Title
Ashford University Catalog

Graduate Programs

Overview

The following online graduate programs are offered through the Forbes School of Business at Ashford University, the College of Education, College of Health, Human Services, and Science and the College of Liberal Arts.

Admission Policies and Procedures for Graduate Programs

Conditional Admission Requirements (Graduate Programs)

Applicants seeking admission to any Master’s degree program must meet the following admission requirements prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University:

1.      Have a Bachelor’s degree or post-graduate degree from a regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited college or university with a grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 or above. Applicants with a grade point average of 2.0 to 2.74 will be placed on Academic Watch;

2.      Have access to a computer with an Internet connection for the Web-based programs and meet the minimum technology and minimum computer skills, abilities, features, system configurations, hardware, and software outlined in the General Academic Information & Policies section of this catalog;

3.      Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following:

o  Earned a Bachelor’s degree in which the primary language of instruction was English; or

o  Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or International English Language Testing System (IELTS) examination taken within the past two (2) years. For the TOEFL, a minimum score of 550 paper-based or 79 internet-based is required. For the IELTS, a minimum score of 6.5 is required. Copies of official scores must be submitted prior to provisional enrollment, and official scores must be submitted prior to full admission.

Bachelor’s degrees from nationally accredited institutions granted accreditation by the following accrediting agencies may be considered for admission:

·      Association of Advanced Rabbinical and Talmudic Schools, Accreditation Commission (AARTS);

·      Association of Biblical Higher Education (ABHE, formerly known as AABC);

·      Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges (ACCSC, formerly known as ACCSCT, NATTS or CCA-ACICS)

·      Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS, formerly known as AICS or CCAACICS);

·      Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, Commission on Accrediting (ATS);

·      Council on Occupational Education (COE, formerly known as SACS-COEI);

·      Distance Education and Training Council, Accrediting Commission (DETC, formerly known as NHSC);

·      Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools, Accreditation Commission (TRACS); and

·      Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES).

Students with Bachelor’s degrees accredited by the aforementioned institutions may be required to submit unofficial documentation to the Registrar’s Office at the time of provisional admissions.

Ashford University reserves the right to deny admission or re-admission to any applicant. Ashford University recognizes the importance of protecting student privacy and reserves the right to request documentation to establish or verify any student’s identity at any time, for administrative or compliance purposes. Students are expected to provide such documentation, and failure to do so may be considered a violation of the Student Community Standards. The University may deny or rescind admission to any student for failure to authenticate his or her identity.

Applicants are conditionally admitted to a Master’s degree program when they submit a completed application indicating that they meet admission requirements outlined for that program and are approved by the Registrar’s Office. Applicants in a conditional admission status are not eligible for Title IV funds and are not considered regular students until granted provisional or full admission.

Appeal Procedure for a 3rd Consecutive Conditional Admission Period or Ashford Promise

Provisional admission status must be attained by the end of the 2nd attempt of the Ashford Promise, while a student is in conditional standing. Students who fail to attain provisional admission by the end of their second attempt of the Ashford Promise must wait one year from the date they were denied admission to re-apply, or they may appeal the University’s decision using the process outlined subsequently to request a 3rd consecutive attempt of conditional admission in the Ashford Promise.

Disagreements over academic quality will not be considered as an appropriate basis for such appeals. In cases of appropriate cause, the Ashford University Admission Appeals Committee reviews the appeals and renders a decision to the student. The decision will be communicated to the student via email from the Registrar's Office. Appeals must include an explanation of the event that occurred, which caused the student to not attain provisional admission to the University after two attempts.

Students must appeal in writing to the University Registrar. The appeal must be submitted to [email protected] and approved prior to enrollment in any future courses. Additionally, the student’s appeal letter must include:

·      A reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date, which includes mitigating circumstances such as student injury/illness, death of a student’s family member, or other reasons resulting in the undue hardship to the student;

·      Compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of college level credits during their period of absence; and,

·      A plan for completion of the coursework required to meet basic academic requirements during their coursework at Ashford University.

Appeal decisions will be communicated from the Registrar’s office to the student via email.

Provisional Admission Requirements

Students must attend beyond Week 3 of their first course in order to be provisionally admitted to a Master’s degree program at Ashford University:

Attendance beyond Week 3 constitutes a student’s confirmation of their intention to continue in the program as a regular student. Upon attendance beyond Week 3 of their first course, students are considered matriculated, regular students in their degree program. Students who meet the requirements for Full Admission will be fully admitted into the degree program.

Transfer Credit Evaluation for Graduate Degree Programs

Records Management staff will begin requesting official transcripts from schools where any graduate-level credit was earned, using the signed Transcript Request form.

This includes:

·      College or university transcripts from institutions where graduate credit was earned

·      Military credits evaluated for equivalency to graduate-level college credits

Once these transcripts have been received, the Registrar’s Office staff will complete the student’s transfer credit evaluation.

At the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course in a degree seeking program, if any transcripts from institutions where graduate credit was earned have not yet been received, the Registrar’s Office staff will proceed with the transfer credit evaluation of any transcripts received to date. Additional transcripts may be submitted for evaluation at a later date, should they become available.

If it is determined prior to the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course that certain transcripts where graduate credit was earned are unable to be provided, students may sign and submit an Authorization to Close File form thereby waiving potential transfer credits from previously attended schools, in order to expedite the transfer credit evaluation process. These transcripts may be submitted for evaluation at a later date, should they become available.

Students are responsible for reviewing their transfer credit evaluation as well as their scheduled courses with their Academic Advisor and informing them of any courses that they feel are duplicative or equivalent in content to previously completed coursework.

Students may submit official transcripts to Ashford University for review of transfer credits at any time.

Full Admission Requirements

The following requirements must be met prior to the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course in a degree seeking program. To start the fourth (4th) course, students must complete all the requirements subsequently outlined and must meet all admissions requirements applicable to their specific degree program. Students who do not complete all requirements will not be fully admitted and will be withdrawn from the program.

·      Submission of an official transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution that awarded the baccalaureate or post-graduate degree indicating a minimum GPA of 2.0 with a degree conferral date prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University.

·      Students who do not meet the minimum GPA requirements outlined in the following two options but do have a minimum of a 2.0 GPA are fully admitted on Academic Watch and are required to achieve a cumulative GPA of 3.00 and successfully complete 67% of credits attempted by the conclusion of the first payment period.

o  Students who have completed only a Bachelor’s degree or fewer than 12 credits of graduate-level coursework will have their GPA calculated for the Bachelor’s degree only to meet the 2.75 GPA requirements.

o  Students who have completed 12 credits or more of graduate-level coursework may have their GPA calculated for graduate coursework to meet the 3.0 graduate GPA requirement.

·      Students must submit official TOEFL or IELTS scores, if required for admission.

·      At the conclusion of the Academic Watch period or the first payment period, any student who does not meet the requirements for satisfactory academic progress will be dismissed from the University.

Appeal of Dismissal Following Academic Watch

A student who has been dismissed for not meeting satisfactory academic progress requirements following Academic Watch may appeal to the University Registrar for re-admission. Appeals are evaluated by a committee comprised of the University Registrar or designee, and a representative from Academic Affairs. The decision of the Committee will be communicated in writing to the student by the Registrar’s Office.

Additionally, the student’s appeal letter must include:

·      a reasonable explanation for the student’s academic performance to date, which includes mitigating circumstances such as student injury/illness, death of a student’s family member, or other reasons resulting in undue hardship to the student;

·      compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of graduate-level credits during the period of absence; and

·      a plan for completion of the coursework required to meet satisfactory academic progress during the following payment period.

The passage of time does not substantiate eligibility for readmission or appeal for readmission, however, students who have experienced mitigating circumstances and have been dismissed from the University for failure to meet satisfactory academic progress requirements and have been denied re-admission after an appeal, may submit another appeal to be readmitted after one or more years have elapsed since their last appeal. The appeal must meet the criteria outlined previously and the student must present compelling evidence that they have the ability to succeed in an academic program due to changed circumstances, experience, and/or successful completion of graduate level credits since the last appeal was submitted.

Note: See the Satisfactory Academic Progress Requirements in this section to review all related Satisfactory Academic Progress guidelines.

MACC Program-Specific Requirements

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis.

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research. Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting or Finance or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 590 General Cost Accounting.

MBA Program-Specific Requirements

Master of Business Administration students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree or higher in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, or Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis. Students who have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research. Students are responsible for notifying the University if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework during the application process and are responsible for submitting official transcripts for verification.

