continuous Quality Improvements & Risk Management

3 Credits

This course examines a systemic approach to health care outcomes and risk management practices. Assurance of quality health services and organizational risk control is discussed using industry benchmark and accreditation standards and processes. 

MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care

3 Credits

This course focuses upon the visioning and modeling of services and programs, both anticipatory and responsive, utilizing market-driven information. Students integrate theories from economics, information management, finance and leadership, culminating in the generation of a comprehensive business plan. 

MHA 628 Managed Care & Contractual Services

3 Credits

This course examines the concepts of supply, demand, profits, cost and quality control in a managed care environment. Stakeholder dynamics are explored. Factors such as population, health status, market forces, contractual adjustments, third-party payers, cost allocation, government policies, and legal and ethical implications are explored. 

MHA 630 Global & Population Health: Comparative Systems

3 Credits

Global health care needs continue to emerge as interchanges among peoples and nations increase. To effectively address these needs, health care administrators must understand the social, economic, environmental, and political determinants of health and be prepared to respond to challenges related to health and health care at the local, national, and global level. This course examines the historical evolution of global health challenges as well as the future trends that will continue to impact health and health systems worldwide. 

MHA 690 Health Care Capstone

3 Credits

This course offers an opportunity for the integration of knowledge and skills developed within a culminating student project. The focus is on strategic and organizational issues unique to the health care environment. The student will present a comprehensive report at the end of the Capstone experience. 

MIL Military Studies

MIL 101 Introduction to Military Studies

3 Credits

This course provides an orientation to the systematic study of the military. It explores topics that include grand strategy, the role of the military in the promotion of national security, how the application of military force can promote peace, the character traits necessary for moral and effective leadership, and the ethical dilemmas raised by the use of military force.

MIL 208 Survey of the American Military since WWI

3 Credits

Since World War I, the American Military has expanded and transformed into a modern military machine. This course will focus on the reasons and ways in which the versatile American Military has been utilized throughout the world, at different times. This course will focus on a selection of significant battles fought by air, land and sea, during World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Persian Gulf War.

MIL 212 The Military as a Peace Keeping Force

3 Credits

This course will examine ways in which militaries are utilized during peace times and in times of conflict. It will focus on NATO, the United Nations, Humanitarian Relief and Disaster Recovery. It will investigate the role external factors such as, international and local politics, geography, media, terrorism, and economics have on a military’s ability to be a peacekeeping force.

MIL 275 Military Ethics

3 Credits

Ethical issues faced in the modern world will be examined including the ethics of leadership, just war theory, and the moral status of the rules of war. Students will use critical thinking to determine the ethical implications and solutions for complex issues that are relevant to the current day military. The course will make use of case studies to illustrate moral and ethical dilemmas.

MIL 310 American Military History I

3 Credits

United States military operations from colonial times through World War I. The course draws material from selected disciplines of the humanities, exploring how and why America has gone to war beginning with the American Revolution to the post-World War I period. This course examines how war has shaped national strategy and how conflict affected peacetime society.

MIL 311 American Military History II

3 Credits

United States military operations from the end of World War I to The Gulf Wars. The course draws material from selected disciplines of the humanities, exploring how and why America has gone to war beginning with World War II, through the Cold War period, and, finally, the Gulf Wars. This course examines how war has shaped national strategy and how conflict affected peacetime society.

MIL 312 Peacekeeping

3 Credits

This course will explore the concept of peacekeeping, particularly as it relates to grand strategy. Both multilateral and unilateral peacekeeping operations will be studied in considerable detail. Students will use a case study methodology to assess the utility and moral implications of peacekeeping operations worldwide.

MIL 322 The Literature of War

3 Credits

The course will provide an overview of the literary content, social values and military significance found in selected works of military literature. Students will gain a contextual, cultural, and humanitarian understanding of the historical influences in military literature.

MIL 350 Studies in Military Leadership

3 Credits

A close examination of how and what made specific American military leaders successful by studying their leadership techniques and military careers. The American Revolution to present day leaders will be examined. This course is designed to inspire an interest in the principles and practices of military leadership and to explore how these high-impact principles and practices may be professionally applied in the workplace.

MIL 497 Military Studies Capstone

3 Credits

Students will demonstrate their mastery of the learning outcomes of the Military Studies major by demonstrating the ability to conduct historical research using primary and secondary sources and by creating a final research paper requiring comprehensive critical analysis of an approved topic in the areas of military leadership, conflicts, peace-making, peace-keeping, and humanitarian efforts. Prerequisite: Successful completion of the General Education Capstone course.

MKT Marketing

MKT 635 Market Research

3 Credits

This course is designed to integrate theory and practice and develop students’ analytical skills in marketing research methodology. Students apply methods and techniques for the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of primary and secondary data toward the solution of current marketing problems.

MKT 640 Brand Publishing

3 Credits

This course builds on leadership, business, management, and marketing concepts contained in the MBA program, while introducing the principles of brand publishing, trending technologies, and customer behavior. Through examples and case studies, students learn to improve the organization, tracking, assembly, personalization, and sourcing of content to establish a center of excellence within an organization. In addition, this capstone project will generate a portfolio project to demonstrate students’ significant execution of brand publishing as a core marketing function and career path.