MISM Program-Specific Requirements

The Master of Information Systems Management (MISM) program is available only to applicants who are utilizing the Leader Development Grant (LDG) or Ashford University Employee Tuition Benefit (ETB). Federal student financial aid, such as U.S. Department of Education (DoE) Title IV aid and U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Tuition Assistance (TA), is not currently available for any student enrolled in the MISM program. Ashford University does not know when the MISM program will be approved for federal student financial aid.

Students who have successfully completed undergraduate or graduate-level coursework in management information systems, information systems or computer science with a grade of “B-” or higher within the last ten (10) years will be exempt from ISM 500 Introduction to Management of Information Systems.

Students who have successfully completed undergraduate or graduate-level coursework in computer programming with a grade of “B-” or higher within the last ten (10) years or who have earned a certificate in computer programming/coding from a recognized non-traditional training provider (e.g. coding bootcamp, etc.) within the last ten (10) years will be exempt from ISM 510 Introduction to Computer Programming for Business Applications.

Students are responsible for notifying the University if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework during the application process.

MPA Program-Specific Requirements

Master of Public Administration students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree or higher in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles. Students are responsible for notifying the University if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework during the application process and are responsible for submitting official transcripts for verification.

MSCJ Program-Specific Requirements

Master of Science in Criminal Justice students who have earned an undergraduate degree in criminal justice or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in criminal justice, criminal law and constitutional law with a grade of “C” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take CRJ 501 Criminal Justice, Criminal Law & the Constitution. Students are responsible for notifying the University if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework during the application process.

Additional Admission Requirements for International Applicants

The following requirements are applicable to international applicants and applicants relying on academic credentials earned outside the United States for admission to the programs offered through the online modality. Please note that visa services are not provided for enrollment in online programs and that the University will not vouch for a nonimmigrant alien student’s status or associated charges.

Provisional Admission Requirements

In addition to the requirements for provisional admission outlined in the admission policy for graduate programs, copies of documentation indicating that the student meets the following admission requirements are required for provisional admission:

·      Submit copies of an official evaluation from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student has met the following requirements:

o  The equivalent of a regionally or approved nationally accredited Bachelor’s degree from the United States.

o  The requirement for official evaluation of the Bachelor’s degree may be waived when a Master’s degree has been earned at an appropriately accredited university in the United States.

All academic records from countries other than the United States must have been evaluated by one of the following evaluation services:

·      Educational Credentials Evaluators, Inc. (ECE); OR

·      World Education Services (WES)

Note: Students who have already had their international credentials evaluated prior to applying to Ashford University may petition the Office of the Registrar for acceptance of evaluations from other credible agencies.

Full Admission Requirements

In addition to the requirements for full admission outlined in the admission policy for graduate programs, international students must submit an official evaluation sent directly from an approved evaluation service indicating that the student meets full admission requirement (student copies are not accepted) prior to the conclusion of three (3) Ashford University courses (equivalent to one academic term) if that institution is where their undergraduate degree was earned. To begin the fourth (4th) Ashford University course, international students must complete the requirement or they will be withdrawn from the program at the conclusion of the third (3rd) attempted Ashford University course.

Non-Degree Seeking Student General Admission Requirements for Graduate Level Coursework

It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide Ashford University with all materials required for admission prior to enrolling in coursework as a non-degree seeking student. Please see additional policies for non-degree seeking students under Classification of Students in the General Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog.

Students seeking to enroll in graduate-level coursework as a non-degree seeking student must meet the following requirements:

1.      Submit an official or unofficial transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution that awarded the baccalaureate degree indicating a minimum GPA of 2.0 with a degree conferral date prior to the start of the first course at Ashford University;

2.      Submit an official or unofficial transcript from the regionally accredited or approved nationally accredited institution showing proof of credit awarded for any required prerequisite coursework;

3.      Have access to a computer with an Internet connection for the Web-based programs and meet the minimum technology and minimum computer skills, abilities, features, system configurations, hardware, and software outlined in this Catalog; and

4.      Have the ability to study in English indicated by one of the following:

o  Earned a Bachelor’s degree in which the primary language of instruction was English;

o  A minimum of 30 credits have been earned from regionally or approved nationally accredited colleges/universities in the United States or equivalent in which the primary language of instruction was English; or

o  Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or International English Language Testing System (IELTS) examination taken within the past two (2) years. For the TOEFL, a minimum score of 550 paper-based or 79 internet-based is required. For the IELTS, a minimum score of 6.5 is required. Copies of official or unofficial scores must be submitted prior to enrolling in coursework as a non-degree seeking student.

 

Academic Policies and Procedures

Academic Calendar

The academic calendar for Ashford University graduate programs is continuous (also known as non-term), rather than defined by semester dates. Typically, students take one course at a time and move to the next course in the program sequence without a break. Opportunities to enroll in graduate studies and to begin a course sequence in a degree program are available frequently throughout the calendar year.

Most courses are six weeks long with an annual two-week Winter Break when courses are not scheduled. The Winter Break for 2017-2018 occurs from December 19, 2017 to January 1, 2018.

 

Graduate Programs Credit Maximum Policy

A maximum of 24 credits may be attempted per academic year. Students may appeal in writing to the Registrar’s Office for an increase to a maximum of 36 credits attempted per academic year.

Concurrent Course (Double Up) Registration Policy

·      Concurrent course registration may occur when the student is fully admitted and has completed his or her first two courses.

·      Student must meet Satisfactory Academic Progress requirements.

·      Payment of concurrent courses is not deferred and must be paid for in advance of the course start date.

·      Concurrent course registration cannot violate progression or prerequisite requirements.

·      At no time may a student attend more than two Ashford University courses concurrently.

Attendance Policy for Graduate Courses

Students taking online courses are expected to attend each week of the course. Attendance is defined as participating in an academic activity within the online classroom which includes posting in a graded discussion forum, submitting a written assignment or journal entry, or submitting a quiz or exam. Postings not related to graded discussion forums or written assignments or journal entries not related to the actual assignment may be reviewed and disqualified for attendance purposes. Attendance on the basis of submitting a quiz or exam is determined by submission status at the conclusion of the calendar day (11:59 pm Mountain Time Zone).

Each instructional week begins on a Tuesday and concludes on the following Monday. A student is recorded either absent or present each day based on participation in an academic activity. All recorded time stamps for assignment submissions, discussion board posts, and attendance records will reflect Mountain Time Zone.

Students who do not attend at least once in any seven consecutive day period will be issued an attendance warning. Students who do not attend at least once in any 14 consecutive day period will be dropped from the course and administratively withdrawn from the University retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance. Students who attend on the first day following 14 consecutive days of non-attendance will not be dropped from their course or administratively withdrawn.

Students who participate in an academic activity in a course prior to its official start date will not be dropped from their course during Week 1 for non-attendance as long as they subsequently attend at least once during Week 1 of the course.

Please refer to drop policies for grade implications when not meeting attendance requirements. Students not meeting attendance requirements will be dropped from the course and administratively withdrawn from the University retroactive to the last date of recorded attendance. A student’s last date of attendance following successful completion of a course is the end date of that course. The University may schedule periods of non-enrollment during which no courses are scheduled. When this occurs, such as during the annual winter break, the non-enrollment period may extend the 14 day limit to include the break. No approved Academic Leave can exceed 45 days including University scheduled periods of non-enrollment.

Note: New students who do not meet attendance requirements for the first week of their first course or do not complete their first course, will be administratively withdrawn from the University and must work with their Enrollment Services Advisor to reschedule their enrollment in the program.

Academic Participation

In addition to meeting attendance requirements, students attending are expected to participate in their courses by actively engaging in weekly discussion forums with substantial posts and completing the required assignments for each week. A list of all assignments can be found within the course calendar in each online class and also by week in the weekly instructional units.

Failure to meet academic participation requirements may negatively impact an assignment and/or course grade. All recorded time stamps for assignment submissions, discussion board posts, and attendance records will reflect Mountain Time Zone.

Students who anticipate being absent for an entire week of a course should contact the instructor in advance and make arrangements to complete the required assignments. While students cannot be tardy in an asynchronous learning environment, nor can they cut class in a traditional sense, acceptance of late or make-up work is at the discretion of the instructor and does not waive attendance requirements.

Academic Leave

Students who plan to take a break in attendance of greater than 14 days but no more than 30 days from their last date of attendance, who provide a written confirmation of their intent to return, will not be administratively withdrawn, provided they return as scheduled.

Written confirmations must be provided via the Academic Leave Request form in the Student Portal, and should be submitted within 14 days of the last date of attendance. Academic Leave Requests allow students to postpone the start date of their next scheduled course and maintain an active status with the University. To gain access to the Academic Leave Request form, students must speak with an Academic Advisor. New students must complete their first course in order to be eligible for an Academic Leave.

Students who do not return on their scheduled return date or do not attend within the first seven days of the course they are scheduled for when returning from an approved Academic Leave will be administratively withdrawn. Please note that administrative withdrawal may occur at any point in a student’s enrollment when 14 consecutive days of non-attendance occur, whether within an active course or between the last date of attendance in a prior course and the first date of attendance in a subsequent course. Students who attend on the first day following 14 consecutive days of non-attendance will not be dropped from their course or administratively withdrawn.

Exceptions to submitting an Academic Leave Request through the Student Portal may be made in instances where extreme extenuating circumstances exist for students unable to access the Student Portal. Students must contact an Academic Advisor for assistance with this exception.

If a student requires a break in attendance of greater than 30 days, the Academic Advisor may escalate an exception approval to a Director or designee for an Academic Leave with a maximum allotment of 45 days out of attendance. Exceptions will be made on a case-by-case basis.

Repeating Courses

A maximum of two different courses with letter grades of F, or WF may be repeated once at the graduate level. If a single course is failed more than once, or more than two different courses are failed, students exceed the number of allowable F or WF grades and will be automatically dismissed from their program of study.

All courses remain on the transcript. Unsuccessful completion of the first course of a student’s program will result in the rescheduling of the course and revision of future course sequence. There is no restriction on the number of courses with a grade of C or W that may be repeated at the Master’s level so long as other requirements of satisfactory academic progress are met. The grade point average will be calculated based on the grade given in the second course. Exceptions to the limit on repeating courses must be approved by the Vice President of Academic Services, the University Registrar, or designee.

Dismissed students should refer to the Appeal of Academic Dismissal policy outlined in this Catalog. Appeals are evaluated by an Appeals Committee made up of the University Registrar or designee, and representative from Academic Affairs. Students who are denied re-admission after an appeal will not be eligible to submit another appeal for a period of less than six months since their last appeal was received by the University. Students who have an approved appeal and do not successfully complete their next scheduled repeated course will be dismissed and may not submit another appeal for a period of less than six months.

Courses that must be repeated due to an unsuccessful grade do not count towards eligibility for financial aid. This may affect the student’s eligibility for financial aid funds. Students are encouraged to contact the Financial Aid Office for more information.

SMART Track Program

Students enrolled in an Ashford University Bachelor’s degree program may be eligible to enroll in up to six (6) credits of graduate-level coursework (or nine (9) applicable credits for the MACC, MBA, MISM, MPA or MSCJ programs) toward their Bachelor’s degree and accelerate completion of a Master’s degree with Ashford University. Please see the SMART Track Program Requirements in the General Academic Information and Policies section of this Catalog for more information.

Forbes School of Business: Graduate Programs and Requirements

Master of Accountancy

Degree Focus

The Master of Accountancy program focuses on preparing students for professional careers in accounting. The graduate program develops technical knowledge and application skills as well as enhances students’ analytical, communication, and decision-making skills. The Master of Accountancy helps prepare students for careers in public, corporate, and non-business accounting positions. This graduate degree offers innovative, high-quality learning opportunities for the corporate, governmental, and not-for profit segments of the marketplace. Students may select one of the specializations to focus study areas.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not qualify a student to sit for the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) examination. All prospective students should contact individual state boards of accounting for additional information relating to licensure requirements prior to enrolling. These requirements include, but are not limited to, education and work experience and any potential restrictions, such as age minimums or prior criminal convictions. A list of state accounting boards is available here: www.nasba.org/stateboards. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession should carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements vary by state. Prospective students also should regularly review the state’s policies and procedures relating to licensure as those policies are subject to change. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification and graduates may have to complete additional coursework to be eligible to sit for certain professional certification exams.

Students who do not have an undergraduate accounting degree or substantial coursework in accounting will most likely be unable to meet state requirements to sit for the CPA examination.

Additionally, students may wish to seek a Certified Management Accountant (CMA) designation. Information on the CMA exam can be found at their website (www.imanet.org). Students are advised that a degree program is different from an exam preparation course and they may need more education in addition to work experience in order to successfully pass the examination. This degree program is not accredited by International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education.

California Students: This program alone does not lead to licensure. In order to sit for the Certified Public Account (CPA) examination, a total of 150 semester credits must be completed, of which includes obtaining a baccalaureate degree. Ashford students who transfer in undergraduate general education credits may need to determine that they are meeting the requirements during their program of study. The completion of Ashford’s Bachelor of Arts in Accounting and its Master of Accountancy degrees do meet the educational requirements to sit for the CPA examination. Applicants must provide the California Board of Accountancy (CBA) with satisfactory evidence of having completed a minimum of 12 months of general accounting experience, a CBA-accepted ethics examination that must be passed within two years of submitting the CPA application, a criminal history background check by fingerprint via a Live Scan service and the completion of a Criminal Conviction Disclosure Form to disclose any misdemeanor or felony convictions. For additional details regarding the CA requirements for obtaining a CPA license, please visit: http://www.dca.ca.gov/cba/applicants/applbook.pdf.

Missouri Residents: Prospective students who wish to sit for the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) examination in the State of Missouri must meet the following requirements:

·      A minimum of a baccalaureate degree

·      Minimum of 150 semester hours are required to sit for the exam

o  Minimum of 33 semester hours in accounting (at least one (1) course in Auditing and at least 18 semester hours of the accounting courses must be upper division accounting). Please note: Accounting Law and Business Law courses are not acceptable toward the accounting requirement regardless of the department in which they were offered.

o  Minimum of 27 semester hours in general business (e.g., marketing, management, economics, finance, etc.).

Texas Residents: Prospective students who wish to sit for the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) examination in the State of Texas should be aware that the state requires 15 credits of traditional face-to-face classroom education in order to qualify to sit for the CPA examination. Any online coursework completed at Ashford University will not meet the traditional face-to-face classroom education requirement.

Program Outcomes

Master of Accountancy graduates will be able to:

1.      Develop technical knowledge and competency in the field of accountancy;

2.      Evaluate how to research complex accounting issues using professional resources;

3.      Articulate applied concepts and principles to real world problems;

4.      Assess the relevancy, accuracy, and value of financial and nonfinancial information; and

5.      Appraise ethical issues and decision alternatives by incorporating professional codes of conduct and social responsibility.

Program-Specific Requirements

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis.

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research.

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting or Finance or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 590 General Cost Accounting.

Core Requirements (39 credits)

·      BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology (3 credits)

·      BUS 607 Business Law for the Accountant (3 credits)

·      ECO 610 Global Economics (3 credits)

·      *BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis (3 credits)

·      *MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research (3 credits)

·      *BUS 590 General Cost Accounting (3 credits)

·      ACC 640 Advanced Managerial & Cost Accounting (3 credits)

·      ACC 610 Advanced Federal Taxation (3 credits)

·      ACC 614 Auditing & Fraud Detection (3 credits)

·      ACC 618 Professional Ethics for the Accountant (3 credits)

·      ACC 622 Accounting Information Systems (3 credits)

·      ACC 626 Accounting in a Global Environment (3 credits)

·      ACC 630 Advanced Government & Non-Profit Accounting (3 credits)

*Students who waive MAT 540, BUS 591, and BUS 590 are required to take 39 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements.

Specialization Requirements (9 credits)

Accounting Specialization

·      ACC 611 Advanced Tax Research (3 credits)

·      ACC 612 Advanced Financial Accounting (3 credits)

·      ACC 695 Accounting Capstone (3 credits)

Audit Specialization

·      ACC 616 Forensic Accounting (3 credits)

·      ACC 617 Current Issues in Advanced Auditing (3 credits)

·      ACC 697 Audit Capstone (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Accountancy degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 48 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Accountancy.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Arts in Organizational Management

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Organizational Management is designed to develop professional competence in a world of rapid and global change. This degree develops advanced skills in dealing with the complex problems organizations and individuals face in today’s marketplace. Courses in organizational change, marketing, decision making, strategic thinking, and innovation cultivate the landscape for building an organizational culture that embraces quality and diversity.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Organizational Management graduates will be able to:

1.      Evaluate the role of management practice in organizations and the managerial processes to effectively implement an organizational communication plan;

2.      Analyze common behavioral factors that are present in organizations;

3.      Analyze the factors that shape the legal environment of an organization;

4.      Develop processes and policies to manage human capital in organizations;

5.      Evaluate the importance of ethics and corporate social responsibility; and

6.      Develop a framework of analysis for strategic planning. 

Core Requirements (24 credits)

·      BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits)

·      MGT 601 The Functions of Modern Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits)

·      BUS 670 Legal Environment (3 credits)

·      OMM 615 Strategies: Marketing/Advertising/Public Relations (3 credits)

·      OMM 618 Human Resources Management (3 credits)

·      OMM 622 Financial Decision-making (3 credits)

·      OMM 640 Business Ethics & Social Responsibility (3 credits) 

Specialization Requirements (9 credits)

Standard Specialization

·      OMM 612 Managing in Social Change (3 credits)

·      BUS 644 Operations Management (3 credits)

·      OMM 692 Organizational Management Strategy (3 credits) 

Global Management Specialization

·      BUS 616 International Business (3 credits)

·      BUS 606 Global Comparative Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 693 Global Business Strategy (3 credits)

Human Resources Management Specialization

·      BUS 680 Training & Development (3 credits)

·      BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits (3 credits)

·      BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management (3 credits)

Media Management Specialization

·      BUS 635 Media Markets & System (3 credits)

·      BUS 636 Media Management & Innovation (3 credits)

·      BUS 699 Media Strategies & Applications (3 credits)

Organizational Leadership Specialization

·      BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)

·      BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change (3 credits)

·      BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)

Project Management Specialization

·      BUS 611 Project Planning & Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement (3 credits)

·      BUS 697 Project Management Strategy (3 credits)

Public Administration Specialization

·      PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits)

·      PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits)

·      PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits)

Supply Chain Management Specialization

·      BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 632 Advanced Logistics (3 credits)

·      BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Organizational Management degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 33 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Organizational Management.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Business Administration

Degree Focus

The Master of Business Administration (MBA) program provides a comprehensive learning experience in key areas of business administration. The program emphasizes the interrelationships among the various functional business disciplines and provides a strong foundation in the skills appropriate to analytical management. Students may select one of several specializations to focus study areas.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Master of Business Administration graduates will be able to:

1.      Solve managerial problems using critical thinking skills and quantitative analysis;

2.      Evaluate the moral and ethical principles practiced in the organizational setting;

3.      Analyze the use of managerial and leadership skills used to develop productive teams;

4.      Evaluate the influence of internal and external forces within organizations;

5.      Research business information to support the decision making process;

6.      Assess internal and external communication practices used in business; and 

7.      Analyze business opportunities and challenges from a global perspective.

Program-Specific Requirements

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “C” or higher, or graduate coursework in Accounting or Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis.

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Statistics, Business Statistics, or Quantitative Methods with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research.

Core Requirements (33 credits)

·      BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits)

·      BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits)

·      BUS 620 Managerial Marketing (3 credits)

·      BUS 670 Legal Environment (3 credits)

·      *MAT 540 Statistical Concepts for Research (3 credits)

·      *BUS 591 Financial Accounting & Analysis (3 credits)

·      BUS 642 Business Research Methods & Tools (3 credits)

·      BUS 630 Managerial Accounting (3 credits)

·      BUS 640 Managerial Economics (3 credits)

·      BUS 650 Managerial Finance (3 credits)

·      BUS 644 Operations Management (3 credits)

*Students who waive MAT 540 and BUS 591 are required to take 36 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements.

Specialization Requirements (9 credits)

Standard Specialization

·      BUS 616 International Business (3 credits)

·      INF 620 Management of Information Systems (3 credits)

·      BUS 690 Business Strategy (3 credits)

Business Economics Specialization

·      BUS 668 Macroeconomics of Financial Markets (3 credits)

·      BUS 669 Managerial Economic Analysis (3 credits)

·      BUS 689 Market Structure & Firm Strategy (3 credits)

Entrepreneurship Specialization

·      BUS 604 New Business Venture Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 605 Venture Capital & Private Equity (3 credits)

·      BUS 696 Strategic Thinking for Entrepreneurs (3 credits)

Environmental Management Specialization

·      BUS 665 Environmental Law & Compliance (3 credits)

·      BUS 667 Energy, Environment & Economics (3 credits)

·      BUS 688 Business Strategy: The Sustainable Enterprise (3 credits)

Finance Specialization

·      BUS 655 Financial Investment Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 657 Corporate Managerial Finance (3 credits)

·      BUS 694 Finance Capstone Seminar (3 credits)

Global Management Specialization

·      BUS 616 International Business (3 credits)

·      BUS 606 Global Comparative Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 693 Global Business Strategy (3 credits)

Human Resources Management Specialization

·      BUS 680 Training & Development (3 credits)

·      BUS 681 Compensation & Benefits (3 credits)

·      BUS 692 Strategies in Human Resource Management (3 credits)

Information Systems Specialization

·      INF 620 Management of Information Systems (3 credits)

·      INF 630 Systems Analysis (3 credits)

·      INF 690 ISS Capstone Seminar (3 credits)

Marketing Specialization

·      MKT 640 Brand Publishing (3 credits)

·      MKT 635 Market Research (3 credits)

·      BUS 695 Marketing Capstone Seminar (3 credits)

Media Management Specialization

·      BUS 635 Media Markets and System (3 credits)

·      BUS 636 Media Management and Innovation (3 credits)

·      BUS 699 Media Strategies and Applications (3 credits)

Organizational Leadership Specialization

·      BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)

·      BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change (3 credits)

·      BUS 691 Strategies in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)

Project Management Specialization

·      BUS 611 Project Planning & Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 612 Advanced Project Procurement (3 credits)

·      BUS 697 Project Management Strategy (3 credits)

Public Administration Specialization

·      PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits)

·      PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits)

·      PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits)

Supply Chain Management Specialization

·      BUS 631 Integrated Supply Chain Management (3 credits)

·      BUS 632 Advanced Logistics (3 credits)

·      BUS 698 Supply Chain Strategic Management (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Business Administration degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 42 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Business Administration.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Information Systems Management

Degree Focus

The Master of Information Systems Management (MISM) program focuses on efficient management of information technology and effective business integration. The MISM degree will assist graduates in managing information flow within organizations and leveraging technology to facilitate operational excellence. Students examine foundational elements, such as strategic technology planning, technology operations, and data management, and incorporate core technical knowledge for managing wider technology functions and processes in organizations. In certain courses, students apply what they have learned using a virtual lab. The MISM degree prepares students for employment in fields that leverage data analysis and information technology. Students may select from one of three specializations in the program: Business Intelligence, Project Management, or IT Organizational Management and Leadership.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not provide licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking industry certification are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate's application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Master of Information Systems Management graduates will be able to:

1.      Assess business needs and appropriate technological solutions using analytical and critical thinking.

2.      Evaluate the interrelationships between user needs, business goals, and technology solutions.

3.      Apply strategic planning methods for long term technological solutions.

4.      Integrate dynamic business data demands using ease-of-use technology solutions.

5.      Apply effective project management business technology management, and budgeting models to enterprise issues.

Program-Specific Requirements

The Master of Information Systems Management (MISM) program is available only to applicants who are utilizing the Leader Development Grant (LDG) or Ashford University Employee Tuition Benefit (ETB). Federal student financial aid, such as U.S. Department of Education (DoE) Title IV aid and U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Tuition Assistance (TA), is not currently available for any student enrolled in the MISM program. Ashford University does not know when the MISM program will be approved for federal student financial aid.

Students who have successfully completed undergraduate or graduate-level coursework in management information systems, information systems or computer science with a grade of “B-” or higher within the last ten (10) years will be exempt from ISM 500 Introduction to Management of Information Systems.

Students who have successfully completed undergraduate or graduate-level coursework in computer programming with a grade of “B-” or higher within the last ten (10) years or who have earned a certificate in computer programming/coding from a recognized non-traditional training provider (e.g. coding bootcamp, etc.) within the last ten (10) years will be exempt from ISM 510 Introduction to Computer Programming for Business Applications.

Prerequisite Requirements (6 credits)

·      *ISM 500 Introduction to Management of Information Systems (3 credits)

·      *ISM 510 Introduction to Computer Programming for Business Applications (3 credits)

Core Requirements (27 credits)

·      BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits)

·      OMM 622 Financial Decision Making (3 credits)

·       INF 630 Systems Analysis and Design (3 credits)

·       ISM 640 Computer Networking and Telecommunication Design (3 credits) Prerequisites: BUS 600 and INF 630

·      ISM 641 Database Design and Management (3 credits) Prerequisites: BUS 600 and INF 630

·      ISM 642 Information Security and IT Governance (3 credits) Prerequisites: BUS 600 and INF 630

·      ISM 643 Leadership in Business Systems Development (3 credits) Prerequisites: OMM 622 and ISM 641

·      ISM 644 Legal and Ethical Issues in Technology (3 credits) Prerequisites: OMM 622 and ISM 642

·      ISM 645 Information Technology Strategic Planning (3 credits) Prerequisites: OMM 622, ISM 642 and ISM 643

·      *Students who waive ISM 500 or ISM 510 are required to take 39 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements. Students who waive ISM 500 and ISM 510 are required to take 36 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements.

Specialization Requirements (9 credits)

Business Intelligence Specialization

·      ISM 680 Big Data Applications (3 credits)

·      ISM 681 Business Intelligence Systems (3 credits)

·      ISM 682 Advanced Data Management and Acquisition Capstone (3 credits)

IT Organizational Management and Leadership Specialization

·      OMM 640 Business Ethics and Social Responsibility (3 credits)

·      BUS 661 Leading Organizational Change (3 credits)

·      ISM 670 IT Organizational Management and Leadership Capstone (3 credits)

Project Management Specialization

·      ISM 650 Information Systems Project Methodologies I (3 credits)

·      ISM 651 Information Technology Methodologies II (3 credits)

·      ISM 652 Project Management Capstone – Strategic Project Management (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Information Systems Management degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 42 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Information Systems Management.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University

Master of Public Administration

Degree Focus

The Master of Public Administration is designed for students with a baccalaureate degree in any academic discipline who seek careers in government management at the federal, state, or local level and in non-profit management. Graduates increase interpersonal and management skills while gaining a wide range of proficiencies in financial management, budgeting, quantitative methods, urban planning/redevelopment, and personnel management.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification.

Program Outcomes

Master of Public Administration graduates will be able to:

1.      Demonstrate critical thinking skills relevant to public administration contexts;

2.      Apply management theory to the practice of public administration;

3.      Evaluate the impact of political influences on the public sector decision-making process;

4.      Analyze the needs of various stakeholders in the development of public policy;

5.      Assess the effectiveness of public administration strategies for dealing with urban planning and redevelopment;

6.      Evaluate public administration trends and strategies for financing government operations; and

7.      Assess the role and function of public administration in today’s multicultural environment.

Program-Specific Requirements

Students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned a Bachelor’s degree in Business, Business Administration, Accounting, Finance, Economics or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “C” or higher or graduate coursework in Economics, Accounting, and Finance with a grade of “B” or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles.

Course Requirements (36 credits)

·      BUS 600 Management Communications with Technology Tools (3 credits)

·      BUS 610 Organizational Behavior (3 credits)

·      OMM 618 Human Resources Management (3 credits)

·      OMM 640 Business Ethics & Social Responsibility (3 credits)

·      BUS 660 Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership (3 credits)

·      *BUS 599 Introduction to Quantitative Principles (3 credits)

·      PPA 601 Foundations of Public Administration (3 credits)

·      PPA 602 Public Financial Management (3 credits)

·      PPA 603 Government Budgeting (3 credits)

·      PPA 604 Urban Planning/Redevelopment (3 credits)

·      PPA 605 Negotiation, Bargaining & Conflict Management (3 credits)

·      PPA 699 Public Policy Development (3 credits)

*Students who waive BUS 599 are required to take 33 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements.

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Public Administration degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 36 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Public Administration.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

College of Education: Graduate Programs and Requirements

Master of Arts in Education

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Education is designed to present foundational perspectives in education as well as build expertise by emphasizing various specializations. Its core courses are aligned to program outcomes that define the knowledge, skills, and dispositions that are essential for providing effective and innovative instruction to diverse student populations. Its specializations are comprised of courses students can select based on their personal area of interest and expertise in education.

Certification and Licensure Terms and Conditions: An online degree from Ashford University does not lead to immediate teacher licensure in any state. If you want to become a classroom teacher, contact your state's education authorities prior to enrolling at Ashford to determine what state-specific requirements you must complete before obtaining your teacher's license. Ashford graduates will be subject to additional requirements on a state-by-state basis that will include one or more of the following: student teaching or practicum experience, additional coursework, additional testing, or, if the state requires a specific type of degree to seek alternative certification, earning an additional degree. None of Ashford's online education programs are CAEP, TEAC or NCATE accredited, which is a requirement for certification in some states. Other factors, such as a student’s criminal history, may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure or employment in this field of study. All prospective students are advised to visit the Education Resource Organizations Directory (EROD) and to contact the licensing body of the state where they are licensed or intend to obtain licensure to verify that these courses qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits in that state prior to enrolling. Prospective students are also advised to regularly review the state’s policies and procedures relating to licensure as those policies are subject to change.

*The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) is the resulting entity from the merger of the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC) and National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

Alabama Students: Contact the Teacher Education and Certification Division of the Alabama State Department of Education at 334-353-8567 or www.alsde.edu to verify that these programs qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits. State authorization to provide a program related to the preparation of teachers or other P-12 school/system personnel does not indicate eligibility for an Alabama certificate. Applicants who complete an educator preparation program at an institution outside of Alabama must apply for an Alabama professional educator or professional leadership certificate through the Alabama Certificate Reciprocity Approach. Current requirements may be found at  www.alsde.edu.

California Students: An education degree offered through Ashford University's online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of California. In order to obtain teacher licensure, a baccalaureate or higher degree, except in professional education, from a regionally-accredited college or university is required. Residents that meet the education requirement must also complete a CA state approved teacher preparation program which includes coursework, a supervised student teaching experience and a formal recommendation by the institution where the preparation program was completed. They also must pass the state exams which includes California Basic Educational Skills TestTM (CBEST®) and California Subject Examinations for Teachers® (CSET®). A criminal history background check by fingerprint via a Live Scan service must be passed that may include an investigation into felony and misdemeanor convictions. For additional details regarding the CA requirements for obtaining a single subject teaching credential, please visit: http://www.ctc.ca.gov/credentials/leaflets/cl560c.pdf.

Hawaii Students: An education degree offered through Ashford University's online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of Hawaii. In Hawaii, an alternative route to certification is not available.

Iowa Residents: An education degree offered through Ashford University’s online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of Iowa.

Kentucky Residents: Please be advised that although Ashford University College of Education offers a variety of programs aimed at preparing potential educators in diverse settings, our K-12 educator preparation programs are NOT accredited in Kentucky by the Education Professional Standards Board and are NOT recognized for initial, additional, or renewal of certification or salary enhancement (rank change) for K-12 educators in Kentucky. For more information, please visit the Education Professional Standards Board’s website at http://www.epsb.ky.gov/certification/outofstate.asp.

Washington Residents: This program is not intended to lead to teacher certification. Teachers are advised to contact their individual school districts as to whether this program may qualify for salary advancement.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Education graduates will be able to:

  1. Design appropriate and challenging learning experiences informed by analysis of how learners develop individually across the cognitive, linguistic, social, emotional, and physical patterns to promote student learning and growth; 
  2. Employ differentiated instructional practices aligned with learner strengths and differences, diverse cultures, and diverse communities to promote student learning in a safe, collaborative, engaging, inclusive, 21st century learning environment;
  3. Design a variety of evidence-based assessments used for ongoing evaluation of student progress, and to guide teacher and learner decision making;
  4. Execute an action research study that draws on the research and methods of various disciplines to address local or global educational issues;
  5. Design learner-centered instruction aligned with Common Core State Standards, digital age standards (NETS-S), and 21st Century skills to promote learner achievement and growth;
  6. Engage in continuous professional growth through leadership in educational environments and the demonstration of legal and ethical behavior in professional practices;
  7. Use knowledge of subject matter and central concepts of the discipline(s) to create technology-enriched learning environments that promote learner achievement and innovation;
  8. Effectively communicate and collaborate with various stakeholders through written communication, verbal communication, and a variety of current and emerging digital age tools to ensure learner growth and to advance the profession; and
  9. Use a range of digital technology tools to research, organize, evaluate, and communicate information while exhibiting an understanding of ethical and legal issues surrounding the use of information technologies.

Core Requirements (24 credits)

Note: Degree-seeking students are required to complete courses in the correct sequence. For this program, the specialization courses may be taken after completion of ESE 601. The last two courses completed as part of this program should be EDU 694 and EDU 696.

  • EDU 650 Teaching, Learning and Leading in the 21st Century (3 credits)
  • EDU 692 Creativity, Culture, & Global Contexts in Education Decision Making (3 credits)         Prerequisite: EDU 650
  • EDU 673 Instructional Strategies for Differentiated Teaching & Learning (3 credits)     Prerequisite: EDU 650
  • EDU 645 Learning & Assessment for the 21st Century (3 credits)     Prerequisite: EDU 673
  • EDU 620 Meeting Individual Student Needs with Technology (3 credits)     Prerequisite: EDU 673 or ESE 601
  • ESE 601 Students with Exceptionalities in the School Setting (3 credits)
  • EDU 694 Capstone I: Educational Research (3 credits)    Prerequisite: EDU 620
  • EDU 696 Capstone II: Culminating Project (3 credits)     Prerequisite: EDU 694

Specialization Requirements (12 credits)

Child Development Specialization (12 credits)

  • ECE 630 Language, Physical & Social Development in Young Children (3 credits)
  • ECE 653 Cognitive Development of Infants & Young Children (3 credits)
  • ECE 654 Assessment & Intervention in Early Childhood (3 credits)
  • ECE 605 Children & Families in a Diverse Society (3 credits)

Curriculum and Instruction Specialization (12 credits)

  • ECI 601 Introduction to Curriculum and Instruction: The Science of Learning and Teaching (3 credits)
  • ECI 610 21st Century Curriculum, Standards, and Assessment (3 credits)
  • ECI 615 Intentional Approaches to Intervention (3 credits)
  • ECI 685 Transforming Curriculum and Instruction Through Empowering (3 credits)

Early Childhood Education Specialization (12 credits)

  • ECE 601 Introduction to Early Childhood Education (3 credits)
  • ECE 611 Early Childhood Curriculum & Methods (3 credits)
  • ECE 612 Administration of Early Childhood Education (3 credits)
  • ECE 625 Family & Community Engagement (3 credits)

English Language Learners Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 629 Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners (3 credits)
  • EDU 642 Understanding & Teaching English Language (3 credits)
  • EDU 643 Methods, Materials & Technology for Learning a Second Language (3 credits)
  • EDU 659 Testing & Assessment for English Language Learners (3 credits)

Family and Community Services Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 617 School, Family & Community Partnerships (3 credits)
  • EDU 635 Community & Youth Development (3 credits)
  • EDU 644 Child & Family Welfare (3 credits)
  • EDU 647 Families, Community & Diversity (3 credits)

Higher Education Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 657 History & Philosophy of American Higher Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 662 Curriculum & Assessment in Higher Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 653 Teaching in Higher Education (3 credits)
  • EDU 654 Student Development in Higher Education (3 credits)

School Leadership in the 21st Century (12 credits)

  • EDU 684 Shared Vision of Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 687 Building a Learning-Centered Culture (3 credits)
  • EDU 688 Organizational Management for Student Learning (3 credits)
  • EDU 689 Personal Ethics & Leadership Capacity (3 credits)

Special Education Specialization (12 credits)

  • EDU 647 Families, Communities & Diversity (3 credits)
  • ESE 603 Law & Ethics in Special Education (3 credits)     Prerequisite: ESE 601
  • ESE 610 Assessment & Evaluation of Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities (3 credits)
  • ESE 634 Education-Based Collaborative Relationships (3 credits)   Prerequisite: ESE 601

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Education degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 36 credits; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Education.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Arts in Special Education

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Special Education is an online degree program for adult learners with a previously earned bachelor’s degree in any discipline. The program is intended for non-certified teachers who are interested in working with children with disabilities as well as certified teachers and employed non-licensed education professionals seeking job advancement or added knowledge within the field.

Educational experiences in the Master of Arts in Special Education program will blend academic scholarship, analytical thinking, effective communication, and workplace relevance while providing students the flexibility of the online learning modality. The online courses will be embedded with structured video observations, simulations, and interviews with key personnel in the field, enabling students to apply concepts, knowledge, and skills in classroom settings. The Master of Arts in Special Education program will provide an in-depth knowledge base on classroom instruction, laws, assessment, and communication skills needed for a career in the special education field. This program requires the use of an e-Portfolio, which may have an out-of-pocket cost associated with it, depending on the specific product selected by the student.

Certification and Licensure Terms and Conditions: An online degree from Ashford University does not lead to immediate teacher licensure in any state. If you want to become a classroom teacher, contact your state's education authorities prior to enrolling at Ashford to determine what state-specific requirements you must complete before obtaining your teacher's license. Ashford graduates will be subject to additional requirements on a state-by-state basis that will include one or more of the following: student teaching or practicum experience, additional coursework, additional testing, or, if the state requires a specific type of degree to seek alternative certification, earning an additional degree. None of Ashford's online education programs are CAEP, TEAC or NCATE accredited, which is a requirement for certification in some states. Other factors, such as a student’s criminal history, may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure or employment in this field of study. All prospective students are advised to visit the Education Resource Organizations Directory (EROD) and to contact the licensing body of the state where they are licensed or intend to obtain licensure to verify that these courses qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits in that state prior to enrolling. Prospective students are also advised to regularly review the state’s policies and procedures relating to licensure as those policies are subject to change.

*The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) is the resulting entity from the merger of the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC) and National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

Alabama Residents: Contact the Teacher Education and Certification Division of the Alabama State Department of Education at 334-353-8567 or www.alsde.edu to verify that these programs qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits. State authorization to provide a program related to the preparation of teachers or other P-12 school/system personnel does not indicate eligibility for an Alabama certificate. Applicants who complete an educator preparation program at an institution outside of Alabama must apply for an Alabama professional educator or professional leadership certificate through the Alabama Certificate Reciprocity Approach. Current requirements may be found at www.alsde.edu.

Georgia Residents: An education degree offered through Ashford University's online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of Georgia. In Georgia, an alternative route to certification is not available.

Hawaii Residents: An education degree offered through Ashford University's online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of Hawaii. In Hawaii, an alternative route to certification is not available.

Iowa Residents: An education degree offered through Ashford University’s online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of Iowa.

Kentucky Residents: Please be advised that although Ashford University College of Education offers a variety of programs aimed at preparing potential educators in diverse settings, our K-12 educator preparation programs are NOT accredited in Kentucky by the Education Professional Standards Board and are NOT recognized for initial, additional, or renewal of certification or salary enhancement (rank change) for K-12 educators in Kentucky. For more information, please visit the Education Professional Standards Board’s website at http://www.epsb.ky.gov/certification/outofstate.asp.

Washington Residents: This program is not intended to lead to teacher certification. Teachers are advised to contact their individual school districts as to whether this program may qualify for salary advancement.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Special Education graduates will be able to:

1.      Design appropriate learning experiences for students with exceptionalities that are informed by diverse cultural experiences and varied patterns of learning and development;

2.      Create a safe, inclusive, culturally responsive environment that cultivates active and effective learning for students with exceptionalities;

3.      Plan cross-disciplinary learning experiences that promote individualized academic and social abilities, attitudes, values, interests, and career options for students with exceptionalities;

4.      Synthesize results from multiple evidence-based assessments to guide educational decisions for individuals with exceptionalities;

5.      Incorporate cross-disciplinary skills using evidenced-based instructional strategies for students with exceptionalities;

6.      Evaluate how ethical principles and practice standards influence special education laws, regulations and individual professional accountability;

7.      Construct an action research proposal that addresses local or global issues related to individuals with exceptionalities; and

8.      Integrate positive collaborative practices with various stakeholders to address the needs of students with exceptionalities across a range of learning experiences.

Core Requirements (30 credits)

·      ESE 601 Students with Exceptionalities in the School Setting (3 credits)

·      ESE 603 Law & Ethics in Special Education (3 credits)    Prerequisite: ESE 601

·      ESE 610 Assessment & Evaluation of Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities (3 credits)

·      ESE 634 Education-Based Collaborative Relationships (3 credits)    Prerequisite: ESE 601

·      ESE 645 Lesson Design for Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities (3 credits)    Prerequisite: ESE 601

·      ESE 656 Positive Behavior Supports in the Classroom (3 credits)    Prerequisite: ESE 601

·      EDU 620 Meeting Individual Students Needs with Technology (3 credits) Prerequisites: EDU 673 or ESE 601

·      ESE 668 Evidenced-Based Instructional Methods for Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities (3 credits)    Prerequisite: ESE 601

·      EDU 694 Capstone I: Education Research (3 credits) Prerequisite: EDU 620

·      EDU 696 Capstone II: Culminating Project (3 credits) Prerequisite: EDU 694

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Special Education degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 30 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Special Education.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology focuses on developing expertise in designing, implementing, and facilitating Instructional Technology in a variety of learning environments. Learners connect theory and practice in the design of learning solutions for a digital age. Competencies build knowledge and skills to integrate current and emerging instructional technologies into educational and professional settings. Professional opportunities include instructional technology leaders, consultants and coaches, online educators, school or college technology experts, and educational entrepreneurs.

Certification and Licensure Terms and Conditions: An online degree from Ashford University does not lead to immediate teacher licensure in any state. If you want to become a classroom teacher, contact your state's education authorities prior to enrolling at Ashford to determine what state-specific requirements you must complete before obtaining your teacher's license. Ashford graduates will be subject to additional requirements on a state-by-state basis that will include one or more of the following: student teaching or practicum experience, additional coursework, additional testing, or, if the state requires a specific type of degree to seek alternative certification, earning an additional degree. None of Ashford's online education programs are CAEP, TEAC or NCATE accredited, which is a requirement for certification in some states. Other factors, such as a student’s criminal history, may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure or employment in this field of study. All prospective students are advised to visit the Education Resource Organizations Directory (EROD) and to contact the licensing body of the state where they are licensed or intend to obtain licensure to verify that these courses qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits in that state prior to enrolling. Prospective students are also advised to regularly review the state’s policies and procedures relating to licensure as those policies are subject to change.

*The Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP) is the resulting entity from the merger of the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (TEAC) and National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

Alabama Students: Contact the Teacher Education and Certification Division of the Alabama State Department of Education at 334-353-8567 or www.alsde.edu to verify that these programs qualify for teacher certification, endorsement, and/or salary benefits. State authorization to provide a program related to the preparation of teachers or other P-12 school/system personnel does not indicate eligibility for an Alabama certificate. Applicants who complete an educator preparation program at an institution outside of Alabama must apply for an Alabama professional educator or professional leadership certificate through the Alabama Certificate Reciprocity Approach. Current requirements may be found at www.alsde.edu.

California Students: An education degree offered through Ashford University's online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of California. In order to obtain teacher licensure, a baccalaureate or higher degree, except in professional education, from a regionally-accredited college or university is required. Residents that meet the education requirement must also complete a CA state approved teacher preparation program which includes coursework, a supervised student teaching experience and a formal recommendation by the institution where the preparation program was completed. They also must pass the state exams which includes California Basic Educational Skills TestTM (CBEST®) and California Subject Examinations for Teachers® (CSET®). A criminal history background check by fingerprint via a Live Scan service must be passed that may include an investigation into felony and misdemeanor convictions. For additional details regarding the CA requirements for obtaining a single subject teaching credential, please visit: http://www.ctc.ca.gov/credentials/leaflets/cl560c.pdf. For additional details regarding the CA requirements for obtaining a multiple subject teaching credential, please visit: http://www.ctc.ca.gov/credentials/leaflets/cl561c.pdf.

Hawaii Students: An education degree offered through Ashford University's online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of Hawaii. In Hawaii, an alternative route to certification is not available.

Iowa Residents: An education degree offered through Ashford University’s online modality does not lead to teacher licensure in the state of Iowa.

Kentucky Residents: Please be advised that although Ashford University College of Education offers a variety of programs aimed at preparing potential educators in diverse settings, our K-12 educator preparation programs are NOT accredited in Kentucky by the Education Professional Standards Board and are NOT recognized for initial, additional, or renewal of certification or salary enhancement (rank change) for K-12 educators in Kentucky. For more information, please visit the Education Professional Standards Board’s website at http://www.epsb.ky.gov/certification/outofstate.asp.

Washington Residents: This program is not intended to lead to teacher certification. Teachers are advised to contact their individual school districts as to whether this program may qualify for salary advancement.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology graduates will be able to:

1.      Generate a shared and learner-focused instructional vision;

2.      Synthesize data to draw conclusions that inform the design of effective learning solutions;

3.      Design effective learning solutions by blending theory and accepted practice;

4.      Create strategies for safe, legal, and ethical use of digital information and technology;

5.      Propose solutions for equitable access to digital tools and technology;

6.      Construct solutions specific to target audiences and learning environments;

7.      Facilitate effective and engaging learning events; and

8.      Prescribe a variety of technologies for teaching and learning in a digital world.

Note: Program outcomes for the Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology have been adopted from the NETS*T standards (National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers) that serve as nationally recognized professional standards.

Core Requirements (15 credits)

·      EDU 648 Teaching & Learning with Technology (3 credits)  

·      EDU 652 Instructional Design & Delivery (3 credits)

·      EDU 671 Fundamentals of Educational Research (3 credits)    Prerequisite: EDU 620 or EDU 652

·      EDU 658 Instructional Leadership (3 credits)

·      EDU 697 MATLT Capstone (3 credits)

Specialization Requirements (15 credits)

Standard Specialization

·      EDU 655 Trends & Issues in Instructional Design & Technology for Online Learning (3 credits)

·      EDU 656 Technology Solutions for Just in Time Training & Learning (3 credits)

·      EDU 679 Technology Solutions for Organizational Improvement (3 credits)

·      EDU 651 Collaboration & Learning in a Virtual Environment (3 credits)

·      EDU 649 Technologies for Teaching & Learning (3 credits)

Online Educator Specialization

·      EDU 600 Introduction to Online Learning (3 credits)

·      EDU 602 Assessing Knowledge and Skills in the Online Learning Environment (3 credits)    Prerequisite: EDU 600

·      EDU 601 Promoting Student Success in the Online Learning (3 credits)    Prerequisite: EDU 600

·      EDU 609 Online Teaching Internship (3 credits)    Prerequisite: EDU 601

·      EDU 651 Collaboration & Learning in a Virtual Environment (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 30 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Teaching and Learning with Technology.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

College of Health, Human Services, and Science: Graduate Programs and Requirements

Master of Arts in Health Care Administration

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Health Care Administration prepares graduates to assume leadership and management positions in health care organizations. The program incorporates integration and application of health care theories and concepts across the domains of organizational health care. Topics addressed throughout the program are: management, finance, accounting, economics, administrative leadership, quality improvement, risk management, health policy, law, ethics, strategic planning, information systems, statistical reasoning, and human resources.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself does not lead to licensure or certification in any state, regardless of concentration or specialization. Further, Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Health Care Administration graduates will be able to:

1.      Apply health care financial and accounting concepts in organizational decision making;

2.      Apply principles of leadership in the developing of strategic goals, achieving organizational outcomes, and modeling professional values;

3.      Formulate health care decisions consistent with legal and ethical standards;

4.      Utilize health care information technology and statistical reasoning in organizational planning and decision-making;

5.      Demonstrate sensitivity to diversity in the health care setting;

6.      Evaluate health care outcomes using quality improvement and risk standards;

7.      Apply health care economic perspectives in the interpretation of health policy;

8.      Apply problem-solving approaches in the resolution of health care issues; and

9.      Communicate the responsibility of a health care professional remaining current in their professional knowledge.

Course Requirements (36 credits)

·      MHA 601 Principles of Health Care Administration (3 credits)

·      MHA 622 Health Care Ethics & Law (3 credits)

·      MHA 620 Health Policy Analyses (3 credits)

·      MHA 630 Global & Population Health Comparative Systems (3 credits)

·      MHA 616 Health Care Management Information Systems (3 credits)

·      MHA 605 Business Intelligence (3 credits)

·      MHA 612 Financial & Managerial Accounting (3 credits)

·      MHA 618 Health Economics (3 credits)

·      MHA 624 Continuous Quality Improvements & Risk Management (3 credits)

·      MHA 628 Managed Care & Contractual Services (3 credits)

·      MHA 626 Strategic Planning & Marketing in Health Care (3 credits)

·      MHA 690 Health Care Capstone (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Health Care Administration degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 36 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Health Care Administration.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

Master of Arts in Psychology

Degree Focus

The Master of Arts in Psychology program guides students through an in-depth exploration of the discipline. At the core of the program is the “generalist model,” a conceptual framework emphasizing an understanding of the processes that underlie human experience and behavior, as well as core knowledge, theories, and research in the field of psychology.

Special Terms and Conditions: The Master of Arts in Psychology is not a licensure program and does not prepare an individual to become a licensed psychology professional. Ashford University does not guarantee that any professional organization will accept a graduate’s application to sit for any exam for the purpose of professional certification or licensure. Students seeking licensure or certification in the field of psychology should carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

California Students: This program does not lead to licensure. According to the California Board of Psychology, candidates for licensure must have a doctorate degree in clinical or counseling psychology. The Board of Behavioral Sciences which governs licensure for LMFT, LPC, LPCC, and LCSW, requires candidates to meet didactic requirements and rigorous practicum/supervised professional hours that range between 500 to 2000 hours depending on the type of license. Coursework in the MAPSY may partially meet didactic requirements for CA licensure but that evaluation is done by the respective boards, and the purpose of the program is not designed to prepare students for licensure of any type. A criminal history background check by fingerprint via a Live Scan service must be passed that may include an investigation into felony and misdemeanor convictions. For additional details regarding the CA requirements for obtaining licensure, please visit: http://www.psychology.ca.gov/licensees/.

Washington Students: This program may not necessarily qualify a student for licensure in Washington State. All Washington students should contact the Health Professions Quality Assurance Division of the Washington Department of Health at (360) 236-4700 to inquire about the criteria for licensure.

Program Outcomes

Master of Arts in Psychology graduates will be able to:

  1. Apply ethical principles and standards of psychology to academic and professional activities;
  2. Explain psychological concepts using the professional standards of the discipline;
  3. Analyze major concepts, theories, methodologies, and historical trends in psychology;
  4. Evaluate the scientific merit of the professional literature in psychology; and
  5. Integrate psychological theory and research.

Core Requirements (36 credits)

  • PSY 600 Introduction to Graduate Study in Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 605 Developmental Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 610 Applied Social Psychology (3 credits)
  • PSY 615 Personality Theories (3 credits)
  • PSY 620 Learning & Cognition (3 credits)
  • PSY 625 Biological Bases of Behavior (3 credits)     Prerequisites: PSY 600, PSY 605, PSY 610, PSY 615 and PSY 620
  • PSY 630 Psychopharmacology (3 credits)    Prerequisite: PSY 625
  • PSY 635 Research Design & Methods (3 credits)
  • PSY 640 Psychological Testing & Assessment (3 credits)    Prerequisite: PSY 635
  • PSY 645 Psychopathology (3 credits)
  • PSY 650 Introduction to Clinical & Counseling Psychology (3 credits)    Prerequisite: PSY 645
  • PSY 699 Master of Arts in Psychology Capstone (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Arts in Psychology degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

·      The approved program consisting of 36 credits; and

·      A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Arts in Psychology.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.

College of Liberal Arts: Graduate Programs and Requirements

Master of Science in Criminal Justice

Degree Focus

The Ashford University Master of Science in Criminal Justice program prepares students for professional careers in the field of criminal justice. The rapid advance of technology and the specter of terrorism have created an expanding need for criminal justice professionals with advanced skills to grapple with the criminal justice issues of the 21st century.

The Master of Science in Criminal Justice program develops students’ knowledge and skills in the areas of criminal law, criminal justice, forensics and crime scene investigations, cybercrime and technology, management, constitutional processes, ethics, victimology, comparisons of criminal justice systems, and other current and related topics. The Master of Science in Criminal Justice program also provides students with an understanding of social problems and social responsibility perspectives.

Special Terms and Conditions: Successful completion of this program by itself may not qualify a student for employment with a federal, state or local law enforcement agency. State and local police agencies require training and certification specified by the individual state’s Police Officer Standards and Training (P.O.S.T.) Board and are often provided post-hire at a police academy. Other federal, state and local agencies as well as private entities have individualized requirements. Prospective students are advised to contact individual agencies and states’ P.O.S.T. boards for additional information relating to these requirements. Students seeking licensure or certification in a particular profession are strongly encouraged to carefully research the requirements prior to enrollment. Requirements may vary by state. Further, a criminal record may prevent an applicant from obtaining licensure, certification, or employment in this field of study.

Please note: The Master of Science in Criminal Justice, Forensic Science specialization is not intended to prepare students for direct employment as forensic investigators or analysts. The Forensic Science specialization is not a pathway to employment as a forensic scientist. In addition, the Forensic Science specialization is not intended to prepare students for professional examinations required as a function of employment in the capacity of forensic investigator or analyst.

Program Outcomes

Master of Science in Criminal Justice graduates will be able to:

  1. Analyze the major systems of criminal justice and how the functions of police, prosecution, courts, and corrections are interrelated;
  2. Evaluate the issues and management of personnel administration in criminal justice;
  3. Analyze the judicial processes of the U.S. Constitution;
  4. Explain ethical issues within the criminal justice system;
  5. Evaluate research regarding criminal justice and public policy and its effect on society, victims, and rehabilitation;
  6. Apply forensic methods and crime scene investigation to real-world situations; and
  7. Assess research and methods used to investigate a key empirical or theoretical issue relating to criminal justice.

Program-Specific Requirements

Master of Science in Criminal Justice students who submit official transcripts indicating that they have earned an undergraduate degree in criminal justice or have successfully completed undergraduate coursework in criminal justice, criminal law and constitutional law with a grade of C or higher will be exempt from the requirement to take CRJ 501 Criminal Justice, Criminal Law & the Constitution. Students are responsible for notifying the University if they believe they have met these requirements through previous college coursework during the application process and are responsible for submitting official transcripts for verification.

Core Requirements (30 credits)

  • *CRJ 501 Criminal Justice, Criminal Law & the Constitution (3 credits)
  • CRJ 510 Criminal Justice Policy & Theory (3 credits)
  • CRJ 512 Criminological Theory (3 credits)
  • CRJ 514 Constitutional & Judicial Processes (3 credits)
  • CRJ 520 Research Methods in Criminal Justice (3 credits)
  • CRJ 522 Psychological Factors in Criminal Justice (3 credits)
  • CRJ 524 Ethics in Criminal Justice (3 credits)
  • CRJ 613 Comparative Criminal Justice Systems (3 credits)
  • CRJ 615 Victimology (3 credits)
  • CRJ 697 Capstone: Evaluation & Program Analysis in Criminal Justice (3 credits)

*Students who waive CRJ 501 are required to take 36 total program credits in order to meet graduation requirements.

Specialization Requirements (9 credits)

Cybercrime & Technology Specialization

  • CRJ 621 Cybercrime Investigation (3 credits)
  • CRJ 626 Computer Forensics (3 credits)
  • CRJ 631 Security & Protection for Cybercrime (3 credits)

Forensic Science Specialization

  • CRJ 622 Introduction to Forensic Science (3 credits)
  • CRJ 627 Advanced Forensic Science (3 credits)
  • CRJ 632 Crime Scene Investigation & Management (3 credits)

Homeland Security Specialization

  • CRJ 623 Homeland Security (3 credits)
  • CRJ 628 Terrorism: Threats & Strategy (3 credits)
  • CRJ 633 Risk Assessment (3 credits)

Law Enforcement & Corrections Administration Specialization

  • CRJ 620 Organizational Behavior in Law Enforcement & Corrections (3 credits)
  • CRJ 625 Employment & Policy Law for Law Enforcement & Corrections Administrators (3 credits)
  • CRJ 630 Budgeting for Finance Law Enforcement & Corrections Administrators (3 credits)

Graduation Requirements

To be eligible for the Master of Science in Criminal Justice degree, a student must successfully complete the following:

  • The approved program consisting of 39 credits; and
  • A minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.00 in all coursework attempted at the University.

The degree will be noted on the transcript as a Master of Science in Criminal Justice.

Note: The date of degree conferral recorded on the student’s transcript and diploma will reflect the date the student completes all academic degree requirements. However, release of transcripts, diplomas, and verifications for degrees awarded are contingent upon submission of the Petition to Graduate form, payment of the graduation fee, and payment of any outstanding balances with the University.